Presentation on theme: "Administration and Scoring of Spelling Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) for use in General Outcome Measurement."— Presentation transcript:
Administration and Scoring of Spelling Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) for use in General Outcome Measurement
Part of a training series developed to accompany the AIMSweb Improvement System. Purpose is to provide the background information and data collection procedures necessary to administer and score Spelling Curriculum Based Measurement (S-CBM). Designed to accompany: AIMSWeb Training Workbook: Administration and Scoring of Spelling CBM for Use in General Outcome MeasurementAIMSWeb Training Workbook: Administration and Scoring of Spelling CBM for Use in General Outcome Measurement Standard Spelling ProbesStandard Spelling Probes AIMSweb Web-based SoftwareAIMSweb Web-based Software Training VideoTraining Video Overview of Spelling-CBM Assessment Training Session
Brief review of Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM) and General Outcome Measurement (GOM). Its Purpose Its Purpose Its Origins Its Origins Learn how to administer and score Spelling - Curriculum Based Measurement (S-CBM) through applied practice. Training Session Goals
General Outcome Measurements from Other Fields Medicine measures blood pressure, weight, temperature, weight. Medicine measures blood pressure, weight, temperature, weight. Federal Reserve Board measures the Consumer Price Index. Federal Reserve Board measures the Consumer Price Index. Wall Street measures the Dow-Jones Industrial Average. Wall Street measures the Dow-Jones Industrial Average. Companies report earnings per share. Companies report earnings per share. McDonalds measures how many hamburgers they sell. McDonalds measures how many hamburgers they sell.
Common Characteristics of General Outcome Measures Simple, accurate, and reasonably inexpensive in terms of time and materials. Simple, accurate, and reasonably inexpensive in terms of time and materials. Considered so important to doing business well that they are routine. Considered so important to doing business well that they are routine. Are collected on an ongoing and frequent basis. Are collected on an ongoing and frequent basis. Shape/inform a variety of important decisions. Shape/inform a variety of important decisions.
CBM is Designed to Provide Educators With… The same kind of evaluation technology as other professions! Powerful measures that are: Simple Simple Accurate Accurate Efficient indicators of student achievement that guide/inform a variety of decisions Efficient indicators of student achievement that guide/inform a variety of decisions
Not a measure of performance on a particular lesson or unit A broader indicator –Level of general spelling skills relative to peers –Degree of progress in spelling relative to self or peers General Outcome Measures in Spelling
Signs of general achievementSigns of general achievement –Not everything –Important things Standardized testsStandardized tests –Administration –Scoring –Interpretation ResearchedResearched –Reliability and validity –Accuracy of measurement Sensitive to improvement in short periods of timeSensitive to improvement in short periods of time Designed to be as short as possible (do-ability)Designed to be as short as possible (do-ability) Linked to decision making for promoting positive achievementLinked to decision making for promoting positive achievement Things to Remember About General Outcome Measures in Spelling
Traditional spelling tests versus S-CBM Shorter duration (2 minutes)Shorter duration (2 minutes) Spelling words dictated carefully at set paceSpelling words dictated carefully at set pace Random sample from a large pool of graded spelling wordsRandom sample from a large pool of graded spelling words Combination of wordsCombination of words –Words students have already learned –Words they will learn to spell in upcoming weeks or months Exact and sensitive way to assess spelling improvementExact and sensitive way to assess spelling improvement –Correct letter sequences –Correct word spellings Spelling CBM
Timing –2 minutes –New word dictated every 7 seconds (every 10 seconds: grades 1 & 2) Arrangements –Group –Individual What is scored –Number of letters spelled in correct sequence –Number of words spelled correctly Summary of Spelling Conditions
1.Students have lined paper numbered 1–12 (Grades 1 & 2) or 1–17 (Grade 3-8)and a pencil. 2.Say, Were going to take a 2-minute spelling test. I am going to say some words that I want you to spell on the sheet of paper in front of you. Write the first word on the first line, the second word on the second line and so on. Ill give you   seconds to spell each word. When I say the next word, write it down, even if you havent finished the last one. You will receive credit for each correct letter written. Are there any questions? [Pause] Lets begin. 3.Say the first word and start your stopwatch (or tape recorder) Standard Directions
4.Say each word twice. Use homonyms in a sentence (provided) 5.Say a new word every 10 or 7 seconds 6.Say, You should be on the fifth word which is… 7.Monitor students to ensure they are writing on the correct line 8.Do not respond to student questions during the test 9.After two minutes, say, Stop. Put your pencils down. Good to begin with short practice test to reduce novelty. Shortened directions available for well-experienced students. Standard Directions
Benchmark: 3 standards lists for each grade (1–8) Screen and identify students who are at risk Monitor progress and improvement in fall, winter, and spring Guide program evaluation decisions & improve accountability Progress Monitor: 30 standard lists for each grade Provide practical way to write individualized progress goals Monitor progress and determine rate of improvements Provide accountability data Standard Assessment Spelling Lists
