3 Pre-Game Positions U1 observes home team U2 observes visiting team Count number of players, check for jewelry, braces, t-shirts, dunking, etc.R goes to table at 12:00R will…Identify official bookCheck for legal #s, count players in book, more is OK, less is notSign booksSpeak with clock/arrow operatorArrow not switched until thrown in and touchedAlways 2 horns on TOs, 15/30, 45/60, and disqualified/injured player subs 15/20Subs on “X”, hold for 2/3 shot foulsFor correctable error/mistakes hold horn until the first dead ballChop of the hand starts the clockAlert at 7th and 10th team foulsAt halftime switch arrow and get jackets, alert officials at 3 minute markCheck BallAt 3:00 U1 & U2 will - Get Captains and CoachesR will read recite/adlib the Sportsmanship Rule, ask coaches re: uniformsR, Ui, U2 go opposite tableside for anthem/intros, U1 takes jackets and gets ball for RU1/U2 report to the block, R takes ball to division line opposite table, at horn assume positions for jump ball
4 Jump BallU1 chops clock with left arm, watches jumpers, calls back poor tossU2 watches eight non-jumpersJumpers must have both feet in each ½ center circlePrior to toss, non jumpers shall not move onto center circle/change position around center circleNeither jumper shall: touch the ball before reaching highest point; leave the circle prior to being touched; catch the jump ball; touch it more than twiceThese restrictions end when the touched ball contact one of the 8 non jumpers,; the floor; a basket or backboardR checks arrow for proper settingU1 & U2 mindful of quick 3-pt attempt and over/back
5 Jump BallBall goes rightBall goes leftR always goes into T position
6 Primary Coverage Areas Both C and T should close down on shots.A. The Trail official has primary responsibility for the area above the free-throw line extended to the far lane line extended and outside the three-point arc to the end line.B. The Center official has primary responsibility for the area from the near lane line extended to the near sideline and the near half of the key area.C. The Lead official has primary responsibility for the near half of the key area and a diagonal from the free-throw line to the intersection of the arc and the end line.D. Dual area for the Trail and Lead exists inside the near arc.E. Both C and T should close down on shots.
7 Line Coverage Lead has entire end line C has closest sideline T has closest sideline, division line, and far end lineCall only your line
9 Coverage on Transition A. Trail becomes new Lead.B. Center remains Center.C. Lead becomes new Trail.
10 Shot & Rebound Coverage Lead should not be positioned within lane linesBoth C and T should close down on shotsC is primarily responsible for weak side reboundingIf shooter is in your area, you must referee the defense and bring the shooter to back to the floor.
12 Three-Point Shot Coverage If both C and T indicate the 3-pt attempt, T should referee the defense on the shooter and stay with the shot; C should release and cover reboundingC/T should mirror the other official’s “good” signalL does not have 3-pt attempt responsibilities in a front court offense, but may need to offer assistance on fast break.
13 Rotation SequenceA. Ball location keys the rotation.B. When the ball penetrates the free-throw lane line extended nearest to the Center, the Lead should close down and may move laterally to ball side.C. The Trail also closes down when the ball penetrates the free-throw lane line extended nearest to the Center.D. Center completes the rotation by backing out and becoming Trail, but is the last to rotate.E. The Lead can facilitate smooth rotations by moving along the end line and mirroring the location of the ball (outside the key area).F. During a rotation, there may temporarily be two Centers, but there should never be two Trails.L goes to ball-side, T closes down, C completes rotation (last to rotate)
14 Rotation Cues L dictates rotation (don’t stay in lane) Better to have two C’s than two T’s (this is why C is last to rotate)L must officiate play in the post, even while moving across the laneIf the L begins to rotate and the ball is quickly reversed or a quick shot is taken, the L does not have to complete the rotation
15 Transition Coverage After Rotation A. All officials must recognize that a rotation has occurred.B. If the Lead has rotated late and a transition occurs, it is the old Lead’s (new Trail’s) responsibility to look up the court to make sure his/her partners picked up the rotation. If not, the new Trail should be prepared to adjust his/her location on the floor.
