Presentation on theme: "Calvinism vs. Arminianism: Debunking Myths"— Presentation transcript:
1Calvinism vs. Arminianism: Debunking Myths Chris Poteet
2Why Debunk Myths?Much of the debate over these issues is clouded by characterizations/myths.Without clearing up what the debate is really over, we will never have fruitful dialogue.Much of soteriology debates are clouded by misconceptions.Both sides are guilty of this.Sensational.Build support for their position.
3What the Debate is Not About Popular characterizations“Calvinism is about God choosing us, and Arminianism is about us choosing God.”Both sides believe a choice is necessary for the to-be believer, and both sides believe in God’s choice (election).“Calvinism and Arminianism are man-made doctrines.”Both are named after famous proponents, both are systematic doctrines. The names came about from the debate in the 16th century at the Synod of Dort.“Calvinists and Arminians can never agree.”Calvinists and Arminians agree on much (to be explored).“Well, the Bible says both.”Even though it would be nice for this to be true, the nature of this debate historically sets them against one another.Both sides spend much time reconciling difficult passages.
4Calvinist Characterizations Men are robots/fatalism.Calvinism denies moral responsibility.Calvinism makes evangelism unnecessary.Calvinists deny a general offer of the Gospel.The characterizations on Double Predestination.“Once saved, always saved” means we can do whatever we want after a profession of faith.Calvinism makes God the author of evil.
5Arminian Characterizations Arminianism denies God’s sovereignty.God’s will is impotent to humans.Arminian objections are based on moral rather than exegetical grounds.Arminianism denies the effects of the fall.I can be an Arminian and not believe in predestination.
6What Do They Agree On? God has perfect and complete foreknowledge. Human agents have freedom (defined differently).Man is responsible.We are to evangelize relentlessly.That God is not the source of evil.We are born into Adam’s sin.Sin is taken seriously.
7What Do They Disagree On? The causal relationship of regeneration and faith.Arminianism: faith precedes regeneration.Calvinism: regeneration precedes faith.The extent of prevenient grace (all or particular).Arminianism: prevenient grace given to all = hypothetical depravity.Calvinism: prevenient grace given to elect = maintains total depravity.Assurance of salvation.Arminanism: can lose/conditional salvation.Calvinism: cannot lose salvation.The extent and intent of the atonement.Arminianism: died for none (historically), died for all (today).Calvinism: died for those the Father gave to Him.
8What Do They Disagree On? What is the source of God’s election.ArminianismElection based on forseen faith (conditional election).Election is corporate (elect in the Son).CalvinismGod’s election is not based on anything forseen, because humans are totally depraved (unconditional election).God’s election is individual.Efficacy of God’s grace.Arminianism: man can always refuse God’s grace.Calvinism: man will refuse God’s grace until God overcomes that disobedience.Freedom.Arminianism traditionally holds to a libertarian account of the will (Principle of Alternate Possibilities).Calvinism’s conception of freedom is that freedom is compatible with God’s meticulous sovereignty (determinism).
9Tips For Fruitful Dialogue Always explain weighty terms such as sovereignty, freedom, etc.Don’t accuse the other of not reading their Bibles.Never accuse the other of being philosophical and not theological.Watch out for “straw man” arguments.Listen and think thoroughly before you respond.Communication in person is always best.Don’t further characterizations.