2Focus: How does communism differ from American capitalism and democracy
3I. Red Scare and Nativism Russian RevolutionA. Bolsheviks take over RussiaChange its name the Soviet UnionCommunism - a system with one party and gov’t ownership of everything.
42. Red ScareSome in U.S. were joining Communist groups.People were afraid Communism would spread.
5RaidsMitchell Palmer (Congressman)led communist raidstried to find people who were a threat to America
6Sacco and VanzettiTwo Italian radicals who avoided the draft.Accused of murderdid not get a fair trialsentenced to death (Aug 23, 1927)
7KKK (Ku Klux Klan)million membersHarassment of people unlike themselves
8II. Management - Labor Conflicts StrikesFollowing WWI there many strikes in an attempt to raise wages that had been adjusted for post war inflationa. Inflation – the rise in the general level of prices of goods and services.
9Boston Police StrikeBoston police went on strike because working conditions were poor and wages were low
10Steel Mill StrikeAn attempt by steel workers to strike because many of their jobs had been lost to technological advancements.
11Discussion Questions How were Sacco and Vanzetti victims of Nativism? How would better technology lead to strikes?
12Focus: How have consumer products changed compared to 20 years ago
13III. Christian Fundamentalism Fundamentalism - movement based on literal interpretation of the bibleCreationism – The belief that the creation of the earth is scientifically described in the Bible.
14Scopes TrialIn 1925 in Tennessee it is a crime to teach evolutionJohn Scopes - biology teacherClarence Darrow - his lawyerScopes loses and is fined $100 by the jury
32V. Republican Presidency 1920 – “A Return to Normalcy”Warren G. Harding becomes presidentCalvin Coolidge becomes V.P.Goal is to return to normal after the war.
33B. America was tired of war and eight years of Democrat Wilson The nation welcomed the non-controversial Harding who was a small time self-made businessman
34America-first foreign policy Rejection of the League of Nations Harding is the classic RepublicanTax CutsHelp for big businessAmerica-first foreign policyRejection of the League of NationsStiff tariffs to protect American industry
35Kellogg-Briand Pact64 Nations signed itRenounced war as an instrument of national policyU.S. becomes isolationistsopposition to political or social entanglements
36Dawes Planto avoid another war, U.S. banks loan Germany 2.5 billion dollars to pay their debts.Germany then pays the U.S.
40Ohio GangCabinet members that were Harding’s friendsScandalsScandals rocked Harding's administrationMillions were taken from the Veterans Admin. HospitalsHarding’s Attorney Gen. was implicated for fraud
41Teapot DomeMost famous scandal involved Teapot DomeTwo oil reservesElk Hills, CATeapot Dome, WY
42The areas were marked for future use of the US Navy Sec. of Interior got a hold of the landsSold off drilling leases to private developersReceived thousands in bribes
44Presidential TragedyAs the Teapot Dome Scandal was being investigated, Pres. Harding suffered a fatal heart attack.Sec. of Interior was convicted of bribery
45New PresidentCoolidge was untainted by the scandals and took Harding’s place and easily won reelection in 1924.Known as “Silent Cal” because of his hands-off approach to the office
463. Herbert Hoover“A vote for Smith is a vote for the Pope,” proclaimed banners in 1928Smith also favored the repeal of ProhibitionHoovers slogan was “Rum, Romanism and Ruin.”Hoover announced an abolition of poverty
47Discussion QuestionsWhat evidence shows that Americans had become isolationists?What scandals plagued the Harding Presidency?
48Focus: How is the United States culturally diverse?
49VI. The Jazz AgeGreat Migration - African Americans move from South to NorthTensions escalate in the NorthNAACPLed by W.E.B. Du BoisWorked on anti-lynching legislation
50Marcus Garvey (Jamaican) Universal Negro Improvement AssociationBelieved African-Americans should form separate society (move to Africa)Arrested for mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica
51Harlem - “Capital of Black America” Harlem Renaissance - literary and artistic movement.Langston Hughes – poet from MissouriCountee Cullen - poetClaude McKay - poetZora Neale Hurston -folklorist
56Musicians of the Jazz Age Louis ArmstrongDuke EllingtonBessie Smith
57VII. Prohibition 18th Amendment Prohibition - prohibits manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.Rural south and west supportAlcohol is a part of immigrant cultureSpeakeasies - underground saloons and nightclubsBootleggers - liquor smugglers