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O u t l i e r s THE STORY OF SUCCESS

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1 O u t l i e r s THE STORY OF SUCCESS
MALCOLM GLADWELL Book Summary by: Warren Barhorst

2 out li er\-,lī(-ə)r\ noun
Something that is situated away from or classed differently from a main or related body A statistical observation that is markedly different in value from the others of the sample

3 “The Roseto Mystery” No suicide No alcoholism No addiction No welfare
No crime No ulcers 41% of calories from fat Big fat smokers “These people were dying from old age, that’s it.”

4 “The Roseto Mystery” Must have been genetics Must have been diet
Must have been exercise Must have been the area the lived Must have been….

5 “The Roseto Mystery” What caused it?
22 Civic organizations Three generations under one roof Friends talking on the street Transplanted the Paesani culture from Southern Italy Insulated them from the pressures of the modern world

6 “The Matthew Effect” “For unto everyone that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance. But from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.” - Matthew 25:29

7 “The Matthew Effect” “People don’t rise from nothing.”
“We do owe something to parentage and patronage.” “The people who stand before kings may look like they did it all by themselves. But in fact they are invariably the beneficiaries of hidden advantage and extraordinary opportunities and cultural legacies that allow them to learn and work hard and make sense of the world in ways others cannot.”

8 “The Matthew Effect” What makes an “all-star” and “all-star”
“coaches might as well have told everyone born after midsummer that they should pack their bags and go home.” They have to practice hard but they do have a hidden opportunity over others.

9 What’s you hidden opportunity?
“The Matthew Effect” What’s you hidden opportunity?

10 “The 10,000 - Hour Rule” “In Hamburg, we had to play for eight hours.”
- John Lennon

11 “The 10,000 - Hour Rule” Not all hockey players born in January become “all-stars” Do they have innate talent? “Achievement is talent plus preparation.” Preparation plays the biggest role

12 There Are No Naturals and No Grinds!
“The 10,000 - Hour Rule” What makes a musician? Practice Music Teachers = 4,000 hours Good Musicians = 8,000 hours Great Musicians = 10,000 hours / 10 Years There Are No Naturals and No Grinds!

13 “The 10,000 - Hour Rule” The Beatles Started in 1957 Hamburg
Performed 1200 times before burst of success Landed in America 1964 Sgt Peppers 1967

14 “The 10,000 - Hour Rule” “They work much, much harder.”
In study after study and industry after industry The Magic Number is? 10,000 hours “It seems that is takes the brain this long to assimilate all that is needs to know to achieve true mastery.” -Daniel Levitin

15 “The 10,000 - Hour Rule” Bill Gates 1955 / 1968 / Lakeside / U of W / C3/ TRW Paul Allen 1953 / 1968 / Lakeside / U of W / C3/ TRW Steve Jobs 1955 / 1969 / Silicon Valley / Hewlett Packard Bill Joy / 1971/ U of M / Bug / Summer Job / Unix What’s your Hamburg?

16 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 1”
“Knowledge of a boy’s IQ is of little help if you are faced with a formful of clever boys.” - Liam Hudson

17 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 1”
Average IQ = 100 Einstein IQ = 150 Henry Crowell IQ = 140 Chris Langan IQ = 195 “Termites” Genetic Studies of Genius by Lewis Terman Nothing can hold folks this smart back, right? It is more about opportunity than it is about talent!

18 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 1”
“A basketball player only has to be tall enough” “A mature scientist with an adult IQ of 130 is as likely to win a Nobel Prize as one whose IQ is 180.” Liam Hudson “The relationship between success and IQ works only up to a point.” You only have to be smart enough!

19 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 1”
Extraordinary intelligence is of little use if we want to understand a persons chance of being successful in the world.

20 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 2”
“After protracted negotiations, it was agreed that Robert would be put on probation.”

21 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 2”
Chris Langan - Harvard backwards Robert Oppenheimer – Tried to kill his tutor. Get the world to see things your way!

22 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 2”
Do you have Practical Intelligence? Knowing what to say Knowing whom to say it to Knowing when to say it Knowing how to say it

23 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 2”
Where does Practical Intelligence come from? Born smart – IQ is innate Social savvy is learned knowledge

24 “The Troubles with Genius, Part 2”
Two types of Parenting Heavily involved and scheduled Creates the right to pursue their individualism Not involved and unscheduled Creates a sense of distance It is not genetic, its not racial, its cultural

25 “The Three Lessons of Joe Flom”
“Mary Got a Quarter”

26 “The Three Lessons of Joe Flom”
“Successful people don’t do it alone. Where they come from matters. They’re products of particular places and environments.”

27 “The Three Lessons of Joe Flom”
The Importance of Being Jewish Being told no Demographic Luck Texas The Garment Industry and Meaningful Work Generational evolution

28 “Die like a man, like your brother did!”
“Harlan Kentucky” “Die like a man, like your brother did!”

29 Understand and overcome your cultural legacy
“Harlan Kentucky” Hatfields and McCoys Farmers and herders Culture of honor Understand and overcome your cultural legacy

30 “The Ethnic Theory of Plan Crashes”
“Captain, the weather radar has helped us a lot.”

31 “The Ethnic Theory of Plan Crashes”
It takes a series of events (7) Hierarchy Cultural communications Cultural ambiguity You must communicate up and down the hierarchy and and across the cultural highway

32 “Rice Paddies and Math Tests”
“No one who can rise before dawn 360 days a year fails to make his family rich.”

33 “Rice Paddies and Math Tests”
Rice paddies are not simple crop fields Great yield requires details attention Size of a hotel room Complex meaningful work Effort equals reward

34 “Rice Paddies and Math Tests”
Math system creates success 23 is two – tens – three 37+22 = 59 Convert words to numbers 3 10’s 7 and 2 10’s 2 = 5 10’s 9 No conversion

35 “Rice Paddies and Math Tests”
Position of proverbs Russian Proverb: “If God does not bring it the earth will not give it.” Chinese Proverbs: “If man works hard, the land will not be lazy.” “No food without blood and sweat.” “Don’t depend on heaven for food, but on your own two hands carrying the load.” Cultural legacy helps with success

36 “Marita’s Bargain” “All of my friends now are from KIPP”
Lessons of the rice paddy in American cities

37 Overcome your cultural legacy
“Marita’s Bargain” Overcome your cultural legacy KIPP Academy 5th to 8th 50% African American 50% Hispanic 75% from single parent homes 90% qualify for free lunch

38 Hard work – Long Hours – New Friends
“Marita’s Bargain” Hard work – Long Hours – New Friends Long Commute 7:25 AM to 5:00 PM some till 7:00 PM Saturday 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM Summer 8:00 AM to 2:00 PM 50% to 60% more learning time Homework till Midnight Discipline and SSLANT protocol

39 “Marita’s Bargain” Success 84% at grade level or above
Test Scores equal in math to the best schools in America 90% Scholarships to private or parochial high schools 80% attend college

40 “The outlier in the end is not an outlier at all.”
Take Away Give and Live a happy life Be thankful and find your hidden opportunity There are no child prodigies. 10,000 hours You only have to be smart enough Develop your knowledge and practical intelligence Keep moving forward… no may mean yes Cultural legacy Communication is critical Positive attitude and hard work Anybody can do it “The outlier in the end is not an outlier at all.”

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