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Welcome! Well be starting the Live Broadcast shortly. During The Live Broadcast The presenters voice will be broadcast through your computers speakers,

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome! Well be starting the Live Broadcast shortly. During The Live Broadcast The presenters voice will be broadcast through your computers speakers,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome! Well be starting the Live Broadcast shortly. During The Live Broadcast The presenters voice will be broadcast through your computers speakers, so please make sure your computers volume is on. The presentation will last about 15 minutes, and the rest of the time will be reserved for your questions. To ask questions, please type them at any time in the Chat box on the left of this screen. After the Live Broadcast We will post the slides and the recording of this presentation on our blog and will email you the link to it. We will be happy to field any of your further questions at 1-888-603- 1788 or support@lexercise.com.support@lexercise.com

2 How Meaning Takes Shape

3 defining morphology

4 the study of word formation, or how morphemes combine to form words (Soifer) morphology is to words what syntax is to sentences... the internal structure of words (Parker & Riley) the spelling-meaning connection (Templeton)

5 defining morphemes

6 the smallest meaningful units in language (Moats) more or less constant meaning associated with more or less constant form (Parkey & Riley) a unit of grammar smaller than the word (Matthews) an indivisible unit of meaning (Ebbers)

7 defining morphemes morph form, shape eme minimal distinctive unit eme graphphonelexmorph not able to be further reduced without losing or changing its meaning not divisible into smaller morphemes

8 orthographic morphology

9 Orthography orthographic morphology is a term that refers to a conventional writing system specific to only one language by which those who know and speak the language represent its sense and meaning to themselves human thought made visible as text representing sense and meaning

10 Orthography representing sense and meaning phonology units of speech that construct meaning phonology units of speech that construct meaning etymology interrelation interrelation of sense and meaning etymology interrelation interrelation of sense and meaning human thought made visible as text orthographic morphology morphology structure and sequencing of meaning morphology structure and sequencing of meaning The other concepts, especially phonology, cannot be properly understood independently of morphological structure and framework. Orthographic phonology is subject to morphological boundaries.

11 Orthography orthographic morphology morphology structure and sequencing of meaning morphology structure and sequencing of meaning the organizing, delimiting and defining concept N o grapheme or other orthographic unit can cross or straddle a morphemic boundary. Morphological analysis is essential to all orthographic investigation.

12 written morphemes

13 A written morpheme is called an orthographic element An element is a basic or indivisible unit, a primary, unanalyzable constituent. written morphemes

14 written morphemes baseaffix elements Every word has a base element.

15 baseaffix freebound prefixsuffix elements lexicalgrammatical written morphemes Affixes are always bound. derivationalinflectional nounsverbsadjectivesadverbspronounsaux.verbsprepositionsconjunctionsarticles ......<(e)n>

16 synthetic word sums written morphemes + + + + +

17 analytic word sums written morphemes + + + < haphazard > + < mishap >

18 investigating word structure written morphemes + + + < art i fact >

19 baseaffix freebound connector prefixsuffix inflectionalderivational elements lexicalgrammatical A connector is a vowel letter that can connect a base or suffix to another base or suffix. written morphemes

20 A connector is a vowel letter that can connect a base or suffix to another base or suffix. written morphemes connector actual special linear evacuate equinox sacrifice dictatorial phonology geometry

21 Occams Razor Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.

22 Occams Razor

23 Occams Razor the lexical word matrix base element more bases connector vowel prefixes suffixes root: the historical origin of a word or morpheme

24 meaning taking shape geology geography geode epigeal biology biography biome amphibian autograph automobile autarchy autism scientist omniscience prescient conscious acted actor active reaction credit incredible credence credulous knows knowing unknown acknowledge Greek γ gē earth Greek βίος bios life Greek α τός autos self Latin scire to know Latin actus a doing, an act Latin credere to trust, believe Old English cnawan to know

25 How Meaning Takes Shape


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