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إستراتيجية إدارة السلامة والصحة المهنية و حماية البيئة

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Presentation on theme: "إستراتيجية إدارة السلامة والصحة المهنية و حماية البيئة"— Presentation transcript:

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2 إستراتيجية إدارة السلامة والصحة المهنية و حماية البيئة
فى صناعة البتروكيماويات

3 Vision الرؤية To attain a World Class HSE Performance
in Echem and its affiliated Companies الوصول بأداء السلامة والصحة المهنية وحماية البيئة لشركات البتـروكيماويـات إلي المستوي العالمي

4 المهمةMission Based on a no-blame culture, team working and effective sharing, Echem will coordinate the development and possibly the unification of the HSE management systems of the Affiliated Companies من خلال ثقافة الشفافية وعدم اللوم ، ومن خلال العمل الجماعي والمشاركة الفعالة . ستنسق الشركة القابضة عمليات التطوير وربما أيضا توحيد مفاهيم وأنظمة إدارة السلامة والصحة المهنية وحماية البيئة لشركات هذا القطاع

5 الإستراتيجيه Strategy
وضع نموذج للخطط السنوية لتسجيل أنشطة إدارة السلامة والصحة المهنية وحماية البيئة ومتابعة تنفيذ بنودها وضع أهداف مستقبلية للتطوير عمل جوائز سنوية تعطي للأعمال والأنشطة والمهام المتميزة في مجال تحسين السلامة والصحة المهنية وحماية البيئة للشركات Annual Business Plans Future Development Objectives Agreed Measures of Success

6 أهداف سنوية للتطوير خطط الطوارئ. تقييم الأداء البيئى للشركات و تطويره
أهداف سنوية للتطوير   خطط الطوارئ. تقييم الأداء البيئى للشركات و تطويره تطوير منظومة الجودة الشاملة التحكم فى الأعمال (تصاريح الأعمال الخطرة - إجراءات تقييم) المخاطر السلامة السلوكية (Behavioural Based Safety) وتقييم ثقافة السلامة (Culture Surveys) سلامة العملياتProcess Safety

7 تطوير خطط الطوارئ - مراجعة جميع خطط الطوارئ للشركات - عقد ورش عمل
- التخطيط و التنفيذ لتجارب وهمية لحوادث من الدرجة الثانية - مديرو السلامة بالشركات هم مراقبى التجارب الوهمية - إصدار التوصيات و تنفيذها

8 تطوير خطط الطوارئ وبالفعل تم بنجاح إجراء تجربة
”سيدبك 1 ” فى شركة سيدبك و بالاشتراك مع شركة البتروكيماويات المصرية ( محطة الإطفاء المركزية رقم3) وكان السيناريو هو تسريب و حريق وهمي من المستوى الثانى بأحد مستودعات شركة سيدبك

9 تطوير خطط الطوارئ ثم تلى ذلك تنفيذ تجربة تسريب وهمية لغاز الامونيا من المستوى الثانى ””EPP-2بالشركة المصرية لإنتاج البروبيلين والبولي بروبيلين و بالاشتراك مع الشركات المجاورة بالمنطقة

10 Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment
QRA HAZOP Group Risk Assessment ( Semi- Quantitative) What if Technique Checklist Simple Risk Assessment (Qualitative) Complexity Minutes Weeks Time

11 Modeling the Consequences
Commercial software for modeling dispersion of flammable and toxic releases and different types of fire/ explosions: - DNV Software: Process Hazard Analysis Software Tools “ PHAST – Professional 6.0 “. - BP : Integrated Consequences Analysis Software Package. - Shell : Fire, Release, Explosion and Dispersion models – FRED – Shepherd and Pre - incident planning assessment

12 Individual Risk (IR) The Individual Risk (IR) is calculated within the QRA by multiplying the fraction of time that personnel spend in each area by the location specific risk (LSR)

13 Contours of the LSR of one Gas Treatment site

14 Typical Individual Risks (chance of becoming a fatality / year)
Car driving (Egypt) x 10-3 Smoking (20 cigarettes/day) 5.0 x 10-3 Car driving (UK) x 10-4 Construction Worker x 10-5 Playing Football x 10-5 Struck by Lightening (UK) 1.0 x 10-7 Hit by Aircraft crash (UK) 2.0 x 10-8 Hit by Meteorite x 10-11

