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EVANGELISM Alvin L. Reid. Foundation: Evangelism Handbook.

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1 EVANGELISM Alvin L. Reid

2 Foundation: Evangelism Handbook

3 Chapter 1 “The North American church is suffering from severe mission amnesia. It has forgotten why it exists.” --Reggie McNeal

4 The MISSIONAL SHIFT “’Missional’ is the noun “missionary” modified to be an adjective.... If [churches] study and learn language, become a part of the culture, proclaim the good news, be the presence of Christ, and contextualize biblical life and church for that culture— they are a missional church.” Stetzer and Dodson

5 Marks of a Missional Church (Stetzer and Dodson, Comeback Churches): 1.Incarnational 2.Indigenous 3.Intentional

6 Part 1 Biblical

7 “There is one thing stronger than all the armies in the world: and that is an idea whose time has come.” --Victor Hugo

8 Christianity is a movement to be advanced, not merely an institution to be maintained.

9 What Evangelism is Not

10 1.The Mute Approach

11 What Evangelism is Not 2.The Numbers Game

12 What Evangelism is Not 3.Professionals Need Only Apply

13 What Evangelism is Not 4.Cop-Out

14 What Evangelism IS Biblical Terms

15 The basic word for “evangelism” in the New Testament is the term transliterated into the English as “evangel” (noun) or “evangelize” (verb).

16 A second term is kerusso and its related forms. This verb form means “to proclaim in the manner of a herald.” It implies the declaration of an event.

17 Notice the words translated martureo(verb) and marturion (noun). Today we think of a martyr as someone who died for the faith. The Greek word martyr literally means “a witness.”

18 Matheteusate is the main verb in the Great Commission passage, Matthew 28:19-20: “Go…and make disciples.” The verb in this passage is an imperative, a command.

19 Definitions 1. Anglican 2. Lewis Drummond 3. D.T. Niles

20 1-P, Presence. For example, agricultural, medical missions. 2-P, Proclamation. Presenting the gospel in an understandable manner. 3-P, Persuasion. Second Corinthians 5:11 encourages hearers to respond. 5. Campus Crusade For Christ

21 6. Reid: Sharing the good news of Jesus Christ by word and life in the power of the Holy Spirit, so that unbelievers become followers of Jesus Christ in His church and in the culture.

22 I Thess. 1:5-10 As a Model Not in WORD Only POWER SPIRIT CONVICTION MISSIONAL LIVES Why not today?

23 Chapter 3 Why Do We Do the Things That We Do? Motives for Evangelism

24 The Character of God The Love of God

25 Obedience Spiritual Growth Eternal Rewards Evangelism And Unbelievers Future Joy Or Future Judgment

26 Chapter 4 The Mission of God A Missional Reading of Scripture

27 “A missional hermeneutic, then, is not content simply to call for obedience to the Great Commission (thought it will assuredly include that as a matter of nonnegotiable importance), nor even to reflect on the missional implications of the Great Commandment. For behind both it will find the Great Communication—the revelation of the identity of God, of God’s action in the world and God’s saving purpose for all creation. And for the fullness of this communication we need the whole Bible in all its parts and genres, for God has given us no less. A missional hermeneutic takes the indicative and the imperative of the biblical revelation with equal seriousness, and interprets each in the light of the other.”C. J. H. Wright, The Mission of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006),

28 The GREAT DRAMA of REDEMPTION CREATION ▫FALL REDEMPTION RESTORATION

29

30

31 A “Whole Bible” Approach To The Great Commission Taken from Convergent Church by Liederbach/Reid

32 1. Everything begins in God and is to return to God. 2. Human existence must be understood as theocentric, not anthropocentric.

33 3. Individual life stories must conform to God’s story. 4. A higher affection must motivate a life lived for God’s glory.

34 5. A life of worship should compel us to invite the lost to join us. 6. The corporate worship of the church ought to change the culture.

