Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Ch 12 Arabia Desert Settled near oasis Nomads lived in tents and raised herds of sheep, goats, and camels Others lived a sedentary life near oasis (no.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Ch 12 Arabia Desert Settled near oasis Nomads lived in tents and raised herds of sheep, goats, and camels Others lived a sedentary life near oasis (no."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Ch 12

3 Arabia Desert Settled near oasis Nomads lived in tents and raised herds of sheep, goats, and camels Others lived a sedentary life near oasis (no rivers)

4 Muhammad brought a new religion to Arabia. An angel spoke to him and made him a prophet. Leaders in Mecca didnt like this and planned to kill him. They moved to Medina. He died in 632 AD 4

5 The religion formed from his messages is called ISLAM. The followers of Islam are called MUSLIMS. 4

6 Which country has more Muslims than any other country in the world? 5

7 Indonesia - with over 200 million Muslims. Note: The U.S. has about 5 million Muslims. There are over 1 billion Muslims worldwide. 6

8 7http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/arthistory/ah369/islam_map.jpg

9 Muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one God as Christians and Jews. They call God, Allah. 9

10 Quran is the holy book of Islamguidelines for moral behavior --dont eat pork --free slaves --a few rights for women 10

11 Jihadmeans to make an effort or to struggle (also translated into holy war) Sunnahrefers to the way Muhammad lived, provides a model (religious, personal and business) Islamic lawShariah (rewards for good behavior and punishment for crimes) Caliphtitle Muslims use for the highest leader of Islam

12 Women Muslim women have many different styles of dress. (Very few cultures require women to cover their faces.) Many cover their heads. The treatment of women varies from country to country and family to family. Some Muslim countries, like Pakistan, have had female prime ministers. The U.S. has never had a female president. 14

13 Pakistani dress (left); Saudi Arabian (right) Shariah TV website 15

14 Iranian woman Green Cine.com 16

15 Somali (left); West African (right) Shariah TV website 17

16 Malaysian (left); Indian/ Bangladeshi (right) Shariah TV website 18

17 Afghani women wearing burqas International Medical Corps photo19

18 Five Pillars of Islamacts of worship required by all Muslims 22

19 Belief in one God and that Muhammad is His prophet. 23

20 5 times a day – facing Mecca --must wash before praying

21 Giving money to the poor is REQUIRED, not optional 25

22 During the month of Ramadan, Muslims cannot eat or drink anything during the daylight hours. This shows that God is more important than their own bodies. 26

23 Once in their lives – IF they can afford it, Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca 27

24 In Mecca during the pilgrimage

25 MOSQUE: a Muslim place of worship ALLAH: name the Muslims call God 29

26 Mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia

27 Mohammed Ali mosque, Cairo, Egypt

28 Dome of the Mohammed Ali mosque 33

29 Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque), Istanbul Turkey 34

30 Interior of the Blue Mosque

31 Dome of a mosque, Esfahan, Iran 36

32 Interior of a mosque in Iran

33 Mosque in Djenne, Mali (West Africa)

34 North African mosque tunis.htm 39

35 Indonesian mosque

36 Islamic architecture in Spain

37 Mosque in Tempe, Arizona

38 Minaretnarrow tower from where Muslims are called to pray (looks like the tower of a castle) 44

39 The Quran 45

40 The Ottomans Mid-1200s Muslim Turkish warriors known as Ottomans began to take territory from the Byzantine Empire 1453 Mehmed II used huge cannons to conquer Constantinople Renamed Constantinople, Istanbul Turned Hagia Sophia into a mosque The Ottoman Empire reached its height under Suleyman Icontrolled eastern Mediterranean (to include north Africa) until early 1800s

41 Achievements Created algebra Improved astrolabe More accurate maps of the world Started first pharmacy schools, treat smallpox Wrote medical encyclopedia Sufismbelieve they can find Gods love by having a personal relationship with God (part of Islam) Omar Khayyamfamous Sufi poet Calligraphydecorative writing

42 Stained glass windows in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, Turkey

43 Taj Mahal-- the jewel of Muslim art in IndiaMuslim art

44 Conclusions: Islam is an important religion, which shares many beliefs and practices with Christianity and Judaism. Muslims live in many different countries. Islam is especially widespread in Africa, Asia, and southeastern Europe (the Balkans). Islam has had a great impact on world art and culture. 50


Download ppt "Ch 12 Arabia Desert Settled near oasis Nomads lived in tents and raised herds of sheep, goats, and camels Others lived a sedentary life near oasis (no."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google