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The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation (ESF) European Child Cohort Network (EUCCONET) University of.

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation (ESF) European Child Cohort Network (EUCCONET) University of."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation (ESF) European Child Cohort Network (EUCCONET) University of Vienna, 24 th of Feb. 2010

2 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation (ESF) European Child Cohort Network (EUCCONET) University of Vienna, 24 th of Feb. 2010 Welcome Prof. Dr. Germain Weber, Dean of the Faculty of Psychology /University of Vienna

3 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Slide 3 (of 19) Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Introduction coffee, juice, mineral, snacks etc. to take – as long as supplies last; lunch (~ 12:15): together at the mensa (few minutes from here); you get vouchers; dinner (~ 19:45): together at the Cafe Landtmann; WLAN: ("eduroam" and "u:connect" ) – UserID: euccone1; password: esf2010 Organizational Matters:

4 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Slide 4 (of 19) Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Should the biological father or the everyday-caring father be taken into account ? How should fathers be included in the studies? How should cohort studies deal with a couples break-up, new unions and non-resident fathers, etc.? Some questions: define specific problems connected with the role of fathers in child cohorts; discuss possible solutions; share and consider experiences and knowledge on how to handle these questions in praxis; create a scientific community working in the specific field of the role of fathers in child cohorts; Aims: systematic reports from relevant cohort studies; Methods: Substantive agenda

5 Divorce rate / Austria 1951 – 2008 (Statistik Austria, 2009) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Slide 5 (of 19)

6 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Slide 6 (of 19) Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Family Development in the Course of Life (FIL) – About the role of fathers University of Vienna, Faculty of Psychology Department of Developmental Psychology and Psychological Assessment since 1990 intercultural project (South-Korea, USA, Germany – East/West, Austria) about the transition to parenthood

7 3 mo. b. b. 3 mo. a. b.3 yrs. a. b.8 yrs. a. b.11 yrs. a. b.15 yrs. a. b. child - 164 (94 %) 117 b (67 %) [71 %] c 143 d (82 %) [125 %] 144 d (82 %) [101 %] 137 b (78 %) [95 %] mother 175 (100 %) a 168 (96 %) 152 (87 %) [90 %] 137 (78 %) [90 %] 135 (77 %) [99 %] 131 (75 %) [97 %] father 175 (100 %) 167 (95 %) 147 (84 %) [88 %] 124 (71 %) [84 %] 120 (69 %) [97 %] 119 (68 %) [99 %] a in round brackets: percentages in relation to 3 months before childs birth (175 = 100 %); b 3 of these 114 cases are twins (117 at all); c in brackets: percentages in relation to 3 months after childs birth; d 2 of these 143 cases are twins (145 at all). Participation rates Slide 7 (of 19) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

8 Instruments Slide 8 (of 19) Mothers and Fathers: Parental Role Questionnaire (Nickel, Grant & Vetter, 1990) / t1-t6; Partnership Questionnaire (PFB; Hahlweg, 1979) / t1-t6; Questionnaires comprising socioeconomic variables, parental division of labour, childrearing practices, pleasure in activities undertaken with the child, strain caused by the child, the importance of family versus work life etc. / t1-t6; Temperament Questionnaire (adapted from Thomas & Chess, 1977) about the childs temperament /t2-t6 etc. The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

9 Slide 9 (of 19) Children: Wechsler-Intelligence-Scale for Children (Translation: HAWIK-III; Tewes, Schallberger & Rossmann, 2000) / t4 Effort Avoidance Test (Rollett & Bartram, 1998) / t4-t6; Personality Questionnaire (newly constructed) / t4-t6; NEO-FFI (adapted from Borkenaus & Ostendorfs Questionnaire, 1993) / t5-t6; Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (adapted from Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) / t5-t6 Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA; Reifman, Arnett & Colwell, 2003) / t6; Occupational Interests Test (Irle & Allehof, 1988) / t6; Leisure Behavior Questionnaire (newly constructed) / t6; Future Questionnaire for Adolescents (adapted from Oser, Horn & Maiello, 2000) / t6; The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

10 Slide 10 (of 19) Sample (t6): Age: men: M = 46.8 years (SD = 4.5) (women: M = 44.3, SD = 4.0); Highest Education: 51% high school/university-level (women: 44%) Household-Income: 50% more than 3300,- per month; Divorce rate: 22% Number of Children: 1 child: 14%, 2 children: 33%, 3: 37%, 4: 13%, 5: 4%; The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

11 Slide 11 (of 19) ScaleSample items Burden of responsibility (12 items; α =.71) To take responsibility for a child is oppressive. Traditional division of roles (14 items; α =.86) I think rather a mother than a father should be a role-model for a daughter. Traditional womens role (7 items; α =.66) I think it is bad for the childs development, if the mother has a profession. Value of children (9 items; α =.83) Through my children I experience what is really important. Scales of the Parental Role Questionnaire / fathers, t1 [1] The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

12 Slide 12 (of 19) ScaleSample items Value of the family (8 items; α =.84) A partnership without children is missing the crucial thing. Pater familias (8 items; α =.77) It is important for my parents to become grandparents. Equality (4 items; α =.66) When the father is at home, he should take care of the children to relieve his wife. Children as a burden (13 items; α =.78) If you have children, you will nearly have no leisure time for your own. The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Scales of the Parental Role Questionnaire / fathers, t1 [2]

13 Slide 13 (of 19) Clusters of fathers (according to the scores in the Parental Roles Quest., t1) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

14 Slide 14 (of 19) 1 = I completely disagree 2 = I rather disagree 3 = I rather agree 4 = I completely agree Development of paternal attitudes (t1 – t6) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

15 Slide 15 (of 19) Development of the scale Equality in younger and older fathers** 1 = I completely disagree 2 = I rather disagree 3 = I rather agree 4 = I completely agree The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

16 The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Slide 16 (of 19)

17 Posit. affectivity Neg. affectivity Irritability Rhythmicity Intensity of reaction Temperament with 3 months -.72.59 -.54.71.84 Anger proneness SociabilityAdaptabilityIntroversion Temperament with 3 years Communication (mothers, t3) Tenderness (mothers, t3).48.41.66 -.23.65 -.83.53-.56 Conflict behavior (fathers, t4) -.25 Sociability Aggreeableness Anger proneness Adaptability Effortful control Openness Temperament with 8 years -.31 -.22.24.87.60.58.54 -.73.61 Interaction effects between temperament development and parental partnership / t2 t3 t4 Slide 17 (of 19) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

18 Some conclusions and assumptions there are interactions effects between different paternal aspects and child development, e.g. temperament or personality; besides there are indirect effects of fathers, such as the significance of the parental partnership for the child development; to have data also of the fathers, e.g. about their attitudes and partnership, is important 1) for understanding family dynamics and 2) for effective prevention measures; fathers and mothers perspectives, views, assessment etc. of their children often differ a lot; without fathers data you only get incomplete impressions; we still know too less about the role of the fathers; Slide 18 (of 19) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna

19 Thank you for your attention. Slide 19 (of 19) The Role of Fathers in Child Cohorts. Scientific Meeting of the European Science Foundation / Vienna, 2010-02-24 Harald Werneck Univ. of Vienna Liebiggasse 5/1 A-1010 Wien Tel.: +43 1/4277 478-62 Fax: +43 1/4277 478-69 e-mail: harald.werneck@univie.ac.at www: http://homepage.univie.ac.at/harald.werneck


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