35 Chapter 5 Jesus and Paul Life was in Him, and that life was the light of men. That light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not overcome it. --John 1:4-5

36

37 A. Our Lord Demonstrated An Evangelistic Passion (Matthew 9:36-38)

38 A. Our Lord Demonstrated An Evangelistic Passion B. Jesus Practiced Mass Evangelism

39 A. Our Lord Demonstrated An Evangelistic Passion B. Jesus Practiced Mass Evangelism C. Jesus Taught The Importance of Evangelism

40 A. Our Lord Demonstrated An Evangelistic Passion B. Jesus Practiced Mass Evangelism C. Jesus Taught The Importance of Evangelism D. Jesus Practiced Personal Evangelism

41 Intentional (4:4) Conversational (4:7) Respectful (4:7) Directional (4:10-15,19-24) Convictional (4:16-18) Confrontational (4:26) Missional (4:28-30) Attitudinal (All of John 4)

42 Matt 28:19-20John 20:21 Mark 16:15Acts 1:8 Luke

43 A. Prior to His Conversion B. By His Conversion C. By His Commission

44 A. Paul Was A Passionate Witness B. Paul Was An Intentional Witness

45 Personal evangelism Mass evangelism Household evangelism Apologetic evangelism Miracles and evangelism Educational evangelism Literary evangelism Church planting Urban evangelism Follow-up

46 The Birth of a Movement Evangelism in the Acts

47 It was a small group of eleven men whom Jesus commissioned to carry on his work, and bring the gospel to the whole world. They were not distinguished; they were not well educated; they had no influential backers….If they had stopped to weight up the probabilities of succeeding in their mission, even granted their conviction that Jesus was alive, and that his Spirit went with them to equip them for their task, their hearts must surely have sunk, so heavily were the odds weighed against them. How could they possibly succeed? And yet they did. --Michael Green

48

49 Total Penetration Total Participation

50

51 1.Four times the Spirit speaks directly. Each time He says GO. 8:29-35; 10:19-20; 13:2; 28: Consistently when the Spirit filled believers their immediate response was to share Christ: Acts 2:4, 11:4-8, 31; 6:3, 7; 9:17, 20; 11:24; 13:9

52 A. All Believers Witnessed Personally In the Culture B. Only Some Of The Disciples Preached To Crowds C. Believers Lived Their Faith And Pursued Their Mission Daily D. They Reached People And Formed Churches

53 E. They Declared An Unchanging, Timeless Message F. They Gave Testimony To The Gospel’s Impact On Their Lives G. They Shared Christ In The Face Of Tremendous Obstacles H. They were willing to adapt their approach when needed.

54 Chapter 7 History I: Second Through the Eighteenth Centuries

55 The Spread Of Christianity Following The First Century: How Did They Do It?

56 Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna Ignatius, bishop of Antioch Irenaeus Justin Martyr Gregory Thaumaturgos

57 Ulfilas ( ) Patrick of Ireland Columba ( ) Augustine of Canterbury ( ) Boniface

58 A. Evangelism On The Eve Of The Reformation Peter Waldo Francis of Assisi ( ) Jerome Savonarola ( )

59 Martin Luther ( ) Clarified gospel, preaching the Word, priesthood of believers, considered himself an evangelist John Calvin ( ) Focused on God’s work in salvation, emphasized singing of Psalms, preaching, personal evangelist Anabaptists Effective evangelism, believers baptism, persecuted by others

60 Great Awakenings And Evangelism

61 A. Philip Spener – PiaDesideria B. A.H. Francke C. Nicholaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf ( )

62 II. The First Great Awakening

63 1.Evangelistic preaching; 2.Zealous visitation; 3.Church discipline; and 4.Lay preachers

64 LOG COLLEGE Gilbert Tennent “The Dangers of an Unconverted Ministry”

65 Edwards, one of the greatest theologians, practitioners, and writers in the history of spiritual awakening.

66 1.When the operation is such to raise their esteem of Jesus. 2.When the spirit that is at work operates against the interests of Satan’s kingdom. 3.Men show a greater regard to the Holy Scriptures. 4.If it leads persons to truth. 5.If the spirit that is at work among a people operates as a spirit of love to God and man.

67 D. George Whitefield, also involved in the Evangelical Awakening in England with John and Charles Wesley, came to the colonies several times. He preached from north to south, uniting the various movements.

68 E. In the southern colonies, revival spread mainly through Methodists and Baptist. The leaders among Baptist were Shubal Stearns and Daniel Marshall.

69 John Wesley ( ) George Whitefield ( )

70 Chapter 8 History II: Nineteenth Century to Our Time I felt ablaze with a desire to go through the length and breadth of Wales to tell of my Savior; and had that been possible, I was willing to pay God for doing so. --Evan Roberts

71 Churches call for prayer Colleges Camp Meetings Finney

72

73 The Welsh Revival Evan Roberts 1. Confess every known sin. 2. Put away every doubtful habit. 3. Obey the Holy Spirit promptly. 4. Confess Jesus publicly.

