Presentation on theme: "O u t l i e r s THE STORY OF SUCCESS"— Presentation transcript:
1O u t l i e r s THE STORY OF SUCCESS MALCOLM GLADWELLBook Summary by: Warren Barhorst
2out li er\-,lī(-ə)r\ noun Something that is situated away from or classed differently from a main or related bodyA statistical observation that is markedly different in value from the others of the sample
3“The Roseto Mystery” No suicide No alcoholism No addiction No welfare No crimeNo ulcers41% of calories from fatBig fat smokers“These people were dying from old age, that’s it.”
4“The Roseto Mystery” Must have been genetics Must have been diet Must have been exerciseMust have been the area the livedMust have been….
5“The Roseto Mystery” What caused it? 22 Civic organizationsThree generations under one roofFriends talking on the streetTransplanted the Paesani culture from Southern ItalyInsulated them from the pressures of the modern world
6“The Matthew Effect”“For unto everyone that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance. But from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.”- Matthew 25:29
7“The Matthew Effect” “People don’t rise from nothing.” “We do owe something to parentage and patronage.”“The people who stand before kings may look like they did it all by themselves. But in fact they are invariably the beneficiaries of hidden advantage and extraordinary opportunities and cultural legacies that allow them to learn and work hard and make sense of the world in ways others cannot.”
8“The Matthew Effect” What makes an “all-star” and “all-star” “coaches might as well have told everyone born after midsummer that they should pack their bags and go home.”They have to practice hard but they do have a hidden opportunity over others.
9What’s you hidden opportunity? “The Matthew Effect”What’s you hidden opportunity?
10“The 10,000 - Hour Rule” “In Hamburg, we had to play for eight hours.” - John Lennon
11“The 10,000 - Hour Rule”Not all hockey players born in January become “all-stars”Do they have innate talent?“Achievement is talent plus preparation.”Preparation plays the biggest role
12There Are No Naturals and No Grinds! “The 10,000 - Hour Rule”What makes a musician?PracticeMusic Teachers = 4,000 hoursGood Musicians = 8,000 hoursGreat Musicians = 10,000 hours / 10 YearsThere Are No Naturals and No Grinds!
13“The 10,000 - Hour Rule” The Beatles Started in 1957 Hamburg Performed 1200 times before burst of successLanded in America 1964Sgt Peppers 1967
14“The 10,000 - Hour Rule” “They work much, much harder.” In study after study and industry after industryThe Magic Number is?10,000 hours“It seems that is takes the brain this long to assimilate all that is needs to know to achieve true mastery.” -Daniel Levitin
15“The 10,000 - Hour Rule”Bill Gates 1955 / 1968 / Lakeside / U of W / C3/ TRWPaul Allen 1953 / 1968 / Lakeside / U of W / C3/ TRWSteve Jobs 1955 / 1969 / Silicon Valley / Hewlett PackardBill Joy / 1971/ U of M / Bug / Summer Job / UnixWhat’s your Hamburg?
16“The Troubles with Genius, Part 1” “Knowledge of a boy’s IQ is of little help if you are faced with a formful of clever boys.”- Liam Hudson
17“The Troubles with Genius, Part 1” Average IQ = 100Einstein IQ = 150Henry Crowell IQ = 140Chris Langan IQ = 195“Termites” Genetic Studies of Genius by Lewis TermanNothing can hold folks this smart back, right?It is more about opportunity than it is about talent!
18“The Troubles with Genius, Part 1” “A basketball player only has to be tall enough”“A mature scientist with an adult IQ of 130 is as likely to win a Nobel Prize as one whose IQ is 180.”Liam Hudson“The relationship between success and IQ works only up to a point.”You only have to be smart enough!
19“The Troubles with Genius, Part 1” Extraordinary intelligence is of little use if we want to understand a persons chance of being successful in the world.
20“The Troubles with Genius, Part 2” “After protracted negotiations, it was agreed that Robert would be put on probation.”
21“The Troubles with Genius, Part 2” Chris Langan - Harvard backwardsRobert Oppenheimer – Tried to kill his tutor.Get the world to see things your way!
22“The Troubles with Genius, Part 2” Do you have Practical Intelligence?Knowing what to sayKnowing whom to say it toKnowing when to say itKnowing how to say it
23“The Troubles with Genius, Part 2” Where does Practical Intelligence come from?Born smart – IQ is innateSocial savvy is learned knowledge
24“The Troubles with Genius, Part 2” Two types of ParentingHeavily involved and scheduledCreates the right to pursue their individualismNot involved and unscheduledCreates a sense of distanceIt is not genetic, its not racial, its cultural
25“The Three Lessons of Joe Flom” “Mary Got a Quarter”
26“The Three Lessons of Joe Flom” “Successful people don’t do it alone. Where they come from matters. They’re products of particular places and environments.”
27“The Three Lessons of Joe Flom” The Importance of Being JewishBeing told noDemographic LuckTexasThe Garment Industry and Meaningful WorkGenerational evolution
28“Die like a man, like your brother did!” “Harlan Kentucky”“Die like a man, like your brother did!”
29Understand and overcome your cultural legacy “Harlan Kentucky”Hatfields and McCoysFarmers and herdersCulture of honorUnderstand and overcome your cultural legacy
30“The Ethnic Theory of Plan Crashes” “Captain, the weather radar has helped us a lot.”
31“The Ethnic Theory of Plan Crashes” It takes a series of events (7)HierarchyCultural communicationsCultural ambiguityYou must communicate up and down the hierarchy and and across the cultural highway
32“Rice Paddies and Math Tests” “No one who can rise before dawn 360 days a year fails to make his family rich.”
33“Rice Paddies and Math Tests” Rice paddies are not simple crop fieldsGreat yield requires details attentionSize of a hotel roomComplex meaningful workEffort equals reward
34“Rice Paddies and Math Tests” Math system creates success23 is two – tens – three37+22 = 59Convert words to numbers3 10’s 7 and 2 10’s 2 = 5 10’s 9No conversion
35“Rice Paddies and Math Tests” Position of proverbsRussian Proverb: “If God does not bring it the earth will not give it.”Chinese Proverbs:“If man works hard, the land will not be lazy.”“No food without blood and sweat.”“Don’t depend on heaven for food, but on your own two hands carrying the load.”Cultural legacy helps with success
36“Marita’s Bargain” “All of my friends now are from KIPP” Lessons of the rice paddy in American cities
37Overcome your cultural legacy “Marita’s Bargain”Overcome your cultural legacyKIPP Academy 5th to 8th50% African American50% Hispanic75% from single parent homes90% qualify for free lunch
38Hard work – Long Hours – New Friends “Marita’s Bargain”Hard work – Long Hours – New FriendsLong Commute7:25 AM to 5:00 PM some till 7:00 PMSaturday 9:00 AM to 1:00 PMSummer 8:00 AM to 2:00 PM50% to 60% more learning timeHomework till MidnightDiscipline and SSLANT protocol
39“Marita’s Bargain” Success 84% at grade level or above Test Scores equal in math to the best schools in America90% Scholarships to private or parochial high schools80% attend college
40“The outlier in the end is not an outlier at all.” Take AwayGive and Live a happy lifeBe thankful and find your hidden opportunityThere are no child prodigies. 10,000 hoursYou only have to be smart enoughDevelop your knowledge and practical intelligenceKeep moving forward… no may mean yesCultural legacyCommunication is criticalPositive attitude and hard workAnybody can do it“The outlier in the end is not an outlier at all.”