Presentation on theme: "Notable Arkansas People"— Presentation transcript:
1Notable Arkansas People Connected to the Civil WarIn Arkansas
2The Civil War in Arkansas The controversies over the rights of states and the issue of slavery erupted into the Civil War in 1861Abraham Lincoln was elected president in late 1860He favored keeping the Union together at all costsHe was against slaveryThings were in a big mess!!!!!
3What people were important or notable in Civil War Arkansas? The focus will be on seven men who impacted Arkansas history during the Civil WarIdentify which ones were pro-ConfederacyIdentify which ones were pro-UnionWhy was each man important or notable when referring to the Civil War in Arkansas?
4How did James Blunt affect Arkansas during the Civil War? James Blunt was born in MaineHis first job was as a sailorHe next became the captain of a shipLater Blunt became a doctorHe moved to Kansas and was involved in the anti-slavery movement
5James Blunt Blunt was given the rank of general during the Civil War -his troops were also composed of Cherokee, Creek and Seminole native AmericansHe participated in the following battles in Arkansas: Cane Hill, Prairie Grove, Devil’s Backbone, Boston Mountains and Van Buren.-at the Battle of Prairie Grove, Blunt’s troops arrived just in time to save the day for his sideBlunt was very much against slavery and served on the Union side during the Civil War.
6James Blunt So, on which side was Blunt? Confederate or Union? After the war James Blunt returned to Kansas, practiced medicine and became an attorney. He was a very busy man!Did you know which side he was on? You can’t say in the middle!!!!Did you guess Union?
7David O. DoddDavid Owen Dodd was born in Texas but later moved to Arkansas with his familyHe has been called the “boy martyr”*of the Confederacy because he was executed as a spy when he was seventeen.*A martyr is someone who dies for their beliefs
8David O. DoddDavid was arrested as a Confederate spy when he was discovered carrying military information about Union troops (it was written in Morse Code!)He was tried and found guilty of spying for the ConfederacyDodd was hung at Little Rock, January, 1864He is buried in Mt. Holly Cemetery located in Little RockDavid O. Dodd’s hanging was botched. According to accounts it took around 5 minutes for him to die. Friend of Dodd made sure that he was given a quiet funeral and he was buried in a borrowed grave.
9This elementary school was named for David O. Dodd The school is supposedly on the site where David was arrested. The red oval is the exact spot!
10Harris FlanaginHarris Flanagin was elected the 7th governor of Arkansas amid the Civil WarAfter Little Rock was taken by Union troops he moved the Confederate Arkansas capital to the town of Washington in Hempstead CountyHe is the only governor to govern in exile! (or was it the “X” file???)
11FlanaginBefore the Civil War, Flanagin was a teacher and then an attorneyHe was elected to the Arkansas Secession Convention in 1861He called himself a “reluctant secessionist”Flanagin participated in the following battles in Arkansas: Wilson’s Creek and Pea RidgeOn what side was Flanagin? Confederate or Union? (how can you tell????)
12Thomas HindmanLawyer, soldier and U.S. Congressman-- Thomas Hindman was all three things before the Civil WarHindman supported slavery and state’s rights
13Thomas HindmanHe became the military commander of the area west of the Mississippi RiverAt the Battle of Prairie Grove, Hindman was the leader of Confederate troops
14Thomas HindmanThe Battle of Prairie Grove was officially a draw or tie between the Confederates and the Union troops but the Union troops took control of the area as a resultGeneral Hindman was killed in Helena in by an unknown assailant. The murder was never solved (talk about a COLD case!)
15Isaac Murphy Isaac Murphy was the Eighth governor of Arkansas He was elected during the Civil War after the Union troops took over the capital city of Little RockHe had been a teacher and a lawyer
16Isaac Murphy Why was Murphy elected governor at this time? He was against slaveryHe was the only delegate to the Arkansas Convention that voted against secession! (now that takes some nerve!He had political experience
17MurphyAs governor, Murphy was generous in his treatment of former ConfederatesHe was a great advocate or supporter of education while governor (don’t you appreciate him??!!!)
