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Lettuce Teach You What Are Phytochemicals? Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Honeydew You Know the Answer? Eat More Phytos!

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Presentation on theme: "Lettuce Teach You What Are Phytochemicals? Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Honeydew You Know the Answer? Eat More Phytos!"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lettuce Teach You What Are Phytochemicals? Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Honeydew You Know the Answer? Eat More Phytos!

3 What Are Phytochemicals?

4 Say What? Phytochemicals f ī ' tō - kĕm´ĭ – k Ə ls Syllabication: phytochemicals fitoechemicals

5 What Are Phytochemicals? Substances found in plant foods that contain protective compounds that may help prevent diseases Phyto comes from the Greek word meaning plant Phytochemicals are plant chemicals

6 What Are Phytochemicals? More than 900 have been identified Many more are being discovered More than 100 in one serving of vegetables

7 How Do They Work? Phytochemicals are not… –like vitamins or minerals, so there is no RDA for them –calories, so they dont provide energy They have subtle, drug-like effects that can influence your bodys chemistry

8 What Can They Do? Some may help inhibit the growth of certain cancers Others may prevent plaque buildup in artery walls Some act as antioxidants

9 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits

10 Allyl (A-Lill) sulfides – –Alliums: Garlic, onions, leeks, chives and scallions May help prevent: –Certain cancers –High blood pressure –Blood clotting

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12 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Capsaicin (Cap-sa-sin) – –Hot peppers Benefits: –Digestive aid –Potential cancer-fighting compound –Topical pain killer

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14 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Carotenoids (Car-ot-en-oyds): alpha, beta, gamma, delta –Orange and dark green leafy vegetables: Carrots Sweet potatoes Winter squash, pumpkin Spinach, romaine (orange color is masked by chlorophyll) –Orange fruits: Apricots Mango Cantaloupe Benefits: –May help prevent cancer –Potent antioxidants –Provitamin A activity

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16 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Lycopene (Like-o-peen) – –Tomatoes and watermelon May help prevent: –Prostate cancer –Heart disease (blood clotting)

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18 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Lutein (Loo-teen) – –Leafy green vegetables: spinach, kale, turnip greens, romaine, collard greens May help prevent: –Macular degeneration –Cancer –Heart disease

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20 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Ellagic (Ee-laj-ick) acid –Grapes, strawberries, cranberries, blackberries, raspberries, nuts May help prevent: –Cancer

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22 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Isoflavones (Ice-o-flave-ones) – –Soybeans, soy protein May help prevent: –High cholesterol, heart disease –Cancer

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24 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Quercetin (Kwer-si-tin) – –Onions, kale, broccoli, red grapes, cherries, apples, cereals, tea, red wine May help prevent: –Cancer –Heart disease –Allergies – works like antihistamine

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26 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Resveratrol (Res-vare-e-trol) – –Red grapes and juice, red wine, peanuts May help prevent: –Heart disease (blood clotting) –Cancer

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28 Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Sulforaphane (Sul-for-a-fane) – –Broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables May help prevent: –Cancer

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30 Honeydew You Know the Answer?

31 1. Fruits and _________ are rich in phytochemicals.

32 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 1. Fruits and _________ are rich in phytochemicals. Answer: Vegetables

33 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 2. What is a fancy name for a plant chemical?

34 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 2. What is a fancy name for a plant chemical? Answer: Phytochemical

35 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 3. This popular green vegetable is said to resemble trees by its shape. It contains sulforaphane, a chemical that may help prevent cancer.

36 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 3. This popular green vegetable is said to resemble trees by its shape. It contains sulforaphane, a chemical that may help prevent cancer. Answer: Broccoli

37 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 4. These vegetables are really fruits. They are used to make ketchup and contain lycopene, a photochemical that may help prevent prostate cancer.

38 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 4. These vegetables are really fruits. They are used to make ketchup and contain lycopene, a photochemical that may help prevent prostate cancer. Answer: Tomatoes

39 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 5. This berry is named for its color and contains a significant amount of antioxidants.

40 Honeydew You Know the Answer? 5. This berry is named for its color and contains a significant amount of antioxidants. Answer: Blueberries

41 Get More Phytos in Your Diet

42 Did You Know? The WHO study group on diet, nutrition and prevention of communicable diseases recommends that we consume at least 400 grams (14 ounces) of fruits and vegetables daily The 5-A-Day program recommends 5 to 9 servings each day

43 Eat More Phytos! 1.Plan your meals around plant- based foods.

44 Eat More Phytos! 2.Use beans and soy for your protein often.

45 Eat More Phytos! 3.Eat 2-3 vegetables at both lunch and dinner. Choose vegetables with a lot of color.

46 Eat More Phytos! 4.Choose fruits for snacks rather than pretzels and other refined snack foods.

47 Eat More Phytos! 5.Season your food with garlic, onion, tomatoes, peppers and a small amount of nuts. Use flax, sesame, sunflower and pumpkin seeds for flavor or for snacks.

48 Eat More Phytos! 6.Experiment with a variety of whole grains: amaranth, quinoa, brown rice, etc.

49 Orange You Glad You Learned? What Are Phytochemicals? Some Phytochemicals and Their Benefits Honeydew You Know the Answer? Eat More Phytos!

50 To fail is not an option. – Paul Schaye, finisher, Paris- Brest-Paris bike ride: 783 miles


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