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University of Florida CDR Presentation. Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future.

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Presentation on theme: "University of Florida CDR Presentation. Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future."— Presentation transcript:

1 University of Florida CDR Presentation

2 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

3 Vehicle Design Nose cone and 4 main sections Avionics Bay is fixed inside upper airframe and Mid Airframe Body diameter is 5.455

4 Static Stability Diagram The center of pressure (CP) is located 86 ʺ from the tip of the rocket nose. The center of gravity (CG) is located 78 ʺ from the tip of the rocket nose. The maximum diameter of the rocket is 5.455 ʺ. These dimensions result in a static margin of 1.45, which is within the range desired (between 1 and 2). CG CP

5 Tube Construction All three airframes (upper, mid, and lower) will be made of phenolic tube wrapped in a composite mixture of two layers of 4 ounce fiberglass and Aeropoxy. The first body tube has already been made, as shown below

6 Upper Airframe 45 long, 7.79 lbs. (w/ contents) From bottom: contains top of avionics bay, payload, payload drogue, rocket drogue, nose cone insert

7 Avionics Bay 10 long, 2.83 lbs (w/ contents) Phenolic tube with 0.5 birch ply bulkheads Serves as coupler for Main Airframe – Upper Airframe joint, therefore it does not add length to the rocket Screws into both of these airframes to prevent separation

8 Avionics Bay All-thread provides structural support Easy-to-use thumb nuts to wire igniter outputs and hook up ejection charges 1/8 G-10 fiberglass serves as platform for electronics mounting Contains two redundant PerfectFlite Altimeters (each powered by their own 9-volt battery), a GPS, and a transceiver (powered by a 9-Volt battery)

9 Mid Airframe 30 long, 3.47 lbs From bottom: contains rocket main parachute and bottom of avionics bay

10 Lower Airframe 30 Long, 9.07 lbs, 3 Fins From Bottom: Contains 54mm motor mount, three centering rings, and motor retention

11 Motor Retention Aluminum sleeve with indention and snap ring groove Motor thrust ring pushes on aluminum indention instead of phenolic tube

12 Motor Choice The motor has been changed to the Loki L1400 because of the unavailability of the AMW L1300 Characteristics of the L1400 Total Impulse: 2850.6 Ns (175.6 Ns greater than L1300) Peak Thrust: Officially 2710.5 N, but RockSim reports 1906.4 N, large discrepancy Burn Time: 2.0 s (same as L1300) Performance w/ Rocket Thrust-to-Weight Ratio: 11.1 Rail-exit-velocity: 72.4 ft/s (with 7 foot rail)

13 L1400 Thrust Curve Source: thrustcurve.org

14 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

15 Payload Housing and Integration Folds up while inside upper airframe A torsional and tensional spring in each leg creates a sprawling motion once payload is deployed Wheels allow easy vertical sliding of payload Rests in shoes during flight, which are fixed to inside of Upper Airframe Tube is made out 1/8 T6-6061 Aluminum, with an outside diameter of 3.25 Legs are made out of 1/16 Aluminum U-Channel *Note* - video cameras, parachute compartment, and payload lid not shown in this drawing

16 Payload Electronics Contains two redundant R-DAS Tiny altimeters that control the payloads main parachute deployment and record all sensor data. Each R-DAS Tiny has its own 11.1V flight battery Contains two analog temperature and two analog humidity sensors Contains a GPS and transceiver powered by the batteries on their respective boards Similar structural design as the Avionics Bay Two video cameras attached to the outside of the payload bay

17 Payload Lid Serves as mount for UV sensors and solar cells

18 Payload Wiring Schematic

19 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

20 Recovery Method Rocket Drogue: 36 round Descent Rate: 64 ft/s Rocket Main: 96 round Descent Rate: 21 ft/s Payload Drogue: Heavy Duty Streamers Descent Rate: Undetermined Payload Main: 36 round Descent Rate: 19 ft/s Two recovery systems because of payload separation Redundant PerfectFlite altimeters will control the rockets dual deployment Redundant R-DAS Tiny altimeters will control the payloads dual deployment The payload will use streamers as a drogue to prevent shading of the solar and UV sensors 5/8 tubular nylon will connect all sections of both rocket and the payload to their respective parachutes

