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The Nature of Apostasy I Timothy 4:1-5

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1 The Nature of Apostasy I Timothy 4:1-5

2 - Prophecy that Paul received - Relative to the Church Age
“Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils.” – I Timothy 4:1 (KJV) - Prophecy that Paul received - Relative to the Church Age *Dispensational Language The Nature of Apostasy

3 1) Innocence (Creation to Fall) 2) Conscience (Exile to Flood)
7 Dispensations 1) Innocence (Creation to Fall) 2) Conscience (Exile to Flood) 3) Human Government (Post Flood to Tower of Babel) 4) Promise (Abraham to Exodus) 5) Law (Mt. Sinai to Christ, then to end of Great Tribulation) 6) Grace (Age of Church to Rapture) 7) Millennium (Millennial Reign to Eternity) The Nature of Apostasy

4 In the dispensations, there is a purging before transitioning into next dispensation.
- Adam and Eve - The Flood - Tower of Babel - Exodus - Rapture “…in the latter times some shall depart from the faith…” – I Timothy 4:1 (KJV) The Nature of Apostasy

5 Antichrist: Genealogy: - In place of - Daniel 7 - In opposition of
“Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.” – I John 2:18 (KJV) Antichrist: Genealogy: - In place of - Daniel 7 - In opposition of The Nature of Apostasy

6 “They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.” – I John 2:19 (KJV) - “of” = origin, out, from The Nature of Apostasy

7 “I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.” – John 15:5-6 (KJV) The Nature of Apostasy

8 Apostasy: The act of abandoning the faith.
“If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.” - John 15:5-7 Apostasy: The act of abandoning the faith. Apostate: he/she who abandons the faith. Apostasy is an issue of proximity, trust, and truth. The Nature of Apostasy

9 Giotto’s Kiss of Judas - an act appearing to be an act of friendship,
which is in fact harmful to the recipient. The Nature of Apostasy

10 Giotto’s Kiss of Judas - Sense of peace in spite of chaos
- Delivered by a Person who is IN the flock, but not OF the flock. The Nature of Apostasy

11 Life Groups have 2 Objectives
Apostasy warns us that our leaders (Ministers, Life Groups, etc…) must be full of the Word and Spirit: - To counteract false doctrine - To discern the spirit of the dialogue or question. Life Groups have 2 Objectives The Nature of Apostasy

12 “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God.” – I John 4:1-2 (KJV) The Nature of Apostasy

13 2) to recognize as genuine after examination, to approve, deem worthy
“try” (dokimazō) - verb 1) to test, examine, prove, scrutinize (to see whether a thing is genuine or not), as metals 2) to recognize as genuine after examination, to approve, deem worthy - Thayer’s Greek Definitions The Nature of Apostasy

14 How Does Apostasy Occur? “…giving heed to…” (v.1) prosechō
1) to bring to, bring near a) to bring a ship to land, and simply to touch at, put in - Thayer’s Greek Definition The Nature of Apostasy

15 Apostasy is always connected to Application.
“And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.” – I John 4:3 (KJV) Apostasy is always connected to Application. - Application vs. Interpretation - Disguising Application as Doctrine The Nature of Apostasy

16 Question: “What about people leaving the church due to an offense, then attend a Trinitarian church, and accept that doctrine?” - 2 Issues 1) Offense 2) Levels of Apostasy The Nature of Apostasy

17 3 Types of Apostates (David G. Bromley)
“Apostate role: defined as one that occurs in a highly polarized situation in which an organization member undertakes a total change of loyalties by allying with one or more elements of an oppositional coalition without the consent or control of the organization.” The Nature of Apostasy 17

18 3 Types of Apostates (David G. Bromley)
“Defector role: an organizational participant negotiates exit primarily with organizational authorities, who grant permission for role relinquishment, control the exit process, and facilitate role transmission.” The Nature of Apostasy 18

19 3 Types of Apostates (David G. Bromley)
“Whistleblower role: defined here as one in which an organization member forms an alliance with an external regulatory unit through offering personal testimony concerning specific, contested organizational practices that is then used to sanction the organization.” The Nature of Apostasy 19

20 *same as “seducing” (planos) in I Timothy 4:1 1) wandering, roving
“For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.” - II John 1:17 (KJV) *same as “seducing” (planos) in I Timothy 4:1 1) wandering, roving 2) misleading, leading into error a) a vagabond, “tramp”, imposter b) corrupter, deceiver (Thayer’s) The Nature of Apostasy

21 Adultery is connected with an Infatuation.
Relative to Thayer’s definition, adultery is the Old Testament equivalent of apostasy. Symbolizes: - Betrayal - Covenant Breaking Adultery is connected with an Infatuation. The Nature of Apostasy 21

22 - Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible
I Timothy 4:3 “Speaking lies in hypocrisy” - Persons pretending, not only to Divine inspiration, but also to extraordinary degrees of holiness, self-denial, mortification, etc., in order to accredit the lies and false doctrines which they taught.” - Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible The Nature of Apostasy

