Presentation on theme: "advertisement /ædv ɚˈ ta ɪ zm ə nt, Brit ə d ˈ v ə : t ə sm ə nt/, ad - something (such as a short film or a written notice) that is shown or presented."— Presentation transcript:
advertisement /ædv ɚˈ ta ɪ zm ə nt, Brit ə d ˈ v ə : t ə sm ə nt/, ad - something (such as a short film or a written notice) that is shown or presented to the public to help sell a product or to make an announcement – obavještenje, oglašavanje, reklama I saw an advertisement for a new car on TV last night. The company has spent a lot of money on advertisement. I must put an ad in the local paper.
aged - having reached a specified age – tih i tih godina a woman aged 40 =a woman who is 40 years old a child aged 10 a group of men aged between 20 and 30 aged – very old aged oak an aged man
with a view to, more formal - with the hope or goal of (doing something) – s izgledom … with a view to becoming a manager – s izgledom da postane menadžer They have reorganized the department with a view to making it more efficient. [=in order to make it more efficient]
overall - including everyone or everything, viewed as a whole or in general – cjelokupan, sveobuhvatan What is the overall [=total] cost? His mistake didn't change my overall impression of him. She likes the overall quality of the product.
induction - the formal act or process of placing someone into a new job, position, government office, etc. – uvo đ enje (u dužnost) Many people attended the bishop's induction. The induction ceremony was held at a banquet hall.
work study (department) – of, relating to, or being an academic program that enables high-school or college students to gain work experience and make money while continuing their studies initial / ɪˈ n ɪʃ ə l/ - occurring at the beginning of something – inicijalni, početni, prvobitni The symptoms are mild in the initial [=early] stages of the disease. Her initial [=first] reaction was to say no, but she eventually agreed to help. Initial salary will be …
salary / ˈ sæl ə ri/ - an amount of money that an employee is paid each year. A salary is divided into equal amounts that are paid to a person usually once every two weeks or once every month – lični dohodak, plata, zarada She was offered a salary of $50,000 a year. Employees receive an annual increase in salary. wage / ˈ we ɪʤ /- an amount of money that a worker is paid based on the number of hours, days, etc., that are worked – dnevnica, naknada, plata a wage of $14 an hour = an hourly wage of $14 Both of them make decent wages. The table and chairs cost two weeks' wages. The company offers competitive wages and good benefits. The company gave workers a four percent wage increase this year fee / ˈ fi : / - an amount that is paid for work done by a doctor, lawyer, etc. – honorary (za usluge) His insurance covers the doctor's fee. They paid a fortune in legal fees.
profit sharing – a system by which employees receive a share of the profits of a business enterprise; a system in which employees receive a part of the company's profits – učešće u dobiti in writing – pismeno
fill in (an application) - to complete (a document) by providing necessary information – ispuniti, popuniti fill in an application fill in an order form Please fill in the blanks. [=put information in the blank spaces] sometimes used figuratively: At the end of the movie, the narrator goes back and fills in (all) the blanks. [=the narrator provides missing information about the movie's plot]
CV (curriculum vitae) /k ə ˈ r ɪ kj ə l ə m ˈ vi : ˌ ta ɪ / - a short document that describes your education, work experience, etc. : résumé called also CV (US). In U.S. English, a person who is applying for a job as a scientist, doctor, or professor at a college or university is asked to submit curriculum vitae. For other jobs, the usual word in U.S. English is résumé. – biografija résumé
references / ˈ r ɛ fr ə ns/ - a statement about someone's character, abilities, etc. – preporuka, referenca Her former teacher gave her a reference when she applied for the job. Her teacher gave her a letter of reference. attached / ə ˈ tæt ʃ t/ - connected or joined to something – dodat, priključen, spojen Please fill out the attached application. Please see the document attached. The house has an attached garage.
therein /ðe ɚˈɪ n/ - formal, in or into that place or thing – u tome The insurance covers the apartment and all the property therein. His name was mentioned in the article, although he was incorrectly described therein as a medical doctor. send out - to mail (something) to many different people or places – isposlati, odašiljati, razaslati Have you sent out the invitations yet?
ask - to say or write something to someone as a way of gaining information : to request an answer to a question – pitati I need to ask a question. I need to ask you a question. = (less commonly) I need to ask a question of you. Are there any questions you would like to ask (me)? Did you ask her yet? Have you seen the movie yet? he asked. a list of frequently asked questions ask - to invite (someone) to go somewhere or do something – pozvati He's asking just a few friends to the party. I asked him to lunch. They asked me over for dinner.