21 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

22 Wind Tunnel Testing Undergraduate low-speed wind tunnel on campus Open-circuit, max speed of 120 mph Test section: 12x12 cross-section, 24 long

23 Experiment 1 - Fins With Varied Paint Combinations Fin 1 – Control Fin Fin 2 – Paint Fin 3 – Primer & Paint Fin 4 – Primer, Paint, & Gloss

24 Experiment 2 – Fins With Varied Shape Combinations Fin 1 – Control Fin Fin 5 – Rounded LE Fin 6 – Tapered TE Fin 7 – Rounded LE and Tapered TE

25 Wind Tunnel Results Drag ReductionApproximate Fin DesignVs. Control Fin (%)Coefficient of Drag Paint4.39%0.3313 Paint and Primer4.39%0.3313 Paint, Primer, Gloss2.05%0.394 Rounded Leading Edge (LE)5.26%0.3283 Tapered Trailing Edge (TE)0%0.3465 Rounded LE, Tapered TE8.48%0.3171 Greatest Reduction in drag from the rounded LE, tapered TE fin The tapered TE fin showed no drag reduction at all. The fins that were painted but not glossed showed higher drag reduction that the glossed fin Drag Coefficient calculation assumptions: There is a linear relationship between compressor speed and airspeed The structure holding the fins produced negligible drag in addition to the fin. For higher accuracy, the drag from the test structure needs to be accounted for and the speed airspeed needs to be calibrated properly

26 Recovery System Testing Dual Deployment Test with PerfectFlite Hooked up Christmas lights as imitation igniters Placed altimeter inside avionics bay Extracted air from the tube and both Christmas bulbs lit up after air was passed back into the tube and air pressure was restored The data was checked to ensure that the igniters were fired at the correct altitude Subscale ejection charge testing The first charge needed to eject the payload at least 15 feet from the rocket without causing overwhelming stress on any components The second charge needed to eject the lower airframe at least 15 feet from the rocket without causing overwhelming stress on any components Three grams of black powder met the criteria of both charges, and worked successfully in the subscale test flight

27 Payload Testing Temperature and humidity sensor testing complete by seeing change in voltage in varying temperature and humidity climates GPS and XBEE are now functioning correctly with the software on the ground after much trial and error

28 Vibrations Testing Evaluate deformation characteristics during flight Are modal frequencies within gust spectrum? What mode shapes result from stiffness/mass distribution? Ground vibration test (GVT) Soft support was bungee Sine sweep from 10-1500 Hz 2 lb force actuator Impact hammer Measured vibrations Laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) Accelerometers Load cell measured force input Utilized subscale rocket after launch

29 Vibrations Testing Experimental setup Laser on structure Actuator and load cell

30 Vibrations Testing Found variety of mode shapes Similar to 2 beams cantilevered around high stiffness near avionics bay Mode shapes indicated tip deflections were not large even with pounds of force No additional stiffness seems required for flight safety during short portions of flight with high dynamic pressure

31 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

32 Subscale Flight January 8 th, at NEFAR 18 mph winds, 10° launch angle 88.5 length, 3 diameter, 8.75 pounds The Gorilla I235 motor was used, and the same motor retention concept for the full scale was used Successful dual deployment and payload separation, rockets main parachute deployed at 300 feet to avoid excessive drift Payload contained only a main parachute that was deployed at apogee, which resulted in excessive drift of the payload The payload spun at a relatively fast rate while descending, which could be an issue for our full scale payload which will need to take quality video and land without turning over; a swivel bolt has been considered to mitigate this problem

33 Subscale Static Test Created our own static test stand Tested the I235 to input into our MATLAB program to simulate subscale flight We also plan to test our full scale motor

34 Subscale Altitude Results Maximum altitude from the PerfectFlite was 890 feet The main parachute was deployed at 300, as can be seen from the graph below The main chute descent rate calculated from this data was about 20 ft/s, which is in the desired range

35 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

36 Flight Simulations

37 MATLAB 2DOF MATLAB has been updated to include downrange motion of the rocket Downrange motion is only affected by launch angle; no angle of attack Better reflection of physical system Still lacks: Winds Parachutes Oscillations Rotations

