Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 1 I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project Plan of Service ColumbiaGrid Regional Review July.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 1 I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project Plan of Service ColumbiaGrid Regional Review July."— Presentation transcript:

1 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 1 I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project Plan of Service ColumbiaGrid Regional Review July 12th, 2007

2 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 2 I-5Corridor

3 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 3 Introduction The I-5 Corridor extends through BPAs system from Canada to the border of California and Oregon and is a major north to south transmission path through BPAs system. The Tacoma, Southwest Washington, and Northwest Oregon load areas are served by the I-5 Corridor main grid transmission system. Currently the I-5 Corridor is one of BPAs most congested paths with the highest loading during peak summer load conditions combined with high north to south transfers through the northwest from Canada to California.

4 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 4 Problem Description Under high north to south flow conditions critical 500kV line outages can cause voltage instability and overloads on the underlying 230 and 115 kV systems. The current practice to mitigate these problems is to use a remedial action scheme (RAS) to trip key generation in the Northwest and Canada to reduce flows through the I-5 corridor. In the event of any of these outages as much as 2700MW of generation can be dropped.

5 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 5 Project Purpose The purpose of the proposed plan of service is to address the following: – Transmission service requests (Long-term) There are numerous requests in the queue which affect the I-5 Corridor – Generation interconnection requests Currently there are several proposed new generating projects that have an impact on the I-5 corridor transmission system. These projects are located between Satsop and Longview and have a combined capacity of 1476MW. – Increasing summer peak loads and the existing contractual obligations to serve them – Reduce dependence on existing RAS while maintaining transmission system reliability

6 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 6 Study Assumptions Base cases to be used –BPAs peak summer load budget base cases –The years 2008 (near term) and 2012 (long term) were studied Generation levels (maximum output used in studies) –Chehalis Power Project520MW –(PGE) Beaver492MW –(Clark) River Road235MW –(PACW) Swift210MW –(PACW) Yale and Merwin130MW –(PGE) Port Westward388MW –Mint Farm248MW –(Grays Harbor) Satsop628MW –(Pacific Mountain Energy Center) Kalama600MW Levels studied for critical cut planes/interties affecting the area: –Canada-Northwest 2000 to 2850 MW –California-Oregon Intertie 3300 to 4800 MW –North of John Day 7000 to 8400 MW

7 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 7 Study Assumptions Area loads forecasted for summer 2008 –PGE West Metro = 1980MW East Metro = 1317MW –PAC Portland area = 465MW –Clark County = 659MW Thermal limits of critical equipment (summer ratings at 30° C ambient temp) –Chehalis-Longview #1 and #3 230kV lines, 1840Amps to tap; 1070Amps individually –Holcomb-Naselle 115kV line, 430Amps –Ross-Woodland 230kV line, 1070Amps –Longview-Lexington 230kV line, 1070Amps –Trojan-St. Marys 230kV line, 1315Amps –Merwin-St. Johns 115kV line, 673Amps –Keeler-St. Marys 230kV line, 1757Amps

8 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 8 Study Assumptions Remedial Action Scheme (RAS) –The maximum allowable generation dropping for RAS was limited to 2700MW for these studies –RAS generation dropping priority was based on effectiveness as follows: 1.Available I-5 Corridor generation: Chehalis, Big Hanaford, Fredrickson, and new generation as applicable 2.BC Hydro: Revelstoke and MCA 3.Upper Columbia: Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph –BC Hydro generation arming Defined by the equation 1.5*(IC-800), IC = the Ingledow-Custer flow Generation dropping at BC Hydro was limited to a maximum of 1850MW. Dropping the generation is an all or nothing scheme. In this study it was assumed that if the sum of the I-5 and BC Hydro generation armed exceeded the maximum RAS limit of 2700MW, then generation at BC Hydro would not be dropped. Generating units at Upper Columbia would be dropped instead. –South of Chehalis Sectionalizing Scheme (SOCSS) Opens the Chehalis-Longview 230kV and Holcomb-Naselle 115kV lines in the event of an overload following a Paul corridor 500kV double line loss. This scheme is armed, in addition to generator dropping, when pre-contingency flows are very high on the South of Napavine path.