74 Jesus People S.B.C. Explo 1972 Worship & Witness

75 The Rise of The Evangelical Movement Evangelistic Innovations Citywide, Interdenominational Crusades Denominational Evangelism Parachurch Evangelism International Conferences/Congresses on Evangelism International Missions Emphases Methodological Evangelism The Church Growth Movement The Seeker Movement The Emerging Church Movement

76 Chapter 9 A Theology of Evangelism The greatest single proof of Christianity for others is not how far a man can logically analyze his reasons for believing, but how far in practice he will stake his life on his belief. --T.S. Eliot

77 1.Evangelism and theology must be kept together to avoid extremism 2.Theology and evangelism must remain linked because the Bible always weds theology with practical matters like evangelism. 3.People who have been used of God have generally kept theology and evangelism in unity.

78 The Scriptures The Doctrine of God Christ And Salvation

79 The Great Drama of Redemption: Creation Fall Redemption Consummation

80 Exclusivism Pluralism Universalism Annihilationism Inclusivism

81 Part II Spiritual Resources

82 Chapter 10 The Work of the Spirit Evangelism without the Holy Spirit is like a body without a soul. —Delos Miles

83 1.The Spirit Indwells And Seals The Believers At Conversion (Ephesians 1:13-14) 2.The Spirit Fills The Believers For Service a)How Can You Know You Are Filled b)Hindrances To The Filling c)How Does A Person Receive The Filling? 3.The Spirit Gives Believers Gifts

84 1.He empowers us to witness (Acts 1:8) 2.He gives us wisdom (Luke 12:12) 3.He gives us boldness (Acts 4:31) 4.He helps us in our praying (Rom. 8:16) 5.He gives us the burning desire to see people saved (Acts 4:29-31)

85 1.The Spirit Precedes The Witness (Acts 10:1-15) 2.The Spirit Convicts The Unbeliever 1.The Spirit Does The Work Of Regeneration (John 3:5-6)

86 Chapter 11 The Power of Prayer That Satan trembles when he sees the weakest saint upon his knees, why not make him Tremble? --Ralph Herring

87 Prayer: Intimacy with God that leads to the fulfillment of His purposes.

88 He modeled prayer (John 17). He spent time in personal prayer (Mark 1:35). He prayed at important events (Matt 26:36-44; Luke 6:12). He taught the importance of prayer (Matt 6).

89 1.Let your gaze be on God, your glance on your requests. 2.Let prayer be your first choice, not your last. 3.Pray retail, not wholesale. 4.Pray more from conviction than from crisis.

90 Praises Thanksgiving Confession Intercession Petition Listening

91 1.Establish in your heart and mind the importance of the devotional time. 2.Designate a time and place for your time with God 3.Do whatever is necessary to be spiritually prepared 4.Adjust your time occasionally to avoid monotony. 5.As you pray; make the Scripture a part of your time.

92 Pray For Boldness To Witness Pray In The Spirit’s Power Pray for Harvesters

93 Chapter 12 Testimony For we are unable to stop speaking about what we have seen and heard --Peter and John in Acts 4:20

94 Sharing Your Conversion Testimony Biblical Examples John 9 Acts 22 & 26

95 1.It is Relevant 2.It is Unique 3.It Holds Up A mirror To The Person With Whom You Share

96 1.Write out your testimony, seeking the Spirit’s guidance. 2.Give adequate but precise details showing how Christ became your Lord and Savior and how Christ meets your daily needs. Make sure you exalt the Christ of your experience more than your experiences. 3.Use language the nonbeliever can understand. 4.Relive your testimony as you tell it. This will enable you to present it with loving enthusiasm.

97 5.Relate your testimony to the Scripture, using pertinent verses as they are needed. 6.Speak distinctly and in a natural tone, avoiding any mannerisms that might detract from the presentation. 7.Be brief (two or three minutes). People are interested in your testimony but not your life story! 8.Ask the Holy Spirit to help you present Christ so the unbeliever will want to know him and will come to know him personally.

