# MATHEMATICS : A JOY RIDE

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MATHEMATICS : A JOY RIDE
Down 2 Lines intersecting in the same point 4 figure formed by two rays originating at same point 5 this theorem was first used by Maharshi Bodhayan 6 first counting machine 7 centroid is point of intersection of – 8 amount of space taken up by a 3D object 12 mean of a statistical data 15 points on the same line are ---- 17 Point of intersection of altitudes of a triangle Mathematical Crossword Across 1 an exterior angle of any angle <180 2 perimeter of a circle 3 Indian genius ,a student of Prof. Hardy 5 closed rectilinear figure 9 Equation represents a straight line 10 graph representing the data 11 triangle with all sides unequal . 13 Father of the co-ordinate geometry 14 shape of a box 16 another name for indices 18 3X4 = 4X3

WELCOME MATHS IS FUN & JOY TRY TRY, DON’T CRY 01 March 2011
8-15 am to 10 a.m MATHS IS FUN & JOY TRY TRY, DON’T CRY

THREE R’S Teaching math is about providing an atmosphere of playful engagement with mathematical problems, where students feel confident in failing, in order to try again; a place where students become transformed by exercising their own mathematical powers of reasoning. TIME TO GETUP

TIME TO SLEEP HAPPY & WISE EARLY TO BED, EARLY TO RISE
MAKES THE PERSON HAPPY & WISE TIME TO SLEEP

RESULT REPORT CARD ENGLISH GOOD HINDI FAIR SST POOR SCIENCE
SATISFACTORY MATHS Oh! GOD!

FEAR/MENTAL BLOCK/DISLIKE?
Who is responsible for creating MATHSPHOBIA in the child’s mind? MOTHER ? TEACHER ? Dull teaching causes most people to shy away from maths. Understanding how children learn best is an important step towards improving maths learning.By providing conducive atmosphere.

“I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.”
Lack of practice? MATHS IS LEARNT ONLY BY DOING. DOING DEVELOPES UNDERSTANDING SUCH A BEAUTIFUL LOGIC, NO MUGGING FIND SO EASY, FOR EVER RECALLING. “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” 1. Recognize you have an aversion to math, whether it's full-blown math phobia or just a few math blocks here and there. 2. Make a conscious decision to do something about it. 3. Give yourself a regular math workout, however small to start with. You'll find it all gets easier, and you'll soon enjoy math once again.

INDIAN GENIUS 1729? Who was Srinivasa Ramanujan?
WHY GO SO FAR? STORY OF THE SON OF OUR OWN SOIL SIR RAMANUJAN Who was Srinivasa Ramanujan? A famous Indian mathematician who lived from 1887 to The theory of numbers brought worldwide fame to Ramanujan. Some of us here know Sir Ramanujan worked at Cambridge University with the great mathematician, G.H. Hardy.His birth centenary was celebrated in1987. 1729?

Story time Once the inspector visited the school. He entered the 4th std. class where his favorite subject was being tought.He posed a small question to the children. He asked them the sum of first 100 counting numbers.. All the children got busy to find the answer. Some started writing in the notebook,some started counting fingers. One little boy on the last bench was sitting very quietly watching the rest of the children. Inspectors always have a bad habit of catching the back benchers as during inspection teachers make the dull children sit at the back. So he asked the child ,”sweetheart, why don’t you want to give It a try?” Pat came the reply, sir, it's not a big deal. Answer is Inspector was very impressed with the child & asked him to explain. Child confidently replied ,sir ,if one adds two numbers at the extreme, every time one gets a total of 101. (as 100+1;99+2, ) One gets 50 such pairs. Hence the answer is 101x50=5050. Inspector knew that one day this child prodigy is going to be a high achiever in life. Yes, his prophecy was true. Till the date we know him as Sir Ramanujan.

Of course, mathematical prodigies are born, not made
Of course, mathematical prodigies are born, not made. But it does beg the question: "If somebody who can't even read or write is able to perform these kinds of breathtaking calculations, what stops other people from doing even simple sums?" Clearly, something went wrong along the way. Young children naturally enjoy numbers. And even people who now have an intense dislike for math often say they once enjoyed it. What has happened to them is generally an unfortunate event in their past. Perhaps they were ridiculed for a mistake they made with numbers, in front of the entire class. Maybe they missed some crucial math lessons and never really caught up. perhaps they were taught to handle numbers mechanically - when what they really needed was some explanation of why the numbers work the way they do. Whatever the specific reason, bad experiences with numbers left an emotional scar, which developed into a phobia to keep the sufferer safe from further harm. So let us try to analyse this so called ‘MATHPHOBIA’

