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Philip II & the Dutch Revolt. Philip II 1527 - ( 1556 – 1598 ) The Golden Age of Spain - late 1500s - century of Gold King of Spain - Portugal - Netherlands.

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Presentation on theme: "Philip II & the Dutch Revolt. Philip II 1527 - ( 1556 – 1598 ) The Golden Age of Spain - late 1500s - century of Gold King of Spain - Portugal - Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:

1 Philip II & the Dutch Revolt

2 Philip II ( 1556 – 1598 ) The Golden Age of Spain - late 1500s - century of Gold King of Spain - Portugal - Netherlands - Southern Italy - the New World

3 Philip Born in Spain - Ruled Spain as a kid until 1548 Lived in Brussels with Charles - 48 – 54 King of England King of Spain 1556 – 1598

4 Philip II Reigned King of Paper Most Catholic King -- vs the Ottoman Turks Naval Battles in the Meditteranean Sea Victory at Lepanto!! vs the English Spanish Armada vs the Dutch!

5 Philip II Reigned King of Paper Most Catholic King -- vs the Ottoman Turks Navel Battles in the Meditteranean Sea Victory at Lepanto!! vs the English Spanish Armada vs the Dutch!

6

7 Ethnicity and Religion

8 The Dutch Revolt Late 1500s!! Margaret of Parma - Daughter of Charles V - Regent of Netherlands Catholic and Tolerant - All of the Netherlands is officially Catholic; however, - Calvinism is expanding in the North - Religious Tensions Increasing - Bad harvest in 66 - and then BAM! ICONOCLASM!!!

9 The Dutch Revolt Late 1500s!! Margaret of Parma - Daughter of Charles V - Regent of Netherlands Catholic and Tolerant - All of the Netherlands is officially Catholic; however, - Calvinism is expanding in the North - Religious Tensions Increasing - Bad harvest in 66 - and then BAM! ICONOCLASM!!!

10 The Dutch Revolt Late 1500s!! Margaret of Parma - Daughter of Charles V - Regent of Netherlands Catholic and Tolerant - All of the Netherlands is officially Catholic; however, - Calvinism is expanding in the North - Religious Tensions Increasing - Bad harvest in 66 - and then BAM! ICONOCLASM!!!

11 The Dutch Revolt Late 1500s!! The Duke of Alba (Alva in Dutch) & the Council of Blood Sent to restore order in ,000 -ish Arrested –ish Executed - Executed 22 Nobles immediately Catholic Nobles for being too soft and tolerant of Calvinists

12 The Dutch Revolt Late 1500s!! William of Orange (Holland / Zeeland / Utrecht) William of Nassau William the Silent 1533 – 1584 Lead a Revolt against Alva 1568 – 1579 Northern Dutch Protestants vs Spanish Catholic Soldiers

13 William of Orange vs The Duke of Alva 1576 The Sack of Antwerp (The Spanish Fury) 7000 Humans Slaughtered

14 Northern Protestants vs Spanish Catholics Northern Protestants AND Southern Catholics Verses Spanish Catholics Pacification of Ghent 1576 (but it only lasts 3 years)

15 The Dutch Revolt 1609 Uneasy Peace Fighting will break out again during the 30 Years War ( ) 1648 Independence!! Spain will grant independence in 1648s Peace of Westphalia The United Provinces becomes THE DUTCH REPUBLIC!!

16 The Dutch Revolt : Margaret of Parma Tensions Grow 1568 – 1576: North vs Spain William vs Alba : Catholic AND Prot vs Spain : Back to North vs Spain 1609: Truce = United Provinces 1648: Full Independence

17 The Dutch Revolt 80 Year Struggle Brutality: several cities sacked Creates more bitterness between Catholics and Protestants Bankrupted Spain Weirdly - leads to the Dutch Golden Age


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