9A Framework for Assessing Cultural Values Hofstede’s DimensionsPower DistanceIndividualism Versus CollectivismQuantity of Life Versus Quality of LifeUncertainty AvoidanceLong-term versus Short-term OrientationMaterial pertinent to this discussion is found on pages
15Examples of National Cultural Values Material pertinent to this illustration is found on pages
16East and Southeast Asian Values North AmericaNetworked relations: based on self-interestRelationships viewed with immediate gainsEnforcement relies on institutional lawGoverned by guilt (internal pressures on performance)East and Southeast AsiaRelations based on reciprocationRelationships meant to be long-term and enduringEnforcement relies on personal power and authorityGoverned by shame (external pressures on performance)Material pertinent to this discussion is found on pages 80.Guanxi is seen as extremely important for business success in China
17AttitudesPositive or negative feelings concerning objects, people, or events.Less stable than valuesMaterial pertinent to this discussion is found on pages 82.
21Job Satisfaction and Employee Performance Satisfaction AffectsIndividual ProductivityOrganizational ProductivityAbsenteeismTurnoverOrganizational Citizenship BehaviourMaterial pertinent to this discussion is found on pages