38 Drag Coefficient Lack of knowledge of the true coefficient of drag prevents accurate simulation. True for RockSim and MATLAB In order to achieve a better estimate of the drag coefficient, the max altitude of the MATLAB 2DOF was matched to the max alt. of the subscale launch altimeter data

39 Full Scale Max Altitude Optimization Ran RockSim model at various wind conditions with the L1400 Found that, to minimize downrange drift, the launch angle into the wind should increase by one degree for every mph of wind Found the additional mass needed to reach a mile depending on the launch angle On launch day, once launch conditions are known, the additional mass needed will be added with modeling clay in between the top two centering rings (near the center of gravity), then the top centering ring will be screwed in place Launch Angle (°)Wind Condition (mph)Altitude no mass added (ft)Mass added to achieve mile (oz) 00566826 05566326 010564725 50562023.5 55558921.5 510554518.5 100547914 105542410 53565 1505252 1555178 15105091

40 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

41 Educational Engagement Presented to 150 5 th graders at Hidden Oak Elementary School for one hour PowerPoint presentation taught students about the basics of rocketry, how to get involved, and how to remain safe Three model rockets were launched to give the students an first-hand example of rocketry

42 Educational Engagement Presented to sixty 4 th -8 th graders at Millhopper Montessori School (private school) for one hour Similar presentation to the one at Hidden Oak, but the subscale rocket was also shown Like at Hidden Oak, three model rockets were launched in a nearby field for the students to see

43 Educational Engagement Thank you note from Hidden Oak Student

44 Educational Engagement Engineering-Fair This department wide event occurs on February 22 nd and 23 rd and brings in elementary, middle, and high school students from the local area to teach them about engineering The USLI team plans on sharing a booth at this fair with AIAA and will teach students the basics of rocketry and what to do in school to better their chances at getting into UF Aerospace Day UF AIAA chapter brings together middle school students from around the local area to build gliders, bottle rockets, and small model rockets The USLI team will provide support in model rocket building and launching and will also launch some higher power rockets to influence the students to pursue engineering studies. Date is uncertain

45 Industry Presented to three SpaceX employees Used PowerPoint to describe the work done over the past two years, and what the team is working towards Showed the subscale rocket, our static test stand, and the data from the wind tunnel experiments Also plan to present to Northrop Grumman representatives in late February

46 Outline Vehicle Design Payload Design Recovery System Component Testing Subscale Flight Simulations Outreach Future Work

47 Continue MATLAB adjustments Parachutes added to modify descent rate – improve downrange displacement estimation MATLAB model will be extended to 3DOF More altimeter data collected from second subscale launch and full scale rocket launch to adjust coefficient of drag Continued wind tunnel testing to compare experimental C D values with RockSim C D values Compare with RockSim for various wind speeds RockSim and MATLAB models compare to launch data. Best-fit determined

48 Payload Testing Sensor conversion constant verification Solar cell has range of 430 to 1100 nm. Test the voltage to W/m 2 conversion constant UV sensor voltage to W/m 2 conversion constant (1.962) Sensor-to-RDAS configuration R-DAS Tiny altitude testing Will be tested with second subscale flight and compared with PerfectFlite altimeter Video camera vibration testing Battery voltage check

49 Recovery System Testing Full scale ejection charge ground testing Need parts to be ejected at least 15 feet apart from each other without significantly damaging components Payload streamer descent rate verification Need a descent rate between 50 and 100 ft/s Payload bay separation testing Sliding in and out of upper airframe, legs springing out Payload landing testing At a maximum allowable velocity of 22 ft/s With horizontal motion, rotation, and tilt angles R-DAS & GPS testing in Avionics Bay and Payload Bay

50 Static Motor Testing The L1400 will be tested on a different test stand provided by our mentor, Jimmy, which is capable of such large motors This will test our ignition method This will help verify which motor characteristics that should be trusted- the official one provided by the NAR or the one provided by RockSim The motor will also be tested with the retention device connected, just in case it effects the exhaust flow at all

51 UF Rocket Team Timeline

52 Questions?


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