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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Three: Chapter 13 elaborate indifferent emerge indulge exotic liberal frugal mediocre impulsivenotable

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 elaborate Elaborate means A. easy and simple to do. B. detailed. C. ordinary. The dinner required elaborate preparation. Each course included a complicated favorite dish of one of the guests. Irmas quilt was very elaborate. She used tiny stitches to sew together hundreds of fabric pieces. An elaborate tile pattern – adjective

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Elaborate means A. easy and simple to do. B. detailed. C. ordinary. The dinner required elaborate preparation. Each course included a complicated favorite dish of one of the guests. Irmas quilt was very elaborate. She used tiny stitches to sew together hundreds of fabric pieces. If each course included a complicated dish, the dinner must have required detailed preparation. The word complicated is a clue. If hundreds of pieces of fabric are sewed together with tiny stitches, the quilt must be very detailed. 1 elaborate – adjective An elaborate tile pattern

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 emerge – verb Emerge means A. to come out. B. to trip. C. to call out. Anna emerged from the dressing room, looking beautiful in a blue prom gown. When the chick emerged from its egg, it was tired and wet, but a day later it was a fluffy yellow ball of energy. A prairie dog emerging from its hole Photo: National Park Service

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Emerge means A. to come out. B. to trip. C. to call out. Anna emerged from the dressing room, looking beautiful in a blue prom gown. When the chick emerged from its egg, it was tired and wet, but a day later it was a fluffy yellow ball of energy. Anna would come out of the dressing room looking beautiful. A chick would be wet and tired after it came out of its shell. 2 emerge – verb A prairie dog emerging from its hole Photo: National Park Service

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 exotic Orchids are grown in the United States, not just in foreign countries. So Americans really should not consider these flowers exotic. The kiwi fruit, grown in New Zealand, is one of several exotic fruits now commonly sold in supermarkets. – adjective Exotic means A. local. B. foreign. C. rare.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Orchids are grown in the United States, not just in foreign countries. So Americans really should not consider these flowers exotic. The kiwi fruit, grown in New Zealand, is one of several exotic fruits now commonly sold in supermarkets. Exotic means A. local. B. foreign. C. rare. If orchids are grown in the United States, Americans should not consider them foreign. If kiwi is grown in New Zealand, it is a foreign fruit (unless you live in New Zealand). 3 exotic – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT You can stretch your dollars by being frugal. For example, using store coupons and waiting for expensive items to be on sale can save a lot of money. Diane buys designer jeans, but because I need to be more frugal, I buy store-brand jeans, which are much cheaper. 4 frugal Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Frugal means A. hardworking. B. lucky. C. thrifty. – adjective

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT You can stretch your dollars by being frugal. For example, using store coupons and waiting for expensive items to be on sale can save a lot of money. Diane buys designer jeans, but because I need to be more frugal, I buy store-brand jeans, which are much cheaper. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Frugal means A. hardworking. B. lucky. C. thrifty. Using coupons and waiting for sales are ways of being thrifty. Buying cheaper store-brand jeans is also a way of being thrifty. 4 frugal – adjective

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 5 impulsive – adjective Ved is too impulsive to make plans. He always prefers to act on the spur of the moment. Kids are usually more impulsive than adults. Children will follow such sudden urges as the desire to climb a tree even if they are wearing their best clothes. Impulsive means A. fearful. B. careful. C. acting without a plan.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impulsive means A. fearful. B. careful. C. acting without a plan. Ved is too impulsive to make plans. He always prefers to act on the spur of the moment. Kids are usually more impulsive than adults. Children will follow such sudden urges as the desire to climb a tree even if they are wearing their best clothes. If Ved acts on the spur of the moment, he acts without a plan. If children follow sudden urges, they are acting without a plan. 5 impulsive – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indifferent means A. interested in. B. unconcerned with. C. insulted by. Does our society have no interest in homeless children? Are we indifferent to the many families who can no longer afford to pay rent? Because her husband was indifferent to how the apartment would be decorated, Kaylin felt free to do the job any way she wanted. 6 indifferent – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indifferent means A. interested in. B. unconcerned with. C. insulted by. Does our society have no interest in homeless children? Are we indifferent to the many families who can no longer afford to pay rent? Because her husband was indifferent to how the apartment would be decorated, Kaylin felt free to do the job any way she wanted. If our society has no interest in homeless children, we are unconcerned with them. If Kaylin could do the job any way she wanted, her husband must have been unconcerned with how the apartment was decorated. 6 indifferent – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indulgent means A. strict. B. giving in. C. not caring. Monicas grandparents are too indulgent with her. They dont scold her even when she splatters the walls with baby food. Im surprised at Robins self-indulgent attitude. It never occurs to her not to give in to every little desire she has. 7 indulgent – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Indulgent means A. strict. B. giving in. C. not caring. Monicas grandparents are too indulgent with her. They dont scold her even when she splatters the walls with baby food. Im surprised at Robins self-indulgent attitude. It never occurs to her not to give in to every little desire she has. If Monicas grandparents dont even scold her when she splatters the walls, they must give in to her no matter what she does or wants. In the second item, the words give in tell you the meaning of indulgent. 7 indulgent – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Liberal means A. average. B. frequent. C. generous. Being a chocolate lover, Amos puts liberal amounts of chocolate chips in his Toll House cookies. Norma left the waiter a liberal tip because he had been especially friendly and helpful. 8 liberal – adjective

