Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Experimental and numerical characterisation of ferromagnetic ropes and non-destructive testing devices Aldo Canova (1), Fabio Degasperi (2), Francesco.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Experimental and numerical characterisation of ferromagnetic ropes and non-destructive testing devices Aldo Canova (1), Fabio Degasperi (2), Francesco."— Presentation transcript:

1 Experimental and numerical characterisation of ferromagnetic ropes and non-destructive testing devices Aldo Canova (1), Fabio Degasperi (2), Francesco Ficili (4), Michele Forzan (3), Bruno Vusini (1) (1) Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica - Politecnico di Torino (Italy) (2) Laboratorio Tecnologico Impianti a Fune (Latif) – Ravina di Trento, Trento (Italy) (3) Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica - Università di Padova (Italy) (4) AMC Instruments – Spin off del Politecnico di Torino (Italy)

2 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, GermanyContents Magneto-Inductive (M-I) inspection: LF and LMA signals Magnetic rope characterisation Design of Magneto-Inductive devices Experimental results

3 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany M-I inspection: the working principle A strong magnet is placed as close as possible to the rope, thus obtaining the rope saturation. Rope defects cause a flux change (value and shape) that is revealed by means of a flux sensor NS NS Reduction in the main flux Local modification of the flux path

4 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Type of sensors in use: coils (are sensitive to the flux changes) hall-effect (are sensitive to the flux density) M-I inspection: the working principle There are two (main) kinds of M-I instruments, depending on the way the flux is measured: LF (Localized Fault): the leakage flux is measured LMA (Loss of Metallic cross-section Area): the main flux is measured

5 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany LF Instruments This is the most used technique to identify damages in a metallic rope Damage Magnetic Flux distorsion Very sensitive to the external broken wires L Reduced sensitivity to the internal defects L No quantitative information about damages Working principle: Rope defects cause a flaw of the magnetic flux The flaw has two component: axial and radial

6 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany LMA instruments Working principle: Rope defects cause a variation of the rope area The main magnetic flux is proportional to the rope area The rope area is obtained by measuring the main magnetic flux Independent form position of broken wires (external or internal) Quantitative information Suitable to detect gradual changes of the rope section due to corrosion L Reduced sensitivity for broken wires very closed (narrow gap) L Strong influence of external leakage fluxes (end effects)

7 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany LF and LMA traces Rope Profile LMA LF Device length higher than width of loss metallic area Narrow gaps

8 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany The M-I test is significantly influenced by the magnetic behaviour of the metallic rope The magnetic behaviour of a metallic rope depends from its magnetic characteristic (B-H plane) and its hysteresis loops Magnetic rope characterisation Soft magnetic material Hard (or semi hard) magnetic material

9 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany The measurement of the B-H characteristic of a magnetic material has been obtained as interpolation of the vertexes of several symmetric hysteresis cycles. The measurement has been done establishing a magnetic field H, with a controlled magnitude and direction, in the region where the magnetic material is placed. Magnetic rope characterisation The wire rod has been bended and welded at the edges, the total length of the ring was 60 cm. The toroidal inductor has been built by winding 2050 turns around a rubber tube. The magnetizing inductor is made by 4 separate coils, 1000 turns, 16 cm length each with a diameter of 6 cm (ratio between the length and the diameter is around 10). The field magnitude in the centre of the system is about equal to 6250 turns/meter, when the inductor is empty.

10 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Magnetic rope characterisation B-H characteristic Relative permeability of the sample wire rod Rope Name Redaelli 158 mm 2 Redaelli 473 mm 2 Ercole [Reverse Lay] 497 mm 2 Ercole [Reverse Lay] 1374 mm 2 Chiusa 1861 mm 2 Rope Type stranded, core yarn, Seale type stranded, core yarn,, Warrington-Seale type metallic core, reverse lay, external stranded rifle, double external layer with Z-formed wires Diameter [mm] Construction6(9+9+1)+PPC 6(12+6/6+1) +PPC 12(6+1) (6+1) Number of wires LayZ/Z -Z/SZ Metallic cross section [mm 2 ]

11 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Magnetic rope characterisation Iron The magnetic behaviour of the metallic rope is far from a soft material

12 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Magnetic rope characterisation For the LF signal a low permeability is required

13 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Design of Magneto-Inductive devices The performance evaluation of magnetic inductive detectors can be performed by studies of magnetic fields with numerical methods: Three dimensional domains Non linear magnetic materials

14 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Experimental results Magnetic flux density trend inside the detector versus axial position without rope for the Device1 Magnetic flux density trend inside the detector versus axial position without rope for the Device 2 The main performance indicator is the magnetic saturation of the rope which depends from the magnetic flux density at no magnetic load conditions (device without rope) Without rope is possible to provide a comparison between experimental and simulated magnetic field

15 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Experimental results The magnetic behaviour under working conditions (with rope) can be simulated but is difficult to make experimental measurements. To provide the measurements, a proper rope prototype consisting on two pieces facing each other has been realized, the faced surfaces have been suitable worked to make them smooth as possible. The two lengths of rope are placed inside the detector and separated by a small air gap. The air gap allows the insertion of a probe for static magnetic field measurement. The axial component of such magnetic flux density inside the air gap is closed to those reached inside the rope under test.

16 OIPEEC Confference 2009 and 3rd International Stuttgart Ropedays 18th - 20th March Stuttgart, Germany Conclusions The goodness of the M-I technique is linked to the magnetic behaviour of the rope under test In the design of a M-I device is important to take into account the magnetic characteristic of the rope which is usually an unknown information In the present paper the experimental characterization of a set of ropes with different size is presented and it puts in evidence that the rope material is far from soft magnetic material and requires high magnetic field for reaching the desired saturation level The numerical field analysis of a M-I device is possible and a good agreement can be obtained between experimental and simulation results The virtual prototyping allows a fast and reliable optimized design of M-I devices


Download ppt "Experimental and numerical characterisation of ferromagnetic ropes and non-destructive testing devices Aldo Canova (1), Fabio Degasperi (2), Francesco."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google