Motivation Motivation : involves a conscious decision to perform one or more activities with greater effort than one performs other activities competing for attention.
3 elements 1. Some need, motive or goal that trigger action 2. a selection process that directs the choice of action 3. a level of effort intensity that is applied to the chosen action.
Contents Theory of Motivation Identify specific human needs and describes the circumstances under which these needs activate behavior. Deficiency reduction needs- trigger behavior of avoidance- the aim to find relief from deficiencies, deprivations or unpleasant tensions Example-Need for a job Growth aspiration needs motivate people to approach or seek out goals and experience that thee find personally meaningful. Example- pursuit for learning (MBA degree?)
Aldeferers ERG Theory Existence needs- basic survival needs Related needs - interpersonal contact; acceptance, caring, status Growth needs- personal development and sense of personal worth. McGregors Theory X and Theory Y