98 9.Share your Christian testimony regularly with other Christian members of your family, then with Christian friends, until it becomes a natural part of your daily conversation. Then share it with your lost friends and others. 10.After sharing your testimony, ask, “Has anything like this ever happened to you?” This question is a simple way to move into the gospel presentation.

99 1.A Recovery Testimony 2.The Spiritual Autobiography

100 Chapter 13 The Potency of Consistency: Character The transformed character of Christian men and women is the key to world evangelization at the end of the twentieth century and beyond. --Leighton Ford

101 1.Integrity 2.Humility 1.Passion 1.Purity

102 Live by principle, not by feelings. Listen to God, not to popular opinion. Prioritize sacrifice rather than comfort. Consider the long-term consequence of your decision.

103 I have time to do that which is important. If I don’t control my time, someone else will. I must decide what are the Big Rocks

104 1.I am responsible for my attitude. 2.My attitude is either my friend or my enemy. 3.I must constantly correct my attitude. 4.My attitude is contagious. 5.My attitude reflects my walk with God.

105

106 Chapter 14 Disciplines What Are The Key Disciplines?

107 1. STUDY Repetition Concentration Comprehension Reflection Fasting

108 2. Fasting 3. Meditation, Silence, Solitude 4. Service 5. The Discipline of Evangelism

109 Part III Intentional Love All, Serve All. --Slogan of the Hard Rock Café

110 Good is the enemy of great. And that is one of the key reasons why we have so little that becomes great…Few people attain great lives, in large part because it is just to easy to settle for a good life. --Jim Collins

111 1.Lead With Confidence In God’s Call 2.Lead By Equipping Other Leaders 3.Lead With Humility

112 4.Lead Others To Greatness For God 5.Lead By Faith 6.Lead By Defining Reality 7.Lead By The Strength Of Your Character

113 Chapter 16 Personal Evangelism: The What

114 Failure Rejection 1. The Principle of Transference 1. The Role of Rejection

115 The initial contact with a lost person, through words and actions, which establishes enough relationship to allow a witness for Christ.

116 1.Approach People With A Heart Of Love -We care about them. People really do not care how much you know about God unless they can tell you also care about them! -We believe what we are talking about. -We have the hand of God on our lives. 2.Approach In A Spirit of Prayer 3.Approach With An Attitude Of Expectancy 4.Be Sensitive To The Spirit

117 Models Of A Good Approach 1. Explore, Stimulate, Share 2. Personal Testimony “Has anything like this ever happened to you?” 3. Acrostic FIRE Family Interests Religious background Exploratory Questions

118 Tools For Sharing Your Faith Marked New Testament Gospel Tracts Never use a tract you haven’t read.(Some are weak theologically.) Brevity is desirable. Use tracts that are attractive. Be enthusiastic about the contents. Be sure the tract sets forth the facts of the gospel. The tract should explain the process by which a person becomes a Christian, particularly emphasizing repentance and faith.

119 Memorized Presentations

120 Role Playing Calling For A Decision Transitions Questions: Does what we have been discussing make sense to you?” Willingness Question: “Is there any reason why you would not be willing to receive God’s gift of eternal life?” Commitment Question: “Are you willing to turn from your sin and place your faith in Jesus right now?”

121 Practical Ideas For Personal Witness

122 Follow-Up And Assimilation

123 Practical Steps 1.Be as urgent about follow-up as you were about sharing Christ. 2.Help the new believer with assurance. 3.Give specific guidance in the Christian life.

124 Biblical Model 1.Personal Contact 2.Personal Prayer 3.Personal Representatives 4.Personal Correspondence Waylon B. Moore

125 Chapter 17 Personal Evangelism: The How Some wish to live within the sound of a chapel bell; I wish to run a rescue mission within a yard of hell. C.T. Studd

126 Ways to Engage Believers In Witnessing 1.Assignment visitation/planned evangelism 2.Lifestyle/spontaneous evangelism 3.Missional/relational witness.

127 Understanding Servant Evangelism David Wheeler

128 What is Servant Evangelism… Servant evangelism is a combination of simple acts of kindness and intentional personal evangelism…it involves intentionally sharing Christ by consistently modeling biblical servanthood.

129 Assignment Visitation/Planned Evangelism 1.Annual church survey. 2.Door-to-door prospecting 3.Register guests at all services 4.Telephone survey 5.Sunday school or church roll. 6.Newcomer or utility lists.

