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Textual Criticism and the Old Testament
Cairo Codex (~895 AD)
Extant Manuscripts Cairo Codex (~895 AD) Codex of the Prophets of Leningrad (~916 AD)
Extant Manuscripts Cairo Codex (~895 AD) Codex of the Prophets of Leningrad (~916 AD) Codex Babylonicus Petropalitanus (~1008 AD)
Extant Manuscripts Cairo Codex (~895 AD) Codex of the Prophets of Leningrad (~916 AD) Codex Babylonicus Petropalitanus (~1008 AD) Aleppo Codex (~900 AD)
Jewish Textual Transmission
Sopherim (5 th – 3 rd c. BC)
Jewish Textual Transmission Sopherim (5 th – 3 rd c. BC) Zugoth (2 nd – 1 st c. BC)
Jewish Textual Transmission Sopherim (5 th – 3 rd c. BC) Zugoth (2 nd – 1 st c. BC) Tannaim (?-200 AD)
Jewish Textual Transmission Sopherim (5 th – 3 rd c. BC) Zugoth (2 nd – 1 st c. BC) Tannaim (?-200 AD) Talmudists ( AD)
Jewish Textual Transmission Sopherim (5 th – 3 rd c. BC) Zugoth (2 nd – 1 st c. BC) Tannaim (?-200 AD) Talmudists ( AD) Masoretes ( AD)
Further Manuscript Evidence
Cairo Geniza (1890s)
Further Manuscript Evidence Cairo Geniza (1890s) Dead Sea Scrolls (1947+)
Further Manuscript Evidence Cairo Geniza (1890s) Dead Sea Scrolls (1947+) Non-Hebrew Manuscripts
Further Manuscript Evidence Cairo Geniza (1890s) Dead Sea Scrolls (1947+) Non-Hebrew Manuscripts – Septuagint
Further Manuscript Evidence Cairo Geniza (1890s) Dead Sea Scrolls (1947+) Non-Hebrew Manuscripts – Septuagint – Samaritan Pentateuch
Evidence for the Reliability of the Bible Adam Metropolis (9/22/13)
The Doctrine of Scripture (2) Lesson Nine: Transmission of Scripture (part 5)
OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY The Formation of the Old Testament.
Foundationsof The Faith. Revelation: Why did God initiate communication? Inspiration: How did God give us His word? Canonicity: What books were from God?
Review: We know the 66 books of the Bible are Gods Word because of: 1. Historical evidence 2. Biblical evidence 3. Intrinsic evidence.
Five Periods. I. Prior to 400 B.C. *Prior to 400 B.C., No extant Hebrew manuscripts I. Prior to 400 B.C.
Can I Trust the Bible? CTK Adult Ed July 20, 2014.
Tisha B’Av 9 th of Av Solomon’s Temple (1 st ) 586 BC Zerubbabel’s Temple (2 nd ) 70 AD.
“That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God” 1 Corinthians 2:5.
Dead Sea Scrolls “The greatest manuscript discovery of modern times.”
#4 First known pieces of the Old Testament. By Shad David Sluiter Available at
Versions of the Bible and Tools to Read the Bible.
Hebrew, Protestant & Traditional. 1.How Many parts does the Hebrew Old Testament (Tanakh) contains? a)Two b)Three c)Four d)Five e)Six Pre -Test.
The Reliability of the Bible 2 Timothy 3:16 says the Scriptures are inspired Inspired-from the Greek word- “theopneustos”- combined form of God-breathed.
Transmission: The Texts and Manuscripts of the Biblical Writings.
From God to Man The Story of How We Got the Bible Part 4 – Preservation.
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The Writing of God Promised to Preserve His Word The grass withers and the flowers fall, but the word of our God stands forever. –– Isaiah 40:8 Early.
Justin Martyr, 2 nd century Isaiah 46:9-11; 41:26 ONLY GOD CAN FULFILL PROPHECY.
Opening Questions 1.Why is the Bible unique? Authorship perspective (2 Tim 3:16) Literary perspective Spiritual perspective (Rom 10:8-17)
2 Timothy 3: For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit,
The Word Made More Sure! 2 Peter 1:19 “And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it…”
Textual Transmission How Did We Get the Bible? Lesson 3.
The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient manuscripts that were discovered in caves along the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, the lowest spot on earth. The.
Facsimile of Isaiah A, also known as the Great Isaiah Scroll. The Dead Sea Scrolls.
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Recap of Session Three Question: Is the Bible authentic? Why? Answers: 1.Fulfilled Prophecy 2.Historical Accuracy 3.Scientific Accuracy 4.Indestructibility.
H ow Can We Know the Bible was Copied Accurately? How? “The [Old Testament] is filled with lots of textual problems—as we have come to realize, for example,
WE have established the Bible is both inspired and understandable But is what we have today accurate? Since we don’t have the autographs, has the Word.
Slide 1 Reliability of the Text of Our English Bibles.
Is my Bible reliable? Is it translated from an accurate reproduction of the original God-inspired Scriptures?
How the Bible Came to Us Transmission of the OT. Introductory Comments Moses completed the Pentateuch in c B.C. –This means that part of the OT.
Where Did We Get Our Bible? Where did we get it? How did we get it? Is it trustworthy?
Learning about the Bible~ Continued. Magisterium The teaching authority of the Church is called the Magisterium It comes from the Latin word, magister.
1. A test drive Agenda 3. Overview of the Bible 2. How did the Bible come into being? 4. The First process of the Bible GPS is Understanding. 5. The Second.
Scrolls from the Judean Desert June 29–December 31 San Diego Natural History Museum.
Lesson # 6 Translation & Interpretation The Bible The Origin, Inspiration, and Translation.
All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly.
What Is The Bible Fergus J King. Dating Conventions In Biblical Studies, it is increasingly common to see BCE (Before the Common Era) used instead of.
Writings Part 1 1 st Century Christian Writings The New Testament 50 – 100 A.D. Collection of Christian History, Letters and Literature (in Greek) The.
Christianity 3 for Beginners Mike Mazzalongo The Bible.
Structure of the Bible Introduction to the Bible PPT.
Eternity Past Creation & Fall Eternity Future Flood Abraham 2000 BC 4000 BC AD Moses & the Law David Malachi MessiahChristSavior Church Age.....
Foundationsof The Faith. Our Challenge: The Bible is a big book. 1,100 chapters 30,000 verses How can we get a handle on all that?
The Validity of the Bible St. Mary’s Servants Meeting October 9 th, 2011 Fr. David Milad.
Bereshit (The Book of Genesis). Basic Facts about Genesis.
OLD TESTAMENT For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit 2 Peter 1:21 Prepared.
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How We Got The Bible Is the Bible We Read Inspired by God? John Oakes, PhD.
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