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Mardine Akershoek, Polgári Anita, Szóbel Évi, Danielle Quist.

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Presentation on theme: "Mardine Akershoek, Polgári Anita, Szóbel Évi, Danielle Quist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mardine Akershoek, Polgári Anita, Szóbel Évi, Danielle Quist

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3 The resistance and the after fights The 2 months after resistance is The 2 months after resistance is a fight, against the putting back of the a fight, against the putting back of the former system

4 Demonstrations, strikes, leaflets Demonstrations, strikes, leaflets Goverment: imprisonment, arresting, marchs Goverment: imprisonment, arresting, marchs

5 Liquidations of parties, and the multi-party system

6 Kádár’s declaration  free elections Kádár’s declaration  free elections multi-party system (15th of November, in the newspaper of MSZMP) multi-party system (15th of November, in the newspaper of MSZMP) However the parties existence is closed in the middle of December However the parties existence is closed in the middle of December Kádár didn’t allow the the existence of a multi-party system Kádár didn’t allow the the existence of a multi-party system

7 Emigrating Huge emigrating-wave after 4th of November Huge emigrating-wave after 4th of November Fear of the retaliations Feel of hopeless Fear of the retaliations Feel of hopeless Hungarian Revolution Council in Strasbourg by the emigrated politicians Hungarian Revolution Council in Strasbourg by the emigrated politicians Chair: Anna Kéthly Chair: Anna Kéthly

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10 The period of Kádár Lots of retribution Lots of retribution Break up Revolutionary comittees on the 5th of December Break up Revolutionary comittees on the 5th of December Break up Hungarian Intellectual Revolution Council Break up Hungarian Intellectual Revolution Council Break up Writers Association Break up Writers Association Hungarian Journalists Society Hungarian Journalists Society 200 people were arrested at the Hall of the Workers Council 200 people were arrested at the Hall of the Workers Council

11 Fusillades were in Salgótarján on the 8th of December, in Miskolc on the 10th of December, in Eger on the 11th of December Fusillades were in Salgótarján on the 8th of December, in Miskolc on the 10th of December, in Eger on the 11th of December The sedentary of the Soviet Army The sedentary of the Soviet Army People who proved to be a danger to the government (young workers, students who had taken guns) were dead People who proved to be a danger to the government (young workers, students who had taken guns) were dead Many people were relocated or judged to imprisonment Many people were relocated or judged to imprisonment Te leaders of the revolution were judged to imprdisonment or exicution Te leaders of the revolution were judged to imprdisonment or exicution

12 Imre Nagy and his companion’s lawsuit It was the biggest lawsuit It was the biggest lawsuit They were kidnapped on the 22th of November in 1956 They were kidnapped on the 22th of November in 1956 They were taken to Romania They were taken to Romania They were brought back on the April of 1957 They were brought back on the April of 1957

13 Nobody had been exicuted among the people of the preview system Nobody had been exicuted among the people of the preview system In 1962 Kádár reckoned with people who supported with Rákosi In 1962 Kádár reckoned with people who supported with Rákosi Gerő, Rákosi and other 12 people had been excluded from the party Gerő, Rákosi and other 12 people had been excluded from the party

14 The political system which had been before 1956 was restored till 1958 The political system which had been before 1956 was restored till 1958 Hruscsov had trusted in Kádár Hruscsov had trusted in Kádár Hungary is a model country to Hruscsov because the political order could be restored in a few years after the revolution Hungary is a model country to Hruscsov because the political order could be restored in a few years after the revolution

15 The amnesty In April in 1959  partial amnesty orders In April in 1959  partial amnesty orders Prisoners was left to go, who had less then 2 years long imprisonment Prisoners was left to go, who had less then 2 years long imprisonment Then another prisoners was left to go  they had less then 6 years imprisonment Then another prisoners was left to go  they had less then 6 years imprisonment Some tarticipant of the Nagy Imre-lawsuit was left to go by personal mercy Some tarticipant of the Nagy Imre-lawsuit was left to go by personal mercy

16 Farkas Mihály, Péter Gábor (they were arrested because the committed illegals in the Rákosi-period) were also left to go Farkas Mihály, Péter Gábor (they were arrested because the committed illegals in the Rákosi-period) were also left to go In the March of 1963 Kádár announced the general amnesty In the March of 1963 Kádár announced the general amnesty But it wasn’t really complete But it wasn’t really complete

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18 Hungarian refugees in Holland

19 Hungarian refugees fled their country Hungarian refugees fled their country Escape through the borderlines to Austria Escape through the borderlines to Austria 3000 refugees in The Netherlands 3000 refugees in The Netherlands Julianahal in Utrecht Julianahal in Utrecht

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21 Learn the Dutch language Learn the Dutch language Job Job House House School School Payment by the government Payment by the government Dzsinginsz Gabor became mayor of Haaksbergen Dzsinginsz Gabor became mayor of Haaksbergen Sweden made a special high school for the refugees Sweden made a special high school for the refugees

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24 Try to re-establish their bonds with Hungary Try to re-establish their bonds with Hungary Work in Hungary Work in Hungary Live in Hungary again Live in Hungary again

25 The Dutch press and the Revolution

26 Het Volksdagblad Het Volksdagblad De Waarheid (The Truth) De Waarheid (The Truth)

27 Paul de Groot Paul de Groot

28 Communist Party of The Netherlands (CPN) Communist Party of The Netherlands (CPN) Other newspapers spoke disgracefully of the Communist System Other newspapers spoke disgracefully of the Communist System

29 Films about the Revolution

30 There are two films about the revolution in the Hungarian cinemas There are two films about the revolution in the Hungarian cinemas Mansfeld Mansfeld Szabadsag szerelem Szabadsag szerelem

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32 The story of Péter Mansfeld The story of Péter Mansfeld

33 One of the greatest heroes of Hungary One of the greatest heroes of Hungary Leader of an idealistic young batch in Budapest Leader of an idealistic young batch in Budapest Péter (18 years old) was sentenced to death by the Communist government Péter (18 years old) was sentenced to death by the Communist government

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35 Szabadsag szerelem means Freedom and Love Szabadsag szerelem means Freedom and Love The true story of the bloody water polo match between Hungary and the Soviet Union The true story of the bloody water polo match between Hungary and the Soviet Union

36 Karcsi is the water polo star of the Karcsi is the water polo star of the Hungarian team The team is training for the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne The team is training for the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne

37 Viki Falks is the spokesman of the studentsdemonstration Viki Falks is the spokesman of the studentsdemonstration Karcsi becomes intrigued by Viki and followed her Karcsi becomes intrigued by Viki and followed her

38 He comes in the middle of the Revolution He comes in the middle of the Revolution The peaceful demonstration turns into a bloody combat The peaceful demonstration turns into a bloody combat

39 Karcsi joins the fight for freedom Karcsi joins the fight for freedom Eleven days after the start of the revolution the Russians give into the demand of the students Eleven days after the start of the revolution the Russians give into the demand of the students But the Russians return to put down the Hungarian revolution and establish their iron-fisted rule over Hungary But the Russians return to put down the Hungarian revolution and establish their iron-fisted rule over Hungary

40 Karcsi and his team-mates fight for the gold at the 1956’s Olympics Karcsi and his team-mates fight for the gold at the 1956’s Olympics

41 „to show the world that while the battle in the streets at home may be lost…” „The spirit of Hungary will never be defeated…”

42 The End… Thanks for your attention!


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