18Albert PikeAlbert Pike may have had a lot of hair, but he also had a large brain!Pike was a teacher, poet, writer, newspaper editor, politician, lawyer, soldier, soldier, Indian Commissioner and a Mason! (that was a mouthful!)Freemasons is an international fraternal and charitable organization with secret rites and signs
19Albert PikeSince he had experience working with the Native Americans and knew many of their dialects, Pike was appointed Confederate general in the Indian TerritoryAlbert Pike was pro-slavery and state’s rightsPike led the Native Americans he recruited at the Battle of Pea Ridge. Controversy surrounded some methods used by his troops.He resigned his commission and became a private citizen for the remainder of the warIt is said some of the Union soldiers were scalped!
20Pike Pike became very important in the Freemasons He is the only Confederate general with a statue in Washington, D.C.It was erected in his honor by the FreemasonsFreemasons is an international fraternal and charitable organization with secret rites and signs
22Earl Van DornAn Indian fighter and Mexican war veteran is the description of professional soldier, Earl Van Dorn!When the Civil War began, he joined the Confederate armyHe was given the rank of general
23Van DornVan Dorn was in charge of the Confederate troops at the Battle of Pea RidgeConfederates lost this battleAfter the battle he was transferred to Mississippi. He took the majority of his troops with him. This left the state of Arkansas virtually defenseless! (Arkansans were NOT happy)
24Van DornVan Dorn was killedBy a jealous husbandIn May, 1863????
25Review! Match the description with the picture! I was governor of Arkansas during the Civil War. In fact I am the only Arkansas governor that led the state in exile!Albert PikeHarris Flanagin is correctHarris Flanagin
26Review- Match the person with the description A professional soldier, I led Confederate troops at the Battle of Pea Ridge. My side lost!Albert PikeThe correct answer is Earl Van DornEarl Van Dorn
27ReviewI was governor of Arkansas during the Civil War. I did not believe in slavery and I voted against secession from the United StatesIsaac MurphyIsaac Murphy is the answerHarris FlanaginB
28Review I was a supporter of slavery and state’s rights. Before the Civil War I served in the U.S. CongressI led the Confederate troops at the Battleof Prairie GroveThomas HindmanA is the correct answer; Thomas HindmanJames Blunt
29ReviewI was 17 when I was executed for being a Confederate spy. My burial location is Mt. Holly Cemetery in Little RockAlbert PikeDavid O. Dodd is correctDavid O. Dodd
30ReviewI was a ship’s captain, a doctor, lawyer and very much against slavery. My troops won battles in Arkansas. We were heroes at the Battle of Prairie Grove!Isaac MurphyJames Blunt is the answerJames Blunt
31And one more to review!I recruited and led Native American troops for the ConfederacyMy troops fought at the Battle of Prairie GroveThere is a statue of me Washington, D.C.Albert PikeAlbert Pike is the answersThomas Hindman
32And more!This ends the Civil War figures associated with the Arkansas frameworks.Continue to see two other notable people of the Civil War in Arkansas!
33Stand Watie ( )A controversial leader of the Cherokee Nation, Watie was commissioned as a colonel in the Confederate army in Watie was responsible for signing the document that led to the Trail of Tears for his people.Waite’s family was one of the wealthier Cherokee families His family owned slaves and consequently supported the Confederacy.
34Stand WatieWatie took part in the Battle of Pea Ridge with Major General Earl Van Dorn. In fact, his troops allowed the Confederates to withdraw after loosing the battle!An interesting note is that Stand Watie was the only Native American to rise to the rank of brigadier general in the Civil War. He was also the last Confederate general in the field to surrender.
35Susan Cook ( )Susan Cook was the daughter of a plantation owner in Phillips County, Arkansas. She was nineteen when the war began.Susan kept a dairy during the Civil War. It tells us what she and people of Arkansas and the Confederacy were thinking during the Civil War.No image is available of Susan Cook
36Why is her diary important? Her diary is a primary sourcePrimary sources or documents give firsthand information or one could say from the “horses mouth”!At first Miss Cook was optimistic about the Confederacy winning the war but as the war progressed she saw that the Confederacy could not win.
37These were notable people of the Civil War in Arkansas!!! That’s it!