16 Throw-In CuesL may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourtT handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (“bump and run,” if necessary)T may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure)
17 End Line Throw-Ins in the Frontcourt A. The Lead administers all throw-ins on the end line in the frontcourt.B. The Lead may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt. The position chosen should give the Lead the best possible angle to officiate the play.L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt
18 Sideline Throw-Ins in the Backcourt A. Trail handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (“bump and run,” if necessary)B. Trail may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure)C. If no pressure, Center and Lead may go to “home” positions.T handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (“bump and run,” if necessary)
19 End Line Throw-Ins in the Backcourt A. Trail handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (“bump and run,” if necessary)B. Trail may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure)C. If no pressure, Center and Lead may go to “home” positions.If no pressure, C and L may go to home locations.
20 Press Coverage C stays in backct. L should have deepest player in front and boxed-in
22 Fouls & Basic Switching Non-calling officials should observe all playersCalling official goes tableside after reportingTable side official replaces the calling officialThird official maintains their positionIf the calling official was the tableside official (center or trail) all officials maintain their positionsOn shooting fouls, the official who called the foul will always be the table side trail official
23 Shooting Foul in the Frontcourt Shooting Foul in the Frontcourt (To be used in conjunction with magnetic boards during pre game)L calls foul OTS, goes to TS and becomes new T, C on TS becomes new L, T OTS becomes CT calls foul OTS, goes to TS and becomes T, C switches OTS and becomes C, L slides over and remains LC OTS call foul becomes new T, C TS becomes new C OTS, L slides over an remains LL TS calls foul, stays TS as new T, T TS becomes new L, C OTS remains CT TS calls foul, everyone remains in positions
24 Shooting Fouls in the Backcourt (To be used in conjunction with magnetic boards during pre game) L OTS calls foul, goes TS becomes new T, C TS becomes new C OTS, T becomes new LT OTS calls foul, goes TS and becomes new T, TS C becomes new L, L becomes new CC OTS calls foul, goes TS an becomes new T, T TS becomes new L, L becomes new CL TS calls foul, stays TS becomes T, T becomes C OTS, C OTS becomes TS LT TS calls foul, stays TS T, C OTS slides to L TS, L becomes new C OTS
25 Non-Shooting Fouls in Front Court (To be used in conjunction with magnetic boards during pre game) L OTS calls foul, becomes new C, C becomes L, T remains TT calls foul OTS, becomes new C, C becomes T, L remains LC calls foul OTS, goes TS and becomes C, T TS becomes T OTS, L remains L OTSL TS calls foul, goes TS and becomes T, T TS becomes new L TS, C remains CC on TS calls foul, stays TS and becomes T, L OTS remains L on TS, T becomes new C
26 Non-Shooting Fouls, Goes Backcourt (To be used in conjunction with magnetic boards during pre game) L calls foul OTS, becomes C, C TS becomes T OTS, T becomes L OTST calls foul OTS, becomes C, C TS becomes L OTS, L becomes T OTSC calls foul OTS, becomes C TS, T TS becomes L OTS, L becomes T OTSL TS calls foul, becomes new L, T TS becomes new T, C OTS remainsT TS calls foul, becomes L, C remains C, L TS becomes TC TS calls foul, becomes L TS, T OTS becomes C, L OTS becomes T TS
27 Free Throws Calling official always becomes T L administers all free throwsC and T should close down on last shot attemptA. Calling official always becomes Center. Center has responsibility for shooter, flight of ball, and top three lane spaces on opposite line.B. Lead administers all free throws and has responsibility for the near bottom lane space and all four spaces on the opposite line.C. Trail observes all action and assists with violations, rebounding action and fouls.D. Center and Trail should close down on last shot attempt.NEW RULE in 08-09!! All players move up one marked lane space, leaving the two spaces closest to the end line vacant. A new mark (2 inches by 8 inches) must be reapplied to the lane near the free-throw line to designate the last 3-foot marked lane space.
29 Time – Outs (TO) Closest official to the ball stays with the ball Full TO - Other two officials position themselves on the blocks of the respective lanes OTS, facing the table30 Second TO - Other two officials position themselves at the top of the respective keys, facing the tableDuring the intermission after the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th periods if an overtime exists, the referee will take the ball to the division line OTS. The other two officials will position themselves on the respective blocks of the respective lanes OTS facing the table
30 Time-OutsA. Administering official stays with the ball at the resumption of play location.B. The two free officials take a position at the nearest block (60-second time-out or intermission) or at the top of the three-point arc (30-second time-out).C. Officials should observe bench and table activity.