Internet blogs Teaching math is about being a physician who with care & affection ,above all patience finds the remedy for the patient (student).Patient too cooperates & follows the treatment religiously. A place where students become transformed by exercising their own mathematical powers of reasoning Math inquiry lessons are student-focused. Teachers give students materials and minimal direction; students then explore the topic and construct their own meaning . Movies with inquiry bases ,hands on math activities applications on the futureschannel.com Visit the sites: mathtopper.com;videomathtutor.com;articlesbase.com; mathworks.in,futureschannel.com & many more. Just type mathphobia or remedial teaching in math in Google search

From a strictly mathematical viewpoint: What Equals 100%?
What does it mean to give MORE than 100%? If: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Is represented as: If: H-A-R-D-W-O-R- K = 98% And: K-N-O-W-L-E-D-G-E = 96% But: A-T-T-I-T-U-D-E = 100% L-O-V-E -O-F- G-O-D / FAITH = 101% Therefore, one can conclude with mathematical certainty that: While Hard Work and Knowledge will get you close, and Attitude will get you there, It's the Love of God /Faith that will put you over the top!

LEARN WHILE YOU PLAY PAPER FOLDING CRAFT WORK TEACHING AIDS

LEARN TO ANSWER WHY & HOW ?
B C A C B B C A B C A A

Pascal triangle Some Algebraic Facts = (10 + 1)1 (a+b)2 = a2 + 2ab+ b2
SIMPLE RESULTS Pascal triangle Some Algebraic Facts (10+1)0 = (10 + 1)1 = (10 + 1)2 = (10 + 1)3 = (10 + 1)4 = (10 + 1)5 (a+b)2 = a2 + 2ab+ b2 a b a b a2 b2 = Sequence of the numbers of the Pascal’s triangle represent the binomial coefficients in the expansion of (x+y)n (a+b)2 geometrically gives area of a square whose sides are (a+b) units.

AL-G-BAR Some Algebraic Facts (a+b+c)2 = a2+b2+c2+2ab+2bc+2ac a2 ab ac

SUM OF THE ANGLES OF REGULAR POLYGONS
Shape of the regular polygon No. of sides & angles Rule of Sum of the angles Sum of the angles Rule for measure of each angle Degree measure of each angle 3 180 (3-2) 180 180(3-2) 60 4 180 (4-2) 360 180(4-2) 90 5 180 (5 -2) 540 180(5-2) 108 6 180(6-2) 720 120 n 180(n -2) 180(n-2)

MATHS CRAFT 1 Mathematics stimulates the imagination, anchors speculation, and promotes an awareness of reality. Helpful website:

To derive the formula for area of a circle
Recall circumference of a circle is 2∏r Area of a triangle is = ½ base X height 2∏r r h=r 2 ∏ r Area of a ∆ = ½ base X height =1/2 X 2∏r X r = ∏ r2 = Area of a circle

l= length Area= l X b sq.units b= breadth r Total surface area of a solid cylinder = 2 ∏rh + 2 ∏r2 sq.units b=h, height l = 2 ∏ r CSA =l Xb =2 ∏ r h

volume of a cylinder Volume of a cylinder =
Volume of a cuboid = lXbXh=∏r . r . h= ∏ r2 h= volume of a cylinder ∏ r h h r ∏ r

Making a Cube Making a Triangular Prism 4 5 3

CRAFT To make a cone and find its surface area and volume 12cms 6 o o
Materials required: A square piece of thin cardboard of side 12 cm A thick square cardboard of side 36 cm each Scissors, Adhesive, Compasses Bring the edges OA & OB together .Stick them.Attach the circular piece above to the bottom of the cone formed. Length of the arc=circumference of the circle as 2 ∏ x6 = 2 ∏ x18 x120/360 =12 ∏cm l = slant height =18cms. CSA = ∏ r l = ∏ x6x18=108∏ sq.cms. TSA = ∏ x6x ∏ =144 ∏ sq.cms. 6 o o `36 18 120 120 18 18 O 120 18 36cms.

UNDERSTAND BETTER SQUARE PYRAMID HEXAGONAL PYRAMID

MATHS THROUGH CRAFT ACTIVITY
HEXAGONAL PRISM

Change the direction of the fish moving 3 sticks. Can you divide no.of 17 cows between three brothers so that elder one gets ½,middle one gets 1/3 & the youngest get 1/9 th of the total cows?

