Presentation on theme: "Group 3 Members of the group : Syamimi bt. Haslan (A 127285) Muhammad Jefri bin Mohd Yusof (A 127105) Noor Khairatul Azni bt Mat (A 127222) Chai Lee Chin."— Presentation transcript:
Group 3 Members of the group : Syamimi bt. Haslan (A ) Muhammad Jefri bin Mohd Yusof (A ) Noor Khairatul Azni bt Mat (A ) Chai Lee Chin (A ) Yosmetha a/p Mayalvanan (A )
What is Jacobs Syndrome? A rare chromosomal disorder that affects males. It is caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome. Males normally have one X and one Y chromosome. However, individuals with Jacob's syndrome have one X and two Y chromosome. Males with Jacob's syndrome, also called XYY males.
Explanation. XYY syndrome is an aneuploidy of the sex chromosomes in which a human male receives an extra Y chromosomes, giving a total of 47 chromosomes instead of the more usual 46. This produces a 47, XYY karyotype.
Chemical Signs Of Jacobs Syndrome 1.High level of testosterone 2. Have 47 chromosomes, XYY karyotype 3. Delayed emotional maturity
Physical Symptoms Of Jacobs Syndrome 1.Large hand and feet 2.Skeletal malformation 3.Slightly taller than average 4.Having more severe acne than normal 5.Learning problems at school 6.Speech problem 7.Normal sexual libido and potency 8.Swollen joints 9.Joints stiffness 10.Arthritis 11.Camptodactyly 12.Impaired joint mobility 13.Inflammed pericardium 14.Chest pain
What causes this disease? It is not inherited Occurs as a random event during the formation of sperm cells. Error in chromosome separation during anaphase II (of meiosis II) called nondisjunction can result in sperm cells with an extra copy of the Y chromosome. If one of these atypical sperm cells contributes to the genetic makeup of a child, the child will have an extra Y chromosome in each of the body's cells.
continue… In some cases, the addition of an extra Y chromosome results from nondisjunction during cell division during a post-zygotic mitosis in early embryonic development. This can produce 46, XY/47, XYY mosaics.
How common is the disease?. About 1 in 1,000 boys are born with a 47, XYY karyotype. The incidence of 47, XYY is not affected by advanced paternal or maternal age. In Malaysia, when the population of the male is about 12,751.9 million, the number of those who are affected to this disease is 11,761. This is about 0.09%.