Presentation on theme: "Charles Dickens Born 1812 – most popular novelist of his time"— Presentation transcript:
1Charles Dickens Born 1812 – most popular novelist of his time Dickens was very passionate about the poorNovels reflect the condition of EnglandChristmas Carol was published in It sold out in six days.
2Dickens' Difficult Life Charity was needed during the severe economic depression of the 1840s.Dickens suffered difficulties and poverty during his childhoodFather arrested at 12, sent to prisonAll but Charles moved into the prison; he worked posting labels on wine bottlesThe Cratchits' house is modelled on the small four-room house at 16 Bayham Street in Camden Town where Dickens lived in LondonThe six Cratchit children correspond to the Dickens children of that time, the character of Tiny Tim being echoed in Charles's youngest, sickly brother who was known as "Tiny Fred"
3Victorian Era Reigned 1837 – 1901 She is the longest reigning monarch in British historyBritain was at its wealthiest under her reign, but citizens suffered
4Victorian Era - a time of many contradictions Many social movements (including women's rights and unionisation) to do with morals and society clashed with a class system that permitted harsh living conditions for many.There was great contradiction between the an outward appearance of dignity and restraint and the occurrence of prostitution and child labour.The number of people living in Britain more than doubled from 16 to 37 million, raising demand for food, clothing and housing.
5Victorian ‘Posh’ People Upper class families were very richTheir homes & land were looked after by servantsTheir food was prepared by cooksChildren were looked after by nannies
6Victorian Poor People Four or five families lived in one house Toilets were outside & shared by several housesThe old and orphans had to live in workhouses
7The Child's Life Until 1891 children had to pay to go to school Schools for the poor were called ‘Ragged Schools’
8Typical work for children Picking up stonesFactory workOpening doors in coal minesChimney sweeping
9Child LabourChildren were forced to work as soon as they could unless they were from a rich family.The Factory Act (1843) required working days for children aged 8-13 to be 6.5 hours or lessHow does it compare to today's living standard?
10The Poor LawIn 1833 Earl Grey, the Prime Minister, set up a Poor Law Commission to examine the working of the poor Law system in Britain. In their report published in 1834, the Commission made several recommendations to Parliament. As a result, the Poor Law Amendment Act was passed. The act stated that: (a) no able-bodied person was to receive money or other help from the Poor Law authorities except in a workhouse; (b) conditions in workhouses were to be made very harsh to discourage people from wanting to receive help; (c) workhouses were to be built in every parish or, if parishes were too small, in unions of parishes; (d) ratepayers in each parish or union had to elect a Board of Guardians to supervise the workhouse, to collect the Poor Rate and to send reports to the Central Poor Law Commission; (e) the three man Central Poor Law Commission would be appointed by the government and would be responsible for supervising the Amendment Act throughout the country.