FATHER OF ALGEBRA Linear equations
The riddle begins, “Diophantus ” youth lasted 1/6 of his life. He grew a beard after 1/12 more 5 years later he had a son after 1/7 more of his life he married ALGEBRA SOLVES A RIDDLE Little is known about the life of Diophantus the Greek father of algebra, except his age at death, which has been preserved in the famous 1,500-year-old riddle shown here. If we assume ‘x’ as his age at the time of death then we get the equation x = x/6 + x/12 + x/ x/2 + 4, which reduces to 3x/28 = 9 telling us Diophantus was 84 years old when he died. The son lived exactly ½ as long as his father. And Diophantus died just 4 years after his son. All this adds up to the years Diophantus lived

ACHILLES FOOT Achilles and tortoise
Speed of Achilles is 10 times that of tortoise. However tortoise gets a head start of 100 meters. When will Achilles catch on with the tortoise? 100 (A = 100, T = 110); (A = 110, T = 111); (A = 111, T = 111.1) (A=111.1,T= tortoise will be always ahead of the Achilles, even if by a mere eyelash.

Scratch ur head Let x=2 ; x(x – 1) = 2 ( x – 1) ;x2 - x = 2x -2 ;
x2 – x –x = 2x – 2 – x ; x2 – 2x = x -2 ; x (x – 2 ) = x – 2 ; x =1 But x= 2 hence 2 = 1 o If you jog half way from A to B at a steady rate of 2miles/hr ; how fast would you have to run the rest of the way in order to average 4 miles /hr for the entire trip. BEWARE IT MIGHT BE A FALLACY Have you noticed? 11 x 11 =121; 111 x111=12321,1111x1111= what next? 371= ; 407= 4 3 +o Palindromes: both ways read same e.g.57+75= =363

Numeral & NUMBER 4 7 WHICH NUMERAL IS SMALLER?
WHICH NUMBER IS SMALLER?

FIBONACCI Fibonacci Numbers New borne One month old
Sequence is 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, ………if you’ve ever thought maths wasn’t “natural,” think again. The numbers of many flowerpetals are Fibonacci numbers. The numbers of spirals in a pine cone, pineapple, and sunflower seed heads also tend to be Fibonacci numbers. Every ratio of the Fibonacci numbers starting from 3/2, 5/3, 8/5, ….. is called golden ratio more about it in the next slide.

GOLDEN RECTANGLE Calling someone a “SQUARE” is an insult but calling them a “GOLDEN RECTANGLE” isn’t so bad. This construction which is used in many temples, mosques fits into golden rectangles. This old man portrait of Leonardo da Vinci shows a picture with a square subdivided into rectangles having golden ratio. In each of the square if you put a quarter circle then it represents the pattern which we see in some seashell B The ratio AG:AB represent the golden ratio and is donated by This rectangle is the most harmonious & pleasing to the eye hence we have sheets of paper, book of pages, standard photo frame, monitor, credit cards, windows and so on in the shape of rectangle. Usually ratio of all rectangular things is between 1.4:1 and 1.8:1,credit cards,TV ,monitors etc. A 2 = 1 + 5 G =1.6 :1

RELATION & FUNCTION

(using a shrinking ruler to measure the unmeasurable)
A fundamental concept of calculus is ‘convergence of limit’. The idea that an unknown value can be measured by ”closing in “through approximations that are made finer & finer until they are refined, in effect to a precise value.1) the tracks converging on the horizon appear to join at a particular point, though they actually never meet.2)Images of a boy holding a mirror photographed in another mirror, although actually never shrink, but they appear to be converging on such a small area that it is considered to be a point.3)The lines AE,AD,AC &AB show average growth rates for successively smaller periods of time. But for the instant A ,the growth rate is shown by the tangent at A. THEORY OF CONVERGENCE

CONVERGENCE

Vector analysis V2 R V1 VECTOR ANALYSIS
Shooting at a target on a windy day is a problem illustrating one of Carl Gauss’s realm of mathematics known as ‘vector analysis’ The velocity of the wind blowing from west to east is represented by an arrow i.e. vector V1.The rifleman compensates by moving his gun slightly left of the target as represented by vector V2.The bullet flies in a compromise pathway to the bull’s eye along the line R. V2 R V1

The great Galileo & Isac newton : Gravitational force g=32ft/sec
A parachuter in free fall drops faster every monent.Calculus finds his rate at any instant by in effect, measuring shorter & shorter time segments.In the first bracketed period he falls at an average speed of 88ft/sec for half a sec.In the next equal period 104 feet.In two shorter periods he drops 94.4 ft per sec & 97.6 ft.The ever narrowing range finally converge to 96 ft/sec at exactly 3 sec. Timing an object as it falls from a given height is the most straight forward method of gauging the efects of gravity.It was this technique which Galileo used about 1585 to arrive at his free fall eqn.y=16t2 ;y representing the distance fallen in ft. and t the elapsed time I sec. after the first fall. Newton further proved that it is law of nature that every free falling object falls to earth with a constant acceleration of 32ft /sec every sec.

