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Demkina Polina, Rizhova Nastya 3-rd year, 1 english.

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Presentation on theme: "Demkina Polina, Rizhova Nastya 3-rd year, 1 english."— Presentation transcript:

1 Demkina Polina, Rizhova Nastya 3-rd year, 1 english

2 The history of Grammar can be roughly divided into: The first period (the end of the 16-th century – 1900) – prescientific grammar; The second period (20-th century)

3 Until the 17th century the term "grammar" in English was applied only to the study of Latin. William Lilly ( ) – the author of the most popular Latin grammars written in English.

4 Morphology: declinable and indeclinable parts of speech (W. Bullokar) words with number and words without number (Ben Jonson) words with number and case and words without number and case (Ch. Butler)

5 Beginning of the 18-th century - J. Brightland's grammar: Four parts of speech: names (i. e. nouns), qualities (i. e. adjectives), affirmations (i. e. verbs) particles, which included the four so called indeclinable parts of speech.

6 Syntax: the introduction of the notion "sentence Ben Jonson – English Grammar (1640)

7 Dates back to the second half of the 18th century; The most influential grammar – R.Lowth's Short Introduction to English Grammar (1762); The aim – to reduce the English language to rules and to set up a standard of correct usage

8 Can ne subdivided into: The first period (from the beginning of the 20lh century till the 1940's) – the prescriptive and the classical scientific grammar; The second period (from the 1940's) – plus structural and transformational grammar

9 J. C. Nesfield s grammar: The sentence has four distinct parts: (1 ) the Subject; (2) Adjuncts to the Subject (Attributive Adjuncts); (3) the Predicate; (4) Adjuncts of the Predicate (Adverbial Adjuncts)

10 C. T. Onions Advanced English Syntax (discuss the problems of the structure of English, there is a striking anticipation of the sentence patterns of descriptive linguistics)

11 Otto Jespersen – author of scientific grammars of the classical type His morphological system includes 5 parts of speech: substantives, adjectives, verbs, pronouns (include pronominal adverbs, and articles) "particles" (in which he groups adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections)

12 Ch.Fries: He classifies words into 4 "form classes", designated by numbers, and 15 groups of "function words", designated by letters.

13 It is organized in 3 basic parts: 1. its syntactic component; 2. the semantic component; 3. the phonological component.

14 Blokh M.Y.. A Course in Theoretical English Grammar. M., 2005


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