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Presentation on theme: "ADDRESSING FOREST GOVERNANCE THROUGH REDD+ WEST AFRICA FOREST GOVERNANCE FORUM Ghana–India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, Ridge, Accra, Ghana."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADDRESSING FOREST GOVERNANCE THROUGH REDD+ WEST AFRICA FOREST GOVERNANCE FORUM Ghana–India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, Ridge, Accra, Ghana 7 th and 8 th June, 2011 Yaw Kwakye, Climate Change Unit, FC

2 OUTLINE Introduction Governance Defined The REDD+ Trajectory in Ghana Pillars and Principles of Governance The REDD+ Mechanism Governance and REDD Components of Governance Machinery Governance in Practice Progress Summary Challenges and Prospects Going Forward Conclusion

3 INTRODUCTION Forest governance has remained one of the weakest links in sustainable forest management efforts in most developing countries and Ghana is no exception. Ghana has in recent times embarked on some forest and natural resource governance initiatives to address some of the challenges in this domain of resource management. Key among these are the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Initiative of the EU being implemented under the Voluntary Partnership Agreement, the multi-donor sector budget support through the Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Program (NREG) and the Non-Legally Binding Instrument (NLBI).

4 What do we mean by GOVERNANCE? Governance may be defined as; the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country's economic and social resources for development. World Bank There is consensus about key attributes and processes that characterize good governance, both in general and in specific sectors, such as the forest sector

5 What do we mean by GOVERNANCE? Good governance is a form of political decision-making that emphasizes legality (rules to resolve conflicts), legitimacy (acceptance and trust by the public that ensure accountability) and participation (inclusiveness in decision-making process)

6 Transparency Participation Equity/Fairness Efficiency Effectiveness Accountability PILLARS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNANCE Policy, Legal, Institutional and Regulatory Frameworks Planning and Policy- making Processes Implementa- tion Enforcement and Compliance CREDIT: FAO/WB, 2011

7 THE REDD+ MECHANISM Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) is a global mechanism that seeks to incentivize initiatives/actions in forest-rich developing countries in the tropics that effectively contribute to reductions in GHG (mainly CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation It includes co-benefits such as biodiversity conservation, sustainable forest management and carbon stocks enhancement. The REDD+ mechanism will take the form of payments for measures that result in reduced emissions or increased removal of CO2

8 GHANAS REDD TRAJECTORY Ghana is one of the pioneer African nations to participate actively in the REDD process and has engaged actively and constructively with her international partners since Bali 2007 A REDD Readiness Preparation Idea Note (R-PIN) submitted by Ghana received approval from the FCPF in July 2008, paving the way for the formulation of a REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) The R-PP developed through a concerted effort by both state and non-state actors (CSOs, Private Sector, land owners, community reps, research and academia etc) was submitted in 2009 and received approval in March 2010, making it possible to access US$3.6M for early REDD+ activities over a 4-year period ( )

9 In broad terms, the R-PP entail three steps which are; – (a) Analysis, Preparation and Consultation – (b) Piloting and Testing and – (c) Becoming Ready. Currently activities are mainly focused on (a) and (b).

10 FOREST GOVERNANCE AND REDD+ Forest governance is among the issues identified as critical to the success of REDD+ during the early stages of stakeholder consultations leading to the formulation of Ghanas R-PP Two broad themes proposed for the formulation of a National REDD+ Strategy; i) forest policy, legislation and governance and ii) carbon enhancement activities. The C&P component of the R-PP is designed to drive governance issues of the REDD process in Ghana

11 Components of Governance Machinery The achievement of good governance is hinged on mutually supportive and cooperative relationships among government, private sector and civil society. GOVERN- MENT CIVIL SOCIETY PRIVATE SECTOR

12 GOVERNANCE IN PRACTICE – THE REDD+ EXPERIENCE The afore-mentioned principles of governance are being applied in the implementation of the R-PP, particularly for the REDD+ demonstration phase which is at the very initial stage. Procedures and terms for participation have been clarified and measures instituted to ensure transparency and fairness Governance efforts should be enhanced and sustained This would require the active involvement of all stakeholders

13 PROGRESS SUMMARY The R-PP workplan has been organized under 6 components i.e. 1.Organization and Consultation – National Readiness Management Arrangements – Stakeholder Consultation and Participation 2.Preparation of REDD Strategy – Assessment of Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance – REDD Strategy Options – Arrangements for REDD Implementation – Social and Environmental Impacts 3.Develop a Reference Scenario 4.Develop a Monitoring System (MRV) 5.Schedule and Budget 6.Design of Program Monitoring and Evaluation



16 CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS Carbon rights clarification/codification Domestic wood supply Governance may be expensive in the short-term but the dividends are immense and lasting in the long-term There are a suite of forest governance tools readily available that can be, adapted, tested and adopted as standard practice for governance e.g. the FAO/WB Framework For Assessing and Monitoring Forest Governance, 2011 Strong political commitment and high level of enthusiasm among key stakeholders

17 GOING FORWARD: Learning-by-doing Approach Knowledge Performance Evaluation

18 CONCLUSION Good governance practice engenders trust, acceptance and sense of ownership among different stakeholders, and reduces the risks of conflict or failure of REDD+ projects. It is a more inclusive, coherent and participatory approach than top-down governance, such as legislation. Multi-level, multi-actor, participatory governance allows stakeholders to negotiate, formulate and implement policy based on shared goals. Good governance creates the conditions that allow stakeholders with different degrees of political influence and different interests to work together toward achieving the 3Es


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