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Social Stories Incorporating into Pretend Play. What is a Social Story ? Individualized short stories Individualized short stories Help a child interpret.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Stories Incorporating into Pretend Play. What is a Social Story ? Individualized short stories Individualized short stories Help a child interpret."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Stories Incorporating into Pretend Play

2 What is a Social Story ? Individualized short stories Individualized short stories Help a child interpret information/situations Help a child interpret information/situations Help a child to plan the steps of an activity Help a child to plan the steps of an activity

3 Background Background Created by Carol Gray in 1991

4 Social Stories can be used with…. Everyone! Everyone! Most commonly used with Children with Autism. Most commonly used with Children with Autism. Also beneficial for children with social disabilities, bilingual students, typically developing students, students needing PT/OT, students with a speech delay, children with ADHD/ADD, children with OCD, adults with autism, etc. Also beneficial for children with social disabilities, bilingual students, typically developing students, students needing PT/OT, students with a speech delay, children with ADHD/ADD, children with OCD, adults with autism, etc.

5 Theory of Mind Impairment in perspective/social understanding (hard time seeing things from any other perspective than their own and difficulty in certain social situations) Impairment in perspective/social understanding (hard time seeing things from any other perspective than their own and difficulty in certain social situations) Have difficulty with understanding another person's beliefs, thoughts, point of view. Have difficulty with understanding another person's beliefs, thoughts, point of view. Difficulty determining the intentions of others and how their behavior affects others Difficulty determining the intentions of others and how their behavior affects others Social situations are unpredictable which can lead to withdrawl and isolation from social situations Social situations are unpredictable which can lead to withdrawl and isolation from social situations Also known as mind blindness Also known as mind blindness Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie and Uta Frith, in 1985, published research that suggested that children with autism do not employ a theory of mind Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie and Uta Frith, in 1985, published research that suggested that children with autism do not employ a theory of mind According to Leslie, theory of mind plays a role in the deficits children with autism have with childhood pretend play because it effects their capacity to mentally represent thoughts, beliefs, and desires, regardless of whether or not the circumstances involved are real. According to Leslie, theory of mind plays a role in the deficits children with autism have with childhood pretend play because it effects their capacity to mentally represent thoughts, beliefs, and desires, regardless of whether or not the circumstances involved are real.

6 Benefits Describes social cues Describes social cues Improves social skills and prepares the child/adult for new social situations Improves social skills and prepares the child/adult for new social situations Breaks down a challenging social situation into steps Breaks down a challenging social situation into steps Helps a child to understand rules and routines and become familiar with the situation Helps a child to understand rules and routines and become familiar with the situation Breaks down a pretend play activity to outline the steps in performing the activity through text and pictures Breaks down a pretend play activity to outline the steps in performing the activity through text and pictures Increases appropriate responding Increases appropriate responding Increases social understanding Increases social understanding Provides the child with the self-esteem and confidence to participate in an activity. Provides the child with the self-esteem and confidence to participate in an activity. Prompts socially appropriate behavior Prompts socially appropriate behavior Presents information in a clear, concise, and consistent manner with accurate and structured information on what is happening Presents information in a clear, concise, and consistent manner with accurate and structured information on what is happening

7 When To Use Social Stories The ways in which social stories can be used is endless. A creative teacher can use them to teach just about anything.

8 Examples Of Social Story Topics Brushing teeth Brushing teeth Washing hands Washing hands Playing with a friend Playing with a friend Taking turns Taking turns Sharing a toy Sharing a toy Greeting friends Greeting friends Joining a social activity Joining a social activity Joining a conversation Joining a conversation Pretend Play Pretend Play Playing board games Playing board games Preparing for a sleepover Preparing for a sleepover Going to the supermarket Going to the supermarket Preparing for a trip Preparing for a trip Going on an airplane Going on an airplane Taking a bus Taking a bus Expressing frustration Expressing frustration Asking for a break Asking for a break Using the bathroom Using the bathroom Going to the doctor Going to the doctor Playing with a sibling Playing with a sibling What to do when someone pushes you What to do when someone pushes you Eye contact Eye contact waiting my turn waiting my turn Interrupting Interrupting Figures of speech Figures of speech Asking questions Asking questions Calling out Calling out Voice control Voice control Respect Respect Putting away laundry Putting away laundry Making a sandwich Making a sandwich Going to a birthday party Going to a birthday party Getting your period Getting your period Getting dressed Getting dressed Dating Dating Going to the movies Going to the movies Sitting appropriately Sitting appropriately Playing soccer (or another sport) Playing soccer (or another sport) Being polite Being polite Manners Manners Doing homework Doing homework Understanding emotions Understanding emotions Saying sorry Saying sorry Keeping hands to yourself Keeping hands to yourself Walking appropriately Walking appropriately Eating at the table Eating at the table Watching TV Watching TV Standing too close Standing too close Using deodorant Using deodorant Tying shoes Tying shoes Cleaning my room Cleaning my room Picking my nose Picking my nose Brushing my teeth Brushing my teeth Taking a bath Taking a bath Getting a haircut Getting a haircut Saying I Love you Saying I Love you Lying Lying

