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© PAD 2011 Theory, Framework, Programs and Application Patricia Scott-Jeoffroy Parent Action on Drugs March, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "© PAD 2011 Theory, Framework, Programs and Application Patricia Scott-Jeoffroy Parent Action on Drugs March, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 © PAD 2011 Theory, Framework, Programs and Application Patricia Scott-Jeoffroy Parent Action on Drugs March, 2011

2 © PAD 2011 began 30 years ago by parents in Ontario initiated peer education programming in 1985 mandate is to address issues related to youth substance use develops and provides a growing bank of programs and resources for youth, professionals and parents and caregivers PAD is a member of HC Link Parent Action on Drugs

3 © PAD 2011 Exploring resiliency beyond the individual Theory Framework Programs Application Agenda

4 © PAD 2011

5 The ability to bounce back from difficult situations and adversity to make healthier choices when coping with lifes struggles Defining Resiliency

6 © PAD 2011 Research shows that a resilient youth is less likely to become involved in problems such as substance use, gang participation, gambling or other anti-social behaviors Importance of Resiliency

7 © PAD 2011 The concept of resiliency is not new. Many researchers and clinicians have understood the role that resiliency plays in the lives of youth for many years. Its Not New

8 © PAD 2011 The capacity for resiliency develops and changes over time Work is primarily focused on at risk youth Risk and protective factors Developed a framework and assessment tool Dr. Wayne Hammond

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10 Too Safe for Their Own Good: How Risk and Responsibility Help Teens Thrive How much risk is too much risk? Are we keeping our kids too safe? Need to teach youth what is appropriate risk taking, how to assess risk and how to keep themselves safe rather than doing it for them Strength Based Counseling: with At-Risk Youth Six strategies for nurturing resiliency The hidden coping of disadvantaged youth Michael Under

11 © PAD 2011 From a community perspective: in the environment in which teens are learning to be adults; has the community found the balance between keeping youth safe and allowing them the risk taking responsibilities of the maturing process? UnDer

12 © PAD 2011 Hold onto your kids: Why parents matter more than peers Engaging parents in the development process of youth and addressing the they just dont listen issue for parents Applied to a community understanding: the parent, community and broader society also speak to the youth growing up in the community Emphasis importance to listening to the voice of youth Gordon Neufeld and Gabor Mate

13 © PAD 2011 The Heroic Client What is Right with You Approaching problems in life with a negative self perception predisposes you to failure. Your personal strength allows you to manage the inevitable changes that life will offer. Applied to the community: does the environment view youth as a potential problem or opportunity and what do the policies developed reflect? Barry Duncan

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15 Traditional understanding of the youth address the internal variables: the nature of the youth the individual Approaches focus on building self-esteem, optimism and independence of the individual almost in isolation of the external environment Approaches to Youth Resiliency

16 © PAD 2011 Emphasis on the internal variables of the youth are important however can be limiting By also addressing the context of the community and the environment in which the youth lives broadens the impact of resiliency programs. What is the impact?

17 © PAD 2011 Examines the context of the individuals existence: family, peers, school, neighbours and larger society Explores the role of the environment in building resiliency Reverses the lens from the individuals resiliency to the perspective of the environment Ecological Approach

18 © PAD 2011 How the youth feels and sees themselves, is influences by the broader community, including friends, family and neighbourhood. These are directly shaped by national policies, global economic climate, terrorism and the media Mental Health Foundation of Australia Ecological Approach

19 © PAD 2011 Suggests that viewing resiliency as a component of just the individual is a limited approach Rather, resiliency is an attribute of communities, schools and families. Attention to the risk factors should be done only to identify development of protective factors Mental Health Foundation of Australia Ecological Approach

20 © PAD 2011 a tendency to see the good or poor functioning of a youth as due to the youths nature' rather than their context or circumstances Mental Health Foundation of Australia Fundamental Attribution Error

21 © PAD 2011 Macrosystem Meso-system /exosystem Micro-systems Individual Betancourt and Khan Harvard School of Public Health 2008

22 © PAD 2011 Mental Health Foundation of Australia

23 © PAD 2011 A focus on identifying and developing protective factors Targeting of at risk children Targeting at times of transition and stress A strong research or evidence base A focus on fostering supportive environments a preference for systemic intervention Evaluation built into the program Best Practice for Resiliency Programs

24 © PAD 2011 Mission: frame goals in positive terms Models: include positive predictors and outcome in models of change Measures: assess the positive ways as well as the negative Methods: consider multiply strategies based on resilient needs 1.Risk-based approaches 2.Asset-focused strategies 3.Process-oriented designs Best Practice

