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Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR2U070 Territory (design) 5ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir.

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Presentation on theme: "Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR2U070 Territory (design) 5ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sun wind water earth life living legends for design AR2U070 Territory (design) 5ECTS AR0112 Civil engineering for dummies (calculations) 2ECTS Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong Prof.dr.ir. C. van den Akker Ir. D. de Bruin Drs. M.J. Moens Prof.dr.ir. C.M. Steenbergen Ir. M.W.M. van den Toorn >education

2 Division of the Plant Kingdom

3 Biodiversity according to the CBS Biobase

4 Dutch responsi bility Percentage of the European bird population

5 Habitat responsibility

6 The distribution of two world- wide rare species black-tailed godwit (grutto) marsh fleawort (moerasandijvie)

7 Kinds of responsibility B Very threatened BAVery threatened, important internationally BDVery threatened, vulnerable C Threatened CAThreatened, important internationally D Vulnerable DAVulnerable, important internationally

8 Legend units Global Continental National Regional

9 Gobal and continental types

10 R=1000km Continental areas of vegetation

11 R=100km: National counties of flora

12 Dunes and rivers Dispersion of marram (helm)Dispersion of greater burdock (grote klis)

13 Haf and Pleistocene Dispersion of meadow barley (veldgerst) Dispersion of wavy hair-grass (bochtige smele)

14 Other national typologies

15 The condition of measure The smaller the open area the less animals could find a habitat. But that is not the case for botanical biodiversity as far as their dispersion is not dependent on big animals.

16 Possibilities for nature (H+N+S)

17 Possibilities for recreation (H+N+S)

18 The EHS for the Netherlands The EHS worked out on Internet for the province of South Holland and the Gelderse poort

19 Nature target groups

20 Lay-out, conservancy, development

21 Nature-target types per physical–geographical region

22 Nature-targets higher sandy soils

23 Elaborated targets 300 m.

24 Higher sandy formations

25 Northern coast formation

26 Mid-West coast formation

27 Boulder clay formation

28 South Limburg

29 Verlanding

30 Ecological tolerance

31 The ecologist’s view Andrewartha (1961):Ecology is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Krebs, C.J. (1972, 1992): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. Begon; Harper; Townsend (1996): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms, populations and communities.

32 The designer’s view: state of dispersion(form)

33 Alternatives of form: states of dispersion on one level of scale

34 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

35 A paradox of scale One species, perhaps counting 80% ‘unhealthy’ specimens, is healthy enough to oust 1000 other species on 1 new species by evolution per year. Which risk do we count?

36 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

37 Autecology: population and habitat Gadwall duck (krakeend) 04 Garland Weed Class (eendekroosklasse)

38 States of dispersion on different levels of scale

39 Principles of extension

40 Built and open space

41 Possibilities for nature (H+N+S)

42 Possibilities for recreation (H+N+S)

43 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

44 Synecology: life community and biotope Klasse Orde Verbond Associatie Subassociatie

45 12 Weegbree-klasse Alterra CONCEPT Alterra

46 42 Voedselarme eiken- beukenbossen-klasse

47 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

48 System dynamics Odum(1971) Ecological group and biotope

49 Local ecotopes, ecological groups

50 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

51 Symbiosis Tyria jacobaeae and common ragwort

52 Breeding and host plant water dock (waterzuring) V18,V19 large copper butterfy (grote vuurvlinder) loosestrife (kattestaart) R27,R28, H27,H28,V17

53 Survival strategies Vogelmuur P48,P68 ("ruderal") Wilgenroosje R47,R67, H47,H62 ("competitor") Grote sleutelbloem G43,G47kr,H43,H47 ("stress-tolerator")

54 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

55 Cybernetic variation

56 Gradients (Van Leeuwen) Gradient (limes divergens)Disturbance (limes convergens)

57 Gradient map

58 Types of ecology decreasing human centred approach

59 Levels of scale (Pianka 1994)

60 Schale paradox

61 Scale articulation

62 Ecological units

63 Vegetation biodiversity

64 R=3km

65 R=1km 180 species200 species330 species

66 National rareness of 500 urban plant species in Zoetermeer

67 Town ecology hypotheses

68 Wall and tread plants urban areas procumbent pearlwort liggend vetmuur P40mu yellow corydalis gele helmbloem P40mu ivy-leaved toadflax muurleeuwebek P40mu plantain weegbree P48tr shepherd's-purse herderstasje P48tr knotgrass varkensgras P48tr annual meadow-grass straatgras P48tr pineapple weed schijfkamille P48tr

69 Comparing and evaluating


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