15 Emergency Preparedness

16 References ILO - C174, Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention HSG 191 emergency planning for major accidents – COMAH Regulation 1999 National Safety council, On-Site Emergency Response Planning Guide NFPA 600, Standard on Industrial Fire Brigade

17 Why should organisations have an emergency plan?
Hazard Preventive Barriers Mitigation Barriers H A Z R D Consequences Threats Incidents Accidents Losses

18 Why should organisations have an emergency plan?
Legal Requirement : Article 9 of the ILO-C174, arrangements for major hazard control at the level of the installation; Clear Roles and Responsibilities Evidence for later investigations Compensations Legal Requirement : Article 9 of the ILO-C174, arrangements for major hazard control at the level of the installation; Detailed understanding of the likely sequence of events and appropriate counter measures will greatly benefit any one who is expected to have a role to play; In the event of an inquiry, after a major accident, the emergency plan will be useful to demonstrate that parties concerned had done all that was reasonable for them to do in preparing for such an event

19 What is Emergency Management?
GENERAL PRINCIPLES What is Emergency Management? The PROCESS of preparing for, responding to, and recovering from an incident It is a DYNAMIC process, that MUST include planning training conducting drills testing equipment

20 Managing Emergencies Is Some of a Whole
ISO 14001 Checking and Corrective Action Monitoring and measurement Non-conformance, corrective and preventative action Records EMS audits Environmental Policy Continual Improvement Implementation and Operation Structure and responsibility Training, awareness and competence Communication EMS documentation Document control Operational control Emergency preparedness &response Management Review Planning Environmental Aspects Legal and other requirements Objectives and targets Environmental management programme

21 Objectives of the Response
Preserve Assets Safe lives Preserve The Environment Maintain Business / Reputation

22 Preparations for Emergency Planning

23 The process of preparation for an emergency planning includes:
1- Establishing the emergency planning team 2- Identify MAH’s 3- Identify the company capabilities 4- Analyse the effectiveness of the local capabilities to respond to onsite emergencies 5- Identify emergency tiers 6- Identify key structure of emergency organization 7- Identify location and arrangements of EMC 8- Indentify response procedures

24 Emergency Levels (Tiers)

25 Emergency Response Tiers
Tier III National Attention Large & difficult to control Significant Government Interest Impact to Public, Env. & Commerce Strategic Response Issues Mgmt Tier II Media Attention Larger but still under Site control May need support from sister companies in neighborhood Full / Partial Emergency Response Team The ER Model is based on the pyramid. As the seriousness of an incident increases the higher the level of management involved. The pyramid makes a distinction between Field Response Incident Management (Tactics) versus Issues Management at the Senior level (Strategic). Tier I, II, III is not to be confused with Incident Notification Severity Levels …..Notification Levels are for reporting purposes only. Response Tiers are an industry standard initially developed around oil spills but generally applied to all emergencies. The various levels will fly into this slide as the Tiers are presented, escalating up the pyramid. The Site Team will deploy the ER equipment and personnel to deal with the incident and will follow the Site Plan. As the severity of the incident increases the level of involvement also increases. Tier I Local Attention Small and Under Control / Site Equipment Sufficient No Media Attention Site Response Team Tactical Response Incident Mgmt

26 Emergency Response Tiers
Tier III (Major fire-releases) An Escalated incident involving more than 5 seriously injured or fatalities Poses a direct threat to local civilians Env. Impact is extensive Strategic Response Issues Mgmt Tier II(Big fire- leaks) Incident causing serious injury to 1 or more personnel or death Damage to Ev. Or serious damage to the plant Full / Partial Emergency Response Team The ER Model is based on the pyramid. As the seriousness of an incident increases the higher the level of management involved. The pyramid makes a distinction between Field Response Incident Management (Tactics) versus Issues Management at the Senior level (Strategic). Tier I, II, III is not to be confused with Incident Notification Severity Levels …..Notification Levels are for reporting purposes only. Response Tiers are an industry standard initially developed around oil spills but generally applied to all emergencies. The various levels will fly into this slide as the Tiers are presented, escalating up the pyramid. The Site Team will deploy the ER equipment and personnel to deal with the incident and will follow the Site Plan. As the severity of the incident increases the level of involvement also increases. Tier I (Fire- spills) Any incident, potential or actual involving the process causing damage to assets Site Response Team Tactical Response Incident Mgmt