25 © PAD 2011 When designing programs focus on the positive resources, health and competence Programs mission, goals, measures and methods should all reflect a focus on positive adaption and the natural human capacity for healthy adaptation. Ann Masten and Jennifer Powell

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27 In February 2009, OPHA received Health Canada funding to lead a provincial Youth Engagement (YE) Project. Working closely with six pilot sites throughout Ontario, OPHA assisted with local youth engagement initiatives and developed tools and resources for organizations to use when working with youth OPHA

28 © PAD 2011 Youth Engagement Project The project will run from February 2009 – June The goal of this project is to increase the application of knowledge and skills among public health professionals working with grades 6, 7 and 8 students to increase youth engagement in activities that enhance protective factors and resilience against illicit drug use and risk taking behaviours among this age group. OPHA

29 © PAD 2011 Strengthening Families Programs aims to increase family cooperation, communication and organization through participation in an eight-week skills- building family change program Increase positive parenting practices Increase overall family strengths and resilience Increase social skills in youth (cooperation, responsibility and self-control) Parent Action on Drugs

30 © PAD 2011 an active curriculum of skills-building designed specifically to increase protective factors, such as parent-child communication and empathy, consistent parental monitoring and positive discipline and strategies to improve family organization and cohesion. Sessions for youth are designed specifically with youth in mind; to be fun, active and helpful in relation to both parents and peers. Strengthening Families Programs

31 © PAD 2011 Growing up resilient: Ways to build resilience in children and youth Tatyana Barankin and Nazilla Khanlou How people cope with the challenges they face in different life stages is influenced by their sense of who they are, how they relate to the world and others around them, and how well they manage the various parts of their lives. CAMH

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33 No two communities will be the same or require the same supports and developments All aspects of the local community as well as the wider society (Global economic conditions, political unrest, violence etc.) will fluctuate Seek to be aware of the environment created through public policy and actions which have an influence on resiliency What can we do?

34 © PAD 2011 The strength of the social capital available for the individual to draw upon in times of adversity The strength of the social network that supports members of the community Community Resilience

35 © PAD 2011 New High School built to accommodate increasing population in GTA community School is built facing north side of 4 lane road No side walk in front of school on north side of the street Pizza, sub and chicken shop on south side of the street, bus stop and cross walk are on the North side approx 500 yards to the west with no connecting side walk A Local Example

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37 Whereas youth in their high school years are developing independence and assessing risk taking, the environment created by the lack of sidewalk inhibited appropriate opportunities. Youth began crossing the 4 lane highway in the midst of traffic Environmental Resiliency

38 © PAD 2011 A sidewalk was built in front of the school to allow for safe passage to the intersection and south side of the street Assessing youth resiliency from the individual perspective would evaluate what was wrong with the youth that they would be running across 4 lanes of traffic and not acknowledge that the community has created an environment that inhibited building resiliency Community Response

39 © PAD 2011 evaluate environment in which the youth is making decisions the missing sidewalk is a variable beyond the internal nature of the individual therefore by building the sidewalk, the community is playing a positive role to develop the independence of the youth and supporting the development resiliency Ecological Response

40 © PAD 2011 A GTA community has a growing population, and is a commuter town for the City of Toronto With this develops a community of families with most housing geared toward two income single family homes The result is many parents absent from the family home after school (generally between 2:30-6:00pm) Another Community Example

41 © PAD 2011 New developers in partnership with the town and a youth advisory council construct a skate-board park in the middle of the new development. Refocus on traditional approach to childrens playground. Allows space for youth who have outgrown the playground Investing in Youth

42 © PAD 2011 Provides affordable access to local community centers for swimming, skating, hockey and art clubs Provides youth drop-in programs between 3:00-5:00pm at various community locations Provides in-training programs for youth who are underage for employment Community Response

43 © PAD 2011 Prioritizing youth in the community allowed for the recognition of positive attributes of youth Public policy allowed for programming to support youth through social, recreational and academic opportunities Creates a community of resilience rather than a community of youth without structured opportunities Ecological Response

44 © PAD 2011 Boys Adrift, Girls on the Edge Assessment of gender differences in risk taking behavior Boys overestimate their ability and underestimate the risks Girls underestimate their ability and overestimate the risks Leonard Sax

45 © PAD 2011 Parent Action on Drugs Resiliency Initiatives : Dr. Wayne Hammond Resiliency Research Center: Michael Unger Mental Health Foundation of Australia Resources

46 © PAD 2011 By strengthening individual resiliency you also can work towards building a stronger safer community Resiliency can be developed within the individual. Resiliency is also a product of the environment, community and social context of the individual Partnership potentials exist within the community and programs designed to address both offer the best opportunities for youth Conclusion

47 © PAD 2011 On behalf of Parent Action on Drugs, Thank you for participating in the Resiliency Webinar

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