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CURRENT SITUATION AND OUTLOOK FOR AGRICULTURAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN Dr. VINCENT LITTLE C OORDINATOR, IICA CARIBEAN REGIONAL AGENDA.

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Presentation on theme: "CURRENT SITUATION AND OUTLOOK FOR AGRICULTURAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN Dr. VINCENT LITTLE C OORDINATOR, IICA CARIBEAN REGIONAL AGENDA."— Presentation transcript:

1 CURRENT SITUATION AND OUTLOOK FOR AGRICULTURAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN Dr. VINCENT LITTLE C OORDINATOR, IICA CARIBEAN REGIONAL AGENDA

2 CONTENT OF THE PRESENTATION BACKGROUND CURRENT SITUATION INTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES OUTLOOK

3 BACKGROUND NATURAL AND MAN-MADE SOURCES OF RISK NATURAL AND MAN-MADE SOURCES OF RISK REGION AMONG THE TOP 10 IN DISASTER PRONENESS INDEX REGION AMONG THE TOP 10 IN DISASTER PRONENESS INDEX FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC COSTS of DISASTERS ARE HIGH AND ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC COSTS of DISASTERS ARE HIGH AND ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE

4 SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES (SIDS) AND LOW LYING COASTAL STATES (LLCS) SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES (SIDS) AND LOW LYING COASTAL STATES (LLCS) MORE THAN 68% OF LOSSES ARE TO THE SOCIAL AND PRODUCTIVE SECTOR MORE THAN 68% OF LOSSES ARE TO THE SOCIAL AND PRODUCTIVE SECTOR 60% OF THE POPULATION RESIDES IN THE COASTAL ZO NE 60% OF THE POPULATION RESIDES IN THE COASTAL ZO NE 70% OF ALL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES TAKES PLACE WITHIN 2 MILES OF THE COASTLINE 70% OF ALL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES TAKES PLACE WITHIN 2 MILES OF THE COASTLINE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REGION:

5 ESTIMATES OF IMPACT OF DISASTER EVENTS ON GDP YEARPLACEDISASTERIMPACT 1988JAMAICA GILBERT65% OF GDP COUNTRIES HUGOUS $412 MILLION 1999DOMINICA LENNY53% OF GDP 2004HAITI AND DR FLOODING270 DEATHS 2004GRENADA IVANUS $ 895 MILLION 2004JAMAICA IVANUS $ 592 MILLION 2005GUYANAFLOODING60% OF GDP

6 DAMAGE DONE TO AGRICULTURAL SECTORIN SOME COUNTRIES BY SELECTED DISASTERS COUNTRY DISASTERESTIMATED VALUE DOMINICALUIS AND MARILYN (1995) US $12 million GRENADAIVAN (2004)US $36.6 million GUYANAFLOODS (2005) FLOODS (2006) US $54.5 million US $22.5 million JAMAICAGILBERT (1988)JA $1.66 billion ST. KITTS/ NEVIS LUIS (1995) DEAN (2007) US $15 million US $10 million ST. LUCIADEAN (2007)US $16.9 million

7 MAJOR HURRICANES IN THE CARIBBEAN BY DECADE, CATEGORY OF HURRICANE CATEGORY CATEGORY CATEGORY TOTAL

8 ECONOMIC COSTS TO SECTOR ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE: INCREASED CAPITAL ACCUMULATION IN THE SECTOR STRENGTHENED INTER-SECTORAL LINKAGES INCREASED PERSISTENT POVERTY CONTINUED DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH AND SHIFTS INCREASED PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE OF SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS

9 RISK, HAZARDS AND VULNERABILITY R - f (H, V). R - RISK H - HAZARD V - VULNERABILITY

10 CURRENT SITUATION

11 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

12 TECHNICAL ACTIONS

13 INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING ENHANCE THE CULTURE FOR ARM AT REGIONAL, NATIONAL, AND COMMUNITY LEVEL DEVELOP THE INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOP THE INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE ESTABLISH AN OFFICE OF CHIEF AGRICULTURAL RISK OFFICER ESTABLISH AN OFFICE OF CHIEF AGRICULTURAL RISK OFFICER DEVELOP EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING MATERIALS DEVELOP EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING MATERIALS DEVELOP ARM TOOLKITS DEVELOP ARM TOOLKITS DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT COMMUNICATION/ PUBLIC AWARENESS PROGRAMMES DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT COMMUNICATION/ PUBLIC AWARENESS PROGRAMMES

