Presentation on theme: "Sylvia Plath October 27, 1932 - February 11, 1963."— Presentation transcript:
Sylvia Plath October 27, February 11, 1963
Family Background… Born in Boston, Mass Mother, Aurelia married Otto, 21 years her senior Aurelia-high school teacher Otto-professor of Entomology at Boston University. Brother Warren, born April 27, 1935
Functionally Dysfunctional 1940-Otto Plath dies of an embolism following the amputation of his leg. His toe had become gangrenous from undiagnosed diabetes. Aurelia was said to be a controlling mother who sometimes smothered Sylvia. Sylvia and Otto had a husband-wife routine that suggested an Electra relationship.
Sylvias Young Life Attended Smith College (50-55) Fall of 1952: shows physical signs of depression Worked as a guest editor at Mademoiselle during her junior year in Also in 1953, Sylvia received bipolar electro-convulsive shock treatments August 24, 1953-she attempts suicide: …she crawled into a dark, dirty space underneath her mothers house, where she swallowed pills…
More from Junior & Senior Year… Sylvia returned to Smith in February of 54 (she took a semester off) June 6, 1955: graduated with honors (summa cum laude) in English and won a Fulbright scholarship to Cambridge By the time she left for Cambridge, Sylvias view on male/female relationships had greatly shifted, but she felt England would provide the tall, handsome husband she wanted.
As a young woman, Sylvia was an alluring figure. Its no surprise that during her studies at Cambridge, she drew the attention of…
…Ted Hughes: With his manly brow, angular jaw and unruly hair, Hughes cut a handsome figure…
The love affair begins… Sylvia and Ted--met on February 25, 1956 and married on June 16 Daughter Frieda (April 1st, 1960) and son Nicholas (January 17th, 1962) Sylvia and Ted separated in October 1962
The Movie… In 2003, Gwyneth Paltrow starred as Plath in the film Sylvia, co-starring Daniel Craig as Ted Hughes (thats right… James Bond).
Plaths literary and poetic achievements… The Bell Jar-published in1963 Her collection of poems titled Colossus was published in October 1960 Collected Poems won Pulitzer for poetry posthumously
These poems are often called the October Poems, written just after her separation from Ted. A new version of Ariel was recently published with the poems organized as Plath wished them to be. Daddy Ariel Lady Lazarus The Bee Poems Ariel (1965)
Sylvia committed suicide on February 11, She was only 30 years old. Her children were sleeping in the next room. The gravestone that was repeatedly defaced… Ironically, Assia Wevill, took her own life (and her daughters) in the same fashion as Sylvia.
Reoccurring symbols/themes in Plaths poetry… Bees: Otto wrote his dissertation on bees titled Bumblebees and their Ways Sea: Sylvia spent time with her grandfather exploring the sea; the sea as salvation. The struggle to manage womanhood, motherhood, marriage, and writing. Mans cruelty, loss and betrayal, dealing with depression. Elements of nature; seasonal changes reflecting mood and emotion; sunrise as a progression of time and change. Shadows: symbolic of the mind, darkness, inner- turmoil
How do we define Confessional Poetry? Label was first used by the critic M.L. Rosenthal, who referred to to Robert Lowell as a poet who reveals to his readers aspects of his private life that would conventionally be kept hidden, unless one were confessing to a priest (or in therapy with a psychiatrist) Reaction against impersonality of the High- Modernists Emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s in the works of Sylvia Plath, Robert Lowell, and Allen Ginsberg (among others)
How do we define Confessional Poetry? Autobiographical manner of addressing personal experiences: depression, relationships, confusion, death, trauma, psychological breakdowns, etc. The I transforms into a completely personal, speaking I Careful attention and use of prosody--the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry Poems are created to be read and listened to aloud (resists footnotes, dictionary, visual aspects on a page) Different uses of register: formal, colloquial, etc.
Ms. Rs recommended supplemental reading list… Sylvia Plath: A Biography by Linda Wagner-Martin Sylvia Plath: A Literary Life by Linda Wagner- Martin Works Consulted Modern American Poetry. Ed. Cary Nelson. Oxford University Press, Wagner-Martin, Linda. Sylvia Plath: A Biography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987.
Mr. Quales Reminders 1.Complete one Practice IOC--I will put three downloadable options on MrQuale.com. You must complete at least one. 2.Finish your nonfiction movie review 3. Mark Event Morning Song and Bee Box.