27 Emergency Response Categories
Tier Emergency Description Definition Example Scenarios 1 Minor Any incident, potential or actual involving the process causing damage to assets or which will limit the overall functional capacity of the plant. Controlled by operations personnel and emergency response team. Minor fire / explosion, hydrocarbon leak/ spill 2 Serious Any actual incident involving the process causing injury or serious injury to one or more personnel or death. Damage to the environment or serious damage affecting the overall functional capacity of the plant. Controlled by operations personnel, the EMT and supported by external agencies. Serious fire / explosion, hydrocarbon leak / spill. 3 Major An escalated incident involving more than five seriously injured casualties or deaths. The effects pose a direct threat to local civilian population and or the environmental impact is extensive or the incident causes destruction of a part of the plant. Control is out-with the normal abilities of RashPetCo and requires the activation of the Geographical Emergency Mutual Aid Response Plan and Government assistance leading to UC Major fire / explosion. Major hydrocarbon release Terrorist action Catastrophic Failure Tier 1 Response ERT at Idku: Unlikely to require support from Duty Manager and EMT. No mobilisation of response teams. Tier 2 Response EMT at Idku: Actions taken by responders at an incident site to directly manage the problem and its consequences. Responders are involved in the immediate and direct management of the incident. This will normally be the Operations Management Team at Idku. Tier 3 Response Actions taken away from the scene to support the EMT, facilitate planning, and address the concerns of the public and government agencies BST address the implications of the problem and its potential on the Company’s viability, operability and credibility.

28 Key Structure of Emergency
Organisation

29 Incident Command Structure “ICS”

30 Incident Command Structure “ICS”
Names and position of key personnel who were assigned role to set the plan in motion The names along with contact numbers shall be included as an appendix which requires weekly update

31 Incident Command Structure “ICS”
Two Key persons with two key roles: The site incident controller Sometimes called: On Scene Commander Site Main Controller Sometimes called: EMT Leader or “Emergency Main Controller”

32 1- Site Incident Controller - OSC
Responsibilities Responsible for taking control of the response at the scene of the incident including: Dynamic assessment of the situation Activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller (EMTL) until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted- appropriate alarm system has sounded Ensure that the Evacuation procedure is activated Directing the shutting down and isolation , blow down,… Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

33 1- Site Incident Controller - OSC
Responsibilities Control of rescue and fire fighting operations until the arrival of the emergency services where control will normally passed over to a senior fire officer Working with the fire services in searching for casualties Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

34 1- Site Incident Controller - OSC
Responsibilities Setting up a communication point to communicate with the Emergency Management Centre EMC Giving advise and information to the emergency services at the scene Briefing the site main controller (EMTL) and keeping the onsite EMC informed of all significant development Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

35 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader –
IMT leader The site main controller has the overall responsibility for directing operations form the EMC Best fit is the senior establishment manager (field manager, operation Manager, …etc) or someone with the overall knowledge of the site Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

36 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader –
IMT leader Responsibilities include: Depending upon circumstances the site main controller should: Ensure that the key personnel are mobilized Ensure that direct operational controls is available for those parts of the establishment outside the areas that is directly affected

37 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader – IMT leader
Responsibilities include: Depending upon circumstances the site main controller should: Direct the shutting down of the plant and evacuating of buildings in consultation with key personnel Ensure that casualties are receiving adequate attention and if appropriate, arrange for additional assistance; Ensure relatives are kept informed of missing and injured persons ( via police);

38 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader – IMT leader
Responsibilities include: Depending upon circumstances the site main controller should: Establish contact with agencies able to give prior information on impeding changes in weather conditions; Liaison with appropriate external agencies to provide advice on possible effects on areas outside the establishment Ensure that all personnel area accounted for; Control traffic movement within the establishment

39 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader – IMT leader
Responsibilities include: Depending upon circumstances the site main controller should: Establish contact with agencies able to give prior Arrange for an ongoing record to be kept for the emergency and the response actions taken to mitigate its effects; Provide for the welfare needs including food, drinking water, relief, means to keep relatives informed; Establish links with news media and issue information and statements as appropriate, in liaison with emergency services;

40 2- Site Main Controller - EMT leader – IMT leader
Responsibilities include: Depending upon circumstances the site main controller should: Ensure that full consideration is given to the preservation of evidences and Control the rehabilitation (recovery) of the affected areas after the emergency.