31 Last Second Shot C has the last shot L may need to offer assistance or be responsible if on fast breakCenter official should communicate with partners that he/she has the last second shot“Lock 30 seconds unless a dead ball mandates a switch of positions, new C will have last shotL should assist with watching the feet of shooter if last second shot is in three point range
32 Other Important Points Technical FoulsOther officials freeze to observe/prevent further unsportsmanlike conductTake our timeInform partners with detailsCalling official goes away from table to mid-court for pending throw in throw in (arrow does not change)Intentional fouls are throw ins at the spot closest to the foulPlay is resumed from point of interruption after a double technical foulIf the technical foul is a direct or indirect to the coach he/she loses the coaching box privilegesSpecial SituationsTeam control fouls are now a violation with no free throwsOnly shoot free throws when there are fouls during jump balls, rebounding, dead ball situations, or when the ball is in flight for a try for goalDouble Fouls/Double Technical Fouls - play resumes at the point of interruptionReview injured player proceduresReview ScreeningHand checking – advantage/disadvantageHard fouls clean up early, talk to players to prevent
34 2008-09 High School Basketball Rules Changes 3.5.3Any item that goes around the entire head (elastic strips/bands, pre-wrap, headbands, etc.)shall meet the rule requirements regarding color, maximum size, logo restrictions and teamuniformity. Black and beige have also been added to the colors a team is permitted to wear.8.1.4 b, c, dDuring a free throw, all players will move up one marked lane space, leaving the two spacesnearest the end line vacant. A new mark (2 inches by 8 inches) must be reapplied to the laneline near the free-throw line to designate the last 3-foot marked lane space.(NEW)A maximum of one technical foul shall be charged directly to the head coach when aparticipant wears an illegal jersey, illegal pants/skirt or an illegal number.Editorial Changes3.4The uniform section will be reorganized to separate the topics by articles and adjust thelanguage to reflect current industry standards/terminology.4.27.2A portion of the first sentence of the ‘incidental contact’ definition will be removed to clarifythat a foul should be ruled when displacement occurs while opponents attempt to secure aloose ball.4.42.5The article will be reorganized into sub-articles for clarity.10.5This section will be reorganized for better understanding and clarityPoints of Emphasis1) Legal Uniforms2) Rough Play3) Time-outs4) Slapping the Backboard5) Officials’ Mechanics and Signals
35 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS Pre-Game Conference R observes home teamU observes visiting teamCount number of players, check for jewelry, braces, t-shirts, dunking, etc.R goes to table at 12:00R will…Identify official bookCheck for legal #s, count players in book, more is OK, less is notSign booksSpeak with clock/arrow operator about …Arrow not switched until thrown in and touchedAlways 2 horns on TOs, 20/30, 45/60, and disqualified/injured player subs (20/30)Subs on “X”, hold for 2/3 shot foulsFor correctable error/mistakes hold horn until the first dead ballChop of the hand starts the clockAlert at 7th and 10th team foulsAt halftime switch arrow and get jackets, alert officials at 3 minute markAt 3:00 R & U get Captains and Coaches and report tablesideR will read recite/adlib the Sportsmanship Rule, ask coaches if players are properly equippedR & U will go opposite tableside for anthem/intros, U takes jackets and gets ball for R after anthem and introsU stays tableside/midcourt, R takes ball to division line opposite table, at horn assume positions for jump ball, U will chop
37 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS END OF FIRST HALF:Assemble at mid-court, halfway between sideline and circle, opposite tableWait for players to leaveGo to locker roomBack on the court 3 minutes before second half (same positions as pre-game)END OF GAME:Same as at half timeApprove final score by signing if appropriateLeave court promptly together
39 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS BASIC RESPONSIBILITIESLead (L)Ahead of playPrimarily responsible for play under the basketPlay is spread: wider position (near the arc)Ball and majority of players on T-side, move to ball sideTrail (T)):Cover back court and outer part of front courtWork wide arc as play dictatesResponsible for flight of ball on tryTake at least one step in when shot is taken to cover:GoaltendingBasket interferenceRebounding
40 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEBASIC POSITIONS:Diagonal coverageBoth diagonals usedNo rotation permitted while play is in progressTLLT
41 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGEL: on-ball coverageS: off-ball, in lined areaLBT
42 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: on-ball coverageL: off-ball in unlined areaTBL
43 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: on-ball coverageL: off-ball in unlined area extending to opposite side of the key since ball is highTBL
