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College of Engineering and Architecture The Architecture of the Next Generation Control Centers Anjan Bose Washington State University Pullman, WA Advanced.

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Presentation on theme: "College of Engineering and Architecture The Architecture of the Next Generation Control Centers Anjan Bose Washington State University Pullman, WA Advanced."— Presentation transcript:

1 College of Engineering and Architecture The Architecture of the Next Generation Control Centers Anjan Bose Washington State University Pullman, WA Advanced Energy Conference New York, NY October 31, 2012

2 College of Engineering and Architecture Tomorrows Power System Managing Future Power System Complexity will Require a New Grid Operating System

3 College of Engineering and Architecture Drivers for the New Generation EMS Tectonic Changes in the Electricity Grid The power system is revolutionizing at an exponential pace into a highly interconnected, complex, and interactive network of power systems, telecommunications, the Internet, and electronic commerce applications Drivers of Change Distributed Generation PMUs Communications Variable Generation Demand Response Electric Vehicles Smart Meters

4 College of Engineering and Architecture RC 1 Sub 1 Sub 100 RC i RC 10 Act 1-10 Sen 1-100 Sub k …… CC 1 CC j CC 10 … …

5 College of Engineering and Architecture

6 Why is the New Generation EMS going to be fundamentally different? More Real Time data Phasor Measurements Data from distribution (DG, DR, EV, MG, etc.) Faster Communications – Larger Volumes Intelligent Substations Distributed Database Architecture is Different

7 College of Engineering and Architecture Proposed Communications

8 College of Engineering and Architecture PMU Communications Super PDC PDC PMU PDC PMU

9 College of Engineering and Architecture Each Application – Different Data Monitoring at the control center Needs all data points But at slow rates (every few seconds) Special Protection Schemes Needs few data points But at fast rates (many times a second) Each application must access this data in a different way Moving real time data from source to application is a complex optimization task

10 College of Engineering and Architecture Data Base Issues Real time data base must be distributed Large amounts of calculated data must be part of this data base Static data base must be distributed Historical data base will require still another design Substation data bases and system level data bases have to be coordinated All data bases in the same interconnection will have to be coordinated Standards will be key

11 College of Engineering and Architecture Potential New Applications Distributed vs Centralized More calculations done at substations (e.g. Distributed State Estimator) Automatic vs Manual Closing the loop (e.g. Oscillation Detection vs Oscillation Control) Wide-area control/protection (e.g. more SPS, more FACTS control) Model based control (e.g. SE based SCOPF)

12 College of Engineering and Architecture Where are we on this path? PMU deployment and Substation Automation Distribution Automation (including smart meters and smart customers) ARRA Projects a big boost ($9B) New Applications lagging Need more interconnection-wide coordination Need Utility-Vendor Partnerships


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