23 - John Gill’s Exposition
I Timothy 4:3 “…having their conscience seared with a hot iron; which exactly describes the above mentioned persons, whose consciences are cauterized and hardened, and past feeling; and have no regard to what they say or do, make no conscience of anything, but under a cloak of sanctity commit the most shocking impieties.” - John Gill’s Exposition The Nature of Apostasy

24 - Robertson’s Word Picture
I Timothy 4:3 “Branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron…Branded with the mark of Satan.” - Robertson’s Word Picture The Nature of Apostasy

25 “But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.” – I Corinthians 10:20 - Gentiles, as a history 3 (stars) and 2 (sands) The Nature of Apostasy

26 “Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.” – I Timothy 4:3 “Forbidding to marry - That is, “They will depart from the faith through the hypocritical teachings.” – Albert Barnes Notes on the Bible - Exerting Authority The Nature of Apostasy

27 - Albert Barnes Notes on the Bible
“The tenth article of the decree of the Council of Trent ( ), in relation to marriage, will show the general view of the papacy on that subject. “Whosoever shall say that the married state is to be preferred to a state of virginity, or celibacy, and that it is not better and more blessed to remain in virginity, or celibacy, than to be joined in marriage; let him be accursed!” - Albert Barnes Notes on the Bible The Nature of Apostasy

28 “I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, It is good for them if they abide even as I.
But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn. And unto the married I command, yet not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband.” – I Corinthians 7:8-10 The Nature of Apostasy

29 “Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats (food), which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. For every creature (formation, product – Mark 16:15) of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving.” – I Timothy 4:3-4 The Nature of Apostasy

30 b) Allusions to Cornelius/Gentiles (Acts 10)
I Timothy 4:3-4 a) Genesis 1:29, 9:3 b) Allusions to Cornelius/Gentiles (Acts 10) - Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15) The Nature of Apostasy

31 “For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.” – I Timothy 4:5
“Not declared holy, but made holy. The declaration confirms the last clause of –1Tim.4:4. Thanksgiving to God has a sanctifying effect. The food in itself has no moral quality (Rom. 14:14), but acquires a holy quality by its consecration to God.” - Vincent’s Word Studies The Nature of Apostasy

32 - 2nd Letter in Hebrew Language - “House” (Celebration AND Life Group)
“BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word. With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments. Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.” – Psalms 119:9-11 BETH: - 2nd Letter in Hebrew Language - “House” (Celebration AND Life Group) The Nature of Apostasy

33 Every Church Contains Three Experiential Elements:
- Spirit Led - Missional - Biblically Exegetical The Nature of Apostasy

34 Hierarchal Ecclesiastic Paradigm
1) Primary focus dictates complete experience. 2) Other areas neglected usually due to lack of time or resources. 3) Shifting focuses is an impossibility. 1 Spirit Led 2 Missional 3 Biblically Exegetical The Nature of Apostasy

35 Biblical Ecclesiastic Paradigm
1) Relational 2) Equal importance given to all elements. 3) Follows Acts 2 Model Spirit Led Biblically Exegetical Missional The Nature of Apostasy

36 Primary: Acts 2:38 (Doctrine) Secondary: - Spoke in Tongues (2:1-4)
Acts 2 Model Primary: Acts 2:38 (Doctrine) Secondary: - Spoke in Tongues (2:1-4) - Celebration and Life Groups (2:44-46) Peripheral: - Vision Casting (1:4-8) - Organization (1:15-26) The Nature of Apostasy 36

37 Background of Paul’s Sermon - Jerusalem
a) Religious and Cultural Center b) 16 ethnic segments c) “Strangers” and “Proselytes” = all encompassing d) “dwelling” = denotes wealth and power - Pentecost (50 days after Passover) a) All levels of faith, doctrine, and practice. The Nature of Apostasy 37

38 Paul’s Sermon (Acts 2:14-36)
“Both Lord and Christ - Not only the Messiah, but the supreme Governor of all things and all persons, Jews and Gentiles, angels and men. In the preceding discourse, Peter assumes a fact which none would attempt to deny, viz. that Jesus had been lately crucified by them. He then proves…” – Adam Clark’s Commentary The Nature of Apostasy 38

39 “1. Proves his resurrection. 2. His ascension.
3. His exaltation to the right hand of God. 4. The effusion of the Holy Spirit, which was the fruit of his glorification, and which had not only been promised by himself, but foretold by their own prophets: in consequence of which,” - Adam Clarke’s Commentary The Nature of Apostasy 39

40 “5. It was indisputably proved that this same Jesus, whom they had crucified, was the promised Messiah; and if so, 6. The Governor of the universe, from whose power and justice they had every thing to dread, as they refused to receive his proffered mercy and kindness.” – Adam Clarke’s Commentary The Nature of Apostasy 40

41 The Collision of Faith (Truth)
Salvation Baptism in Jesus Name The Nature of Apostasy 41


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