Presentation on theme: "Hobby & Profession Online Reporting"— Presentation transcript:
1Hobby & Profession Online Reporting DIGITAL LIBERTIES FOR A FREE SOCIETY22 February, 2009, Kathmandu, NepalHobby & Profession Online ReportingBy Ujjwal AcharyaMyRepublica.com
2The Session Blogs as hobby Portals as profession What is blogging?How to create blog?Why blog?How to run a successful blog?Portals as professionNews writing versus blog writingOnline journalism versus citizen journalismThings that helps in online reportingRights and responsibilitiesPrivacy and anonymity
3Who am I to tell you all that? NepalCricket.com (www.cricket.com.np)United We Blog! (www.blog.com.np)Radio Free Nepal (freenepal.blogspot.com)Nepali Voices (www.nepalivoices.com)Republica (www.myrepublica.com)Tarun WeeklyNepal SamacharpatraThe Kathmandu Post
4What is blogging? Generally, A blog is a personal website containing mostly personal posts (that may be news/feeling/views); regularly updated; in a form of a diary (most recent item at the top of the page) that is usually created and maintained by a single personBlogs are created using specially designed interactive tools – such as WordPress
5Beauty of a blog Easy setup Quick publication Setting a blog takes 5 minutesAs easy as ing peopleQuick publicationIf you have written something, YOU can immediately publish it for the world to readNo screeningNo editing
6Beauty of a blog (contd.) Personal mediumIt’s personal - you are in charge of everythingNo worries about how good is your views or writing or languageInteractiveYour readers can comment on it that appears immediately below the your post
7How to create a blog? Free blogs Own Domain Wordpress.com Xanga.com Blogger.com Blog.comOwn DomainDomain (.np is completely free) / webhostToolsWordpress.org (database required)FlatPress.org (flat text file, no database required)
8Why blog? Personal satisfaction Watchdog of the media Freedom of expressionFight censorshipPromote businessCreate dialogue spaceEarn fame and moneyAnd, of course, create cyber identity!
9Interesting facts 133 million blogs (13 crore blogs) 900,000 blog posts per day8 % bloggers are 55+, 23% are 45+ years old34 % are females (27 % in Asia)13 % Asian blogs (N America 48, Europe 27)State of the blogosphere 2008, TechnoratiNo of Nepali blogs: 718 indexedBloggers.com.np
10How to run a successful blog? Attractive ideasConsistent/contemporary writing and topicsModestyWrite strongly (take you position) but be tolerant to different ideas from you readersUse humble language (let your readers picture you a gentleman/lady)Do not act KNOW-IT-ALL
11Success (contd.) Conversation Link First is best Invite people to discuss (ask suggestions)Always reply as soon as possible to commentsLinkLink other’s blog/site whenever possibleParticipate in other blog’s discussionsFirst is bestWrite early, write regularly
12Still not successful? Be patient And most importantly, Blog does not bring you instant popularityBlog does not bring you a lot of moneyBlog is not easily recognized by othersAnd most importantly,Luck“Risks are opportunities”“Bad news is good news”
13News writing vs blog writing StructuredBalancedObjectiveMeant to be screened/editedBlog WritingFree writing (your style, your structure)SubjectiveMeant to be published as it is
14Online journalism vs CitJ Citizen journalismCitizen journalism, also known as public or participatory journalism, is the act of non-professionals "playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information.”Online journalismJournalistic activities to produce content that are distributed via the internet.
15CitJ: ImportanceThe intent of this participation is to provide independent, reliable, accurate, wide-ranging and relevant information that a democracy requires.Alternative media (its not always possible for mainstream media to cover all voices – corporate interest/limited time and space)Feeling matters! (rather than facts)
16Online reporters’ toolbox Internet skillsComfortable with internet and a little bit of knowledge about it’s strengths / weaknessesHyper Text Markup Language (HTML)At least <strong>,<i>,<u>,<img>,<a>,<p>,<br>UploadYou know what UPLOAD means!ImagesAt least cropping, resizing and saving for web
17Toolbox (contd.) Video Audio (for podcasting) Recording (digital camera/mobile)Basic editing (Microsoft Movie Maker/Wax)Uploading (YouTube.com)Audio (for podcasting)Recording (mobile)Basic editing (Audacity)Uploading (OurMedia.org)
18Rights & responsibilities Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007In Article 12 (Right to Freedom), Clause 3.a Freedom of opinion and expressionProvided that nothing in sub-clause (a) shall be deemed to prevent the making of laws to impose reasonable restrictions on any act which may undermine the sovereignty and integrity of Nepal, or which may jeopardize the harmonious relations subsisting among the peoples of various castes, tribes, religion or communities, or on any act of defamation, contempt of court or incitement to an offence; or on any act which may be contrary to decent public behavior or morality.
19Rights (contd.) Such conditions can be exploited It’s not clear yet whether a journalist blogging can be covered under journalistic rights for something written on his/her blogs.No laws, rules or regulations for blogs.High Level Media Advice Council’s final report reads: online media should not be bound under legal registration process.Government provide press pass if a private registered company owns the site/blog.
20ResponsibilityAll journalists ethics apply along with following additions:Do not delete anything after it’s published.Refer any change/deletion/editing.If commentators wants to keep his/her name/ /ip address private, let it be.And, of course, putting something public is not like talking to a few of your friends, so be responsible!
21Privacy & anonymityThere are many reasons to blog under your real name, including credibility, honesty, and reputation. But some people live in places where what they write could threaten their safety.Think about your position and what are you writing about. It’s up to you to decide.Radio Free Nepal vs United We Blog!