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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 5 concede disclose conservative scapegoat contrary superficial denounce sustain detertransition

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 concede Concede means A. to forget. B. to admit. C. to prove. Our aunt hates to admit an error. She will never concede that she might be wrong. After pretending it was easy learning to use the new computer, Ross had to concede that he was struggling and ask for help. – verb I concede that the sofas a wreck, but I wont admit to knowing how it happened.

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Concede means A. to forget. B. to admit. C. to prove. In the first item, the words to admit tell you what concede means. In the second item, in order to ask for help, Ross would have to admit that it really wasnt so easy as he had pretended it was. Our aunt hates to admit an error. She will never concede that she might be wrong. After pretending it was easy learning to use the new computer, Ross had to concede that he was struggling and ask for help. I concede that the sofas a wreck, but I wont admit to knowing how it happened. 1 concede – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 conservative – adjective Conservative means A. playful. B. amused. C. traditional. Laurens conservative relatives were shocked when she broke with tradition and wore a rose-colored wedding gown. When the mayor suggested a new method of recycling garbage, a conservative member of the audience called out, What weve done in the past is good enough. Why change things?

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conservative means A. playful. B. amused. C. traditional. Relatives who are traditional would be shocked when Lauren broke with tradition. If the audience member is opposed to a new method of recycling, he or she must want things done in the traditional way. Laurens conservative relatives were shocked when she broke with tradition and wore a rose-colored wedding gown. When the mayor suggested a new method of recycling garbage, a conservative member of the audience called out, What weve done in the past is good enough. Why change things? 2 conservative – adjective

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 contrary – adjective Contrary means A. different. B. favorable. C. similar. Claires father insists that she share his views. He doesnt allow her to express an opinion contrary to his. Tisha and her husband have contrary ideas on how to spend a vacation. He wants to sleep on the beach for a week, but she prefers visiting museums.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Claires father insists that she share his views. He doesnt allow her to express an opinion contrary to his. Tisha and her husband have contrary ideas on how to spend a vacation. He wants to sleep on the beach for a week, but she prefers visiting museums. Contrary means A. different. B. favorable. C. similar. If Claires father insists she share his views, he must not allow her to express an opinion that is different from his. Sleeping on the beach and visiting museums are two different ways of spending a vacation. 3 contrary – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT In Nazi Germany, anyone who publicly denounced Hitler as cruel or mad risked imprisonment, torture, and death. When Eugene said he saw me steal from another students locker, I denounced him as a liar. 4 denounce Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Denounce means A. to imitate. B. to defend. C. to condemn. – verb A protestors sign denouncing former Vice President Chaney

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT In Nazi Germany, anyone who publicly denounced Hitler as cruel or mad risked imprisonment, torture, and death. When Eugene said he saw me steal from another students locker, I denounced him as a liar. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Denounce means A. to imitate. B. to defend. C. to condemn. Anyone who publicly condemned their leader risked punishment and death. In the second item, the speaker condemned Eugene for accusing him of stealing. 4 denounce – verb A protestors sign denouncing former Vice President Chaney

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deter means A. to discourage. B. to encourage. C. to change. 5 deter – verb No one is sure how much the threat of capital punishment deters murder. Beths parents disapproved of her dating someone from a different culture, but their prejudice didnt deter hershe still dated Po-Yen.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deter means A. to discourage. B. to encourage. C. to change. No one knows how much the threat of capital punishment discourages murder. If Beth continued to date Po-Yen, her parents prejudice must not have discouraged her. No one is sure how much the threat of capital punishment deters murder. Beths parents disapproved of her dating someone from a different culture, but their prejudice didnt deter hershe still dated Po-Yen. 5 deter – verb

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. When I applied for financial aid, I had to disclose my familys annual income. But it embarrassed me to reveal this information. The police dont disclose all the facts of a murder to the newspapers. That way, there will be some information which only the murderer would know. 6 disclose – verb Disclose means A. to reveal. B. to deny. C. to replace.

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Disclose means A. to reveal. B. to deny. C. to replace. When I applied for financial aid, I had to disclose my familys annual income. But it embarrassed me to reveal this information. The police dont disclose all the facts of a murder to the newspapers. That way, there will be some information which only the murderer would know. Some people would be embarrassed to reveal their familys income. If the police dont reveal all the facts, there will be some information only the murderer would know. 6 disclose – verb

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Scapegoat means A. a correction. B. a punishment. C. someone to blame. Several girls put dye into their high school swimming pool. In need of a scapegoat, they blamed another student who knew nothing about the prank. Because the manager wanted a scapegoat for his own mistake, he fired an innocent employee. 7 scapegoat – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Scapegoat means A. a correction. B. a punishment. C. someone to blame. Several girls put dye into their high school swimming pool. In need of a scapegoat, they blamed another student who knew nothing about the prank. Because the manager wanted a scapegoat for his own mistake, he fired an innocent employee. The girls needed someone to blame. The word blamed is a clue. If the manager fired an innocent employee for his own mistake, he must have wanted someone to blame. 7 scapegoat – noun

