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Urban Water Institute Water Policy Conference Delta Fix: Can Agribusiness Afford It? Geoffrey Vanden Heuvel Dairy Farmer / Vice-Chairman, Milk Producers.

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Presentation on theme: "Urban Water Institute Water Policy Conference Delta Fix: Can Agribusiness Afford It? Geoffrey Vanden Heuvel Dairy Farmer / Vice-Chairman, Milk Producers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban Water Institute Water Policy Conference Delta Fix: Can Agribusiness Afford It? Geoffrey Vanden Heuvel Dairy Farmer / Vice-Chairman, Milk Producers Council August 24, 2012

2 Fun Facts About Milk and Dairy Cows Real milk comes from cows Real milk comes from cows A cow needs to have a calf to start producing milk A cow needs to have a calf to start producing milk

3 Fun Facts About Milk and Dairy Cows A calf: A calf: Weighs about 100 pounds at birth Weighs about 100 pounds at birth Walks and starts nursing its mother at about 1 hour after birth Walks and starts nursing its mother at about 1 hour after birth Gains about 2 pounds per day, and is weaned at about 75 days of age Gains about 2 pounds per day, and is weaned at about 75 days of age Is ready to breed at 15 months old Is ready to breed at 15 months old The gestation period of a cow is 9 months The gestation period of a cow is 9 months So at 2 years old, a cow is ready to have her first calf and start producing milk So at 2 years old, a cow is ready to have her first calf and start producing milk

4 What Is Milk Made Of? Average Holstein cow milk is made up of: Average Holstein cow milk is made up of: 3.5% butterfat 3.5% butterfat 3.2% protein 3.2% protein 5% lactose 5% lactose 0.5% minerals 0.5% minerals 87.8% water 87.8% water

5 What Is Milk Made Of? So in the grocery store: So in the grocery store: Whole milk is 3.5% butterfat Whole milk is 3.5% butterfat Lowfat milk is 2% butterfat Lowfat milk is 2% butterfat Skim milk is 0.25% butterfat or less Skim milk is 0.25% butterfat or less

6 Cheese About 40% of Californias milk is manufactured into cheese About 40% of Californias milk is manufactured into cheese Cheese is really the binding together of the protein in milk, 80% of which is casein (or glue), with the butterfat in milk Cheese is really the binding together of the protein in milk, 80% of which is casein (or glue), with the butterfat in milk So when you make cheddar cheese, the butterfat and protein end up in the cheese, and the lactose and non-casein proteins end up in whey So when you make cheddar cheese, the butterfat and protein end up in the cheese, and the lactose and non-casein proteins end up in whey Eating her curds and whey… Eating her curds and whey…

7 Milk and Dairy Products Milk weighs about 8.6 pounds per gallon Milk weighs about 8.6 pounds per gallon It takes about 1.16 gallons of milk to make 1 pound of cheddar cheese It takes about 1.16 gallons of milk to make 1 pound of cheddar cheese In California, we produce more than 2 billion pounds of cheese per year (mostly cheddar and mozzarella), which makes up about 20% of the total U.S. production of cheese In California, we produce more than 2 billion pounds of cheese per year (mostly cheddar and mozzarella), which makes up about 20% of the total U.S. production of cheese We also make about 620 million pounds of butter per year (about 40% of the U.S.), and more than 1 billion pounds of milk powders per year (about 58% of the U.S.) We also make about 620 million pounds of butter per year (about 40% of the U.S.), and more than 1 billion pounds of milk powders per year (about 58% of the U.S.) Only 11-14% of Californias milk is actually sold as fluid milk in the stores Only 11-14% of Californias milk is actually sold as fluid milk in the stores

8 Lactose-Free Milk Do you know how they make lactose-free milk for those who are lactose intolerant? I didnt either, until a few months ago. Do you know how they make lactose-free milk for those who are lactose intolerant? I didnt either, until a few months ago. At the processing plant, milk is put in a holding tank, and an enzyme is added to the milk, which converts the lactose to fructose. So lactose- free milk tastes sweeter because fructose is sweeter than lactose. At the processing plant, milk is put in a holding tank, and an enzyme is added to the milk, which converts the lactose to fructose. So lactose- free milk tastes sweeter because fructose is sweeter than lactose.

9 How About Chocolate Milk? Do You Know Where It Comes From? Bessy the Brown Cow

10 What Cows Eat A cow is a ruminant animal, which means they need a certain amount of forages in their diet A cow is a ruminant animal, which means they need a certain amount of forages in their diet About 40% of a dairy cows diet needs to be forage, which consists of alfalfa hay and/or silages About 40% of a dairy cows diet needs to be forage, which consists of alfalfa hay and/or silages Mature milking cows eat about 50 pounds of dry matter per day Mature milking cows eat about 50 pounds of dry matter per day

11 Californias Dairy Industry About 1.7 million dairy cows in California About 1.7 million dairy cows in California These cows need a lot of forage, including alfalfa hay and silages, to be sustained These cows need a lot of forage, including alfalfa hay and silages, to be sustained Silages cannot be transported long distances because they have a high moisture content Silages cannot be transported long distances because they have a high moisture content Alfalfa hay is an essential part of sustaining the California dairy herd Alfalfa hay is an essential part of sustaining the California dairy herd

12 Californias Dairy Industry There are 980,000 acres of alfalfa hay production ground in California There are 980,000 acres of alfalfa hay production ground in California 75% of the alfalfa produced in California goes to the dairy industry (15% to horses, 5% to export, and the balance to beef, sheep and others) 75% of the alfalfa produced in California goes to the dairy industry (15% to horses, 5% to export, and the balance to beef, sheep and others) 50% of the alfalfa acres in California are located in regions of the State impacted by the Delta 50% of the alfalfa acres in California are located in regions of the State impacted by the Delta

13 Delta Fix Impacts Current agricultural water costs to grow alfalfa range from $35 per acre- foot to $75 per acre-foot Current agricultural water costs to grow alfalfa range from $35 per acre- foot to $75 per acre-foot Studies have indicated that the Delta fix will add $180 per acre-foot to the cost of agricultural water Studies have indicated that the Delta fix will add $180 per acre-foot to the cost of agricultural water

14 Delta Fix Impacts Growing alfalfa in the Central Valley requires about 4-5 acre-feet of water per acre of alfalfa. Growing alfalfa in the Central Valley requires about 4-5 acre-feet of water per acre of alfalfa. 500,000 acres of alfalfa in the CV = million acre-feet 500,000 acres of alfalfa in the CV = million acre-feet $180 per acre-foot X 2 million acre-feet = $360 million $180 per acre-foot X 2 million acre-feet = $360 million The dairy industry is highly regulated. There is no method of recapturing this $360 million from our customers The dairy industry is highly regulated. There is no method of recapturing this $360 million from our customers This seems like a problem This seems like a problem

15 Economic Value of the Dairy Industry to California The California Milk Advisory Board has analyzed the economic impact of the California dairy industry: The California Milk Advisory Board has analyzed the economic impact of the California dairy industry: $63 billion in economic impact $63 billion in economic impact 443,000 jobs 443,000 jobs For every job on the farm, another 22 jobs are created beyond the farm For every job on the farm, another 22 jobs are created beyond the farm

16 Bottom Line No alfalfa No dairy industry

17 Thank You. Questions?


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