Administration and Scoring of Spelling-CBM What Examiners Need To Do… Before testing students While testing students After testing students
BEFORE Testing Student needs: Numbered, lined paper with the exact number of lines (12 or 17) –Saves time –Reduces potential confusion –Makes scoring easier –Answer sheets available as PDF documents Pencil
BEFORE Testing Examiner needs List of words with time interval clearly marked –Includes sentences for homonyms –Improves ease of scoring Timing device
Gather Assessment Materials Download and review S-CBM Manual Download and reproduce student answer sheets Download Standard Spelling Assessment Lists –Curriculum independent –Allow decision making –Minimize between-teacher, between-school differences Stopwatch or timer –Clock on the wall is inaccurate, inefficient Timing tape –Audio tape with recorded tones at prescribed intervals –Allows better attention to words and students List of students to assess
Arrange Testing Environment Quiet, without distractions May be 1:1, small group, whole classroom Consider a simple practice test –Use very simple words –Allows students to adjust to pace –Show student how they get credit for unfinished words Be sure you can monitor –Especially those students who get lost easily –Be available to point to the number of the next word
Things to Keep in Mind Keep examiner out of the process –Keep number of words said to minimum –Some students try to spell everything said –Only homonyms have sentences (say word, say sentence, repeat word) Roam and project –Loud enough for all students to hear –Be sure head is turned toward students Monitor, monitor, monitor –Alert for lost students Before they become frustrated and quit Before they call out that they are lost –Available to point to the next number
Things to Keep in Mind Say the number of the word periodically –Younger students, say, You should be on the fifth (tenth) word which is… –Older students find this intrusive, so dont say the numbers Avoid answering questions during testing –Students may comment: Youre going too fast, Im lost, What number are we on? –Deal with this in practice tests –Point to orient student Adhere to end of timing Interruptions –Re-administer later with another spelling list –Consider that some students need small group or 1:1
Helpful Hints Ensure a quiet and distraction-free testing environment –Students must be able to hear the examiner –Offer no assistance, even when you know the child is capable of more Complete reliability checks –Before and after data collection with all examiners to ensure reliable administration and scoring –Additional reliability checks at least once a year –Prevent examiner drift Use same Benchmark examiner for the same students. –Younger children tend to perform better with familiar examiners.
Follow the standardized directions: Spelling-CBM is a standardized test Administer the assessment with consistency Remember its about testing, not teaching Dont teach or correct Never practice using the standard spelling lists Things You Need DURING Testing
Things to Do AFTER Testing Score Immediately! Determine the words spelled correctly Circle the number beside the words spelled correctly Award full points Determine the correct letter sequences for misspelled words (see next slide) More likely to show change Provides diagnostic and positive feedback
Spelling Scoring Correct: Count each sequence of 2 letters Spaces before and after the word count as letters –Consider: break through versus breakthrough Example: cat c a t sequences correct
Spelling Scoring store_ s t o r e _ (6) stor_ s t o r e _ (6) fishing_ f i s h i n g _ (8) fisshing_ f i s s h i n g _ (8) cat_ c a t _ (4) catz_ c a t z _ (4)
Spelling Scoring store_^s^t^o^r^e^_ 6 (6) stor_^s^t^o^r e _ 4 (6) fishing_^f^i^s^h^i^n^g^_ 8 (8) fisshing_^f^i^s s h^i^n^g^_ 7 (8) cat_^c^a^t^_ 4 (4) catz_^c^a^t z _ 3 (4)
Spelling Scoring, Continued Tricks: –Use master sheet with all correct sequences pre-counted. –Then you only need to count the scoring for the few incorrect sequences (errors) on each paper. A complete list of spelling rules can be found in the Appendix of your workbook.A complete list of spelling rules can be found in the Appendix of your workbook. Please review and become more familiar with the more unusual errors.Please review and become more familiar with the more unusual errors.
Summary You now have the building blocks to begin Spelling - CBM to ensure literacy growth. Practice to Automaticity Youll get more efficientPractice to Automaticity Youll get more efficient Get Checked Out by a colleague using the Accuracy of Implementation Rating Scale ( AIRS ) for accuracy and efficiencyGet Checked Out by a colleague using the Accuracy of Implementation Rating Scale ( AIRS ) for accuracy and efficiency Stay in Tune by periodically checking AIRSStay in Tune by periodically checking AIRS
Practice: Spelling Open your workbooks to Spelling Practice List 1: Elida Score this spelling test –Words spelled correctly –Correct letter sequences
Answer: Elida WSC = 13 CLS = 121
If the Student Misses a Few Words… Any missing single letter equals 2 missing CLS.Any missing single letter equals 2 missing CLS. Any 2 letters together that are missing equals 3 missing CLSAny 2 letters together that are missing equals 3 missing CLS Any incorrectly inserted letter equals 1 missing CLSAny incorrectly inserted letter equals 1 missing CLS NEXT Score Practice List 2: Lester
Answer: Lester WSC = 0 CLS = 52 NEXT Score Practice List 3: Calvin
Answer: Calvin WSC = 9 CLS = 109
Determining Inter-Scorer Agreement Agreements / (Agreements + Disagreements) x 100 Example: 90 CLS Examiner 1 = 90 CLS 92 Examiner 2 = 92 CLS 98% Inter-Scorer Agreement = 98% NEXT Score Practice List 4: Lucinda and Compute Inter-Scorer Agreement with a partner
Answer: Lucinda WSC = 2 CLS = 70 How is your Inter-Scorer Agreement?