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Superficial means A. lacking depth. B. complicated. C. satisfactory. Sal and Anita are interested only in appearances. They are so superficial that its impossible to have a deep friendship with them. My teacher said my essay on divorce was too superficial because I didnt go into the subject in detail. 8 superficial – adjective

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Superficial means A. lacking depth. B. complicated. C. satisfactory. Sal and Anita are interested only in appearances. They are so superficial that its impossible to have a deep friendship with them. My teacher said my essay on divorce was too superficial because I didnt go into the subject in detail. If Sal and Anita are interested only in appearances, they must lack depth. The word deep is a clue. An essay that does not go into the subject in detail would lack depth. 8 superficial – adjective

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sustain means A. to remember. B. to delay. C. to continue. My diets usually last three days at the most. I cant sustain my willpower any longer than that. An opera singer can sustain a high note for a long period of time. 9 sustain – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sustain means A. to remember. B. to delay. C. to continue. My diets usually last three days at the most. I cant sustain my willpower any longer than that. An opera singer can sustain a high note for a long period of time. If the diets last only three days, the speaker must not be able to continue his or her willpower beyond that. An opera singer can continue a high note. The words for a long period of time are a clue. 9 sustain – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Transition means A. an explanation. B. a trip. C. a change. 10 transition – noun Marks parents were amazed at how easily he made the transition from full-time student to full-time employee. The transition from being childless to being a parent is extreme, said the new father. Last week, only two quiet people lived at our house. Suddenly, were sharing space with a third, noisy person.

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Transition means A. an explanation. B. a trip. C. a change. Going from full-time student to full-time employee is a change. Adding a third, noisy person to a house that has two quiet people is a change. Marks parents were amazed at how easily he made the transition from full-time student to full-time employee. The transition from being childless to being a parent is extreme, said the new father. Last week, only two quiet people lived at our house. Suddenly, were sharing space with a third, noisy person. 10 transition – noun

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.To __________ a high grade-point average throughout college requires much studying. 1.The teenagers who smashed the window made an innocent bystander the __________, claiming he had thrown the rock. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.To __________ a high grade-point average throughout college requires much studying. 1.The teenagers who smashed the window made an innocent bystander the __________, claiming he had thrown the rock. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition scapegoat sustain The innocent bystander is blamed for the vandalism of the teenagers. If one wishes to maintain a high grade-point average, one must study.

25 4.Even after Stuart listed scientific facts that support his theory, the teacher refused to __________ that Stuart might be right. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.A childhood stutter didnt __________ Leo. He overcame his speech handicap and reached his goal of being a radio announcer. 3.The environmental group __________(e)d a local chemical company for polluting the river. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition

26 4.Even after Stuart listed scientific facts that support his theory, the teacher refused to __________ that Stuart might be right. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.A childhood stutter didnt __________ Leo. He overcame his speech handicap and reached his goal of being a radio announcer. 3.The environmental group ____________ a local chemical company for polluting the river. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition An environmental group would openly condemn a company that pollutes. In spite of the facts, the teacher would not admit Stuart might be right. If Leo became a radio announcer, he must not have been discouraged by his childhood stutter. denounced concede deter

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.I try to judge people by their character, not by something as __________ as physical appearance. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition 7.When Dawn brought home a boyfriend with a Mohawk and several body piercings, her __________ parents, who prefer everything old-fashioned and traditional, nearly fainted.

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition 7.When Dawn brought home a boyfriend with a Mohawk and several body piercings, her __________ parents, who prefer everything old-fashioned and traditional, nearly fainted. A Mohawk and body piercings would upset people who favor traditional values. The word traditional is a clue. conservative 6.I try to judge people by their character, not by something as __________ as physical appearance. superficial It is shallow to judge people by their physical appearance.

29 9.Though Geena and Tom are happily married, they cast __________ votes in almost every electionshes a Republican and hes a Democrat. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Making the __________ from her own apartment to a nursing home has been difficult for my grandmother. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition 10.Knowing my passion for chocolate, my mother refused to __________ the location of the bite-size Hershey bars, which she was saving for company.

30 9.Though Geena and Tom are happily married, they cast __________ votes in almost every electionshes a Republican and hes a Democrat. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Making the __________ from her own apartment to a nursing home has been difficult for my grandmother. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. concedeB. conservativeC. contraryD. denounceE. deter F. discloseG. scapegoatH. superficialI. sustainJ. transition Moving from her own apartment to a nursing home is a change. If shes a Republican and hes a Democrat, they are likely to cast totally different votes. transition contrary disclose If the mother wants to save the Hershey bars for company, she would refuse to reveal their location.


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