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Measurements. Units Unit- what we measure something in Example – 32 feet – 85 seconds – 0.004 lbs – 98.6˚F – 0.6 m Units.

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Presentation on theme: "Measurements. Units Unit- what we measure something in Example – 32 feet – 85 seconds – 0.004 lbs – 98.6˚F – 0.6 m Units."— Presentation transcript:

1 Measurements

2 Units Unit- what we measure something in Example – 32 feet – 85 seconds – lbs – 98.6˚F – 0.6 m Units

3 Check yourself Which of the following are units? feet temperature meters length miles time hours kilograms dollars

4 SI Units What scientists (and almost everybody else) uses Our Units (what we use)SI Units (what everyone else uses) LengthFeet (ft)Meters (m) TimeSeconds (s) Weight (how much gravity pulls us down) Pounds (lbs)Newtons (N) Mass (how much stuff there is in an object) Kilograms (kg)

5 Measuring length Meter stick Larger than a meter stick – 1000 meter sticks= 1 km Smaller than a meter stick – 1 meter= 100 cm – Even smaller 1 meter= 1000 mm

6 Joe owns his own company He needs 1200 gold pieces just this length for his new invention

7 He does a quick measurement and writes down the length as 3.5 cm. His: 3.5 cm Real: 3.42 cm Difference of 0.08 cm

8 Oops! His quick measurement: 3.5 cm Real: 3.42 cm Difference of 0.08 cm If he orders 1200 pieces, each 3.5 cm…. 96 extra cm 5 dollars an inch? = $ Measuring properly is important!

9 Measuring You can guess one number

10 Measuring You can guess one number. 7.6 cm

11 Try measuring here

12 Try measuring here: 2.37 cm

13 Measuring Length correctly You get to guess one number.

14 How about this one?

15

16 MASS How much stuff an object has NOT how much an object weighs Mass is measured in kilograms (kg).

17 Triple Beam Balance

18

19 Metric Conversions

20 Memorize this In order to make metric conversions we need to know our conversion factors. We will need to memorize our conversion factors for metrics. We can do this with the following pneumonic device: King Henry Died Monday drinking chocolate milk

21 What does that mean? King Henry Died Monday drinking chocolate milk Kilo Hecto Deca Meter deci centi mili NOTICE THAT THE WORDS AFTER METER ARE NOT CAPITALIZED!!!!

22 Sample Problem 23 cm = ____?____ Dm We will use stair steps to make our conversions

23 K H D M d c m

24 Sample Problem 23 cm = ____?____ Dm

25 K H D M d c m 1.Put a decimal in front of the number if there isnt one already. 23. cm 2. Find the starting point. 3. Count the number of steps to get to the ending point. chocolate 1 2 3

26 Sample Problem Move the decimal that many places over Answer 23 cm = Dm

27 Another sample 7.8 Km = ____?______dm

28 7.8 Km = dm

29 Now you try 1.14 mm = ___________M Hm =___________cm 3.92 M =_____________Km Dm =__________dm Km = __________mm


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