THEODOLITE & SEXTANT A theodolite is a surveying instrument used for measuring horizontal and vertical angles. A Sextant is an instrument used to measure the angle of elevation of the sun above the horizon.

MOBIUS STRIP Not even Picasso could paint this ring in two different colours. It proves the strip has only one side

KLEIN BOTTLE Three diagrams at left illustrate how a stretchable glass tube can be transformed in to A Klein bottle. One end becomes the neck, the other the base. The neck goes through the side of the bottle& the neck & the base join, making inside continuous with the outside.

Beauty of Math! 1 x = 9 12 x = x = x = x = x = x = x = x = 1 x = x = x = x = x = x = x = x = x 9 +10= look at this symmetry: 1 x 1 = 1 11 x 11 = x 111 = x 1111 = x = x = x = x = x = 9 x = x = x = x = x = x = x = x = Brilliant, isn't it?

U KNOW HIM E = mc2 ALBERT EINSTEIN
IN 1882 A GERMAN COUPLE WORRIED THAT THEIR THREE YEAR OLD CHILD HAD NOT LEARNT TO SPEAK A WORD . HOWEVER HE GREW UP WITH THE SIDE INTEREST OF OBSCURE MATHS. WHICH EARNED HIM A NOBLE PRIZE. TILL THE DATE THE WORLD REMEMBER S HIM AS E = mc2 ALBERT EINSTEIN

HELLO,HOPE U R WITH ME. THEN JUST READ IF THESE INTEREST U.
John Napier a Scottish mathematician invention of log table. He also is known for an invention of a slide rule.

a.c. Pythagoras, Greek mathematician, formulated the Pythagoras, theorem.

Sir Isaac Newton’s greatest contribution to mathematics was the invention of calculus. The lines show average growth rate for successive periods. But for the instant it is shown by a gradient of the tangent. A picket fence is a simple key to integration. Calculus solves the problem by dividing the area in to small intervals so that the top becomes negligible.

Rene Descartes, a French mathematician and philosopher, invented analytic(co-ordinate) geometry. (3,5) x y Cartesian plane is named after him.

Carl Friedrich Gauss along with Archimedes and Newton, Carl Friedrich Gauss has been called the greatest mathematician ever. He contributed in the field of astronomy, surveying & electromagnetism.

Charles Babbage British Mathematician & Engineer develop an early computer.

INDIA IS PROUD OF U & INDEBTED TO U FOR EVER
Aryabhatta: gave the value of Pi. For his astronomical contributions India’s first satellite was named after him. Brahmagupta: Developed a decimal system by giving Zero. Bhaskara: developed Trigonometry. Jayant Naralikar : Theory of relativity. S.N.Bose : an eminent statistician

INTERESTING !!! If U are AWAKE.
Who was Leelavati? This unortunate daughter of Bhaskarachrya became a first woman mathematician as the going got tough for her. As we all know Bhaskaracharya was a great astronomer & had developed a science of astronomical calculations. He had calculated an auspicious muhurtam for his daughter to get married. However he also knew something which made him worry. What was that U want me to tell? THIS IS JUST TO SEE HOW MANY OF U ARE STILL AWAKE!!Ok so the story goes. 1729? As I told you earlier at schol Ramanujan was a studnt star in Maths.He went beyond what was tought in class.Fascination for the beauties in maths overpowered him.1729 is the famous taxi no.which is often mentioned in narrating his love for nos.While in the U.K. Prof. Hardy visited him in the hospital as Ramanujan was lying ill.Hardy mentioned the no.of the taxi in which he came.At once Ramanujan gave out the property of 1729 as the smallest no.that can be expressed as a sum of two cubes in two different ways.This theory later helped immensly in solving indeterminate eqns.

