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@ DRMACTION D R M WELCOME. 1 ST Amendment Congress shall make no law...abridging...the right of the people peaceably...to petition the Government for.

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Presentation on theme: "@ DRMACTION D R M WELCOME. 1 ST Amendment Congress shall make no law...abridging...the right of the people peaceably...to petition the Government for."— Presentation transcript:

1 @ DRMACTION D R M WELCOME

2 1 ST Amendment Congress shall make no law...abridging...the right of the people peaceably...to petition the Government for a redress of grievance

3 LOBBYING IN OUR MOVEMENT LOBBYING IN OUR MOVEMENT Information and Analysis Data and Assessment * * * *

4 Introduction to the Legislative process Imagine that you are watching the full House of Representatives consider H.R.1402 a top priority for Rep. Steve King. You watch on C-SPAN as the house goes into theCommittee of the Whole and passes amotion to recommit with specific instructions that are read quickly by the House clerk. It happens so quickly that you are not sure what just took place. Did the bill pass? Did the bill pass?

5 Basic House and senate differences Basic House and senate differences Structure Structure PASSING A BILL & PRocedure PASSING A BILL & PRocedure Congressional office structure Congressional office structure Congress Explained Congress Explained

6 U.S. CONSTITUTION Art. 1, §. 1 Lawmaking power in Congress U.S. CONSTITUTION Art. 1, §. 1 Lawmaking power in Congress Structure

7 Congress Senate : 2 Senators for each state House : # of Representatives depends on the population of each state total : 435 delegates. Senate : 2 Senators for each state House : # of Representatives depends on the population of each state total : 435 delegates.

8 Montana ONLY 1 Representative! District of Columbia, Guam, & US Virgin Islands send non-voting delegates to the House. Puerto Rico sends a non - voting Resident Commissioner who serves a 4 year term. The North Mariana Islands are not represented. ONLY 1 Representative! District of Columbia, Guam, & US Virgin Islands send non-voting delegates to the House. Puerto Rico sends a non - voting Resident Commissioner who serves a 4 year term. The North Mariana Islands are not represented.

9 a.PARTY ORGANIZATION a. Republican Conference b.Democratic Caucus. a.LEADERSHIP ORGANIZATION House Leadership: Majority Party- 1) Speaker of the House; 2) Majority Leader; 4) Majority Whip Minority Party- 1) Minority Leader; 2) Assistant Minority Leader; 3) Minority Whip Senate Leadership: President of the Senate: Vice President of U.S (Joe Biden; only votes if there is a tie); President Pro Tempore-Senator of the Majority Party; Senate Majority Leader; Assistant Senate Majority Leader/Senate Majority Whip. Minority Leadership: 1) Senate Minority Leader ; 2) Assistant Senate Minority Leader/Senate Minority Whip a.PARTY ORGANIZATION a. Republican Conference b.Democratic Caucus. a.LEADERSHIP ORGANIZATION House Leadership: Majority Party- 1) Speaker of the House; 2) Majority Leader; 4) Majority Whip Minority Party- 1) Minority Leader; 2) Assistant Minority Leader; 3) Minority Whip Senate Leadership: President of the Senate: Vice President of U.S (Joe Biden; only votes if there is a tie); President Pro Tempore-Senator of the Majority Party; Senate Majority Leader; Assistant Senate Majority Leader/Senate Majority Whip. Minority Leadership: 1) Senate Minority Leader ; 2) Assistant Senate Minority Leader/Senate Minority Whip Congress organized on 2 principles

10 House Senate Larger (435 members) Shorter term (2 years) All members of the HR serves a two-year term and are elected every two years. Less procedural flexibility and more restraints on each representative Stronger Leadership Scheduling by Speaker and party leadership with less consultation among Representatives Less debate. More partisan and less individualistic Narrower constituency Rules favor Majority Rule Smaller (100 members) Longer terms (6 years) Every two years, only approximately 1/3 of the Senate is elected. More Procedural Flexibility and fewer restraints on each Senator Weaker Leadership Scheduling by majority leader but with more consultation among ALL Senators Unlimited Debate (cloture) Less partisan and more individualistic Broader constituency Rules favor Minority Rule VS