9 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 9 Study Methodology Critical outage List N-1 –Allston-Keeler 500kV line –Keeler-Pearl 500kV line N-2 –Double line loss of Paul-Allston and Paul-Napavine 500kV lines –Double line loss of Paul-Allston and Napavine-Allston 500kV lines –Line fault and 500kV breaker failure contingency (4283) at Pearl (Keeler- Pearl-Ostrander 500kV) –Line fault and 500kV breaker failure contingency (4394) at Keeler (Allston-Keeler-Pearl 500kV) –Line fault and 500kV breaker failure contingency (4502) at Allston (Napavine-Allston-Keeler 500kV) –Double line loss of Allston-Trojan #1 and #2 230kV lines –Double line loss of St.Marys-Trojan and Rivergate-Trojan 230kV lines

10 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 10 Study Methodology Generation pattern development –South of Napavine, South of Allston, and Keeler-Pearl path capacity varies with local load and generation patterns. –BPAs Operations typically operates the I-5 corridor within range of limits determined from studies where multiple generation patterns are considered. –The study methodology exposes different problems occurring under different system conditions. –The set of generators used in this study included existing plants and the following projects which affect the I-5 Corridor: Mint Farm, Grays Harbor, and Pacific Mountain Energy Center.

11 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 11 Study Methodology

12 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 12 Study Methodology SCADA data was collected for the Willamette Valley/Southwest Washington load service area and Allston-Keeler 500kV line flows to determine generation patterns most likely to occur under peak load and high north to south flows. The most limiting generation patterns which are likely to occur during peak summer load conditions combined with high north to south flows through the I-5 corridor are: – Patterns G0, G2, G5, G8, G16, and G24 – In these patterns, most of the I-5 Corridor generation was on- line. The conclusion is that most I-5 generation is on-line when the WILSWA area load is peaking in the summer and Allston-Keeler 500kV line flows are high.

13 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 13 Study Methodology Generation pattern G2

14 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 14 Study Methodology Reliability Criteria / Planning Standards –Thermal Limit Criteria: All lines may not exceed their thermal limit for all conditions. Transformers may not exceed their thermal rating for all lines in service conditions and may not exceed their emergency rating under outage conditions. –Voltage Limit Criteria: For all lines in service, maintain a minimum of 1.0 per unit voltage and 0.95 per unit or applicable voltage for outage conditions. –Voltage Stability Methodology: Generation on low-side voltage control Capacitor groups locked from switching (selected 500kV shunt capacitor groups were switched during the contingency) Transformer taps locked SVCs allowed to adjust The real power margin criteria were applied using the QV Analysis tool in Power World. QV curves were constructed at various transfer levels near a thermal limit scenario. The voltage stability limit was determined from the transfer or path flow level with zero margin.

15 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 15 Existing System Performance In the following analysis of the existing system performance, the peak summer 2008 base case loads were used. As a result of the future load levels used, the South of Napavine and the South of Allston path TTC determined from the studies is lower than the current posted TTC and less than the path capacity sold. This is due to the difference in how the TTC is determined between this planning study and the studies used to set operating limits. The posted TTC levels were set using a WECC summer 2005 operating case. In the operating case loads were modeled at 95 percent of peak. The operating studies model conditions more likely seen on the system during high north to south transfers. This planning study models peak future loads (2008) occurring simultaneously with high transfers. The local loads affect the flows along the I-5 Corridor and, thus, affect the internal path TTC. As a result, higher loads in the Portland and Vancouver load centers will reduce South of Napavine and South of Allston TTC, as this study shows.