130 Door-to-Door 1.Smile, smile, smile, always smile. 2.Be polite, regardless of the response. You cannot tell how the Holy Spirit will honor your efforts. 3.Use an effective survey tool. 4.Offer a gift, as in servant evangelism. 5.Have clearly designated areas, good maps, and instructions to avoid overlap and confusion. 6.Train the surveyors to take good, clear information. 7.Cover an area well.

131 Missional/Relational Witness Missional witness means we witness in the context of our lifestyle with people we know and have a relationship. Missional witness means we will build relationships with others who do not know Christ to love them to Him. It means we will appreciate (through sometimes not embrace) their interests and cultural distinctives).

132 Lifestyle/Spontaneous Evangelism  R.A. Torrey’s two important rules to remember when witnessing in public: 1.Obey the Holy Spirit. 2.Never embarrass the person to whom you are witnessing.

133 Chapter 18 Church Evangelism The church is the only institution on earth raised up to exist for its own nonmembers. William Temple

134 Features of the Church for Today 1. The base for reaching the world, according to the New Testament, is the local church.

135 Three Areas Of Balance 1.Church + Culture – Gospel = Liberalism 2.Church + Gospel – Gospel = Fundamentalism 3.Gospel + Culture – Church = Parachurch

136 Features of the Church for Today 2. Some see the church as irrelevant. 3. Some are victims of the Edifice Complex (institutionalism). 4. Some make a sharp, unbiblical clergy-laity separation. 5. Some have an unhealthy and unbiblical emphasis on fellowship.

137 The Church Growth Movement

138 Models Purpose -Driven Church Emerging Church 1. relevants 2. reconstructionists 3. revisionists

139 Revitalizing A Stagnant Church 1.Know Your Church Field 2.Change The Culture 3.Utilize Short Term Mission Trips

140 Striking the Match of Strategic Short-term Evangelistic Missions George Robinson 1.Starting a Wildfire STM teams equipped for and motivated toward appropriate cross- cultural evangelistic encounters. 2.The Kindling STM organizers need to prioritize the equipping of indigenous national leadership by going to the target area in advance of the volunteer team, in order to establish a mutually agreed upon long-term strategy. 3.Ignition The purpose of the strategic STM should be partnering to share the simple trans-cultural message of the gospel in such a way that disciples are made and brought into new home groups that are located in the target area. 4.Fanning the Flame Add fuel to the fire by establishing interdependent partnerships with the indigenous leadership through helping them to develop and achieve ever-expanding church reproduction strategies.

141 4. Small Groups 5. Sunday School

142 The Key To Evangelistic Effectiveness: Contextualization Principles of Contextualization 1.We affirm that the Bible is the only infallible text that exists. 2.We affirm that there is a biblical precedent for using “bridges” to reach out to others with the Gospel (Acts 17:22-23). 3.We affirm an incarnational approach to missions that is bound by biblical parameters. 4.We affirm both the sufficiency and unique nature of biblical revelation (2 Timothy 3:14-17). 5.We affirm the need to be ethically sound in our evangelistic methodology (2 Corinthians 4:2)

143 Chapter 19 Worship Evangelism: Linking the Glory of God to the Gospel Nothing is more difficult to carry out, nor more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to handle, than achieving a new order of things Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince

144 Worship In Scripture Latreuo = veneration of God. Proskuneo (“to worship) focuses on one’s allegiance to the Lord. Ralph Martin reminds us that, although we can gain a general knowledge about worship in the early church, “there is, of course, no place in the New Testament which clearly states that the church had any set order of service, and very little information is supplied to us about the outward forms which were in use.”

145 Christian Worship In History Luther introduced hymns with more familiar tunes that were theologically rich and written in the language of the common man. The Pietists of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries began writing subjective hymns, reflecting their emphasis on religion of the heart. British pastor Isaac Watts was called “the father of English hymnody.”

146 Frank Segler – “a religious awakening has always been accompanied by a revision of the liturgy.” One can trace the roots of music used for evangelistic purposes to the Evangelical Awakening and the ministry of John and Charles Wesley. The camp meetings of the Second Great Awakening were characterized by simple, emotional hymns, many with evangelistic appeals. The first true music evangelist to be widely recognized was Ira D. Sankey ( ), who teamed with evangelist D.L. Moody.

