Presentation on theme: "Social Stories Incorporating Social Stories into Pretend Play."— Presentation transcript:
1Social StoriesIncorporatingSocial StoriesintoPretend Play
2What is a Social Story ? Individualized short stories Help a child interpret information/situationsHelp a child to plan the steps of an activity
3Created by Carol Gray in 1991 BackgroundCreated by Carol Gray in 1991
4Social Stories can be used with…. Everyone!Most commonly used with Children with Autism.Also beneficial for children with social disabilities, bilingual students, typically developing students, students needing PT/OT, students with a speech delay, children with ADHD/ADD, children with OCD, adults with autism, etc.
5Theory of MindImpairment in perspective/social understanding (hard time seeing things from any other perspective than their own and difficulty in certain social situations)Have difficulty with understanding another person's beliefs, thoughts, point of view.Difficulty determining the intentions of others and how their behavior affects othersSocial situations are unpredictable which can lead to withdrawl and isolation from social situationsAlso known as mind blindnessSimon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie and Uta Frith, in 1985, published research that suggested that children with autism do not employ a theory of mindAccording to Leslie, theory of mind plays a role in the deficits children with autism have with childhood pretend play because it effects their capacity to mentally represent thoughts, beliefs, and desires, regardless of whether or not the circumstances involved are real.Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985). "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" (PDF). Cognition 21 (1): 37–46. doi: / (85) PMID RetrievedLeslie, A. M. (1991). Theory of mind impairment in autism. In A. Whiten, Ed., Natural theories of mind: Evolution, development, and simulation of everyday mind reading. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
6Benefits Describes social cues Improves social skills and prepares the child/adult for new social situationsBreaks down a challenging social situation into stepsHelps a child to understand rules and routines and become familiar with the situationBreaks down a pretend play activity to outline the steps in performing the activity through text and picturesIncreases appropriate respondingIncreases social understandingProvides the child with the self-esteem and confidence to participate in an activity.Prompts socially appropriate behaviorPresents information in a clear, concise, and consistent manner with accurate and structured information on what is happening
7When To Use Social Stories The ways in which social stories can be used is endless. A creative teacher can use them to teach just about anything.
8Examples Of Social Story Topics Brushing teethWashing handsPlaying with a friendTaking turnsSharing a toyGreeting friendsJoining a social activityJoining a conversationPretend PlayPlaying board gamesPreparing for a sleepoverGoing to the supermarketPreparing for a tripGoing on an airplaneTaking a busExpressing frustrationAsking for a breakUsing the bathroomGoing to the doctorPlaying with a siblingWhat to do when someone pushes youEye contactwaiting my turnInterruptingFigures of speechAsking questionsCalling outVoice controlRespectPutting away laundryMaking a sandwichGoing to a birthday partyGetting your periodGetting dressedDatingGoing to the moviesSitting appropriatelyPlaying soccer (or another sport)Being politeMannersDoing homeworkUnderstanding emotionsSaying sorryKeeping hands to yourselfWalking appropriatelyEating at the tableWatching TVStanding too closeUsing deodorantTying shoesCleaning my roomPicking my noseBrushing my teethTaking a bathGetting a haircutSaying I Love youLying
9Types of Social Stories BooksRead the story and discuss/act outInteractivePerform actions and complete certain tasks in the story, while reading, in order to learn a skill
10Creating Social Stories Decide your audience/type of learnerWhat Skill(s) would you like to addressWhat Sentence structure do you want to useHow will you evaluate its effectiveness/fade it out
11Sentence Structure/Format Simple languageSimple and consistent pictures1 step per page
12Sentence StructureDescriptive Sentences objective, most frequently used (WHAT)Perspective sentences statements that describe something from someone else's viewpoint (WHY)Cooperative sentences describe how another person will help the studentDirective sentences help the reader to identify a suggested/appropriate response or choice in a particular situation (PROMPTS THE BEHAVIOR)Affirmative sentences express a commonly shared opinionControl sentences are statements written by the student to identify personal strategies for handling a situation
13Fading outIt is important to fade out a social story gradually as the child becomes knowledgeable in the skill areaDecreases prompt dependencyIn addition the social story should be used across many situations/people in order for the child to generalize the skills taught in the story to other people/situations
14I Love to Pretend! Social Stories By Ellen Viola Thalhamer III
15About the books:“I’m a Daddy” and “Let’s Play Doctor” are social story books that were created in order to teach children with autism how to pretend play. For children who are learning to pretend play and socially interact with their peers, these books will be helpful in guiding them through the motions of pretending to be a daddy or a doctor. For those parents/teachers who focus on generalization, and receptive and expressive language, real life pictures associated with the stories have been added to the back of the books.
17ReferencesBaron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985). "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" (PDF). Cognition 21 (1): 37–46. doi: / (85) PMID RetrievedLeslie, A. M. (1991). Theory of mind impairment in autism. In A. Whiten, Ed., Natural theories of mind: Evolution, development, and simulation of everyday mind reading. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! I’m a Daddy. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010.Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! Let’s Play Doctor. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010.The Gray Center. (unknown). Carol Gray. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from The Gray Center for Social Learning and Understanding:Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2010, September 27). Social Stories. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Wikipedia The free Encyclopedia:Wallin, Jason. (2004). Social Studies. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Polyxo.com Teaching Children with Autism: