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Presentation on theme: "WELCOME R D M @DRMACTION."— Presentation transcript:


2 1 ST Amendment “Congress shall make no law...abridging...the right of the people petition the Government for a redress of grievance”

3 * * LOBBYING IN OUR MOVEMENT Information and Analysis
Data and Assessment

4 Introduction to the Legislative process
Imagine that you are watching the full House of Representatives consider H.R.1402 a top priority for Rep. Steve King. You watch on C-SPAN as the house goes into the “Committee of the Whole” and passes a “motion to recommit” with specific instructions that are read quickly by the House clerk. It happens so quickly that you are not sure what just took place. Did the bill pass?

5 Congress Explained Structure Congressional office structure
Basic House and senate differences Congress Explained Congressional office structure Structure PASSING A BILL & PRocedure

6 Lawmaking power in Congress
Structure U.S. CONSTITUTION Art. 1, §. 1 Lawmaking power in Congress

7 Congress Senate : 2 Senators for each state
House: # of Representatives depends on the population of each state total : delegates.

8 Montana ONLY 1 Representative!
District of Columbia, Guam , & US Virgin Islands send non-voting delegates to the House. Puerto Rico sends a non - voting Resident Commissioner who serves a year term. The North Mariana Islands are not represented.

9 Congress organized on 2 principles
PARTY ORGANIZATION Republican Conference Democratic Caucus. LEADERSHIP ORGANIZATION House Leadership: Majority Party- 1) Speaker of the House; 2) Majority Leader; 4) Majority Whip Minority Party- 1) Minority Leader; 2) Assistant Minority Leader; 3) Minority Whip Senate Leadership: President of the Senate: Vice President of U.S (Joe Biden; only votes if there is a tie); President Pro Tempore-Senator of the Majority Party; Senate Majority Leader; Assistant Senate Majority Leader/Senate Majority Whip. Minority Leadership: 1) Senate Minority Leader ; 2) Assistant Senate Minority Leader/Senate Minority Whip

10 VS Senate House Less procedural flexibility and more
Larger (435 members) Smaller (100 members) Shorter term (2 years) Longer terms (6 years) All members of the HR serves a two-year term and are elected every two years. Every two years, only approximately 1/3 of the Senate is elected. Less procedural flexibility and more restraints on each representative More Procedural Flexibility and fewer restraints on each Senator Stronger Leadership Weaker Leadership Scheduling by Speaker and party leadership with less consultation among Representatives Scheduling by majority leader but with more consultation among ALL Senators Less debate. Unlimited Debate (cloture) More partisan and less individualistic Less partisan and more individualistic Narrower constituency Broader constituency Rules favor Majority Rule Rules favor Minority Rule


12 Forms of Legislative Proposals
Bills: “H.R. or S.” Joint Resolution: “H.J. Resor S.J. Res” Concurrent Resolution: “H. Con. Res or S. Con. Res” Resolution: “H. Res or S. Res.”

13 Critical Role of Committees
Committees play a huge role in shaping legislation, even though the public gives more attention to floor action. Standing. Subcommittees Select Joint Committee

14 THE mark up Session at which committee members debate and propose changes to a bill before it is “reported out”. Committee and its chair may either: a) consider and “report its finding” (approve) the bill with or without amendments or recommendations; b) rewrite the bill entire, reject it, or simply refuse to consider it.

15 House Procedure RULE: a simple resolution, which must be passed by the House, that sets out the guidelines of a specific bill—how much time will be allowed for debate, whether amendments can be offered, and other matters. committee of the whole: a parliamentary device used to expedite the work of the House during debate and amendments to bills. motion to recommit: procedure to return a bill to committee for further review or markup. If the attempt to recommit fails, a vote on final passage is ordered.

16 Senate Procedure After a Senate committee refers a bill to the full Senate, it can take one of two main roads: With emergency or other non-controversial bills, a simple voice vote is taken of the Senate, and the bill either passes or fails. FILIBUSTER: If objection was offered, then each Senator has the opportunity to speak on the bill for as long as he or she wishes. Motion for Cloture can stop a filibuster (requires 60 votes) If 60 votes, then the bill goes to a final vote requiring only 51 votes.

