Presentation on theme: "Heather Bilton, Ed.D., NBCT Movement is essential to learning. Movement integrates and anchors new information into our neural networks. –Carla Hannaford."— Presentation transcript:
Heather Bilton, Ed.D., NBCT Movement is essential to learning. Movement integrates and anchors new information into our neural networks. –Carla Hannaford
The focus of today is to provide enjoyable developmentally – appropriate movement experiences to increase gross motor development, coordination, balance, and relaxation.
Physical Fitness and the Young Child Children 2 to 5 spend an average of 25 ½ hours per week watching television. What impact does that have on young children?
Recent brain research is confirming what many educators have believed all along: the mind and body are not separate entities. Jensen (2008) confirms that not only do children learn by doing – and that movement is the childs preferred mode of learning – but also that physical activity activates the brain much more so than doing seatwork. While sitting increases fatigue and reduces concentration, movement feeds oxygen, water, and glucose to the brain, optimizing its performance. Furthermore, learning by doing creates more neural networks in the brain and throughout the body, making the entire body a tool for learning (Hannaford, 2005). Active learning is also more fun for young children, which means it matters more to them!
Managing Movement Know your children. Discuss safety and personal space. Give clear directions- one at a time! Model what you want to see. Ignore when appropriate. Stop if necessary with the magical phrase, This isnt working right now, we will try it again later. (Jane Bluestein)
Toddler Play The control of the body develops from top (head) to bottom (toes) and from the middle (trunk) to the outside (extremities). The control of the body also develops from large (gross) motor to small (fine) motor.
Toddler Activities Jumping Rolling Balls- Beach ball Bowling Mirror Games/Follow the Leader Use imagery
Adding Spatial Concepts and Positional Words Three year olds start understanding more spatial concepts. Simon Says/Show Me- involving many body parts Use imagery
So…lets keep moving… Body Parts Activity Flag Activity Exploring Upside Down From : Experience in Movement, Rae Pica (1995)
Personal Space Getting into your personal space. Circle the rope (island, spot, bubble.) Carpet square Dont burst the bubble Hoola Hoop
Time The element of time refers to how slowly or quickly a movement is performed.
Force Force concerns how strongly or lightly a movement is performed.
Balance and Coordination
Movement activities provide opportunities to cross the body's midline. Doing so requires the left and right hemispheres of the brain to communicate across the corpus callosum. This integration of the brain's hemispheres is essential to the ability to read and write. Confucius said it best: "What I hear, I forget. What I see, I remember. What I do, I know."
Social- Emotional Learning through Movement Daniel Goleman tells us creativity does not happen only in the mind. Self-expression is critical to creativity; the relationship between thinking and feeling and between mind and body. Make –Believe Walks Activity Make-Believe Shapes Activity
Linking to Academics… Children learn experientially. Muscle memory and sensory learning Thirty to forty percent of children are kinesthetic/tactile learners
Movement Children learn best through active involvement. Prepositions, for example, are very much a part of physical experiences. As children move over, under, around, through, beside, and near objects (under the monkey bars, through the tunnel, over the balance beam), these words take on greater meaning and significance.
Fauth (1992) tells us we retain: 10 percent of what we read; 20 percent of what we hear; 30 percent of what we see; 50 percent of what we hear and see at the same time; 70 percent of what we hear, see and say; and 90 percent of what we hear, see, say, and DO (acting out, dramatizing, dancing, painting, drawing, constructing).
Low Cost Movement Materials…
Daily exercise is a must for children - to build healthier bodies and stimulate brain development. These intentionally designed movements can help kids gain the important benefits of increased fitness and greater learning power. Clear verbal instructions, and sequential movements are found in this exciting, high energy musical collection and valuable resource.
This set of cards is an innovative combination of yoga postures and language development activities written specifically for preschool to early elementary aged children. ABC Yoga Cards for Kids blend the calming, restorative, and stimulating aspects of yogic movements with targeted developmentally appropriate learning goals.
Row, Row, Row your boat. This is a great yoga exercise to do when kids need to burn off energy. 1. Come to sitting position on the mat with legs extended in front. Sitting on a blanket or solid cushion will help keep the back straight. 2. Raise your arms up parallel to the floor. Inhale and bend back. 3. Exhale and lean forward, bending your knees slightly as you bring chest to knees. Attempt to touch your toes. 4. Inhale and lean back. Repeat this motion in rapid sequence. Row your boat!
Helping children cope with anxiety and stress: Teach children relaxation techniques. Consider suggesting to a child such things as "take three deep breaths"; "count backwards"; "tense and release your muscles"; "play with play dough"; "dance"; "imagine a favorite place to be and visit that place in your mind" (use creative imagery) (O'Neill, 1993). Relax
Ocean Breath pose is a simple but very effective pose for calming down and focusing. This is a great exercise to be done stand alone as a quick transition break.
Calm Your Class in One Minute with a Breathing Sphere One of the most effective tools we have found for teaching relaxed, diaphragmatic breathing. Watching the sphere's three-dimensional action combined with the "belly breathing" calms, centers and relaxes children and adults alike.