44 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: off-ball in lined areaM: move to cover 3-point arcSignal 3-point tryT mirrors signalT signals successful tryTLB
45 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: on-ball coverageL: works near key for good coverage off-ballTBL
46 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: on-ball outside arcL: ball side, looking through key off-ball, 45o angleBTL
47 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEAREAS OF COVERAGET: off-ball, extending to opposite side of keyL: on-ballin transition, go back to the other side of the court into diagonal coverageif ball swings back to opposite side or comes back high, L comes backBLT
48 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS Jump ballVISITORTABLEHOMEUU responsible for non-jumpersLLR responsible for jumpersRTT
49 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS VisitorTABLEHomeJump Ball:Ball controlled in back court with pressure, T always checks possession arrowTUBRL
50 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS VISITORTABLEHOMEAlternating possession:Beginning of period (R)Others: official responsible for lineLT
51 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS Throw-in: principlesSpot designated by administering official unless determined by ruleBox-in on all throw-insT administers all throw-ins in back courtIn front court, throw-in administered by official responsible for lineHand or bounce ballSideline: bouncing recommendedEndline and remaining in front court: handing the ball is recommendedSound warning whistle after time-out, intermission, or unusual delay
52 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TTABLETLLTThrow-in in back court:Both continue covering their respective sidelineT
53 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TTTABLEThrow-in in front court by TLLTT
54 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLETThrow-in in front court by L:Endline: hand the ballSideline: bounce the ballL
55 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLELThrow-in in front court by L:Endline: hand the ballSideline: bounce the ballT
56 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLETThrow-in in front court on L sideline above free throw line extended:L administers and becomes new TT becomes new LLLT
57 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS FOUL CALLING PROCEDURECalling official:Stop clockBird dogging only if needed for clarificationMove near fouling player and STOPState colour and numberIndicate nature of foulGive free-throw shooter’s numberVisually give number of free throws to partner orIndicate throw-in spotProceed quickly to reporting area (diagram next page)STOPReport colour and number of fouler (one hand), nature of foul, number of free throwsNotification of 5th foul given by free officialWhen appropriate, BFST sequence (Basket, Foul, Substitution, Time-out)
59 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS FOUL CALLING PROCEDURE (continued)Free official:Freeze and keep all players within field of vision until reporting is completedIgnore ball during reportingAfter reporting is completed, secure loose ball and proceed to proper position for free throw or throw-inMove around players, not through themDouble whistle:Eye contactOfficial responsible for zone where foul occurred takes the callException: if drive to basket, official in whose area drive originated takes the callSwitching positions:Always switch positions after each foulFree official responsible to force switch
60 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEFree throw administrationL & T: eye contact, visual number of throws, lane spaces properly occupied, final look at tableT:Position: opposite table, behind free throw line extended, halfway between sideline and lane lineVisible count (discrete)Free throwerAll but first lane space on opposite sideStep toward endline after ball is releasedFlight of ballSignal start of clock if last free throw unsuccessful and ball must remain liveL:Step into lane and announce number of throwsBounce ball to free throwerPosition 1,5 m outside lane line, well off courtWatch first lane space on near lane line and all lane spaces oppositeSignal start of clock on throw-in after last successful free throwMS
61 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS TABLEFree throw administration on technical foulSame procedure as normal free throw, no line up.T position to observe all players other then free throwerAfter last free throw, L retrieves ball and play is resumed at the point of interruption (CIS men).(In FIBA, ball is bounced to T to administer throw-in at mid-court opposite table)LT
62 NFHS 2-PERSON MECHANICS VISITORTABLEHOMEPositions during timeoutsOfficial responsible to handle play resumption takes spot nearer spot of resumptionAt first horn, move toward huddle and announce: « First horn. »Move to proper position to resume playOOOShort timeoutShort timeoutOLong timeoutLong timeout
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