14 PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE AND MITIGATION CAPACITY ENHANCED 1.DESIGN AND IMLEMENTATION OF RISK TRANSFER MEASURES 2.INCORPERATE HAZARD INFORMATION AND DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT MEASURES IN THE PLANNING PROCESS 3.DEVELOP PROTOCOLS AND ESTABLISH RESOURCE FACILITY 4.IMPROVE NATIONAL AND LOCAL CAPACITY 5.DEVELOP CAPACITY FOR DAMAGE AND LOSS ASSESSMENTS

15 DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT RISK TRANSFER MECHANISMS 1.HOST REGIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON STRATEGY AND MODEL FOR AGRICULTURE INSURANCE 2.CONDUCT NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE 3.ENGAGE CCRIF IN DISCUSSIONS 4.INTRODUCE AGRICULTURAL RISK FINANCING MECHANISMS

16 INCORPERATION OF HAZARDS INFORMATION IN THE PLANNING PROCESS INCOLLABORATION WITH CIMH, CONDUCT THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES; DROUGHT AND FLOOD ANALYSIS AND MONITORING SEASONAL PRECIPITATION FORECASTS AGROCLIMATIC STUDIES FLOOD PLAIN MAPPING DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS

17 DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOCOLS AND RESOURCE FACILITY DEVELOP AND UTILIZE PROTOCOLS OF BROAD PREPAREDNESS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES AND ACTIONS. ESTABLISH AN AGRICULTURAL NATURAL DISASTER RESOURCE FACILITY CONSISTING OF TECHNICAL RESOURCES. DEVELOP STANDARDIZED METHODOLOGY FOR DAMAGE AND LOSS ASSSESMENTS AND RECOVERY AND REHABILITATION.

18 STRENGTHENING OF NATIONAL AND LOCAL CAPACITIES FOR DISASTER MITIGATION PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE IMPROVE THE RESILIENCE OF THE SECTOR TO DISASTERS FOR SUSTAINABLE ATTAINMENT OF FOOD AND LIVELIHOOD SECURITY (BELIZE, GRENADA AND ST. LUCIA) IMPROVE RISK MANAGEMENT AND LAND DEGRADATION ASSESSMENTS (DOMINICA) DEVELOP SEEDS/SEEDLINGS BANK FOR CRITICAL CROPS. CONDUCT RESEARCH ON CROP SEQUENCING.

19 STRENGTHENING OF CAPACITY TO CONDUCT DAMAGE AND LOSS ASSESSMENTS CONDUCT REGIONAL AND NATIONAL TRAINING EVENTS IN DALA METHODOLOGY SUPPORT DAMAGE AND LOSS ASSESSMENT ASIGNMENT

20 EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE PROVIDED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF INVASIVE SPECIES GENERATE INFORMATION ON THE DIVERSITY, ECOLOGY, AND EVOLUTION OF THE H1N1 VIRUS STRENGTHEN FIELD SURVEILLANCE AND LABORATORY SYSTEMS TO ENSURE DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS

21 REDUCTION OF PRAEDIAL LARCENY REVIEW THE STATE OF PRAEDIAL LARCENY IN THE REGION PROMOTE OF PUBLIC AWARENESS PROGRAMME INSTITUTIONALIZE FARM RECORD KEEPING

22 REDUCTION OF PRAEDIAL LARCENY CONTD PROMOTE FARMER REGISTRATION SYSTEMS HOST REGIONAL FORUM TO ADDRESS CRITICAL ISSUES

23 OUTLOOK FOR ARM IN THE CARIBBEAN REGION

24 ELEMENTS OF GOOD DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES SUSTAINABLE INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES AND GOOD GOVERNANCE RISK IDENTIFICATION, MONITORING, EARLY WARNING AND PUBLIC AWARENESS TECHNICAL AND PHYSICAL RISK MITIGATION BUILDING RESILIENCE, PROMOTION OF INNOVATIVE, KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS RISK SHARING AND RISK TRANSFER PREPAREDNESS, EFFECTIVE RESPONSE AND SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY

25 THANK YOU


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