11 LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURE

12 Forms of Legislative Proposals Bills: H.R. or S. Joint Resolution: H.J. Resor S.J. Res Resolution: H. Res or S. Res. Concurrent Resolution: H. Con. Res or S. Con. Res

13 Critical Role of Committees Standing. Subcommittees Select Joint Committee Standing. Subcommittees Select Joint Committee Committees play a huge role in shaping legislation, even though the public gives more attention to floor action.

14 Session at which committee members debate and propose changes to a bill before it is reported out. Committee and its chair may either: a) consider and report its finding (approve) the bill with or without amendments or recommendations; b) rewrite the bill entire, reject it, or simply refuse to consider it. THE mark up

15 House Procedure RULE RULE : a simple resolution, which must be passed by the House, that sets out the guidelines of a specific billhow much time will be allowed for debate, whether amendments can be offered, and other matters. committee of the whole committee of the whole : a parliamentary device used to expedite the work of the House during debate and amendments to bills. motion to recommit motion to recommit : procedure to return a bill to committee for further review or markup. If the attempt to recommit fails, a vote on final passage is ordered.

16 With emergency or other non-controversial bills, a simple voice vote is taken of the Senate, and the bill either passes or fails. FILIBUSTER FILIBUSTER : If objection was offered, then each Senator has the opportunity to speak on the bill for as long as he or she wishes. Motion for Cloture can stop a filibuster (requires 60 votes) If 60 votes, then the bill goes to a final vote requiring only 51 votes. Senate Procedure After a Senate committee refers a bill to the full Senate, it can take one of two main roads:

17 If anything in the two versions of the bill differ, in any way, the bills must be reconciled. # of Representatives & Senators meet to work out the differences in the two versions of the bill Following negotiations, managers report back to their houses that: 1) they were able to agree on the bill; 2) able to agree only on some parts of the bill; 3) or were unable to agree at all on the bill If anything in the two versions of the bill differ, in any way, the bills must be reconciled. # of Representatives & Senators meet to work out the differences in the two versions of the bill Following negotiations, managers report back to their houses that: 1) they were able to agree on the bill; 2) able to agree only on some parts of the bill; 3) or were unable to agree at all on the bill ConferenceConference

18 Congressional Timing

19 http://majorityleader.gov/calendar/113thCongressFirstSession-Monthly.pdf Congressional Sessions

20 Congressional Office Structure

21 TITLEDESCRIPTION Chief of staff Runs office and is Member's top political advisor. Legislative director, counsel, assistant. Monitors legislative schedule and makes recommendations regarding the pros and cons of particular legislation. Responsibility to an issue is assigned to the counsel or legislative assistants who have particular expertise in specific areas such as immigration Press secretary/Communication s director Responsible for Member's relationship with media; is the liaison for the local and national press; issues press releases. Staff Director Manages and implements agenda of all committee work for the Representative or Senators committee duties. Office Manager Supervises support staff; manages official accounts; buys/maintains equipment. Scheduler Responsible for apportioning members time among the many demands of congressional responsibilities and constituent requests; arranging speaking engagements and visits to the district, etc. District Director Determine constituentss opinion and helps them solve problems. Liaison to local community and district offices. Campaign Director Focuses on election and political activities including fundraising, prepares member for public appearances and debates, updates on strategies.

22 LOBBYING LOBBYING

23 Understand Factors that Shape Public Policy 7 7 P s Profile Previous Experience Positions Press/Public Opinion Promoters Priorities Personal Experience The seven Ps

24 Understand Factors that Shape Public Policy Understanding this Factors will provide the following benefits: Understanding this Factors will provide the following benefits: Building Stronger and Deeper Relationships Setting Priorities Selecting Legislators Predicting Legislative Scenarios Lessens the likelihood of making irrelevant, or even offensive, points or comments.

