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Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1 1 The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards

2 2 Motivation From the ancient Greeks to the Armed Forces today, the military uniform has represented a long and honorable tradition of devotion to ones country.

3 3 Lesson Overview What does the military uniform symbolize? What is the history of the uniform? How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? What are special team uniforms? What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? What are the insignia of grade?

4 4 Quick Write List the first three things you think of when you see a person in uniform.

5 5 What does the military uniform symbolize? The uniform symbolizes the nations defense forces and a long and honorable tradition of devoted service to country Should be worn proudly and properly Key elements for wearing uniform: Neatness Cleanliness Safety Military image

6 6 What is the history of the uniform? (contd) The origin of the military uniform goes back to an early date in Western civilization. Athenian and Spartan soldiers in Greece dressed according to position in military formations. Heavy infantryman Light-foot soldier A national army with a standard uniform appeared in England during the Great Rebellion (1642–1646). Units identified by colors and standards From this start, the military uniform evolved

7 7 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? The AFJROTC uniform is the same, with certain exceptions, as that worn by active duty Air Force personnel. What are some exceptions? It is important to honor the uniform and to wear it properly.

8 8 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? Cadets may not wear the uniform While hitchhiking, in demonstrations, for crowd control, during political events Cadets may wear the uniform While acting as ushers, parking lot attendants, runners, or at discretion of SASI

9 9 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (contd) Parts of the Hatch Act bar military personnel from engaging in any form of public political activity while in uniform. These activities include Attending rallies and political speeches and passing out fliers Publicly supporting a political candidate, party, or political issue

10 10 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (contd) However, members of the military Are encouraged to vote May place political bumper stickers or signs on own vehicles or private property Can participate in political events if not in uniform and if not identifying selves as military members

11 11 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (contd) Military personnel in uniform also cannot participate in events where it might be implied that the Air Force supports a particular cause. Public speeches, rallies, interviews, picket lines, and marches Activities that might imply Air Force endorsement of a commercial interest Private employment

12 12 How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? (contd) Most Air Force Junior ROTC units have published information on the cadet uniform and how to wear it. These are usually based on three publications (see AFJROTC Cyber-Campus Web site): AFI : Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel AFJROTCI : Air Force Junior ROTC Operations AFJROTC Uniform and Awards Guide

13 13 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? Service uniform for males Dark blue service coat and trousers Light blue shirt Dark blue tie Service uniform for females Dark blue service coat with slacks or skirt Light blue blouse Tie tab

14 14 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (contd) Service uniform for both males and females Form-fitting, properly fitting coat Proper sleeve length Proper coat length Properly fitted trousers or slacks

15 15 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards? (contd) Uniform dos Do wear the standard Air Force uniform properly. Do wear the uniform on the day established by the SASI). Do wear the uniform At other times specified by the SASI When you fly on military aircraft When participating in color guard or drill team Do keep shoes polished and shined. Do wear shoes appropriate for the activity. Do keep badges and other metallic devices clean and free of scratches and corrosion. Do keep ribbons clean and replace them when they become worn, frayed, or faded.

16 16 What are the AFJROTC uniform standards (contd) Uniform donts Dont wear the Air Force commissioned officer sleeve braid or officer silver thread on flight caps. Dont wear the uniform with other clothing. Dont lend your uniform to someone not a member of AFJROTC program. Dont allow articles such as wallets, pencils, pens, and combs to be visible. Dont wear earphones or headphones while in uniform, unless required by duty. Dont carry pagers or cell phones unless required for duty.

17 17 What are special team uniforms? Special teams are Color guards Honor guards Saber teams Drill teams Special teams may wear additional uniform items or wear a distinctive, yet conservative, uniform of military style.

18 18 What are special team uniforms? Except for color cords, these items or uniforms are worn only when performing duty as a member of a specialized group. Greater latitude is permitted in design of open competition drill team uniforms.

19 19 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Jewelry standards Cadets in uniform may wear A wristwatch Rings, but no more than three at one time A neat, conservative wrist bracelet no wider than one inch Female cadets may wear conservative earrings. Male cadets may not wear earrings.

20 20 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Eyeglasses or sunglasses Must have conservative frames and lenses Must not be faddish or have mirrored lenses Cannot be worn around neck while in uniform

21 21 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd ) Tattoos or brands cannot be obscene or advocate discrimination. Excessive tattoos or brands will not be exposed or visible while in uniform. No objects may be displayed through nose, tongue, or any exposed body part.

22 22 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Specific female cadet guidelines Hair No longer than bottom of collar edge at back of neck Conservative style Should look professional and allow headgear to be worn properly Must not be too full or high on head Plain (if any) pins, combs, barrettes, etc.

23 23 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Specific female cadet guidelines Skirt Length of skirt may not vary beyond top and bottom of kneecap. Skirt should fit smoothly, should hang naturally, and must not be excessively tight. Hosiery must be worn with the skirt.