THANK I MUST This was a humble effort to demonstrate the power and sophistication of these ideas, and explore how mathematics teaching can be structured to resonate with children's sophisticated thinking. I HOPE THIS TALK PROMOTES THE LOVE FOR MATHEMATICS & DEVELOPES BETTER UNDERSTANDING. I AM GRATEFUL FOR YOUR PRESENCE AND INTERACTION. Hope this orientation helps in redefining maths I REQUEST YOU TO GIVE CANDID OPINION FOR FURTHER IMPROVEMENT ON THIS EFFORT TO PROMOTE LOVE FOR MATH AND HELP REDUCE THE FAIL %.

Across 1 an exterior angle of any angle <180 2 perimeter of a circle 3 Indian genius ,a student of Prof. Hardy 5 closed rectilinear figure 9 Equation represents a straight line 10 graph representing the data 11 triangle with all sides unequal . 13 Father of the co-ordinate geometry 14 shape of a box 16 another name for indices 18 3X4 = 4X3 Down 2 Lines intersecting in the same point 4 figure formed by two rays originating at same point 5 this theorem was first used by Maharshi Bodhayan 6 first counting machine 7 centroid is point of intersection of – 8 amount of space taken up by a 3D object 12 mean of a statistical data 15 points on the same line are ---- 17 Point of intersection of altitudes of a triangle

MATHEMATICS : A JOY RIDE
1 X Mathematical Crossword 2 3 X 4 5 X ACROSS: 1) 1729, famous constant (8) 3) Numbers which are divisible by 2 4) The normal which is perpendicular to the osculating plane and a unit vector along it (8) 5) Point of intersection of perpendiculars drawn form the vertices of a triangle to the opposite sides (11) 7) Line joining the vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side of a triangle (6) 11) A straight line joining any two points on the circumference of a circle (5) 12) A subset of a sample space of a random experiment(5) 13) The rate of change of displacement (8) 14) Volume of this is 1/3 of the cylinder 15) Triangle having all its sides unequal(7) 16) Matrix obtained by interchanging rows and columns (9) 7 6 DOWN: 1) A quadrilateral which has all its sides equal but its angles are not right angel. 2) The arrangement of elements in rows and columns in a rectangular bracket, (6). 6) Directed line segment having direction as well as magnitude.(6) 8) A set which contains no elements at all is called –set (4) 9) A set A { 1,2,3 …N} for some n € N.(6) 10) The quantity x+√-1y, where x and y both are real .

MATHEMATICS : A JOY RIDE
Across 2. The result in multiplication (7) 5. Approximately equal to (2) 7. Number added to another in addition (6) 9. The bottom number in division (7) 10. A positive or negative whole number (7) 12. A sign used in subtraction (5) 13. Amount of space taken up by a 3D object (6) 18. 1/2 or 3/4, for example (8) 20. This shape has all points at the same distance from its center (6) 21. The 3 or the 2 in 3 X 2 = 6 (6) 22. Is identical in value (6) 23. Figure formed by two lines extending from the same point (5) 24. Take away (8) Down 1. Rectlinear closed figure with three sides 3. Angle greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees is this (6) 4. Longer dimension of a rectangle (6) 5.  ____ sign is used in addition (4) 6. Sharing a pizza between friends requires this kind of operation (8) 8. For finding total you need to this operation 11. To determine the product (8) 14. A gram, a foot or 87 degrees (7) 15. A three-sided figure having two equal sides (9) 16. The answer in a division problem (8) 17. A quadrilateral with four sides equal (6) 19. An angle measuring less than 90 degrees (5) Mathematical Crossword Time 5 mts.

Solns to the crossword The winner is---- Across
2. The result in multiplication (7) 5. Approximately equal to (2) 7. Number added to another in addition (6) 9. The bottom number in division (7) 10. A positive or negative whole number (7) 12. A sign used in subtraction (5) 13. Amount of space taken up by a 3D object (6) 18. 1/2 or 3/4, for example (8) 20. This shape has all points the same distance from its center (6) 21. The 3 or the 2 in 3 X 2 = 6 (6) 22. Is identical in value (6) 23. Figure formed by two lines extending from the same point (5) 24. Take away (8 Down 1. Rectlinear closed figure with three sides 3. Angle greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees is this (6) 4. Longer dimension of a rectangle (6) 5.  ____ sign is used in addition (4) 6. Sharing a pizza between friends requires this kind of operation (8) 8. For finding total you need to this operation 11. To determine the product (8) 14. A gram, a foot or 87 degrees (7) 15. A three-sided figure having two equal sides (9) 16. The answer in a division problem (8) 17. A quadrilateral with four sides equal (6) 19. An angle measuring less than 90 degrees The winner is----

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