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What do these people have in common?. HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AND PREVENTION: Empowerment through Education UCI Flying Samaritans.

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Presentation on theme: "What do these people have in common?. HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AND PREVENTION: Empowerment through Education UCI Flying Samaritans."— Presentation transcript:

1 What do these people have in common?

2 HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AND PREVENTION: Empowerment through Education UCI Flying Samaritans

3 HIV/AIDS A WARENESS AND P REVENTION What is HIV/AIDS? Is HIV/AIDS a serious problem? How is HIV transmitted? What are the risk factors? How can you prevent HIV/AIDS?

4 W HAT IS HIV/AIDS? H I V Human Immunodeficiency Virus Human – only affects and lives in humans Cannot live on toilet, bed sheets, towel, spoon, etc. Immunodeficiency – disables bodys immune system Attacks white blood cells; weakens resistance to infection Virus – germ/microorganism that causes disease

5 W HAT IS HIV/AIDS? A I D Acquired Immune Deficiency S Syndrome Acquired – get/develop disease over period of time Not hereditary; develops after birth from contact with virus Immune – related to bodys defense against infection Deficiency – weakened or disabled immune system Syndrome – collection of signs and symptoms that indicate or characterize a disease

6 W HAT IS HIV/AIDS? AIDS is the disease caused by HIV progressively reduces the effectiveness of the human immune system leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors

7 W HAT IS HIV/AIDS? Opportunistic infection – caused by pathogens that usually do not cause disease in healthy individuals A compromised immune system presents an opportunity for the pathogen to infect *Pathogen: a microorganism that causes disease HIV positive – individual is infected; virus is present in the body Flu symptoms a few weeks after infection If left untreated, can develop into AIDS

8 IS HIV/AIDS A SERIOUS PROBLEM… …for an individual? YES High mortality rate for infected individuals Costly drugs; no cure …for society at large? YES Long asymptomatic period (2 to 15+ years)

9 IS HIV/AIDS A S ERIOUS P ROBLEM ? W ORLDWIDE Number of people living with HIV: 33.3 million total 2.5 million children under 15 years of age People newly infected with HIV in 2009: 2.6 million AIDS deaths in 2009: 1.8 million

10 IS HIV/AIDS A S ERIOUS P ROBLEM ? W ORLDWIDE The number of people living with HIV rose from around 8 million in 1990 to 33 million by the end of Since the beginning of the epidemic, nearly 30 million people have died from AIDS-related causes.

11 IS HIV/AIDS A S ERIOUS P ROBLEM ? W ORLDWIDE Over 7,000 new HIV infections a day in 2009 About 97% are in low and middle income countries About 1,000 are in children under 15 years of age Of the 6,000 in adults above 15 years of age… …almost 51% are women …about 41% are youth (15-24 yrs. old)

12 IS HIV/AIDS A S ERIOUS P ROBLEM ? I N THE U.S. It is estimated that more than one million people are living with HIV in the U.S. and that more than half a million have died after developing AIDS. And the numbers are growing…

13 C ANDY A CTIVITY ! 1) Exchange Candy 2) Write the names of the people you exchanged candy with on the cards

14 T HE HIV T RANSMISSION G AME Purpose: Demonstrate and raise awareness about how quickly HIV can be spread and how the spread of the virus can be stopped Decrease stereotypes of HIV+ people Peer Pressure Risks of HIV transmission Importance of safe sex practices Be informed and take action

15 HIV T RANSMISSION HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids... 1)Sexual Contact Majority of HIV transmissions occur by unprotected sex Via genital, oral, or rectal mucous membranes 2)Blood Exposure Infected blood comes in contact with open wound Ex: intravenous drug use, tattoos, piercings

16 HIV T RANSMISSION 3) Perinatal Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding 4) Occupational Healthcare/laboratory workers

17 HIV R ISK F ACTORS Having unprotected sex Sex without using a latex condom Risk increases if you have multiple sexual partners Having another STD (sexually transmitted disease) Many STDs produce open sores on your genitals, which provide doorways for HIV to enter body Using intravenous drugs Sharing needles can expose you to infected blood

18 35 R EASONS

19 You have to take so many pills that your stomach feels filled up with pills and you dont feel like eating your dinner. 1

20 Some of the pills make you feel like you have to throw up, so you carry a vomit bucket all around with you. 2

21 You get oral thrush in your mouth and down your throat and the pain is so bad that every time you swallow it feels like you swallowed a rusty Brillo. 3

22 Your taste buds dont work right, so your food tastes weird. 4

23 You get shingles. They are blisters that go around your body in a circle. They make your back hurt so much that you have to be hunched over, and when you get covered with a sheet, it feels like someone is stabbing you. 5