16 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 16 I-5 Corridor Internal Paths Within the service area, four significant paths are monitored to ensure the system is operated within safe limits. These paths are described below: – Raver-Paul Raver-Paul 500kV line rated at 2900Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient – South of Napavine 500kV Paul-Allston #2 500kV line at 3260Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Napavine-Allston (Paul-Allston #1) 500kV line at 3220Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient – South of Allston Allston-Keeler 500kV line at 3500Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Trojan-St. Marys 230kV line at 1315Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Trojan-Rivergate 230kV line at 1315Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Ross-Lexington 230kV line at 1070Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Merwin-St. Johns 115kV line at 673Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Allston-St. Helens 115kV line at 850Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient Astoria-Seaside 115kV line at 502Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient – Keeler-Pearl Keeler-Pearl 500kV line at 2590Amp capacity, 30°C Ambient

17 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 17 South of Napavine Path

18 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 18 South of Napavine Path Limiting Outage: The double line loss of Paul-Allston #1 and #2 500kV lines Limiting Elements: – Chehalis-Longview #1 and #3 230kV lines – Holcomb-Naselle 115kV line Existing South of Napavine path limit 2250-2700 MW (with 2700MW RAS gen drop) South of Napavine path limit from I-5 Corridor study results – Thermal limits: 1830MW (G27) – 2320MW (G2) – Voltage Stability: 2600MW (G31) – 2760MW (G0) with SOCSS implemented

19 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 19 South of Allston Path

20 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 20 South of Allston Path Limiting Outage: Line fault and Keeler 500kV breaker 4394 failure outage causing the double line loss of the Allston-Keeler and Keeler-Pearl 500kV lines Additional outages: – Allston-Keeler 500kV line outage – Double line loss of Allston-Trojan #1 and #2 230kV lines Limiting Elements: – Ross-Lexington 230kV line (will be upgraded in late 2007) – St. Marys-Trojan 230kV line (PGE) – Longview-Lexington #2 230kV line – Harborton-Rivergate 230kV line (PGE) – Keeler-St. Marys 230kV line (PGE) – Merwin-View 115kV line (PAC) Existing South of Allston path limit 2870-3090 MW (with 2700MW RAS gen drop)

21 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 21 Keeler-Pearl

22 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 22 Keeler-Pearl Limiting Outage: Line fault and Pearl 500kV breaker 4283 failure outage causing the double line loss of the Keeler-Pearl and Pearl-Ostrander 500kV lines Additional outages: – Keeler-Pearl 500kV line outage – Line fault and Pearl 500kV breaker 4280 failure outage causing the loss of the Keeler-Pearl 500kV line and a Pearl 500/230kV transformer Limiting Elements: – Keeler-St. Marys 230kV line (PGE) Keeler-Pearl is considered a sub path of the South of Allston and governed by the South of Allston limit South of Allston path limit from I-5 Corridor study results – Thermal limits: 2560MW (G27) – 3010MW (G2)

23 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 23 Existing System Performance Other lines requiring upgrades in the I-5 corridor to support load service and future generation interconnections: – (BPA) Keeler-Forest Grove 115kV line – (BPA) Allston-Rainier-Goble-St.Helens 115kV line – (PAC) Astoria-Seaside-Cannon Beach 115kV line – (BPA & CCP) Longview-Cardwell-Lexington 115kV loop – (BPA) Keeler-St. Johns 115kV line – (PGE) Orenco-Sunset 115kV line – (PAC) St. Johns-Columbia 115kV line – (PGE) Sherwood-Tualatin-Durham 115kV line

24 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 24 Existing System Performance Summary of Existing System Performance The South of Napavine and South of Allston TTC range based on the load forecast and base cases used is 1830MW to 2310MW and 2560MW to 3010MW respectively. The voltage stability limit of the system, with SOCSS implemented, ranges from 2600MW to 2760MW. Under certain generation patterns the South of Allston path TTC may not be usable due to the voltage stability limit of the South of Napavine path, which is in series with it. Other thermal violations exist that are not directly transfer related, but are aggravated by load growth and new generation interconnections in the I-5 corridor.