147 The Jesus Movement during the late 1960s and early 1970s laid the groundwork for a significant shift in the corporate worship of the American church. The charismatic movement added to the growing awareness of a need for freedom in worship. Two streams merged to create the genre known today as contemporary Christian music. Folk music, especially as it was expressed in the youth musical, eventually merged with the rock sound of the Jesus Movement coffeehouses to a form what is easily recognized today as contemporary Christian music.

148 Implications For Evangelism From Scripture And History For Corporate Worship Today 1.Theological Base 2.Distinguish Between Evangelistic Services And Worship Services 3.Resist False Dichotomies 4.Understand The Difference Between Personal Preference And Biblical Truth

149 Thom Rainer’s study of effective evangelistic churches found the following about style. 1.Various worship styles are effective. In this survey, the quality of worship was seen as more important than the particular style. 2.The atmosphere of the service is critical for reaching people. 3.The attitude of those leading the service played a bigger factor than the style: “Leaders describe their worship service with such words as warm, exciting, loving, vibrant, hopeful, and worshipful.”

150 Evangelism And Corporate Worship

151 Characteristics Of Worship Evangelism Morgenthaler suggested these: 1.Nearness. Worship evangelism features a sense of God’s presence. 2.Knowledge. The worship is centered on Christ. 3.Vulnerability. This is an opening up to God. 4.Interaction. Worship evangelism means participating in a relationship with God and others.

152 Morgenthaler’s five rudders to guide worship evangelism. 1.Worship first, evangelize second. 2.Never sacrifice authenticity for relevance. 3.Add before you subtract. 4.Be committed to relevance based on your community’s culture in the present and its meaningful religious past. 5.Customize your own worship methodology.

153 Three Ways To Live Out Worship Evangelism: 1.Corporate 2.Family 3.Personal

154 Chapter 20 Mass Evangelism You are not the oil, you are not the air-merely the point of combustion, the flashpoint where the light is born. You are merely the lens in the beam. You can only receive, give, and posses the light as a lens does. Dag Hammarskjold

155 Why Mass Evangelism? 1.Mass evangelism and evangelists are biblical concepts. 2.Mass evangelism reminds believers that people are lost and must be reached. 3.Mass evangelism still works.

156 The Gospel Invitation 1.Biblical Evidence – The Effective, Invitation, Alan Streett 2.Historical Evidence

157 Principles for the Invitation 1.Give it with a spiritually prepared mind. 2.Give it expectantly. 3.Give it dependently. 4.Give it personally. 5.Give it clearly. 6.Give it courteously. 7.Give it confidently. 8.Give it urgently

158 Conducting An Evangelistic Meeting Hosting A Guest Evangelist 1.Secure an evangelist whom you know to have integrity. 2.Set the date. 3.Secure a thorough preparation manual. 4.Begin preparations three to six months in advance. 5.Organize a revival planning team to help with preparations.

159 Conducting An Evangelistic Meeting Hosting A Guest Evangelist (con’t) 6.Pastor, be enthusiastic! 7.Select a theme for the meeting. 8.Use budgeted money for incidentals. 9.Be clear with the evangelistic team about finances. 10.If you use a love offering, extend a thoughtful, prepared request for the love offering in every service, especially Sunday morning.

160 Conducting An Evangelistic Meeting Hosting A Guest Evangelist (con’t) 11.Introduce the team each night. 12.Take the minister to share Christ in homes. 13.Schedule some fun-golf, for example. 14.Have trained counselors available, especially for youth night. 15.Pastor, extend the invitation. 16.Be a gracious host.

161 Preparing For An Evangelistic Meeting 1.Organizational Preparations 2.Spiritual Preparation

162 Sports Evangelism 1.Major event-centered sports evangelism, 2.Personality-centered evangelism, 3.Competition-centered sports evangelism.

163 Part IV Missional Ed Stetzer and David Putman argue winsomely for the need of the church today to engage the culture in a missional manner. In their book Breaking the Missional Code they note how our culture has become “glocal” – a convergence of the global world with our local communities.