24 24 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Specific male cadet guidelines: Hair Must be clean, neat, and trimmed Must not contain large amounts of grooming aids that remain visible in hair Should not touch ears or eyebrows Should not touch collar, except for closely cut or shaved hair on back of neck Should not exceed 1¼ inches in bulk regardless of length

25 25 What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? (contd) Hair cont Must not protrude below the front band of headgear Must have tapered appearance on sides and back Must not have bulk or length that interferes with wearing headgear properly May not have foreign items attached May have sideburns if they are straight, are of even width, and end in a clean, horizontal line Must not have extreme or faddish styles or colors

26 26 What are the insignia of grade? Active duty insignia of grade An insignia is a badge or mark of office or honor. The Air Force grade insignia system is broken down into two categories: Officer grades Enlisted grades Subdivided into two categories: Airman Noncommissioned Officers (NCO)

27 27 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) The four Airman grades Airman Basic (AB) Airman (Amn) Airman First Class (A1C)* Senior Airman (SrA) For enlisted grades, the pay grade is always one more than the number of stripes. * If you join the military, you will come in with A1C

28 28 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) Proper methods of address when speaking to NCOs Chief for a Chief Master Sergeant Sergeant for all other sergeants Use full titles in official correspondence.

29 29 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) Proper methods of address when speaking to officers Lieutenant for a Second Lieutenant and a First Lieutenant Colonel for either a Lieutenant Colonel or a Colonel General for all generals Use full titles for official correspondence.

30 30 What are the insignia of grade? (contd)

31 31 Quick Quiz on Officer insignia

32 32 Quick Quiz on Enlisted insignia

33 33 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) Five Noncommissioned Officer grade insignias Airmen serving in the grade of staff sergeant through chief master sergeant

34 34 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) First sergeants: diamond device above star on chevrons First sergeants may hold the rank of Master Sergeant (MSgt), Senior Master Sergeant (SMSgt), or Chief Master Sergeant (CMSgt). These top senior NCOs hold a position of trust and responsibility as the link between the commander and the unit personnel.

35 35 What are the insignia of grade? (contd) The Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force (CMSAF) Holds highest position of any enlisted personnel Acts as personal advisor to Air Force Chief of Staff and Secretary of the Air Force Provides information about welfare, effectiveness, and progress of enlisted force

36 36 AFJROTC Cadet insignia For officer grades, active duty grade insignia are very different from cadet grade insignia. For enlisted grades, there are only slight differences between active duty insignia and Junior ROTC insignia.

37 37 AFJROTC Cadet insignia

38 38 AFJROTC Cadet insignia Cadet enlisted grade insignia Cadet Airmanpointed chevron of 1 stripe, with torch in the middle Cadet Airman First Classpointed chevron of 2 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Senior Airmanpointed chevron of 3 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Staff Sergeantpointed chevron of 4 stripes, with torch in the middle

39 39 AFJROTC Cadet insignia Cadet Technical Sergeant pointed chevron of 5 stripes, with torch in the middle Cadet Master Sergeant pointed chevron of 6 stripes, with one stripe inverted above the torch in the middle Cadet Senior Master Sergeant pointed chevron of 7 stripes, with two stripes inverted above the torch in the middle Cadet Chief Master Sergeant pointed chevron of 8 stripes, with three stripes inverted above the torch in the middle

40 40 AFJROTC Cadet insignia Cadets, like active duty personnel, may also wear other insignia (badges). There are also ribbons authorized for wear on the Air Force Junior ROTC uniform, as they are awarded.

41 41 AFJROTC Cadet insignia

42 42 AFJROTC Cadet insignia

43 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 43 Lesson review The military uniform is the public symbol of our nation's defense forces. The military uniform evolved over centuries. It is important to know how to wear the Air Force uniform properly. Certain restrictions apply to wearing the military uniform.

44 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 44 Lesson review (contd) The AFJROTC uniform is similar to that of active duty Air Force personnel. Most AFJROTC units have published information on the cadet uniform and how to wear it. Special teams may wear additional uniform items.

45 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 45 Lesson review (contd) Drill team uniforms allow greater flexibility for completing routines. There are guidelines for appearance and grooming for male and female cadets. The standards for wearing the uniform are neatness, cleanliness, safety, and military image.

46 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 46 Lesson review (contd) Grade insignia identify the rank of each member of the Armed Forces. The Air Force grade insignia system is broken down into officer grades and enlisted grades. Enlisted grades are subdivided into Noncommissioned Officers (NCO) and airman grades.

47 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 47 Lesson review (contd) For enlisted grades, JROTC cadet grade insignia and Air Force active duty grade insignia vary only slightly. For officer grades, JROTC cadet grade insignia and Air Force active duty grade insignia are very different from each other.

48 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 48 Summary What does the military uniform symbolize? What is the history of the uniform? How do you wear the Air Force uniform properly? What are the AFJROTC uniform standards?

49 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 49 Summary (contd) What are special team uniforms? What are the guidelines for cadet appearance and grooming? What are the insignia of grade?

50 Introduction to Air Force Junior ROTC Lesson 2, Chapter 1, The Military Uniform and Appearance Standards 50 Next DoneThe military uniform and appearance standards NextCustoms and courtesies for Air Force Junior ROTC


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