2Buffer Zone 13,800 Acre Fee Area 125,000 Acre Buffer Zone NASA’s Stennis Space Center is located in Hancock County in south Mississippi along the banks of the Pearl River. The center’s work is accomplished in a 13,800 acre area known as the “fee area,” an area of land owned by NASA. The fee area is surrounded by a 125,000 acre acoustical buffer zone which is considered a national asset. The buffer zone is largely privately owned, but is subject to easements that prevent development. The purpose of the buffer zone is to permit testing of large rocket propulsion systems – the main line of business at the center for more than 40 years.The 7 ½ mile Panama Canal-like lock-and-dam waterway system links the Stennis Space Center test complex to the Pearl River, providing access for delivery of rocket propellants, large rocket components and other materials.
3History of Stennis Space Center John C. Stennis Space Center was established to test the enginesused to propel the Apollo spacecraft to the moon.“I don’t know yet what method we will use to get to the moon, but I do know that we have to go through Mississippi to get there!”Dr. Wernher Von BraunSite selection of Hancock County, Miss. providedaccess to:Isolated test site with acoustical buffer zoneWater and road transportation capabilitiesSupportive communityClimate conducive for year-round testingConstruction began – May 17, 1963First Saturn V test – April 23, 1966Space Shuttle Main Engine test role assigned – March 1, 1971Renamed John C. Stennis Space Center – May 20, 1988Today – Stennis is America’s largest rocket engine testing facilityStennis Space Center was established in the 1960s to test the engines that powered the Saturn V moon rocket for the Apollo Program. When President John F. Kennedy made his historic announcement in 1961 that the United States would put humans on the moon by the end of the decade, the plan called for a place to test the huge rocket engines. Hancock County, Mississippi, had the major components NASA needed to undertake such an enormous endeavor. This location had thousands of acres of sparsely populated land and an easy waterway access, the East Pearl River.
4Stennis Space Center – A Federal City Department of DefenseCommander, Naval Meteorology & Oceanography CommandNaval Oceanographic OfficeNaval Research LaboratoryNaval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training SchoolNavy Special Boat Team 22Navy Human Resources Service Center SoutheastMississippi State UniversityNorthern Gulf InstituteUniversity of SouthernMississippi - College of Science and TechnologyDept. of Marine ScienceDepartment of CommerceNOAA, NWS, National Data Buoy CenterNOAA National Marine Fisheries ServiceNOAA National Coastal Data Development CenterMajor ContractorsPratt and Whitney RocketdyneJacobs Technology Inc.A2 ResearchASRC Research and Technology Solutions (ARTS)Lockheed MartinISS ActionScience Applications International CorporationScience Systems and Applications Inc.With its effective cost-sharing philosophy and a reputation for state-of-the-art test facilities, highly trained, professional work force and commitment to safety and customer satisfaction, Stennis Space Center serves as a model of government efficiency, showing American taxpayers positive returns on their investments.EnvironmentalProtection AgencyEnvironmental Chemistry LaboratoryGulf of Mexico ProgramState of MississippiMississippi Enterprise for TechnologyEnterprise for Innovative Geospatial SolutionsState of LouisianaLouisiana Technology Transfer Office, Louisiana Business & Technology Center/LSUCenter for Higher LearningMississippi State UniversityUniversity of Southern MississippiUniversity of MississippiUniversity of New OrleansPearl River Community CollegeDepartment of InteriorU.S. Geological Survey, Hydrologic Instrumentation FacilityCommercial CompaniesPratt and Whitney RocketdyneLockheed Martin IS & GS Defense SystemsRolls Royce North AmericaDepartment of EnergyStrategic Petroleum Reserve
52012 Economic Impact Employee Skills Summary • Scientific/Engineering – 31%• Business/Professional – 26%• Technical/Crafts/Production – 24%• Clerical – 8%• Other – 11%Education Levels (All Employees)• Doctorate – 4%• Masters – 14%• Bachelors – 31%• Associates – 11%• Some College – 17%• High School Diploma – 22%• Others – 1%
6Rocket Propulsion Test Heritage ApolloSpace ShuttleConstellationFirst Saturn V rocket engine test firingApril 23, 1966First Space Shuttle Main Engine test firing(to achieve ignition)June 12, 1975First J-2X engine component testDecember 18, 2007Mississippi entered the space race in 1961 when NASA selected Hancock County as the site to build a rocket test facility for the Apollo program. Less than 8 years later, American astronauts walked on the moon.After the Apollo and Skylab programs ended in the early 1970’s, the center took propulsion testing to the next level - the space shuttle. During the early stages of the space shuttle program, engineers at Stennis tested the “main propulsion test article,” a cluster of all three space shuttle main engines simulating an actual shuttle launch. Testing of the MPTA has been described as one of Stennis’ finest hours.
