Presentation on theme: "ADDRESSING FOREST GOVERNANCE THROUGH REDD+"— Presentation transcript:
1ADDRESSING FOREST GOVERNANCE THROUGH REDD+ WEST AFRICA FOREST GOVERNANCE FORUMGhana–India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, Ridge, Accra, Ghana7th and 8th June, 2011Yaw Kwakye, Climate Change Unit, FC
2OUTLINE Introduction Governance Defined The REDD+ Trajectory in Ghana Pillars and Principles of GovernanceThe REDD+ MechanismGovernance and REDDComponents of Governance MachineryGovernance in PracticeProgress SummaryChallenges and ProspectsGoing ForwardConclusion
3INTRODUCTIONForest governance has remained one of the weakest links in sustainable forest management efforts in most developing countries and Ghana is no exception.Ghana has in recent times embarked on some forest and natural resource governance initiatives to address some of the challenges in this domain of resource management.Key among these are the Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Initiative of the EU being implemented under the Voluntary Partnership Agreement, the multi-donor sector budget support through the Natural Resources and Environmental Governance Program (NREG) and the Non-Legally Binding Instrument (NLBI).
4What do we mean by “GOVERNANCE”? Governance may be defined as;“the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country's economic and social resources for development”.World Bank 1992.There is consensus about key attributes and processes that characterize “good governance”, both in general and in specific sectors, such as the forest sector
5What do we mean by “GOVERNANCE”? Good governance is a form of political decision-making that emphasizes legality (rules to resolve conflicts), legitimacy (acceptance and trust by the public that ensure accountability) and participation (inclusiveness in decision-making process)
6PILLARS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNANCE Policy, Legal, Institutional and Regulatory FrameworksPlanning and Policy-making ProcessesImplementa-tion Enforcement and ComplianceAccountabilityEffectivenessEfficiencyEquity/FairnessParticipationTransparencyCREDIT: FAO/WB, 2011
7THE REDD+ MECHANISMReduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) is a global mechanism that seeks to incentivize initiatives/actions in forest-rich developing countries in the tropics that effectively contribute to reductions in GHG (mainly CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradationIt includes co-benefits such as biodiversity conservation, sustainable forest management and carbon stocks enhancement.The REDD+ mechanism will take the form of payments for measures that result in reduced emissions or increased removal of CO2
8GHANA’S REDD TRAJECTORY Ghana is one of the pioneer African nations to participate actively in the REDD process and has engaged actively and constructively with her international partners since Bali 2007A REDD Readiness Preparation Idea Note (R-PIN) submitted by Ghana received approval from the FCPF in July 2008, paving the way for the formulation of a REDD Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)The R-PP developed through a concerted effort by both state and non-state actors (CSOs, Private Sector, land owners, community reps, research and academia etc) was submitted in 2009 and received approval in March 2010, making it possible to access US$3.6M for early REDD+ activities over a 4-year period ( )
9In broad terms, the R-PP entail three steps which are; (a) Analysis, Preparation and Consultation(b) Piloting and Testing and(c) Becoming Ready.Currently activities are mainly focused on (a) and (b).
10FOREST GOVERNANCE AND REDD+ Forest governance is among the issues identified as critical to the success of REDD+ during the early stages of stakeholder consultations leading to the formulation of Ghana’s R-PPTwo broad themes proposed for the formulation of a National REDD+ Strategy;i) forest policy, legislation and governance andii) carbon enhancement activities.The C&P component of the R-PP is designed to drive governance issues of the REDD process in Ghana
11Components of Governance Machinery The achievement of good governance is hinged on mutually supportive and cooperative relationships among government, private sector and civil society.GOVERN-MENTCIVIL SOCIETYPRIVATESECTOR
12GOVERNANCE IN PRACTICE – THE REDD+ EXPERIENCE The afore-mentioned principles of governance are being applied in the implementation of the R-PP, particularly for the REDD+ demonstration phase which is at the very initial stage.Procedures and terms for participation have been clarified and measures instituted to ensure transparency and fairnessGovernance efforts should be enhanced and sustainedThis would require the active involvement of all stakeholders
13PROGRESS SUMMARYThe R-PP workplan has been organized under 6 components i.e.Organization and ConsultationNational Readiness Management ArrangementsStakeholder Consultation and ParticipationPreparation of REDD StrategyAssessment of Land Use, Forest Policy and GovernanceREDD Strategy OptionsArrangements for REDD ImplementationSocial and Environmental ImpactsDevelop a Reference ScenarioDevelop a Monitoring System (MRV)Schedule and BudgetDesign of Program Monitoring and Evaluation
16CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS Carbon rights clarification/codificationDomestic wood supplyGovernance may be expensive in the short-term but the dividends are immense and lasting in the long-termThere are a suite of forest governance tools readily available that can be, adapted, tested and adopted as standard practice for governance e.g. the FAO/WB Framework For Assessing and Monitoring Forest Governance, 2011Strong political commitment and high level of enthusiasm among key stakeholders
18CONCLUSIONGood governance practice engenders trust, acceptance and sense of ownership among different stakeholders, and reduces the risks of conflict or failure of REDD+ projects.It is a more inclusive, coherent and participatory approach than ‘top-down’ governance, such as legislation.Multi-level, multi-actor, participatory governance allows stakeholders to negotiate, formulate and implement policy based on shared goals.Good governance creates the conditions that allow stakeholders with different degrees of political influence and different interests to work together toward achieving the 3Es