164 Chapter 21 Paradigms A church which pitches its tents without constantly looking out for new horizons, which does not continually strike camp, is being untrue to its calling. Hans Kung

165 Paradigms – How We See The World 1.The Maintaining An Institution To Advancing A Movement InstitutionMovement I GO to churchI AM the church Scorecard based onBased on sending seating capacitycapacity Hotel for saintsHospital for sinners MinimalisticHolistic ProgrammaticOrganic

166 2. From Attractional Evangelism To Missional 3. From Programmatic To Incarnational 4. From Compartmentalized To Holistic Ministry 5. From Consumerism To Service 6. From Conformity In All Things To Conformity In Truth, Creativity, In Its Application

167 Creativity In Evangelism 1.Hunters-wild game dinners 2.Sports-Upward Basketball 3.Music and the arts 4.Crafts What “non-religious” talent/hobby/skill do you have that you can use for the gospel?

168 Chapter 22 Church Planting Following Jesus into the mission field is either impossible or extremely difficult for the vast majority of congregations in the Western world because of one thing: They have a systems story that will not allow them to take the first step out of the institution into the mission field, even through the mission field is just outside the door of the congregation. Bill Easum

169 Why Plant Churches? Objections:  Objection one: “We already have plenty of churches.  Objection two: “Every church in this community used to be more full than it is now.  Objection Three: “Help the churches that are struggling first.

170 Keller on Church Planting The vigorous, continual planting of new congregations is the single most crucial strategy for: The numerical growth of the Body of Christ in any city. The continual corporate renewal and revival of the existing churches in a city. Nothing else will have the consistent impact of dynamic extensive church planting.

171 Church Planting In Acts 1.Jerusalem (Acts 1-7) 2.Judea and Samaria (Acts 8-12). Much of this work was begun by regular believers, “laity,” rather than the apostles (8:1-4). 3.Churches were planted “to the ends of the earth” in Acts

172 Models Model 1: The Apostolic Harvest Church Planter ParadigmStarts churches, raises up leaders from the harvest, moves to new church Biblical ModelPaul Historic/Modern ExampleMethodist circuit rider, house church movement PrinciplesPlanter starts church and moves on Planter come out of the church and returns Pastor may/may not be classically educated New churches provide core for additional churches

173 Model 2: The Founding Pastor ParadigmStarts a church, acts as “church planter” for a short time, and remains long tem to pastor the new church Biblical ModelPeter and the Jerusalem church Historic/Modern ExampleCharles Spurgeon, Rick Warren PrinciplesPlanter starts and pastors the church long term Pastor often moves from another location Pastor often classically educated Ideally, new church sponsors new congregation

174 Model 3: Team Planting ParadigmA group of church planters relocates into an area to start a church. Often the team has a senior pastor. Biblical ModelPaul (at times) Historic/Modern ExampleMissionaries at Iona, team church plants PrinciplesA team relocates to plant a new church (sometimes relocation is not necessary) Church planting vision often comes from one key member of the team Good teams have a gift mix

175 Marks of Church Planters Ed Stetzer listed five marks of a church planter for today: 1.Missional 2.Incarnational 3.Theological 4.Ecclesiological 5.Spiritual

176 Best Practices 1.Church planting Systems 2.Church Planting Teams 3.High Member Standards 4.Perseverance

177 Chapter 23 Reaching the Unchurched If the culture rejects Christianity, it should be because it has refused to hear the gospel message of Christ rather than that it turned its back on the church’s outdated, culturally irrelevant methods. Albrey Malphurs

178 The Radically Unchurched People who live in the West who have no clear personal understanding of the message of the gospel, and who have had little or no contact with a Bible-teaching, Christ-honoring church.

179 Dealing With Those Who Make Excuses 1.Recognize the objection while keeping the conversation focused on the gospel. 2.Remember, the Holy Spirit will give you guidance. Trust him. 3.The gospel itself will answer many honest questions. 4.Many objections will not be raised if you maintain a proper attitude.

180 Guidelines 1.Negotiate; do not argue (think win/win). 2.Avoid emotional confrontations. 3.Accept the other person as an equal. 4.Exercise gentleness. 5.Check your motivation.

181 Approach 1.Use a transition statement. 2.Convert the objection to a question. 3.Answer the person’s question. 4.Continue with the gospel presentation.

182 Acts 16 Reaching the Unchurched 1.Lydia came to Christ mainly through an explanation. 2.The slave girl came to Christ mainly through a demonstration of kindness. 3.The jailor was reached because of a demonstration of character.