25 PROFILE of Constituents Demographics Economics Attractions History Your Issue The following Questions should guide your Research:

26 PREVIOUS Experience Childhood and School Career Positions Childhood and School Career Positions

27 POSITIONS Responsiveness Familiarity Private or Public statements

28 PRESS & PUBLIC OPINION Current and anticipated public opinion Press coverage Legislators press release section of his or her website

29 PROMOTERS Electoral Supporters Financially Supporters or legislative allies.

30 PRIORITIES Big-picture Priorities Re-election Policymaker Consistent Location PRIORITIES The following Questions should guide your Research:

31 PERSONAL EXPERIENCE Has the policymaker had a personal experience on the issue? Has the policymaker had a personal experience on the issue?

32 Research Resources

33 1.UU.S.GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: Congressional Directory Contains biographies of members of Congress; Committee membership rosters; Directory information for congressional offices; CONGRESSIONAL RECORD : edited transcript of House & Senate proceedings. THOMAS Library of Congress : 1) Bills, Resolutions; 2) Activity in Congress; 3) Congressional Record; 4) Schedules, Calendars; 5) Committee Information; 6) Presidential Nominations; 7) Treaties; 8) Senate and House Rules.

34 Planning an Effective Lobbying Planning an Effective Lobbying Campaign

35 STRATEGY KEY KEY steps to building and maintaining an effective legislative action plan are as follows: 1) evaluate political & legislative landscape; 2) Consider your organizations capabilities; 3) prepare for planning; 4); establish short term priorities with checkpoints to measure achievement; 5) Emphasize long term goals; 6) regularly update the plan; 7) communicate your successes.

36 Political & Legislative Landscape POLITICAL POLITICAL : identify factors such as economic upturns and downturns, natural disasters, wars, international politics, new and existing supporters and opponents on the issue; LEGISLATIVE LEGISLATIVE : identify the make up Congress, leadership, and committee chairs, Congressional Agenda and priorities, new bills and legislation introduced.

37 Consider your Organizations History & Capabilities Your organization Positions Your Organizations Capacity

38 Prepare for Planning Determine whether you have clearly defined-time specific and measurable goals?

39 Establish Short Term Priorities with Check points 1) publicity of the issue; 1) publicity of the issue; 2) meeting with key staffers; 2) meeting with key staffers; 3) meeting with key legislative or executive officials. 3) meeting with key legislative or executive officials. It is important to identify short term achievements or progress in order that your members can follow the campaign. For example:

40 Emphasize Long Term Goals Remember the m mm main goal of the campaign to keep your organization informed and inspired.

41 Regularly Update the Plan Regularly Update the Plan Political winds shift quickly. Unexpected development can instantly kill the opportunity to advance your issue. Thus, continually update your approach as situations evolve but establish specific reporting deadlines.

42 Communicate Your Successes Generates more political recognition at all levels of a campaign internally and externally; Generates more political recognition at all levels of a campaign internally and externally; Credit members whenever possible. Credit members whenever possible. CAN YOU HERE US NOW

43 Lobbying: Face to Face

44 Meeting with Policy makers Lobbying is NOT about status and influence. It is about changing the hearts and minds of government and legislators. HOW TO DO THIS? Effective lobbying uses information, communication, public pressure and engagement to bring policy change. Educate Members of Congress Give them the tools, arguments, and research to make your case Makes them passionate about your issue Keep them updated on your issues--especially when you arent asking for something

45 Face to Face Concise: Have a One-Pager Concise: Have a One-Pager Focused: Talk about your goals in numbers where possible Focused: Talk about your goals in numbers where possible Know your Issue Know your Issue Be assertive but not offensive Be assertive but not offensive


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