24 You get scared because you cant breathe and you feel like you are suffocating. 6

25 Your hair falls out. 7

26 Your eyes get infected and swollen shut and yucky white stuff oozes out and then your eyes get glued shut. 8

27 You get an ugly fungus under your fingernails. 9

28 The fungus itches and hurts because it pushes your nails, so you bite your nails to make them feel better. 10

29 Your medicines make your teeth turn black. 11

30 You dont grow. 12

31 You get diarrhea most of the time. 13

32 Your brain shrinks and you sometimes forget what you are talking about, and suddenly you forget how to write cursive. 14

33 Your bone marrow stops working and you have to get Neupogen injections every other day. 15

34 You get infections in your bloodstream and have to get IV antibiotics every day. 16

35 Some of the IV antibiotics give you bad rashes all over your body and when you go outside, all of the fruit flies follow you around so you cant even enjoy a picnic. 17

36 You have to gargle with some stuff that numbs your herpes sores and it also numbs your throat, so your saliva goes down the wrong tube and you choke. 18

37 You get heart failure and your face and stomach swell up. 19

38 You get tumors in your liver. 20

39 Your liver gets so big that you look like you swallowed a watermelon. 21

40 If your liver gets too big, then you have to sit half lying down and half sitting up. Then its hard to paint your model airplanes because the paint drips on your stomach. 22

41 When your heart is failing and your liver is gigantic, it is hard to breathe because your lungs are filled with liquid and they are getting crushed all the same time, so you feel like a hippopotamus is sitting on you. 23

42 You have to go to the hospital outpatient department and get packed red blood cells because you are too anemic and your heart beats about two hundred times a minute. 24

43 With a watermelon belly, skinny arms and legs, black teeth, and hair thats falling out, and being pushed around in a special reclining wheelchair, people stare at you in the mall, so you have to stick your tongue out at them when your parents arent looking. 25

44 You miss your old bed that your dad made for you when you were little, because now you have to sleep in a hospital bed so that you can sit partway up to breathe. 26

45 You feel embarrassed when you wet your bed, even though your mom says its OK, not to worry because she feels like putting some cheerful, clean sheets on the bed anyway, and you know thats not true because a mother would be crazy to want to change sheets in the middle of the night. 27

46 You have to make a will and decide who to leave all of your treasures to, especially your favorite teddy bear that your mom and dad bought you when you were four years old. 28

47 You worry about whether your dog will be OK when you die. 29

48 You think about what it would be like to grow up, but you know you wont. 30

49 You wonder if it is painful when you die. 31

50 You make your mom promise to give you enough morphine when you are dying so that you dont feel any pain. 32

51 You do a lot of important things because you have to squeeze them into a short time like ten or eleven years instead of eighty- seven. 33

52 You try to be extra good and cheerful because if you are extra good and cheerful when you go to heaven, youll get to be a guardian angel. Being a guardian angel is a better job than just being a spirit. 34

53 You wonder if people will still remember you after you are dead. 35

54 D ISCUSSION Q UESTIONS 1) Which of his reasons stood out to you? 2) How did you feel from this activity? 3) Did you get a sense of what life might be like with HIV? 4) Are you motivated to protect yourself from contracting HIV?

55 D ECISION -M AKING TO A VOID R ISKS Educate yourselves and others Books, pamphlets, presentations Talk to someone you trust Counselor, doctor, parents, teacher Choose your friends wisely

56 A VOIDING R ISKS Take care of yourself Safe sex and abstinence are key

57 P OSTPONING S EX U NTIL Y OU ARE R EADY : P OSSIBLE A DVANTAGES -Health Issues (risk of HIV, other STDS, unintended pregnancy) -The benefits of waiting until you are ready to for a mature and healthy relationship (emotional and other related ramifications) -No matter what your decision: MAKE INFORMED AND SAFE CHOICES ABOUT WHEN TO HAVE SEX

58 A DVANTAGES OF NOT U SING /A BUSING D RUGS AND A LCOHOL -Once again, HEALTH (damage to the brain and the rest of the body) -Addiction (physical, mental, and emotional damage, damage to relationships with others, and the ability to focus and work towards goals) -Not effective coping strategy for problems, fears, anxieties, depression---gives only temporary relief

59 A V ACCINE FOR HIV/AIDS? o/d_hiv1_dis_aids1_qt_h.html o/d_hiv1_dis_aids1_qt_h.html

60 Discussion: 1.Is HIV/AIDS a serious problem? 2.Is there a cure for AIDS? 25% of new infections are HIV that are drug resistance to multiple different drugs

61 Angela Gutierrez Armaan Rowther Questions, Concerns? Contact uswere here to listen!

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