7Current/Recent Rocket Propulsion Testing Engines and ComponentsAJ26367,000 lbs. thrustSpace shuttle main engine375,000 lbs. thrustRS-68660,000 lbs. thrustFor more than 30 years, Stennis Space Center’s primary mission was testing the space shuttle main engines (SSME) that power the shuttle during its 8 ½-minute flight into space. In 2004, the one millionth second of Space Shuttle Main Engine firing took place at Stennis. On July 29, 2009, Stennis operators conducted the last scheduled firing of a space shuttle main engine on the A-2 Test Stand. Overall, Stennis tested every space shuttle main engine used on all 135 missions.In addition to space shuttle main engine testing, Stennis is the first NASA center to lease a major facility to a commercial customer. The Pratt and Whitney Rocketdyne company at Stennis assembles and tests the RS-68 engine, the world’s largest liquid-hydrogen, liquid-oxygen engine, for the Delta IV launch vehicle program.Engineers at Stennis are also looking to the future, testing the next generation of rocket engines, being developed to carry humans into deep space once more. The A-1 and A-2 stands being used to test the J-2X engine and its sub-components. The flexible, three-stand E-complex can carry out rocket engine testing or other types of testing involving ultra high-pressure gases and high-pressure, super-cold fluids as well. For instance, operators in the E-complex are testing the Aerojet AJ-26 engines for Orbital Sciences Corporation’s Antares vehicle. Orbital is partnering with NASA to provide commercial cargo transportation flights to the International Space Station, an example of the new direction of NASA to join with private companies for space travel.BE-3 Thrust Chamber Testing100,000 lbs. thrustJ-2X engine294,000 lbs. thrust
8A-3 Test Stand300 feet tallOpen steel frame structure19-acre siteCapabilities:Can withstand up to 1 million pounds of thrustLong-duration testingEngine gimblingSimulated altitudes up to 100,000 feet by generating steam to create a vacuumNASA announced May 8, 2007, its intention to build a new test stand at Stennis Space Center for testing one of the rocket engines it is developing for its new launch vehicles. Construction of the A-3 Test Stand, the first large test structure to be built at Stennis since the 1960s, began in August Work continues, with activation of the stand set for Once completed, the 300-foot-tall stand will allow testing of next generation engines at simulated altitudes of up to 100,000 feet. Such testing is critical to ensure that rocket engines being developed to carry humans beyond low-Earth orbit will start in space. The new test stand will use a network of 27 chemical steam generators to create the vacuum that allows simulated high-altitude testing.The new A-3 Test Stand will allow engineers to test operating parameters of next generation rocket engines by simulating conditions at different altitudes.
9NASA Rocket Propulsion Test Program - Manage NASA’s rocket propulsion test assets, activities and resources- Reduce test costs via efficient utilization of test facilities in support of NASA, Dept. of Defense and commercial partners/customers- Develop test technologies to improve safety and operational efficiencyThe Rocket Propulsion Test Program Office at Stennis is responsible for the management of all NASA rocket propulsion test facilities to ensure NASA maintains its core capability of skills and infrastructure to meet mission requirements. Test facilities include those at Stennis, the Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama, the White Sands Test Facility in New Mexico and the Glenn Research Center's Plum Brook Station in Ohio.Marshall Space Flight CenterAlabamaGlenn Research Center – Plum BrookOhioWhite Sands Test FacilityNew MexicoStennis Space CenterMississippi
10Stennis Space Center Supports NASA’s Vision To reach for new heights and reveal the unknown,so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind.Under the proposed fiscal year 2011 budget, NASA will transition from the Constellation Program and focus more on partnerships with commercial companies to provide space transportation. As noted earlier, Stennis is already partnering with Orbital Sciences Corporation to test engines for its commercial flights. Also, Stennis is preparing to test the engines they will carry humans safely beyond low Earth orbit.
11Applied Science & Technology Project Office (ASTPO)Responsibilities includeManagement of the Gulf of Mexico Initiative for NASA HeadquartersFederal co-lead of the Gulf of Mexico Alliance, a regional collaboration of the 5 US Gulf states and 13 federal agenciesConducting scientific research that addresses the needs of the Gulf of Mexico regionNASA’s Applied Sciences Program focuses on improving the nation’s capacity to use space-based observations in everyday decision-making. Within NASA’s Applied Sciences Program, SSC’s Applied Science & Technology Project Office develops applications using NASA Earth science observations to assist resource managers in the Gulf of Mexico.ASTPO currently manages the agency’s Gulf of Mexico Initiative, which was created in 2007 to enhance the region’s ability to recover from the devastating hurricanes of 2005 and to address its coastal management issues.Since 2009, the initiative has provided $14 million to support 300 scientists conducting 35 research projects in the gulf region.ASTPO is conducting 15 research projects in the gulf region. The projects monitor sensitive ecosystems, like coastal marshes and barrier islands, or environmental parameters, such as water quality.Mississippi River DeltaGulf of Mexico
12INFINITY at Stennis Space Center A ribbon cutting ceremony on April 11, 2012 marked the opening of INFINITY at NASA Stennis Space Center, the official visitor center for Stennis. INFINITY, located on Interstate 10 near the entrance to Stennis, has a goal of motivating students to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
13Video of Space Shuttle Main Engine test –a day test, a night test and Space Shuttle Discovery launch on August 19, 2004.