Presentation on theme: "Unit Two Level G Vocabulary"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit Two Level G Vocabulary Definitions, Synonyms, Antonyms, Parts of Speech, Stressed Syllables
2Ac cost’(verb) – to approach and to speak first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way.The nobleman was accosted by beggars on his way to the castle.Synonyms: buttonhole, approach, confrontAntonyms: evade, avoid, shun
3An i mad ver’ sion(noun) – a comment indicating strong criticism or disapprovalThe inexperienced filmmaker was disheartened by the animadversion of the film critic.Synonyms: rebuke, reproofAntonyms: praise, compliment
4Av’ id(adj.) – desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eagerMost writers are also avid readers who have loved books since childhood.Synonyms: keen, enthusiastic, graspingAntonyms: reluctant, indifferent, unenthusiastic
5Brack’ ish (adj.) – having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink The shipwrecked passengers adrift on the lifeboat became ill after drinking brackish water.Synonyms: briny, salineAntonyms: fresh, clear, sweet
6Ce ler’ i ty (noun) – swiftness, rapidity of motion or action Although the heavy snowfall was not expected, the highway department responded with surprising celerity.Synonyms: promptness, alacrity, speedAntonyms: slowness, sluggishness, dilatoriness
7De’ vi ous(adj.) – straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded wayThe interrogator used devious methods to try to get the suspect to incriminate himself.Synonyms: roundabout, indirect, tricky, sly, artfulAntonyms: direct, straightforward, open, aboveboard
8Gam’ bit(noun) – in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; an opening move of this typeAsking an interesting stranger about his or her job is a popular party gambit.Synonyms: ploy, stratagem, ruse, maneuver
9Hal’ cy on(noun) – a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher; (adj.) – of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful, happy, golden; prosperous, affluentThe teacher read the legend of the halcyon, a mythic bird that nested in a calm sea.The woman often spoke of the halcyon days of her childhood.Synonyms: (adj.) tranquil, serene, placid, palmyAntonyms: (adj.) turbulent, chaotic, tumultuous
10His tri on’ ic(adj.) – pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial, melodramaticUpon receiving his award, the young actor gave a histrionic speech.Synonyms: affected, stagyAntonyms: low-keyed, muted, untheatrical, subdued
11In cen’ di ar y(adj.) – deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion. (noun) – one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strifeThe arsonist planted an incendiary device in the basement of the store.The radical incendiary was sentenced to life imprisonment.Synonyms: (adj.) inflammatory, provocative, (n.) firebrandAntonyms: (adj.) soothing, quieting (n.) peacemaker
12Mael’ strom(noun) – a whirlpool of great size and violence; a situation resembling a whirlpool in violence and destructionMany innocent people caught in the maelstrom of the revolution lost their lives and property.Synonyms: vortex, chaos, turbulence, tumult
13My op’ ic(adj.) nearsighted; lacking a broad, realistic view of a situation; lacking foresight or discernmentThe myopic foreign policy of the last administration has led to serious problems with our allies.Synonyms: shortsightedAntonym: farsighted
14O vert’(adj.) – open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognizedIn order for Congress to declare war, the President must demonstrate an overt threat.Synonyms: clear, obvious, manifest, patentAntonyms: secret, clandestine, covert, concealed
15Pe jor’ a tive(adj.) – tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittlingThe lawyer was accused of making a pejorative remark when referring to the defendant’s background.Antonyms: complimentary, ameliorative
16Pro pri’ e ty(noun) – the state of being proper, appropriateness; (pl.) standards of what is proper or socially acceptableThe social worker questioned the propriety of the police’s request to see confidential records.Synonyms: fitness, correctness, decorumAntonyms: unseemliness, inappropriateness
17Sac’ ri lege(noun) – improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacredThe anthropologist was accused of committing a sacrilege when she disturbed an ancient burial ground.Synonyms: desecration, profanation, defilement
18Sum mar’ i ly (adv.) – without delay or formality; briefly, concisely As soon as there was evidence of criminal wrongdoing, the official was summarily ousted from his post.Synonyms: promptly, peremptorily, abruptly
19Sup’ pli ant(adj.) – asking humbly and earnestly; (n.) one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitorHe made a suppliant address to the parole board.Stranded in the deserted city of Moscow, Napoleon had to turn to the Czar not as a conqueror but as a suppliant.
20Tal’ is man(noun) – an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetishMost people do not believe that rabbit’s feet and other talismans actually bring good luck.
21Un’ du late(verb) – to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form.The baseball fans began to undulate as they cheered, so that they appeared to move in a wave.Synonyms: ripple, fluctuate, rise and fall.