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The Roaring Twenties. Focus: How does communism differ from American capitalism and democracy.

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Presentation on theme: "The Roaring Twenties. Focus: How does communism differ from American capitalism and democracy."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Roaring Twenties

2 Focus: How does communism differ from American capitalism and democracy

3 I. Red Scare and Nativism 1. Russian Revolution A. Bolsheviks take over Russia a. Change its name the Soviet Union b. Communism - a system with one party and govt ownership of everything.

4 2. Red Scare A. Some in U.S. were joining Communist groups. B. People were afraid Communism would spread.

5 3. Raids A. Mitchell Palmer (Congressman) a. led communist raids b. tried to find people who were a threat to America

6 4. Sacco and Vanzetti A. Two Italian radicals who avoided the draft. B. Accused of murder a. did not get a fair trial b. sentenced to death (Aug 23, 1927)

7 5. KKK (Ku Klux Klan) A million members B. Harassment of people unlike themselves

8 II. Management - Labor Conflicts 1. Strikes A. Following WWI there many strikes in an attempt to raise wages that had been adjusted for post war inflation a. Inflation – the rise in the general level of prices of goods and services.

9 2. Boston Police Strike A. Boston police went on strike because working conditions were poor and wages were low

10 3. Steel Mill Strike a. An attempt by steel workers to strike because many of their jobs had been lost to technological advancements.

11 Discussion Questions 1. How were Sacco and Vanzetti victims of Nativism? 2. How would better technology lead to strikes?

12 Focus: How have consumer products changed compared to 20 years ago

13 III. Christian Fundamentalism 1. Fundamentalism - movement based on literal interpretation of the bible 2. Creationism – The belief that the creation of the earth is scientifically described in the Bible.

14 3. Scopes Trial A. In 1925 in Tennessee it is a crime to teach evolution B. John Scopes - biology teacher C. Clarence Darrow - his lawyer D. Scopes loses and is fined $100 by the jury




18 IV. Changing Lifestyles 1. Urban Sprawl - cities spread in all directions A. Changes: a. Garages b. Gas stations c. Traffic lights. B. Route 66


20 2. Electricity a. Most households (except farms) had it. b. New items: irons, refrigerators, ranges, etc.

21 3. Buying on Credit A. Installment Plan - buy over an extended period of time. Low interest. B. Many thought economic prosperity would last forever!!!

22 4. Lifestyles A. Millions Moving to cities a. Fast pace b. Movies, museums, plays, sporting events

23 B. Birth rate drops C. Better consumer products a. Sliced bread b. canned foods D. More kids go to school instead of work a. By million students enrolled in High School

24 5. Heroes and other Important Figures A. Sports become wildly popular a. Babe Ruth - N.Y. Yankees Slugger b. Satchel Paige, Jackie Robinson c. Negro Leagues - Founded in 1920


26 B. Famous Firsts a. Gertrude Ederle First woman to swim the English Channel b. Charles Lindbergh - first not stop solo flight across the Atlantic


28 C. Celebrities a. Charlie Chaplin - movie star b. Mickey Mouse c. George Gershwin – musician d. F. Scott Fitzgerald - novelist (Great Gatsby) e. Ernest Hemingway D. Tabloids, Magazines and Radio become popular


30 Discussion Questions 1. Why would the Scopes Trial be known as the Trial of the Century. 2. What evidence shows that people were better off in the 20s than before WWI?

31 Focus: What is corruption?

32 V. Republican Presidency – A Return to Normalcy A. Warren G. Harding becomes president a. Calvin Coolidge becomes V.P. b. Goal is to return to normal after the war.

33 B. America was tired of war and eight years of Democrat Wilson a. The nation welcomed the non- controversial Harding who was a small time self-made businessman

34 C. Harding is the classic Republican a. Tax Cuts b. Help for big business c. America-first foreign policy d. Rejection of the League of Nations e. Stiff tariffs to protect American industry

35 D. Kellogg-Briand Pact a. 64 Nations signed it b. Renounced war as an instrument of national policy c. U.S. becomes isolationists i. opposition to political or social entanglements

36 E. Dawes Plan a. to avoid another war, U.S. banks loan Germany 2.5 billion dollars to pay their debts. b. Germany then pays the U.S.


38 F. Quota System a. There was a maximum number of immigrants allowed to come to the U.S. (exceptions for the W. Hemisphere) b. No Japanese allowed at all


40 G. Ohio Gang a. Cabinet members that were Hardings friends H. Scandals a. Scandals rocked Harding's administration b. Millions were taken from the Veterans Admin. Hospitals c. Hardings Attorney Gen. was implicated for fraud

41 I. Teapot Dome a. Most famous scandal involved Teapot Dome b. Two oil reserves i. Elk Hills, CA ii. Teapot Dome, WY

42 c. The areas were marked for future use of the US Navy d. Sec. of Interior got a hold of the lands i. Sold off drilling leases to private developers ii. Received thousands in bribes


44 J. Presidential Tragedy a. As the Teapot Dome Scandal was being investigated, Pres. Harding suffered a fatal heart attack. b. Sec. of Interior was convicted of bribery

45 2. New President A. Coolidge was untainted by the scandals and took Hardings place and easily won reelection in a. Known as Silent Cal because of his hands-off approach to the office

46 3. Herbert Hoover A. A vote for Smith is a vote for the Pope, proclaimed banners in 1928 B. Smith also favored the repeal of Prohibition C. Hoovers slogan was Rum, Romanism and Ruin. D. Hoover announced an abolition of poverty

47 Discussion Questions 1. What evidence shows that Americans had become isolationists? 2. What scandals plagued the Harding Presidency?

48 Focus: How is the United States culturally diverse?

49 VI. The Jazz Age 1. Great Migration - African Americans move from South to North a. Tensions escalate in the North A. NAACP a. Led by W.E.B. Du Bois b. Worked on anti-lynching legislation

50 B. Marcus Garvey (Jamaican) a. Universal Negro Improvement Association b. Believed African-Americans should form separate society (move to Africa) c. Arrested for mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica

51 2. Harlem - Capital of Black America A. Harlem Renaissance - literary and artistic movement. a. Langston Hughes – poet from Missouri b. Countee Cullen - poet c. Claude McKay - poet d. Zora Neale Hurston -folklorist





56 B. Musicians of the Jazz Age a. Louis Armstrong b. Duke Ellington c. Bessie Smith

57 VII. Prohibition th Amendment A. Prohibition - prohibits manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. a. Rural south and west support b. Alcohol is a part of immigrant culture c. Speakeasies - underground saloons and nightclubs d. Bootleggers - liquor smugglers


59 2. Organized Crime A. People had to turn to gangsters to get access to alcohol. B. Al Capone – bootlegger a. netted over $60 million a year. b. Killed off competition

60 VIII. Status of Women 1. More women in the work force A million women working a. Earned less than men, rarely promoted to management. B. Wanted equal status as men.

61 2. Flappers - young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day. a. Hats b. Waist-less short dresses c. beads and bracelets d. Bob haircuts e. Smoking, drinking, dancing.


63 Discussion Questions What factors led to the rise of organized crime? What factors led to the rise of organized crime? How did the role of women change during the 20s? How did the role of women change during the 20s? The End!

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