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Thinking, thinking and more thinking!

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1 Thinking, thinking and more thinking!
School of Educators Learn Create Sustain Thinking, thinking and more thinking! A summary of many thinking strategies

2 Blooms’ Taxonomy Knowledge: arrange, define, duplicate, label, list, memorize, name, order, recognize, relate, recall, repeat, reproduce state. Comprehension: classify, describe, discuss, explain, express, identify, indicate, locate, recognize, report, restate, review, select, translate, Application: apply, choose, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve, use, write. Analysis: analyze, appraise, calculate, categorize, compare, contrast, criticize, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, experiment, question, test. Synthesis: arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, propose, set up, write. Evaluation: appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose compare, defend estimate, judge, predict, rate, core, select, support, value, evaluate. Remember(Knowledge) Understand (Comprehension) Apply (Application) Analyse (Analysis) Evaluate (Evaluation) Create (Synthsis) Turn the order upside down for GATE children

3 Six Thinking Hats White Hat – facts, questions Red Hat – feelings, intuitions Yellow Hat – positive, why it will work, success Black Hat – caution, weak points Green Hat – creative, alternatives Blue Hat – overview, summary

4 Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
“Howard Gardner first discussed his theory of Multiple Intelligences in his 1983 publication Frames of Minds, in order to explain and identify the variety of ways that individuals are "smart".  While some students are smart with words or self, and some are smart with people or nature, others have mathematical, physical, spatial or musical talents.  It is the way that those people best understand, know and learn about the world around them. Linguistic intelligence ("word smart"): Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart") Spatial intelligence ("picture smart") Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart") Musical intelligence ("music smart") Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart") Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart") Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")

5 Tony Ryan’s Thinkers Keys
“Tony Ryan first introduced his Thinkers Keys in the 1980s but we think his keys are still an effective way to introduce different ways of higher-order thinking  to our students.  Thinkers Keys can be easily included in contract activities, homework tasks, journal writing activities, extension tasks and as part of a Bloom's and Multiple Intelligence approach to teaching and learning.”

6 Decision-Making Matrix
Helps children to see that taking everything into consideration is important when making a decision. Children could suggest criteria or factors that would need to be considered when making decisions. For example: buying a house Price Other factors??? House A $200,000 House B $250,000 House C $300,00 Can you think of other factors? Include these on your matrix now. Think about how you could use this in staff meetings, classroom programmes???

7 PMI PMI is a simple way to analyse. P - can mean Plus / Positives
M - can mean Minus / Negatives I - can mean Interesting / Issues It can be used in the classroom programmes and staff meetings to help groups to see the big picture and help to make decisions. An extension to the PMI can be to have an extra column down the left hand side to include perspectives from other people. Energy Saving Light bulbs Perspectives Plus Minus Interesting Power companies Consumers (customers) Health Officials

8 100 75 50 25 Extent Barometer Very High Fairly High Medium Low
Helps children to analyse a situation by putting main points of a story, event or experience in perspective by ranking them on the barometer. Eg: Read the story “Dr Dog” To what extent was Dr Dog over worked? Eg: Read the novel “HOLES” To what extent was Stanley guilty? To what extent was the camp extreme in their way of punishing the boys? To what extent was Stanley’s will to leave Camp Greenlake? 100 Very High 75 Fairly High 50 Medium 25 Low None at all

9 KWL K = What I know (Facts) W = What I Want to know (Questions)
L = What I have Learnt Excellent strategy to use at the start of a unit – children can add to the last part – what I have learnt. Can also be used at a staff meeting or a discussion. It helps to develop thinking from the knowledge to abstract (questions) to the analytical ( children would need to evaluate the information they receive) The “what I want to know” encourages the children to ask good questions that will then encourage them to be good investigators and detectives to find the answers. The next stage – what I have learnt - will allow children to make conclusions but to also see connections and may also be a catalysts for more questions and research.

10 SWOT Analysis Excellent thinking strategy for analysing groups or important proposals, decisions or suggestions. Children would categorise internal and external factors as Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. SWOT. Internal factors: Strengths and weaknesses External factors : Opportunities and threats Process: 1. Decide on the topic to be analysed 2. Create a SWOT using the template 3. Write the issue to be discussed next to the heading topic 4. Complete the operation ( sounds like a police operation!) Suggested topics???? Treaty of Waitangi Settlers – Maori, Myself as a learner in my classroom, Animals eg:kiwi …

11 T Bar Analysis A simple and quick way to summarise information from a written source and present it visually. It is used to compare two sources. Eg: Silver Ferns v Australia Netball Team - Test Saturday 21 July 2007 ODT Source Australian Newspaper source List ideas – chn make a summary

12 Tournament Prioritizing
Encourages rational decision making. It will help children ( and adults) to justify and prioritise their decisions. (Top end thinking in Blooms – analyse and evaluate) Process 1. Create a context eg: What do we need to take to school camp 2. Use a noisy round robin with teams of 3 -4 to gather items list 3. Ask group to decide what is the most important item 4. Each group has a tournament prioritising sheet, the first item written is called item one and this must be seeded number 1 the second item is seeded number 16, item 3 is number 2, item 4 is number 15 and so on… 5. In teams of two, three or four children decide on items that will be eliminated. Children must justify their reasons. They need to be rational and persuasive! 6. Once all groups have prioritised, the teacher can record the ranking of the groups on the board and replay the tournament prioritiser until and overall “winner” is found. Lots of fun!!! Lots of great discussion.

13 Y chart A good way to respond to a situation, proposal or a problem. A Y chart will demand effective thinking, discussion and responding. It relies far more on the senses, intuition and imagination Process 1. Decide on a topic eg: leadership qualities 2. Draw a Y chart 3. In the “looks like” area brainstorm and record everything you would expect to see happening around a good and effective leader- what they look like – what is happening. 4. In the “sounds like” area record all the sounds associated with a leader – commands specific about tasks, include words, sentences you have heard 5. “Feels like” record all the things you would feel eg: a sense of team work, pride, success, challenge Children then from the information gathered, could develop a set of criteria that could be used for a leader of a youth group, miniball team, government party … other ideas. This criteria could be used in a number of ways eg: advertisement for a job, Vocabulary extension for report writing about different leaders… Other areas this chart could be used - Camp Greenlake in the story “Holes”, characters in reading books, social studies topics, selected parts of a DVD.

14 As busy educators we need to made decisions every minute of the day let us now think where many of these charts would fit into our everyday routines… Decision Making Matrix – that new pair of boots that I would like to buy??? PMI – Plus, Minus and Interesting Topic: The youth of today. Extent Barometer – to what extent is my very disruptive reading class annoying me!!!!!!! KWL – What I know about buying those new boots ( I have to have them!) What I want to know (are they on sale????) and what I have learnt (don’t put any unnecessary purchases on the credit card where other people can see it!!!!!!!! Oh dear!!) SWOT – Myself as a mother of a three year old!!! T Bar – Richard in his youth playing soccer/Richard in his “Mature years” playing soccer. Tournament Prioritising – What do I need to take on my ski holiday? Decisions are so hard! Y Chart – Old Age: What it looks like, sounds like, feels like!

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