17 Conference If anything in the two versions of the bill differ, in any way, the bills must be reconciled. # of Representatives & Senators meet to work out the differences in the two versions of the bill Following negotiations, managers report back to their houses that: 1) they were able to agree on the bill; 2) able to agree only on some parts of the bill; 3) or were unable to agree at all on the bill

18 Congressional Timing

19 Congressional Sessions

20 Congressional Office Structure

21 TITLE DESCRIPTION Chief of staff
Runs office and is Member's top political advisor. Legislative director, counsel, assistant. Monitors legislative schedule and makes recommendations regarding the pros and cons of particular legislation. Responsibility to an issue is assigned to the counsel or legislative assistants who have particular expertise in specific areas such as immigration Press secretary/Communications director Responsible for Member's relationship with media; is the liaison for the local and national press; issues press releases. Staff Director Manages and implements agenda of all committee work for the Representative or Senator’s committee duties. Office Manager Supervises support staff; manages official accounts; buys/maintains equipment. Scheduler Responsible for apportioning member’s time among the many demands of congressional responsibilities and constituent requests; arranging speaking engagements and visits to the district, etc. District Director Determine constituents’s opinion and helps them solve problems. Liaison to local community and district offices. Campaign Director Focuses on election and political activities including fundraising, prepares member for public appearances and debates, updates on strategies.


23 Understand Factors that Shape Public Policy
7 P’s The seven P’s Priorities Personal Experience Press/Public Opinion Previous Experience Promoters Profile Positions

24 Understand Factors that Shape Public Policy
Understanding this Factors will provide the following benefits: Building Stronger and Deeper Relationships Setting Priorities Selecting Legislators Predicting Legislative Scenarios Lessens the likelihood of making irrelevant, or even offensive, points or comments.

25 PROFILE of Constituents
The following Questions should guide your Research: Demographics Economics Attractions History Your Issue

26 PREVIOUS Experience Childhood and School Career Positions

27 POSITIONS Responsiveness Familiarity Private or Public statements

28 PRESS & PUBLIC OPINION Current and anticipated public opinion
Press coverage Legislator’s press release section of his or her website

29 PROMOTERS Electoral Supporters Financially
Supporters or legislative allies.

The following Questions should guide your Research: Big-picture Priorities Re-election Policymaker Consistent Location PRIORITIES

31 PERSONAL EXPERIENCE Has the policymaker had a personal experience on the issue?

32 Research Resources

33 U.S.GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: Congressional Directory
Contains biographies of members of Congress; Committee membership rosters; Directory information for congressional offices; CONGRESSIONAL RECORD: edited transcript of House & Senate proceedings. THOMAS Library of Congress: 1) Bills, Resolutions; 2) Activity in Congress; 3) Congressional Record; 4) Schedules, Calendars; 5) Committee Information; 6) Presidential Nominations; 7) Treaties; 8) Senate and House Rules.

34 Planning an Effective Lobbying Campaign

35 STRATEGY KEY steps to building and maintaining an effective legislative action plan are as follows: 1) evaluate political & legislative landscape; 2) Consider your organization’s capabilities; 3) prepare for planning; 4); establish short term priorities with checkpoints to measure achievement; 5) Emphasize long term goals; 6) regularly update the plan; 7) communicate your successes.

36 Political & Legislative Landscape
POLITICAL: identify factors such as economic upturns and downturns, natural disasters, wars, international politics, new and existing supporters and opponents on the issue; LEGISLATIVE: identify the make up Congress, leadership, and committee chairs, Congressional Agenda and priorities, new bills and legislation introduced.

37 Consider your Organization’s History & Capabilities
Your organization Positions Your Organization’s Capacity

38 Prepare for Planning Determine whether you have clearly defined-time specific and measurable goals?

39 Establish Short Term Priorities with Check points
It is important to identify short term achievements or 1) publicity of the issue; 2) meeting with key staffers; 3) meeting with key legislative or executive officials. progress in order that your members can follow the campaign. For example:

40 Emphasize Long Term Goals
Remember the main goal of the campaign to keep your organization informed and inspired.

41 Regularly Update the Plan
Political winds shift quickly. Unexpected development can instantly kill the opportunity to advance your issue. Thus, continually update your approach as situations evolve but establish specific reporting deadlines.

42 Communicate Your Successes
Generates more political recognition at all levels of a campaign internally and externally; Credit members whenever possible. CAN YOU HERE US NOW

43 Lobbying: Face to Face

44 Meeting with Policy makers
Lobbying is NOT about status and influence. It is about changing the hearts and minds of government and legislators. HOW TO DO THIS? Effective lobbying uses information, communication, public pressure and engagement to bring policy change. Educate Members of Congress Give them the tools, arguments, and research to make your case Makes them passionate about your issue Keep them updated on your issues--especially when you aren’t asking for something

45 Face to Face Concise: Have a One-Pager
Focused: Talk about your goals in numbers where possible Know your Issue Be assertive but not offensive

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