2 How to make a noun plural… 1.) For most nouns, add an s.Examples: candle, candles / cat, cats2.) For nouns ending in o, add es as long as the o is after a consonant.Examples: domino, dominoes / torpedo, torpedoes3.) For nouns ending in s, ch, sh, x, or z, add es.Examples: gas, gases / rich, riches / dish, dishes / box, boxes / fez, fezes
3 How to make a noun plural… 4.) For nouns ending in f or fe, change the f to a v and add es.Examples: wolf, wolves / half, halves / life, lives5.) For nouns ending in is, add an e in place of the i.Examples: basis, bases / crisis, crises6.) For nouns ending in us, add es to the end of the word. Sometimes you will need to substitute i for us.Examples: bus, buses / cactus, cacti / focus, foci
4 How to make a noun plural… 7.) For nouns ending in y, replace the y with ies if the y is after a consonant.Examples: cherry, cherries / story, stories / way, ways / boy, boys8.) Some words do not change spellings between the singular and plural forms.Examples: one deer, five deer / one sheep, ten sheep / one grain of wheat, two bushels of wheat
5 How to make a noun plural… 9.) For compound nouns, make the most important word plural.Examples: mothers-in-law / maids-of-honor / masters-of-ceremony
6 Make each of the following words plural. frameoctopustornadopopcorncroptrenchferryfleshtaxwish11. story12. elephant13. alumnus14. calf15. wife16. play17. taste18. shelf19. donkey20. potato
7 What is a collective noun? A collective noun names a group of people or things.Examples: army, assembly, audience, band, board, chorus, class, club, collection, committee, company, crew, crowd, family, flock, government, group, herd, jury, navy, number, orchestra, pack, panel, public, school, society, swarm, team, tribe, troop
8 How to make a noun possessive… 1.) To make singular nouns possessive, add an apostrophe and an s.Examples: Sarah’s idea / the cat’s water bowl / the boss’s best employee / the heiress's fortune2.) To make a plural noun ending in s possessive, add only an apostrophe.Examples: the three boys’ toy train / the Keckleys’ residence
9 How to make a noun possessive… 3.) If a plural noun does not end in s, the word is made possessive by adding an apostrophe and an s.Examples: the women’s gym / the sheep’s food supply4.) For compound words, make the last word in the group possessive.Examples: my son-in-law’s birthday / the master-of-ceremony’s speech
10 How to make a noun possessive… 5.) To show personal possession by two or more owners, make each noun possessive. To show joint possession of the same object, make only the last noun possessive.Examples:Robert Plant’s and Axl Rose’s singing styles are very different.Dawn and Kent’s dad will be coming home tomorrow.
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