41 ICS is being build around these two main functions
Emergency Management Center Site Main Controller/ emergency Main Controller/ Emergency Management Team Leader Incident Scene Incident Controller / On Scene Commander

42 Building the ICS EMT Leader / EMC What is the role of EMT leader EMC
Communicator/event logger Planning and technical support Officer Logistic Officer Security officer HSE Advisor Operation Chief / Liaison Gate Keepers Escorting / Traffic personnel Communication Support Procurement Document Controller HR support Admin support Emergency services Coordinator Contractor Managers Reference is made here to the response strategy( evacuate / prepare for shutting down / head counting and search for missing personnel / minimize environmental damages / preserve assets. Define the scene of an incident as the place where the on scene commander will be in a place to monitor the whole scene including monitoring the process parameters, location of the incident, and will be in control of all response activities Incident Scene On Scene Commander

43 Search and Rescue Teams Spill Containing Teams
Building the ICS Emergency Management Center EMT Leader / EMC Incident Scene OSC Reference is made here to the response strategy( evacuate / prepare for shutting down / head counting and search for missing personnel / minimize environmental damages / preserve assets. Define the scene of an incident as the place where the on scene commander will be in a place to monitor the whole scene including monitoring the process parameters, location of the incident, and will be in control of all response activities Other Response Teams Fire Fighting Teams Search and Rescue Teams Ambulance Drivers / Medic/First Aiders Spill Containing Teams

44 Building the ICS EMT Leader / EMC
Response strategy: People Environment, Assets and Reputation Building the ICS EMC EMT Leader / EMC ECC (at Control Room) Evacuation, mustering, head counting Communicator/event logger OSC / ECC Preparation for shutting down Control Room Coordinator Muster Scribe Staging Coordinator Panel operators Muster Checkers Incident Scene Reference is made here to the response strategy( evacuate / prepare for shutting down / head counting and search for missing personnel / minimize environmental damages / preserve assets. Define the scene of an incident as the place where the on scene commander will be in a place to monitor the whole scene including monitoring the process parameters, location of the incident, and will be in control of all response activities External support expected Fire Fighting Teams Search and Rescue Teams Other Response Teams Ambulance Drivers / Medic/First Aiders Spill Containing Teams

45 Building the ICS EMT Leader / EMC What is the role of EMT leader EMC
Communicator/event logger Planning and technical support Officer Logistic Officer Security officer HSE Advisor Operation Chief / Liaison Gate Keepers Escorting / Traffic personnel Communication Support Procurement Document Controller HR support Admin support Emergency services Coordinator Contractor Managers Reference is made here to the response strategy( evacuate / prepare for shutting down / head counting and search for missing personnel / minimize environmental damages / preserve assets. Define the scene of an incident as the place where the on scene commander will be in a place to monitor the whole scene including monitoring the process parameters, location of the incident, and will be in control of all response activities ECC (at Control Room) Communicator/event logger OSC / ECC

46 emergency Main Controller/ Emergency Management Team
Building the ICS Emergency Management Center Site Main Controller/ emergency Main Controller/ Emergency Management Team Leader Scene of the incident ECC (at Control Room) Incident Controller / On Scene Commander Forward Command Post (location at site) Forward Commander

47 Building the ICS EMT Leader / EMC F C
Response strategy: People Environment, Assets and Reputation Building the ICS EMC EMT Leader / EMC ECC Evacuation, mustering, head counting Communicator/event logger OSC / ECC Preparation for shutting down Control Room Coordinator Muster Scribe Staging Coordinator Panel operators Muster Checkers Forward Command Post (location at site) Reference is made here to the response strategy( evacuate / prepare for shutting down / head counting and search for missing personnel / minimize environmental damages / preserve assets. Define the scene of an incident as the place where the on scene commander will be in a place to monitor the whole scene including monitoring the process parameters, location of the incident, and will be in control of all response activities External support expected F C Fire Fighting Teams Search and Rescue Teams Other Response Teams Ambulance Drivers / Medic/First Aiders Spill Containing Teams