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Liberal means A. average. B. frequent. C. generous. Being a chocolate lover, Amos puts liberal amounts of chocolate chips in his Toll House cookies. Norma left the waiter a liberal tip because he had been especially friendly and helpful. If Amos is a chocolate lover, he would put generous amounts of chocolate chips in his cookies. It the waiter was especially friendly and helpful, Norma would leave a generous tip. 8 liberal – adjective

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mediocre means A. ordinary. B. awful. C. short. The mystery movie was neither terrible nor great; it was just mediocre. Although Hank can be quite funny, his jokes are only mediocre compared with those of the best comedians. 9 mediocre – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mediocre means A. ordinary. B. awful. C. short. The mystery movie was neither terrible nor great; it was just mediocre. Although Hank can be quite funny, his jokes are only mediocre compared with those of the best comedians. If the movie was neither terrible nor great, it was ordinary. Compared with the jokes of the best comedians, Hanks jokes are ordinary. 9 mediocre – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Notable means A. ineffective. B. well-known. C. generous. 10 notable Winning the Nobel Prize can make a little-known scientist into a notable world figure. Abraham Lincolns Gettysburg Address is surely his most notable speech, especially among the many Americans who memorized it in school. – adjective A notable statue Photo: National Park Service

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Notable means A. ineffective. B. well-known. C. generous. Winning the Nobel Prize can make a little-known scientist into a notable world figure. Abraham Lincolns Gettysburg Address is surely his most notable speech, especially among the many Americans who memorized it in school. Scientists who win the Nobel Prize often become well-known, even if they were little- known before they won it. A speech that many Americans memorized in school must be a well-known speech. 10 notable – adjective A notable statue Photo: National Park Service

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Although my father didnt do badly in school, he wasnt a great student. So hes proof its possible to have a successful career despite __________ grades. 2.Overly __________ parents, who let young children do whatever they please, will end up with problem teenagers. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Although my father didnt do badly in school, he wasnt a great student. So hes proof its possible to have a successful career despite __________ grades. 2.Overly __________ parents, who let young children do whatever they please, will end up with problem teenagers. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable If he wasnt a great student, he must have gotten average grades. Parents who let children do whatever they please would be lenient. mediocre indulgent

25 3.The puppy ________(e)d from her bath much cleaner than when she entered it, but we doubted that shed stay clean for long. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.Tran is such a skilled public speaker that we all expect him to become a __________ politician one day. 5.The boss gave such __________ bonuses that Gail was able to buy a new sofa with the money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable

26 3.The puppy ____________ from her bath much cleaner than when she entered it, but we doubted that shed stay clean for long. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.Tran is such a skilled public speaker that we all expect him to become a __________ politician one day. 5.The boss gave such __________ bonuses that Gail was able to buy a new sofa with the money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable emerged notable liberal The puppys coming out of the bath is contrasted with her entering it. One might expect a skilled public speaker to become a widely known politician. If Gail was able to buy a new sofa, the bonus must have been generous.

27 6.Ella embroidered a(n) _________ design on the back of her sweatshirt. She used four colors in a complicated pattern of swirls and flowers. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.People walked past the bleeding, moaning man without even pausing; they were __________ to his need for help. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable

28 6.Ella embroidered an __________ design on the back of her sweatshirt. She used four colors in a complicated pattern of swirls and flowers. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.People walked past the bleeding, moaning man without even pausing; they were __________ to his need for help. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable The word complicated tells you the meaning of elaborate. If people did not even pause, they must have been unconcerned about the mans need for help. elaborate indifferent

29 9.Bruce, as __________ as ever, suddenly changed his mind about going to a restaurant and announced, Lets have a picnic. 10.A Native American rain dance may seem __________ to many people in the United States, but it is actually more native to this country than square-dancing. 8.Gowns are so expensive, Cara said, that Ive decided to be __________ and rent a wedding dress instead of buying one. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable

30 9.Bruce, as __________ as ever, suddenly changed his mind about going to a restaurant and announced, Lets have a picnic. 10.A Native American rain dance may seem __________ to many people in the United States, but it is actually more native to this country than square-dancing. 8.Gowns are so expensive, Cara said, that Ive decided to be __________ and rent a wedding dress instead of buying one. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. elaborateB. emergeC. exoticD. frugalE.impulsive F. indifferentG. indulgentH. liberalI. mediocreJ. notable frugal impulsive exotic Renting an expensive gown instead of buying one is being thrifty. If Bruce suddenly changed his mind, he was acting on a sudden urge. A Native American rain dance may seem foreign to many people in the United States.


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