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CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON. Why do Theology? THEOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF GOD THE ONLY GOD THERE IS, IS THE ONE – WHO IS Yahweh is His given name.

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Presentation on theme: "CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON. Why do Theology? THEOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF GOD THE ONLY GOD THERE IS, IS THE ONE – WHO IS Yahweh is His given name."— Presentation transcript:

1 CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON

2 Why do Theology? THEOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF GOD THE ONLY GOD THERE IS, IS THE ONE – WHO IS Yahweh is His given name It means, I AM, who I AM or I Am or The One Who IS DOROTHY SAYERS – THEOLOGY IS THE MISTRESS- SCIENCE Theology is the study of What Is

3 Dorothy Sayers, The Lost Tools of Learning This reminds me of the grammar of Theology. I shall add it to the curriculum, because theology is the mistress-science without which the whole educational structure will necessarily lack its final synthesis. Those who disagree about this will remain content to leave their pupil's education still full of loose ends. This will matter rather less than it might, since by the time that the tools of learning have been forged the student will be able to tackle theology for himself, and will probably insist upon doing so and making sense of it.

4 Why do Theology? THEOLOGY IS THE STUDY OF GOD THE ONLY GOD THERE IS, IS THE ONE – WHO IS Yahweh is His given name It means, I AM, who I AM or I Am or The One Who IS DOROTHY SAYERS – THEOLOGY IS THE MISTRISS- SCIENCE Theology is the study of What Is

5 Approaches to Theology Biblical theology: the discipline that attempts to summarize and restate the teaching of a biblical text or of a biblical author without imposing any modern categories of thought on the text. Rather, the goal is to understand the theology of a biblical book or author in its original historical context.

6 Approaches to Theology Systematic theology: The attempt to summarize religious truth or the belief system of a religious group (such as Christianity) through an organized system of thought carried out within a particular cultural and intellectual context ( see method of theology). A common systematic order in Christian theology begins with God and Gods self-revelation, followed by creation and the predicament of sin, Gods saving work in and through Jesus Christ, the Spirit as the agent in personal salvation, the church as the redeemed community of Gods people, and finally the goal of Gods program as leading to the end of the age, Christs return and eternity.

7 Approaches to Theology Historical theology: The division of the theological discipline that seeks to understand and delineate how the church interpreted Scripture and developed doctrine throughout its history, from the time of the apostles to the present day. The twofold function of historical theology is to show the origin and development of beliefs held in the present day and to help contemporary theologians identify theological errors of the past that should be avoided in the present.

8 Some Concerns Postmodernism Pluralism Agnosticism Loss of Critical Thought Divisions Sin Apathy

9 CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON

10 Approaches to Understanding the Bible An assumption: The Bible is our sole authority for faith and practice and therefore is the Primary Source for our structures of Theology. To then be able to do so, one must know how to understand the Bible. More than just reading Words are just sounds and symbols until you apply meaning

11 Approaches to Understanding the Bible A General Structure: Observation 2/3 of the time Asks, What do I see? Interpretation 1/6 of the time Asks, What does it mean? Application 1/6 of the time Asks, What do I do?

12 OBSERVATION WHAT DO I SEE?

13 Approaches to Understanding the Bible Some Specifics: The first step to a proper hermeneutic* is that you must actually read the Bible The second step is to read it again When you have questions Read it again Find connections to other texts – intertextuality Find like passages – parallelisms Build an understanding - theology

14 Reading the Bible Read as an overview This is 30,000 ft; the forest Read Colossians in one sitting Read Ecclesiastes in one sitting Read as a study This is 30 feet; the trees Use all the tools of study Read other writings on this Read as devotion Remember, this is Gods Word(s)

15 Ways to read Thoughtfully Repeatedly Patiently Selectively Prayerfully Imaginatively Meditatively Purposefully Acquisitively Telescopically Regularly

16 Six Things to Look for Things that are emphasized Things that are Repeated. Things that are Repeated. Things that are related. Things that are alike Things that are unalike Things that are true to life

17 Work with a text 2 CORINTHIANS 1:1-7

18 Six Things to Look for Things that are emphasized Things that are Repeated. Things that are Repeated. Things that are related. Things that are alike Things that are unalike Things that are true to life

19 1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the church of God which is at Corinth with all the saints who are throughout Achaia: 2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort, 4who comforts us in all our affliction so that we will be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. 5For just as the sufferings of Christ are ours in abundance, so also our comfort is abundant through Christ. 6But if we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or if we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which is effective in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer; 7and our hope for you is firmly grounded, knowing that as you are sharers of our sufferings, so also you are sharers of our comfort.

20 GET THE BIG PICTURE JOHNS GOSPEL

21 Book of Signs 1-12 Book of Glory 13-21

22 CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON

23 Genre A term that refers to different types or varieties of literature or media. In the interpretation of texts, particularly the Bible, most exegetes agree that identifying the genre of the text to be interpreted is crucial and that the text must be understood in light of the common conventions that typified that genre at the time of its writing. Thus, poetry is not to be interpreted in the same manner as historical narrative, nor is prophecy properly read in the same manner as an epistle (letter). Yet, this is a Multi-categorical Discussion

24 Genre Even though poetry is not interpreted the same way as an epistle, they are both within the genre of Bible We must not confuse regular interpretation with Biblical Interpretation We are not less responsible with the Bible, rather more The Bible is more than a book (2 Peter 1:19-21)

25 Genre General Musical Literary Informative Visual Biblical Law Historical/Narrative Prophetic Poetic/Prose/Wisdom Gospel Epistle Apocalyptic Parable

26 The Genres of the 66 – the 1 the Bible

27 INTERPRETATION What does it mean?

28 5 Keys to Interpretation Content The raw material, the text – this is the seam from Observation to Interpretation Context Context, Context, Context – this is the mantra of meaning Textual, Historical, Cultural, Theological contexts Comparison Comparing Scripture to Scripture Culture What world gave the information – how do we translate? Consultation – Do not stand alone

29 Application What do I do?

30 The Crucial Step of doing something

31 5 Substitutes for Application We Substitute interpretation for application We substitute superficial obedience for substantive life-change We substitute rationalization for repentance We substitute emotional experience for volitional decision We substitute communication for transformation

32 4 Steps of application Know The Text Yourself Relate Meditate (Psalm 1) Practice

33 CCS Systematic Theology PROLEGOMENON


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