Presentation on theme: "Early Renaissance “rebirth of learning”"— Presentation transcript:
1Early Renaissance “rebirth of learning” Early Renaissance “rebirth of learning” **Copy everything without a red X
2What was the Renaissance? Period following the middle ages ( )“Rebirth” of classical Greece and RomeBegan in ItalyMoved to northern Europe
3Causes of the Renaissance Lessening of feudalismChurch disrespected (losses stronghold)Nobility in chaosGrowth of Middle Class through tradeFall of Constantinople (to Turks)Greek scholars fled to ItalyEducationNostalgia among the Italians to recapture the glory of the Roman empire
4The Silk Road Reopens After Black Death Europe begins to recover Mongols took over China in 1200s making the Silk Road safe againMarco Polo saw amazing things-paper money-helped tradeKublai Khan
5By the 1300s four northern Italian cities had become trading centers Florence (cloth)Milan (weapons and silk)Venice Main port city (glass)Genoa Main port cityMerchant ships brought luxuries from Asia to these harbors—then traded with all of EuropeSome merchant families become incredibly wealthy and this wealth led to the Reinaissance!
6Medici family of bankers in Florence were wealthy and gained political power. Cosimo de/ Medici wanted Florence to be the most beautiful city in the world (also valued education). The Renaissance was born. They studied poetry, history, art, and the Greek and Latin languages.
7HumanismThis led to humanism, a way of thinking and learning that stresses the importance of human abilities and actions.Pursuit of individualismRecognition that humans are creativeAppreciation of art as a product of manLife could be enjoyableLove of the classical past (works by Greek thinkers)—many found in monasteries WHY?
8Italian Background Major city centers Venice: Republic ruled by oligarchy, Byzantine originsMilan: Visconti and Sforza familiesFlorence (Tuscany): Republic ruled by the MediciPapal States: Ruled by the Pope—Vatican City