9 Types of Social Stories Books Books Read the story and discuss/act out Read the story and discuss/act out Interactive Interactive Perform actions and complete certain tasks in the story, while reading, in order to learn a skill Perform actions and complete certain tasks in the story, while reading, in order to learn a skill

10 Creating Social Stories Decide your audience/type of learner Decide your audience/type of learner What Skill(s) would you like to address What Skill(s) would you like to address What Sentence structure do you want to use What Sentence structure do you want to use How will you evaluate its effectiveness/fade it out How will you evaluate its effectiveness/fade it out

11 Sentence Structure/Format Simple language Simple language Simple and consistent pictures Simple and consistent pictures 1 step per page 1 step per page

12 Sentence Structure Descriptive Sentences objective, most frequently used (WHAT) Descriptive Sentences objective, most frequently used (WHAT) Perspective sentences statements that describe something from someone else's viewpoint (WHY) Perspective sentences statements that describe something from someone else's viewpoint (WHY) Cooperative sentences describe how another person will help the student Cooperative sentences describe how another person will help the student Directive sentences help the reader to identify a suggested/appropriate response or choice in a particular situation (PROMPTS THE BEHAVIOR) Directive sentences help the reader to identify a suggested/appropriate response or choice in a particular situation (PROMPTS THE BEHAVIOR) Affirmative sentences express a commonly shared opinion Affirmative sentences express a commonly shared opinion Control sentences are statements written by the student to identify personal strategies for handling a situation Control sentences are statements written by the student to identify personal strategies for handling a situation

13 Fading out It is important to fade out a social story gradually as the child becomes knowledgeable in the skill area It is important to fade out a social story gradually as the child becomes knowledgeable in the skill area Decreases prompt dependency Decreases prompt dependency In addition the social story should be used across many situations/people in order for the child to generalize the skills taught in the story to other people/situations In addition the social story should be used across many situations/people in order for the child to generalize the skills taught in the story to other people/situations

14 I Love to Pretend! Social Stories By Ellen Viola Thalhamer III

15 About the books: Im a Daddy and Lets Play Doctor are social story books that were created in order to teach children with autism how to pretend play. For children who are learning to pretend play and socially interact with their peers, these books will be helpful in guiding them through the motions of pretending to be a daddy or a doctor. For those parents/teachers who focus on generalization, and receptive and expressive language, real life pictures associated with the stories have been added to the back of the books.

16 Book Information: Website: www.ILovetoPretend.com Website: www.ILovetoPretend.comwww.ILovetoPretend.com Email: ILovetoPretend@hotmail.com Email: ILovetoPretend@hotmail.comILovetoPretend@hotmail.com

17 References Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985). "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" (PDF). Cognition 21 (1): 37–46. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8. PMID 2934210. http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~aleslie/Baron- Cohen%20Leslie%20&%20Frith%201985.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-16. Baron-Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U (1985). "Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?" (PDF). Cognition 21 (1): 37–46. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8. PMID 2934210. http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~aleslie/Baron- Cohen%20Leslie%20&%20Frith%201985.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-16."Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?"doi10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8 PMID2934210http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~aleslie/Baron- Cohen%20Leslie%20&%20Frith%201985.pdf"Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'?"doi10.1016/0010-0277(85)90022-8 PMID2934210http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/~aleslie/Baron- Cohen%20Leslie%20&%20Frith%201985.pdf Leslie, A. M. (1991). Theory of mind impairment in autism. In A. Whiten, Ed., Natural theories of mind: Evolution, development, and simulation of everyday mind reading. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell. Leslie, A. M. (1991). Theory of mind impairment in autism. In A. Whiten, Ed., Natural theories of mind: Evolution, development, and simulation of everyday mind reading. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell. Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! Im a Daddy. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010. Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! Im a Daddy. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010. Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! Lets Play Doctor. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010. Thalhamer III, Ellen Viola. I Love to Pretend! Lets Play Doctor. Bloomington, Indiana: Author House, 2010. The Gray Center. (unknown). Carol Gray. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from The Gray Center for Social Learning and Understanding: http://thegraycenter.org/ssocial- stories/carol-gray The Gray Center. (unknown). Carol Gray. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from The Gray Center for Social Learning and Understanding: http://thegraycenter.org/ssocial- stories/carol-grayhttp://thegraycenter.org/ssocial- stories/carol-grayhttp://thegraycenter.org/ssocial- stories/carol-gray Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2010, September 27). Social Stories. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Wikipedia The free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/social_studies Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2010, September 27). Social Stories. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Wikipedia The free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/social_studieshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/social_studies Wallin, Jason. (2004). Social Studies. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Polyxo.com Teaching Children with Autism: http://www.polyxo.com/socialstories/ Wallin, Jason. (2004). Social Studies. Retrieved October 12, 2010, from Polyxo.com Teaching Children with Autism: http://www.polyxo.com/socialstories/http://www.polyxo.com/socialstories/


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