48 Forward Coordinator- FC
Responsibilities: - Maintain authority and responsibility over the Emergency Response, Medical and Rescue Teams on place them in safe locations. - Establish a Forward Control Point. - Manage the inner exclusion zone. - Conduct dynamic risk assessments for any offensive actions required. - Coordinate emergency scene activities. - Control all personnel entering and leaving the incident scene. - Maintain Communications with the OSC/ EMT throughout the Emergency. - Report on effectiveness of passive and active fire fighting protection. - Request resources to contain and control incident. Including isolation or supplementation by fixed systems such as deluges systems Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

49 Forward Coordinator- FC
Purpose: Acting on the instructions of the Operations Coordinator and using dynamic risk assessment methods ensure that any immediate action undertaken by the response team does not place them at undue risk and that this action is coordinated with the Emergency Management Team (EMT/ Operations Liaison). Establish and coordinate; offensive response actions, all resources coming to, those on scene and any leaving the emergency from a Forward Control Point. Reporting the status of emergency to the EMT (Operations Liaison) and organising the rescue of trapped or injured personnel and fire fighting when safe to do so. Having a picture of how the damage/losses could be when a MAH is being realized into accident shall trigger arrangements for proper responses either on site or off site. Such arrangements shall consider what information shall be communicated to the emergency services / local authorities and other interested parties Responsibilities Responsible for taking control at the scene of the incident As soon as he is made aware of an incident he should assess it to determine if it is, or may develop into major accident. If so he shall activate the emergency response plan and if appropriate the off site as well. The site incident controller assumes the duties of the site main controller until the latter is in place with the following duties: Ensure the emergency services are alerted Ensure appropriate alarm system has sounded and public has been informed Directing the shutting down and isolation of other plan areas that are likely to be affected Ensuring that appropriate key personnel are summoned

50 50

51 Proposed Structure 51

52 Identification of MAH’s

53 Identification of MAH’s
Major Accidents may include; Explosions Pool fires Jet fires Collapse of structures Sinking of a marine unit Man over board Toxic gas leaks Flammable gas leaks Outbreak of infectious diseases Contamination with or exposure to Radioactivity Hel crash …….etc 53

54 Identification of MAH’s
The Tools used to identify MAH’s, its causes of failures and preventive measures: Process Hazard Analysis “PHA”: Is used to assess the probabilities and extent of: Flammable gas release Toxic Gas release heat radiation Explosion pressure Hazard and Operability Study “HAZOP’s”

55 Identification of MAH’s
The Tools used to identify MAH’s, its causes of failures and preventive measures: Layer of Protection Analysis Failure Modes and Effect Analysis “FMEA” Fault Tree Analysis “FTA” In the UK safety report and safety case are the documents where you can identify MAH’s Top event

56 Process Hazard Analysis
Identification of MAH’s Process Hazard Analysis PHA process includes: Reviewing of the Basic Data: Technical information of the Operation Process MSDS’s Chemicals Inventory Equipment manuals Number of employees & contractors entering facility Env. Issues in the neighbourhood

57 Process Hazard Analysis
Identification of MAH’s Process Hazard Analysis PHA process includes: Identify hazards lead to emergency situations through “ What If ” analysis for processes (e.g. Fire- Explosion- Structural failure- Release of toxic gases- spills- earthquakes- loss of electrical power, water supply, communications) Determine the worst case scenario for each identified hazard (e.g. Hazardous material spill can cause severe illness or death)

58 Identification of MAH’s
Process Hazard Analysis PHA process includes: Assess the risk for each identified scenario through the identification of severity and probability of event Identify preventive measures in place and figure out the need to implement additional measures (Although the risk may be reduced in this manner, it is important to note that the event could still occur and there is a need to implement an emergency response plan) Assess the risk for each identified scenario through the identification of severity and probability of event Identify preventive measures in place and figure out the need to implement additional measures (Although the risk may be reduced in this manner, it is important to note that the event could still occur and there is a need to implement an emergency response plan)

59 شكراً


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