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Evolutiebiologie 15u Prof. Dr. W. Decleir 15u Raoul Van Damme C1.19 -

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Presentation on theme: "Evolutiebiologie 15u Prof. Dr. W. Decleir 15u Raoul Van Damme C1.19 -"— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolutiebiologie 15u Prof. Dr. W. Decleir 15u Raoul Van Damme C

2 Hoofdstuk 1 Evolutie van de evolutiegedachte

3 ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION, OR THE PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE, By CHARLES DARWIN, M.A., FELLOW OF THE ROYAL, GEOLOGICAL, ETC. SOCIETIES; AUTHOR OF ‘JOURNAL OF RESEARCHES DURING H.M.S. BEAGLE’S VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD LONDON: JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET The right of Translation, is reserved

4 1.Predarwiniaanse evolutiegedachten

5 Anaximander ( vC) Anaxagoras ( vC) Empedocles (fl. 444 vC)

6 Plato

7 Aristoteles ‘de generatio animalium’

8 Francis Bacon 16de-17de eeuw

9 Julien Offray de La Mettrie L’Homme machine

10 Denis Diderot 16de-17de eeuw

11 George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon ( ) “De la dégéneration des animaux”

12 Carolus Linnaeus ( )

13 Erasmus Darwin ( ) “Zoonomia”

14 Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck ( ) “Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres” “Philosophie zoologique” sentiments interieurs

15 overerving van verworven karakteristieken training ongelukjes ziekten

16 tijd vorm transformationisme tijd vorm Darwin

17 Georges Cuvier ( )

18 Richard Owen ( )

19 2. Darwin & Wallace

20 Charles Robert Darwin ( ) Alfred Russel Wallace ( )

21 Wedgewood China

22 H.M.S. Beagle

23 27 dec 1831

24 Rhea darwinii

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26 Galapagos spotlijster (Nesomimus spp.) Galapagos San Cristobál Santa Cruz Isabela Fernandina

27 2 okt 1836

28 28 sept 1838 “ the population, when unchecked, goes on doubling itself every 25 years, or increases in a geometrical ration” Thomas Malthus, Essay on the principle of population

29 Alfred Russel Wallace ( ) ‘On the tendency of varieties to depart indefinetely from the original type’

30 ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES BY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION, OR THE PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE, By CHARLES DARWIN, M.A., FELLOW OF THE ROYAL, GEOLOGICAL, ETC. SOCIETIES; AUTHOR OF ‘JOURNAL OF RESEARCHES DURING H.M.S. BEAGLE’S VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD LONDON: JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET The right of Translation, is reserved 1. Evolutie 2. Gemeenschappelijke afkomst 3. Multiplicatie van soorten 4. Graduele verandering 5. Natuurlijke selectie

31 Samuel WilberforceThomas Huxley

32 “l’Encyclique Humani generis [Pius XII, 1950] considérait la doctrine de l’ evolutionisme comme une hypothèse sérieuse, digne d’une investigation et d’une réflection approfondies à l’égal de l’hypothèse opposée … Aujourd’hui, (…) de nouvelles connaissances conduisent à reconnaître dans la théorie de l’évolution plus qu’une hypothèse” Message à l’acedémie pontificale des sciences L’Osservatore Romano, 29 okt 1996

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37 (Wetenschappelijke) tegenkantingen : 1. Overervingsmechanisme ??? 2. Complexiteit William Paley 3. Intermediaire stappen St George Jackson Mivart

38 3. Mendel en de groei van de Nieuwe Synthese

39 Gregor Mendel ( ) Mendel, G. (1866). Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden. Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn, 4: 3-47

40 Hugo de Vries ( ) pangenen mutatie

41 William Bateson ( ) genetica segregatie heterozygoot homozygoot allelomorf

42 aantal lengte De ‘Biometrici’

43 Mendel de Vries Bateson Biometrici Fisher, Haldane, Wright De Nieuwe Synthese

44 Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher ( ) “The genetical theory of natural selection”

45 Sewall Green Wright ( )

46 John Burdon Sanderson Haldane ( ) “The causes of evolution” An inordinate fondness for beetles

47 populatiegenetica Nieuwe synthese

48 Theodosius Dobzhansky ( ) H.B.D. Kettlewell ( )

49 populatiegenetica Nieuwe synthese systematiek

50 Ernst Mayr (1904-) ‘Systematics and the origin of species’

51 populatiegenetica Nieuwe synthese systematiek paleontologie

52 George Gaylord Simpson ( ) “Tempo and mode in evolution”

53 4. Verdere ontwikkelingen en conflicten

54 Motoo Kimura

55 Stephen Jay Gould “The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm” “Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism”


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