25 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 25 Options Studied 1.Upgrade Lower Voltage System – This option includes rebuilding, re-conductoring, or re-sagging entire lines or sections of 230 and 115 kV lines in the I-5 Corridor (approximately 130 miles), so they can support the high transfers in the event of an outage of the main grid 500kV system. Some of the lower voltage facilities belong to other utilities which operate in parallel to BPAs main grid transmission system. This alternative mitigates the thermal overloads. However, line upgrades do not mitigate the voltage instability problems identified. – The following list only includes lines that require upgrades for increased transfers and does not include some generation interconnection and load service related facility upgrades – The plan of service for this alternative includes the following line upgrades: (BPA) Longview-Chehalis 230kV line from Longview to tap, 1976Amp capacity (PGE) Keeler-St.Marys 230kV line, 1836Amp capacity (PGE) St.Marys-Trojan 230kV line, 1387Amp capacity (BPA) Ross-Woodland 230kV line, 1358Amp capacity (BPA) Longview-Lexington #2 230kV line, 1101Amp capacity (PAC) Merwin-View-Cherry 115kV line, 992Amp capacity (PAC) Astoria-Seaside-Cannon Beach 115kV line, 535Amp capacity (BPA) Allston-Rainier-Goble-St. Helens 115kV line, 945Amp capacity – These are the minimum upgrades required, do not eliminate the SOCSS and assume any new generation is incorporated into existing RAS

26 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 26 Options Studied Upgrade Lower Voltage System To completely eliminate the SOCSS and utilize the full South of Allston path capacity for the worst case generation scenario (Pattern G27) the following line upgrades would also be needed: – (BPA) Longview-Chehalis 230kV line from Longview to tap, 2982Amp capacity – (BPA) Longview-Chehalis #3 230kV line, 1550Amp capacity – (BPA) Longview-Chehalis #1 230kV line, 1441Amp capacity – (BPA) Olympia-Chehalis 230kV line, 1438Amp capacity – (BPA) Holcomb-Naselle 115kV line, 560Amp capacity – (BPA) Cathlamet-Cathlamet tap 115kV line, 319Amp capacity The alternative of upgrading the lower voltage system was not recommended due to the voltage stability performance of the system during the double line loss of Paul-Allston and Paul Napavine 500kV lines and the large number/mileage of line upgrades required to accommodate the new generation in the queue. Also, this alternative does not permit any reduction to RAS or improve voltage stability performance.

27 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 27 Options Studied 2.Construct a New Paul-Pearl 500kV line – Another alternative studied was a new Paul-Pearl 500kV line. A couple of routes for this line were considered. – The Paul-Pearl 500kV line plan of service includes: – Construct a new 500kV three breaker ring bus approximately 12 miles north of Allston substation (near Castle Rock, WA) tied into the Napavine-Allston 500kV line. This site was chosen to mitigate common corridor outages in the Paul-Allston transmission corridor. – Construct a new Pearl 500kV bay to terminate the new 500kV line – Multiple routes are possible for the Paul-Pearl 500kV line: Construct approximately 100 miles of 500kV line from the new substation north of Allston toward the west side of the Portland/Vancouver load service area through Clatskanie, Timber, Carlton, and Sherwood substations to Pearl. This alternate route may require new right of way through forested areas. Construct approximately 80 miles of new 500kV line from the new substation north of Allston paralleling the Ross-Lexington 230kV, Ross-St. Johns 230kV, St. Johns-Keeler 115kV, and Keeler-Oregon City 115kV lines to Pearl substation. This alternate route uses existing right of way through Forest Park and Portland neighborhoods and may require rebuilding some of the adjacent lines to double circuit with the new 500kV line. – Swap the Raver-Paul and Paul-Allston #1 500kV lines 2.6 miles from Paul substation The line swap was necessary to mitigate common corridor outages in the Paul-Allston transmission corridor.

28 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 28 Paul-Pearl 500kV Line and Routing Options

29 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 29 Options Studied Paul-Pearl Plan of Service-Continued The Paul-Pearl plan of service would require some additional line upgrades to maximize the paths increased capacity Additional improvements identified: – Upgrade the (PAC) Merwin-View-Cherry 115kV line to 1000Amp capacity – Upgrade the (BPA) Allston-Rainier-Goble 115kV line to 900Amp capacity – Upgrade the (BPA) Longview-Chehalis 230kV line from Longview to the tap, approximately 2 miles, to 2140Amp capacity. – These additional improvements do not include load service and generation interconnection upgrades A new Paul-Pearl 500kV line was not recommended due to the potential for greater environmental impact, high cost of land through the city of Portland, and increased project cost due to a longer alternate route length. Overall, it is expected that this would be a more costly alternative than the recommended plan of service without significantly greater benefits.