183 Reaching Those In Cults And Other Religions The principles for witnessing to people in cults and other religions: 1.Commit to a relationship with this person whenever possible. 2.Know your faith and theirs. None of us can be an expert in all the different cults. 3.Do not begin your witness by attacking the other person’s beliefs. 4.Share your own testimony. 5.Explain the gospel clearly, noting especially the reality of sin and the need of a Savior.

184 Biblical Model 1.He was provoked when he saw the city was given over to idols. 2.He acknowledged their religious search. 3.Paul knew their belief. He even quoted two of their poets (see Acts 17:28). 4.Paul moved from their error to the truth. 5.Paul clearly presented the gospel. (see Acts 17:23-31

185 Chapter 24 Reaching Children and families Many men and women of the age 60 and 70 years have been disciples of Christ from childhood. Justin Martyr

186 The Age of Accountability Deut. 1:39 2 Samuel 12:23 Romans 7:9-10

187 Fish on Matthew Conversion occurs on the level of a child. 2. Humility belongs to a child. 3. A little child can believe in Jesus. 4. To cause a child to stumble is serious.

188 5. We should seek children as a shepherd seeks a stray sheep. 6. The Father’s will is that no child should perish.

189 Principles for Dealing with Children 1. Deal with each child individually. 2. Avoid asking yes or no questions. 3. Consider the child’s religious background. 4. Do not use fear as a primary motivation.

190 5. Explain the gospel on a child’s level. 6. Affirm the child regardless of the level of understanding. 7. Distinguish between the internal experience of conversion and the external expressions associated with it.

191 Opportunities to Evangelize Children VBS Children’s Night at Evangelistic Meetings SS teachers UPWARD Sports PARENTS!!!

192 Inheritance: Passing on a Legacy of Faith php

193 Deuteronomy 6:4-9` Demonstrate Godliness Educate in Godliness ▫Words are to be in your (Parent’s) heart ▫Repeat to Children ▫Talk about them in your house ▫When you walk along the road ▫When you lie down and get up ▫Place them where all can see ▫MISSONAL FAMILIES!

194 Chapter 25 Reaching the Next Generation The work has been chiefly amongst the young; and comparatively but few others have been made partakers of it. And indeed it has commonly been so, when God has begun any great work for the revival of his church; he has taken the young people, and has cast off the old and stiff-necked generation. Jonathan Edwards, commenting on the First Great Wakening

195 The Potential Of Youth Biblical Perspective On Youth

196 Historical Examples 1.Pietism 2.First Great Awakening 3.Evangelical Awakening 4.Haystack Revival 5.College Movement

197 Reaching Students Today 1.We need a reformation in student ministry at the youth and college levels. 2.Fundamental elements for effective youth ministry from Raising the Bar. a)Recover the Biblical Place of parents (Deut. 6:4-9) 3. Building a foundation for student ministry, not a youth group. a)Biblical Truth b)Passionate Evangelism c)Authentic Worship d)Bold Prayer

198 Principles for Reaching Students Today 1.The first step in reaching youth is simply this: try to reach them. 2.We must see technology as our friend in evangelism. 3.We must use the media and the arts in biblical ways to declare Christ to this generation. 4.Hold to the cross and the truthfulness of Scripture. 5.Demonstrate intimacy with God and people. 6.Churches must place a higher priority on youth. 7.Those of us who are older can listen to young people.

199 Chapter 26 Reach the Cities, Reach the Nations “Christianity was an urban movement, and the New Testament was set down by urbanites.” Rodney Stark “The single most effective way for Christians to ‘reach’ the US would be for 25% of them to move to two or three of the largest cities and stay there for three generations.” Tim Keller “So there was great joy in that city” (Acts 8:8). “I have many people in this city” (Acts 18:10). “But they now aspire to a better land-a heavenly one….for He has prepared a city for them” (Hebrews 11:16)

200 Why The Cities? 1.Biblically, the gospel spread via the cities of the Roman world. 2.Strategically, commerce and culture flow through the cities. 3.Cities are changing. The center city, unlike the ‘inner’ city (where the poor live) or where the working-class live, is where there is a confluence of a) residences for professionals b) major work and job centers c) major cultural institutions-all in close proximity. Keller

201 In % of people in the US lived in metro areas, but only 50% of Southern Baptist churches are there.

202 Three things Having taken this class and studied this subject, what are THREE things you can do differently to make you a more effective disciple of Jesus, especially in terms of your own witness?


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