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PhosphorusCalciumPotassiumProtein Sodium & Fluid $100 $200 $300 $400 $500.

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Presentation on theme: "PhosphorusCalciumPotassiumProtein Sodium & Fluid $100 $200 $300 $400 $500."— Presentation transcript:

1 PhosphorusCalciumPotassiumProtein Sodium & Fluid $100 $200 $300 $400 $500

2 What is the good range for phosphorus?

3 3.0-5.5 mg/dL

4 Which of the following food groups are high in phosphorus? A. Peaches, potatoes, tomatoes B. Rice, white bread, bagels C. Nuts, cheese, seeds D. Pretzels, blueberries, cream cheese

5 C. Nuts, cheese, seeds

6 A. Itching B. Red eyes C. Calcification D. All of the above What are some effects of high phosphorus levels?

7 D. All of the Above

8 What other mineral does phosphorus bind to in the blood?

9 Calcium

10 What are the 3 things that you can do to help control phosphorus levels?

11 1. Follow the diet guidelines 2. Take phosphate binders as prescribed 3. Come to all treatments and stay the entire time

12 What is the good range for calcium?

13 8.4 – 10.2 mg/dL

14 (True/False) If I take my calcium containing phosphate binder too early/ between meals/or too far after my meal it becomes a calcium supplement.

15 True

16 Name one milk alternative that is acceptable for someone on dialysis.

17 Almond Milk (unenriched) Rice Milk (unenriched) Non-dairy creamer

18 What happens when a calcium level is high?

19 Leads to calcification or a hardening of soft tissues including the heart, lungs, and blood vessels.

20 What are some sources of calcium other than food?

21 Using calcium containing medication (tums, rolaids, bayer womens aspirin), taking calcium supplement or Vitamin D supplement containing calcium, taking vitamin (non-renal) containing calcium, taking calcium containing binders too soon before or too long after meals, taking calcium containing binders at times other than with meals/snacks, using nutrition supplements with significant calcium content, low phosphorus levels (<3.0 mg/dL)

22 What is the good range for potassium?

23 3.5-5.5 mg/dL

24 (True/False) A high potassium level can lead to a heart attack.

25 True

26 Which of the following food groups are high in potassium? A. Crackers, cream cheese, meat B. potatoes, tomatoes, bananas, orange C. Bread, rice, pasta D. All of the above

27 Potatoes, Tomatoes, Bananas, Oranges

28 (True/False) Most salt substitutes and lower sodium foods have added potassium.

29 True

30 What is the process for leeching potatoes?

31 This method reduces potassium content by approximately 50% 1.Peel, thinly slice and rinse potatoes 2.Cover with water (twice as much as potatoes) and bring to a boil 3.Remove from heat and pour off water 4.Replace with fresh water and cook until tender 5.Drain and use as desired

32 What lab measures protein intake?

33 Albumin

34 Which types of foods are the best source of protein?

35 Meats (chicken, turkey, fish, beef, eggs, etc.)

36 Name one way adequate protein levels help your body?

37 1.Fight infection 2.Build and repair body tissues 3.Helps with wound healing 4.Keeps you healthier and out of the hospital 5.Gives you more energy

38 What is the desirable level for your albumin?

39 Greater than or equal to 4.0 mg/dL

40 How often should you eat protein?

41 Eat protein with all meals to help maintain adequate protein levels.

42 What happens when too much fluid weight is gained between treatments?

43 Shortness of breath, difficulty getting around, in severe cases congestive heart failure

44 How many 8 ounce cups of fluid are most people on dialysis allowed Per day?

45 Four (8 ounce) cups or 32 ounces/1 Quart

46 What are some ways to help control fluid intake?

47 Chew gum or suck on hard candy Spray mouth with cold mouthwash Eat less sodium to help control thirst Drink only when truly thirsty Sip, dont gulp. Use small cups Avoid activities that cause you to become overheated and extra thirsty. Avoid the heat of the day

48 What is the daily sodium limit for most people on dialysis?

49 2000 milligrams

50 One teaspoon of salt equals how many milligrams of sodium?

51 2300 milligrams

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