30 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 30 Options Studied 3.Construct a New Paul-Troutdale 500kV line – Recommended Alternative – The Paul-Troutdale 500kV line plan of service includes: Construct a new 500kV three breaker ring bus approximately 12 miles north of Allston substation (near Castle Rock, WA) tied into the Napavine-Allston 500kV line. –This site was chosen to mitigate common corridor outages in the Paul- Allston transmission corridor. Construct a 500kV three breaker ring bus at the Troutdale 500kV yard Re-terminate the Ostrander-Troutdale 500kV line and the Troutdale 500/230kV transformer into two of the new bay positions. The third bay position will be for the new 500kV line. Construct approximately 70 miles of new 500kV line from the new substation (north of Allston) to Troutdale. Swap the Raver-Paul and Paul-Allston #1 500kV lines 2.6 miles from Paul substation –The line swap was necessary to mitigate common corridor outages in the Paul- Allston transmission corridor.

31 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 31 Paul-Troutdale 500kV Line and Routing Options

32 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 32 Options Studied Paul-Troutdale Plan of Service - Continued The Paul-Troutdale plan of service would require some additional line upgrades to fully utilize the capacity of the new 500kV line Additional improvements which may be included in the plan of service: – Upgrade (PAC) Troutdale-Gresham 230kV line, (PAC) Harrison-Lincoln 115kV line, and (PGE) Blue Lake 230/115kV transformer – Upgrade (PAC) Merwin-View Tap-Cherry 115kV line – Re-terminate the Keeler-Pearl 500kV line into a new bay at Pearl – Upgrade the (BPA) Allston-Rainier-Goble 115kV line – Upgrade the (BPA) Longview-Chehalis 230kV line from Longview to the tap, approximately 2 miles, to 2140Amp capacity. – These additional improvements do not include load service and generation interconnection upgrades With the new Paul-Troutdale 500kV line, the net TTC increase (TTC increase minus the path flow increase) for the South of Napavine and South of Allston paths are approximately 545MW and 675MW respectively. Additional TTC increases can be achieved by the following: – Upgrade the Longview to Longview tap line section to 2140Amp capacity – Re-terminate the Keeler-Pearl 500kV line into a new 500kV bay at Pearl – Upgrade some additional lower voltage lines

33 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 33 Comparisons of Alternatives The Paul-Troutdale plan of service provides additional thermal capacity and system reactive support by providing a parallel path to the existing I-5 Corridor 500kV transmission system and also reduces system losses. – The Paul-Troutdale plan of service also provides the potential to reduce dependence on RAS generation dropping. – The Paul-Troutdale plan of service would accommodate proposed new generation in the interconnection queue. – The Paul-Pearl plan of service would have similar performance to the Paul-Troutdale plan of service. The lower voltage upgrade plan of service would require approximately 130 total miles of line upgrades to accommodate the generation in the queue. – The lower voltage upgrade plan of service would be expensive and does not enable any reduction in RAS. – The lower voltage system upgrades would not reduce losses. – Wide spread reactive additions would be required to support voltages in the event the SOCSS is implemented. – Operating the system with higher amounts of switched capacitor groups could be difficult to coordinate. – Without additional reactive support for the South of Napavine path, it would be unlikely the South of Allston path capacity could be fully utilized, since the paths are in series. Therefore it wouldnt be possible to achieve the full benefit of the upgraded lines.

34 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 34 Recommended Plan of Service BPAs recommended plan of service is to construct the Paul-Troutdale 500kV line. The new Paul-Troutdale 500kV line provides additional capacity to integrate new generation and accommodate new transmission requests into the I-5 Corridor and potentially reduce dependence on RAS. The new Paul-Pearl 500kV line was not recommended due to potential environmental impact, high land cost through the city of Portland, and higher project cost due to a longer alternate route length. The lower voltage system upgrades were not recommended due to inadequate voltage stability performance, continued dependence on existing RAS, and cost associated with the amount of lines needing upgrades Cost estimates are being developed for the Paul-Troutdale 500kV line plan of service. Costs are anticipated to be in the range of $200M (based on previous estimates).


Download ppt "B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Slide 1 I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project Plan of Service ColumbiaGrid Regional Review July."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google