candidate / ˈ kænd ə ˌ de ɪ t, ˈ kænd ə d ə t/ - a person who is being considered for a job, position, award, etc. - kandidat Candidates can apply in person or send a resume. candidate + for - He seemed like an unlikely candidate for the job. Our son is a candidate for the Player of the Year award.
appointment / ə ˈ po ɪ ntm ə nt/- an agreement to meet with someone at a particular time – dogovor, (zakazani) sastanak I'm late for an appointment. I have a doctor's appointment tomorrow morning at nine o'clock. dental/dentist's appointments She made an appointment (to meet) with her professor. We are calling to confirm your appointment with Dr. Jones. = We are calling to make sure that you will keep your appointment with Dr. Jones. The museum is open to visitors by appointment only. [=you have to make an appointment to visit the museum]
I used to smoke, but now Ive stoped. (NOT I was used to smoke…) That hall used to be a cinema. used + infinitive – za izražavanje prošlih navika I stanja koja su sada završena.
Ovaj nepotpuni glagol se koristi da napravi kontrast izme đ u prošlosti i sadašnjosti. Koristi se da izrazi nešto što je postojalo ili se radilo u prošlosti (uopšteno govoreći, za radnju koja se ponavljala), ali koja više ne postoji ili se više ne radi. Na primjer: That is the house where we used to live. (but we dont live there any longer) He used to smoke a lot. (but he doesnt do so now) People used to think that the earth was flat. (but they dont think so now)
Used to nema oblik za sadašnje vrijeme. Da bismo izrazili sadašnje navike ili stanja, obično koristimo Simple Present Tense. He smokes. (NOT He uses to smoke.) Upitni i odrični oblik ove konstrukcije je kao kod pravilnih glagola. Na primjer: Did you use to climb the old apple tree in the garden? Did he use to do it? He didnt use to smoke as much as he does now. You didnt use to make that mistake.
Obratite pažnju na priloge, kada se koriste sa used to-konstrukcijom, u zavisnosti od toga da li je stil više ili manje formalan, prilozi mogu stajati ispred ili iza used. I always used to be afraid of dogs. (informal) I used always to be afraid of dogs. (formal)
Prošlo vrijeme se gradi veoma jednostavno. Ovo glagolsko vrijeme gradimo dodavanjem nastavka –ed na glagol u infinitive: play – played open – opened rain – rained stay – stayed
ako se glagol završava na slovo e, dodajmo samo –d close – closed place – placed ako se glagol završava na jedan naglašeni samoglasnik, udvajamo suglasnik i dodajemo –ed shop – shopped plan – planned regret – regretted kada se glagol završava na suglasnik + y: y prelazi u i i dodaje se nastavak – ed hurry – hurried cry – cried study – studied
Ovo važi za pravilne glagole. Me đ utim, postoje i nepravilni glagoli kod kojih oblici prošlog vremena imaju zasebnu formu (II kolona). Neki od njih su na primjer: be – was/were speak – spoke buy – bought understand – understood have – had do – did come – came sell – sold write – wrote put – put
Potvrdni oblikUpitni oblikOdrični oblik I workedDid I work? I did not (didnt) work You workedDid you work?You didnt work He/she/it workedDid he/she/it work? He/she/it didnt work
Simple Past Tense se koristi da izrazi radnju koja je u potpunosti završena u nekom momentu, ili tokom odre đ enog perioda, u prošlosti: Peter arrived at our house yesterday. We lived at Bournemouth for six years. I went to the cinema last night. Peter broke a window last night. I spent all my childhood in Scotland. Regularly every summer, Janet fell in love.
Obično se koristi sa riječima i frazama koje su vremenski indikatori kao što su, npr. yesterday, last week, in 1956, last week (year, summer), a week ago, a month ago, a year ago, i sl. Simple Past se koristi u pričanju priča ili kada želimo da prepričamo nešto što se dogodilo: One day the Princess decided that she didnt like staying at home all day, so she told her father that she wanted to get a job…
ago – se koristi sa prošlim vremenom za računanje unazad od sadašnjosti – da kažemo kada se prije sadašnjosti nešto desilo: I saw John three months ago. We met a year ago. It happened forty years ago. We finished the report an hour ago. before – se koristi sa prošlim vremenom za računanje unazad od nekog momenta u prošlosti: I saw John before his birthday. We met before Christmas. It happened before the Second World War. We finished the report before the deadline.